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1857 - Robert Sawyer of Leroy
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Robert's 1857 Diary, as with most rural diaries, is a record of his transactions with others. The economy operated partly on a barter basis to be "settled up" later with cash exchange. During this year Robert made some preparation for teaching. He attended the county Teacher's Institute and took an examination in which he did not do particularly well. No mention is made here of getting a teaching job.

Tim French submitted it the scanned pages of this diary in 2005



$8,003) 48 meals

---

16

22 day

3

122

73

3

5

5 2/3

6

2

)51/y-2

$14.50 for board

$32,55

Thursday, January 1, 1857

Luman Tutma D

Amount brought up $

William Munroe - 62

By amount brought

up from last yr - 1,2

Friday, January 2, 1857

John Lumpkin - Dr.

To amount brought up

Lyman Lumpkin,

by 10 bus. oats 28cts for [amount x'd out]

Saturday, January 3, 1857

Wm Besly

by his wagon - 3 days

Elan Bailer - Dr. 3,24

??????

Sinclair Shuyler - Dr.

mending wagon

Sunday, January 4, 1857

Asa Andrus – Dr.

30 threshing – 240

Line unclear

?? threshing – 12 54

Monday, January 5, 1857

Henry Wordin – Dr.

Amount brought up 17 ??

Byron Smith – Dr.

??th threshing - ?? ??

Tuesday, January 6, 1857

D. D. Chos. – Cr

On account – 5 ??

Horace Shanar – Dr.

On account – 3,15

Wednesday, January 7, 1857

Dunham Russ – Dr.

On account – 14 ??

Chester M??? – 2??

?? Threshing – 3,??

Limez Sherly – Dr.

?? Threshing – 3 ??

Thursday, January 8, 1857

Cut wood to Doria Ross’s came home in the ??

Henry We??in – Dr.

To balance on act. 13,61

Friday, January 9, 1857

C. ?. ???ler – Dr.

To note - $15,??

William ??

Dr. to acct. – 3,??

Saturday, January 19, 1857

Edwin Spencer – Cr.

By work – 8,80

Dorias Ross – Cr.

By Board – 8,04

Dr.

So work – 2,6?

Sunday, January 11, 1857

Monday, January 12, 1857

Edwin? Spencer – Cr.

By mending harness - ,37 ½

Tuesday, January 13, 1857

Dorias Ross – Cr.

By 4 meals - ,3??

Wednesday, January 14, 1857

Luman Ditnam – Cr.

Cash

O. Danison Ross – Dr.

No Cash - ,25

Dorias Ross – Cr.

By 3 meals - ,28 12/21

Thursday, January 15, 1857

Friday, January 16, 1857

Wood to be cut

James Hisley

Saturday, January 17, 1857

Agreed to treat A. D. Spencer to a dish of oysters if he gets married in one year and 2 if he gets Lucinda

Sunday, January 18, 1857

Was baptized in the holy faith of the kingdom of Jesus Christ. May I ever live faithful to that name.

Monday, January 19, 1857

A. D. Spencer – Cr.

By one gun – 11,81

Dr. to one note – 11,81

Tuesday, January 20, 1857

Alan Baily – Cr.

By cash – 3.??

Wednesday, January 21, 1857

Dorias Ross – Cr.

By 1 meal - ,09??

Henry Woodin – Cr.

By making 1 sled - ????

Thursday, January 22, 1857

Robert Meteer – Dr.

So Edwin and the team 1 day - ????

Friday, January 23, 1857

Robert Meteer – Dr.

So the team 1 day – 1,25

Robert Meteer – Cr.

By cash – 2,25

Dorias Ross – Cr.

By 2 meals - ,19 ½

Saturday, January 24, 1857

Horace Spencer – Dr.

So ½ days work with the team – 1.50

Sunday, January 25, 1857

Went to meeting down to to the Granville Church heard some remarks from Brother Brigham on Matthew 5 ch 1-16v

Monday, January 26, 1857

Went to the Lodge in the evening.

George Meteer – Dr.

So Edwin and the team – 1,25

Tuesday, January 27, 1857

George Meteer – Dr.

So the team 1 day – 1,?5

Wednesday, January 28, 1857

Dorias Ross – Cr.

By ,4 meals - ,38

Dorias Ross – Dr.

So cutting 1 cord – 2??

George Meteer – Dr.

So the team 1 day – 1,2?

Thursday, January 20, 1857

Dorias Ross – Cr.

By ? meals – 47 ½

Dorias Ross – Dr.

So cutting 20 cords – 7.50

George Meteer – Dr.

So the team 1 day – 1,2?

Friday, January 30, 1957

Dorias Ross – Cr.

By 4 meals - .3??

George Meteer – Dr.

The team 1 day – 1,25

Saturday, January 31, 1857

Dorias Ross – Cr.

By 2 meals - .19?

5 cents

5 cents

Sunday, February 1, 1857

Went to Leroy to meeting to hear Brother Hyatt from [text faded]

Monday, February 2, 1857

Edwin Spencer – Dr.

So the team - .50

George Meteer – Dr.

So 1 days work - .62?

Went to the Lodge in the evening was chosen on the visiting committee

Tuesday, February 3, 1857

Dorias Ross – Cr.

By 3 meals - ,28 28/21

I went to Leroy in the evening to hear Brother Hyatt preach

?? 1 days work with the team – 1.25

Wednesday, February 4, 1857

Dorias Ross – Cr.

By 3 meals – 28 15/21

Dorias Ross – Dr.

1 cord wood – 2.5

Mr. Meteer – Dr.

1 days work with the team – 1.25

Thursday, February 5, 1857

Dorias Ross – Cr.

By 3 meals – 2.8 15/21

George Meteer – Cr.

By 1 days board – 1.00

Edwin went to the Summit with a load

Friday, February 6, 1857

Dorias Ross – Cr.

By 4 meals - .38 2/21

Cut wood for Dorias Ross. Edwin came over in the afternoon.

Saturday, February 7, 1857

Dorias Ross – Cr.

By 4 meals - .38 2/21

Came home in the afternoon had a lame hand so that I could not work

Sunday, February 8, 1857

Stayed at home all day and read in the Millenial Harbinger and Sanders 2 redder afternoon

Sunday, February 15, 1857

Went to Leroy to hear Brother Hyatt preach had a good time 2 backsliders reclaimed and some to be immersed in 1 week.

Monday, February 16, 1857

Horace Spencer – Cr.

By 1 day chopping - , 87 ½

Alfred Leonard – Cr.

By 1 day chopping – 1,00

Went to the Lodge in the evening was chosen

Tuesday, February 17, 1857

Horace Spencer – Dr.

?o drawing hay – 1,50

Made a bargain with Mr. Reynolds to draw the stone for his tannery for 25,00

Wednesday, February 18, 1857

Alfred Leonard – Dr. To 1 days work – 1,00

Went to the huddle in the evening to spelling school but there was none

Thursday, February 19, 1857

Worked to Dorian’s

Adolphus Saron was there at noon rained in the afternoon and we came ???? home and ground my

Friday, February 20, 1857

Edwin & myself started to go to work for Dorias but it stormed so we went to chopping to Morrison went to the huddle in the evening

Saturday, February 21, 1857

Went to Troy and sold that judgment that I held aginst U.D. Baxter for 250,00 paid Jerry Adams $112,42 for Father

Sunday, February 22, 1857

Went down to Granville Centre to meeting heard some excellent remarks from the 1st of Peter by brother Reynolds. Went home with Dennis Perry.

Monday, February 23, 1857

Wend to L. D. Taylors to cutting wood and went to meeting in the evening heard Bro. Hyatt preach.

Tuesday, February 24, 1857

Dorias Ross – Cr.

By 6 meals – 57 16/21

Went to hear Bro Hyatt preach in the evening invitation was given and 3 arose.

Wednesday, February 25, 1857

Edwin went over to Dorias chopping. I went down to social meeting in the pm had a good time some very good remarks.

Thursday, February 26, 1857

Edwin went to Towanda with a load of staves – had on 350. I went down to meeting in the Rev. Mr. Wilkinson spok

Friday, February 27, 1857

Went to Troy with 15 bus. corn. Sold it to Pomeroy for $,69 pr 60 lbs in cash. Edwin Spencer lost time. Got that shaft from Panes it come to 3,65

Saturday, February 28, 1857

Went up to Dorias’s and sawed about 5 cords of 4 foot wood up into stove wood in about 2 hours.

Sunday, March 1, 1857

Went down to Granville Centre to social meeting in the morning at 10 o’clock. Bro. Hyatt spoke at 11 o’clock on Baptism. There was 6 immersed and 6 more in the evening.

Monday, March 2, 1857

Cornelius Tayler – Cr.

By making 1 wagontongue and hounds – 2,25

Went to Dorias’s after the machine and took it to Le?? Tayler.

Tuesday, March 3, 1857

Edwin Spencer – Dr.

To trade - ,41

Orlando Streeter – Cr.

By 10 bus. oats – 2,78

Got the machine down to L.D. Taylors. Went up to Streeters.

Wednesday, March 4, 1857

Edwin went to the Summit with 10, 17 ft boards for Philips. Old Mrs. Taylor died at 3 o’clock a.m. Went up ????? school.

Saturday, April 4, 1857

F. C. Spencer lost time ½ d. Went to Franklin in the evening to the Lodge. Did not have a very good Lodge.

Sunday, April 5, 1857

Had sore eyes. Went over to the Woodin School house to hear Sweeny preach but he did not come.

Monday, April 6, 1857

It stormed all day. I went to the Lodge in the evening. There was not many there.

Tuesday, April 7, 1857

Edwin went to cut wood for Lowman Taylor.

Horace Spencer – Cr.

By 1 days work – 1,00

I and Sylvester went to Foulkes Mill.

Wednesday, April 8, 1857

Edwin went to ploughing. I went down to the Centre to see about taking a job of digging a cellar for that tannery.

Thursday, April 9, 1857

Edwin went to ploughing. I went down to the Corners and to the Centre. Dennis Ross and his brother came here.

Wednesday, April 22, 1857

Finished my composition. The deputy Sheriff was there to see about that Spaulding matter.

Thursday, April 23, 1857

Went down to the corners. Saw Charles Packard – he is to work for Enoch Blackwell.

Friday, April 24, 1857

Our folks went up to Mr. Munroe visiting.

Saturday, April 25, 1857

Our folks went over to Mr. Coons. I went down to Burlington to quarterly meeting with A.D.

Sunday, April 25, 1857

Went down to Burlington to quarterly meeting with John Van Buskirk who went down and took a 14

Monday, April 27, 1857

Went down to ??mings Mill and loaded up to go to Towanda. Stayed to Meteer over night.

Tuesday, April 28, 1857

Went to Towanda with a load of boards for James and George Meteer. Took down 1077 feet.

Wednesday, April 29, 1857

Loring Fleming – Dr.

To drawing 1035 feet. Came home at night and went down to Dewitts in the evening visiting.

Thursday, April 30, 1857

Loring Fleming – Dr.

To drawing 1135 feet

To drawing 1150 feet

Made a trip and half to the Summit

Friday, May 1, 1857

Loring Fleming – Dr.

To drawing 907 feet B

Went 1 trip to the Summit. Came home at night. Went over to Alfred Leonard’s.

Saturday, May 2, 1857

Henry Avery – Dr.

To watch – 10,00

Loring Fleming – Dr.

To drawing 1015 feet boards from the lower mill.

Sunday, May 3, 1857

Went over to our school house to meeting in the morning. Heard a sermon from the Rev. Mr. Leule?

Monday, May 4, 1857

Father traded horses with John Vanbuskirk. He traded of old Yip and got a mare 8 years old worth $100 perfectly sound.

Tuesday, May 5, 1957

It rained.

Henry Avery – Cr.

By one watch - $10,00

Wednesday, May 6, 1857

Went to Smithfield after hay. Bought ½ ton of Mr. Riggs for $7,00 a tun. Got ¼ of a ton for myself and ¼ for Edward.

Thursday, May 7, 1857

U. D. Baxter – Dr.

To bringing ½ ton of plaster - .75

Went down to Foulke’s Mill to see Mr. Hermans.

Friday, May 8, 1857

Loring Fleming – Cr.

By cash – 10,00 – 1 team

Went to the mill. Talked with Joseph Woodin about trading my team for his land.

Saturday, May 9, 1857

Over to look at that land of Joseph Woodins. It rather but good land.

Sunday, May 10, 1857

Went over to our school house to hear Bro. Nichols preach. The house was crowded so that I could not get in.

Monday, May 11, 1857

Orlando Streeter – Dr.

To Cash – 5,00

Orlando Streeter – Cr.

By 7 bus. oats – 3,50

Dragged with the horses

Tuesday, May 12, 1857

Wednesday, May 13, 1857

Horace went dragging on the corn ground with the horses. I went to Leroy to see Mr. Greeno about selling him the machine.

Thursday, May 14, 1857

Went to school all day. Edwin spencer and Lyman Dewitt was there in the afternoon.

Friday, May 15, 1857

Went to Troy. Rained very hard. Started to go up to Lewis Tears in the afternoon but took the wrong road.

Saturday, May 16, 1857

Come down with the mumps. Went down to the Huddle in the forenoon. Mrs. Leonard was here in the afternoon.

Sunday May 17, 1857

Sick with the mumps. F. P. & F L. went to Sabbath School at 9 o’clock a.m. Stayed to prayer meeting at 10 o’clock a.m. The Sabbath School was organized

Monday, May 18, 1857

Sick with the mumps. Some better than yesterday. Father and grandfather went to Troy with H. H. Grace. Mr. Congdon was here a.m. After old doll.

Tuesday, May 19, 1857

Some better. Rained. Have to stay in the house for fear of taking cold.

Wednesday, May 20, 1857

Rainy and gloomy. We have not done anything to our corn ground.

Thursday, May 21, 1857

Read in the grammar all day most

Friday, May 22, 1857

Sold my horses, wagon and harness for $350 for which I took a piece of land over by Crowfuts at $250.

Saturday, May 23, 1857

Went over to Dorias Ross’s to get the threshing machine band and he promised to put by cow in his barn.

Sunday, May 24, 1857

Went down to Hilton’s barn to meeting. Mr. Johnson preached. There was nine baptized. A.D. Spencer J. E.

Monday, May 25, 1857

Went to Troy to the Circus to see John McKane and Lewis Tears but Lewis was not there. Saw McKane.

Tuesday, May 26, 1857

H. H. Grace – Dr.

To ½ days work - ,?? ½

I agreed to help Mr. Tears a few days at $,62 ½ pr day.

Wednesday, May 27, 1857

Lewis H. Tears and Co. – Dr.

To ½ days work – 31 ¼

Planted corn for timothy Case. A thunder came up about 5 o’clock p.m.

Thursday, May 28, 1857

Lewis H. Tears and Co. – Dr.

To 1 days work – 62 1/2

Ploughed corn ground in the fore noon. Dragged and marked corn ground in the after noon.

Friday, May 29, 1857

Lewis H. Tears – Dr.

To 1 days work – 62 ½

Planted corn had 6 hands, planted about 5 acres about 1 bushel of seed

Saturday, May 30, 1857

Lewis H. Tears – Dr.

To ½ days work 31 ¼

Drawed manure in the fore noon came home in the afternoon.

Sunday, May 31, 1857

Rained in the morning. Went down to Granville Corners to the quarterly meeting. Mr. Flambone preached.

Monday, June 1, 1857

Went over to Leroy to see about selling the machine of – suppose that Greeno and Lewis will have it at $225.

Tuesday, June 2, 1857

Lewis H. Tears – Dr.

To 1 days work – 62 ½

Drawed manure on corn ground. Green Sward ground not ploughed.

Wednesday, June 3, 1857

Lewis H. Tears – Dr.

To 1 day of work – 62 ½

Drawed manure on corn ground. Green Sward ground not ploughed.

Thursday, June 4, 1857

Lewis H. Tears – Dr.

To 1 days work – 62 ½

Ploughed corn ground. Got ready for planting and planted some just night.

Friday, June 5, 1857

Lewis H. Tears – Dr.

To 1 days work – 62 ½

Planted corn. Finished for the season I guess.

Saturday, June 6, 1857

Lewis H. Tears – Dr.

To 1 days work – 62 ½

Picked up stumps and roots and soon on potato and oat ground not ploughed yet.

Sunday, June 7, 1857

Went to hear the Rev. Mr. Nichols preach in Mr. Hilton’s saw mill. There were three persons baptized.

Monday, June 8, 1857

Lewis Tears – Cr.

By one note – 4.72

Amount due me - $,28

Commenced work for him by the month at $14/pr month

Tuesday, June 9, 1857

The County Superintendent Mr. Coburn inspected the teachers at Troy. Frank got a good certificate.

Wednesday, June 10, 1857

Ploughed for buckwheat. It rained in the afternoon.

Thursday, June 11, 1857

Rained all day. Pretty much let the school teacher Miss Betsy Case take my watch drawed stakes

Friday, June 12, 1857

Ploughed in the afternoon. Rained towards night.

Saturday, June 13, 1857

Ploughed in the fore noon. Planted potatoes and beans and went home.

Lewis H. Tears – Cr.

By 1 pr shoes - $2,25

Sunday, June 14, 1857

Went to prayer meeting at the Calkins school house. Went to the Woodin school house to Sabbath School.

Monday, June 15, 1857

Lewis H. Tears – Cr.

By one cow - $18,00

Planted beans. Lewis went away in the morning.

Tuesday, June 16, 1857

Ploughed on the buckwheat ground. Rained some in the afternoon. Lewis is still gone.

Wednesday, June 17, 1857

Finished ploughing on the buckwheat ground before noon. Commenced ploughing on the summer fallow. Rained.

Thursday, June 18, 1857

Ploughed on the summer fallow ground. Lewis went to Troy Borough. Boarding at the Old Gentleman’s.

Friday, June 19, 1857

Ploughed on the summer fallow ground. Board with the Old Gentleman.

Saturday, June 20, 1857

Ploughed on the summer fallow ground in the forenoon. Fixed fence in the afternoon.

Sunday, June 21, 1857

Staid at with Lewis H. Tears all day. Adeline Olivera came to the Old Gentlemen to work.

Monday, June 22, 1857

Ploughed out corn in the fore noon. Rained in the afternoon. Tapped one of my boots.

Tuesday, June 23, 1857

Made fence in the fore noon. Drawed wood in the afternoon

Wednesday, June 24, 1857

Ploughed corn all day. Lewis ploughed his summer fallow.

Thursday, June 25, 1857

Lewis and myself ploughed on the summer fallow with one horse and the cattle. Truman ploughed corn.

Friday, June 26, 1857

Ploughed out corn with the white horse.

Saturday, June 27, 1857

Ploughed out and hoed corn and came home in the evening. Bought a new vest at Longs for ,87 ½.

Sunday, June 28, 1857

Went to prayer meeting in the fore noon. Frank went to the Huddle to hear brother McDugald preach.

Monday, June 29, 1857

Ploughed out corn and hoed corn in the forenoon and it rained in the afternoon. Tapped [Taped?] my boots.

Tuesday, June 30, 1857.

Wednesday, July 1, 1857

Thursday, July 2, 1857
Lewis Tears – Cr.
By two days – time lost

Friday, July 3, 1857
Hoed corn in the fore noon and came home in the after noon.  Bought 1 hat 2,25, 1 whip $,88 ½ cts.

Saturday, July 4, 1857
Went to Troy from thence to Columbia X roads from thence to Columbia House.  Stopped and bought some cigars.  From there to Sullivan.

Sunday July 5, 1857
Went to our school house to Sabbath School and to class meeting.  Went up to Lewis Tears.

Monday, July 6, 1857
Ploughed out corn with old white horse.  Hoed in the afternoon.  Rained about supper time.

Tuesday, July 7, 1857
Hoed corn all day rained quite hard in the evening.

Wednesday, July 8, 1857
Ploughed and hoed corn

Thursday, July 9, 1857
Dragged on buckwheat ground with the stags.  Very warm.
Lewis Tears – Cr.
By 3 yds pants cloth - ,90

Friday, July 10, 1857
Dragged on buckwheat ground with the stags.  Very warm.

Saturday, July 11, 1857
Hoed corn and dragged buckwheat ground with the horses.

Sunday, July 12, 1857
Went to East Troy to Sabbath School.  Came home.  Went to Mr. Vanbuskirk’s.

Monday, July 13, 1857
Came up to Tears.  Got there at noon.  Consequently lost ½ day.  Timothy Case wanted to hire a hand.

Tuesday, July 14, 1857
Hoed corn with Truman.  Hoed 9 rows apiece on the south side of the cornfield.  Mr. Tears ploughed.

Wednesday, July 15, 1857
Hoed corn with Mr. Tears in the fore noon and killed a woochuck.  Hoed potatatoes in the afternoon.

Thursday, July 16, 1857
Hoed potatoes and beans.

Friday, July 17, 1857
Hoed beans in the fore noon.  Ploughed on the summer fallow sick with the headache.

Saturday, July 18, 1857
Ploughed on the summer fallow.

Sunday, July 19, 1857
Stayed at Tears.  Went over to timothy Case’s in the afternoon and to Mr. Massey in the evening.

Monday, July 20, 1857
Ploughed on the summer fallow.

Tuesday, July 21, 1857
Ploughed on the summer fallow.

Wednesday, July 22, 1857
Ploughed on the summer fallow.

Thursday, July 23, 1857
Ploughed on the summer fallow.

Friday, July 24, 1857
Ploughed on the summer fallow.

Saturday, July 25, 1857
Finished ploughing on the summer fallow and went home in the afternoon.  Got $65 of John McKane.

Sunday, July 26, 1857
Went to Sabbath School at our School House.  Came home in the after noon.

Monday, July 27, 1857
Commenced haying.  Mowed all day

Tuesday, July 28, 1857
Mowed in the fore noon.  Rained in the afternoon.

Wednesday, July 29, 1857
Rained all day.

Thursday, July 30, 1857
Mowed in the fore noon.  Drawed in one load in the afternoon.

Friday, July 31, 1857
Worked in haying.

Saturday, August 1, 1857
Raked hay in the morning.  Drawed in one load in the fore noon and in the after noon.  Rained after noon.

Sunday, August 2, 1857
Went to our school house to Sabbath School and meeting.  I and John Van Buskirk came back in the afternoon.

Monday, August 3, 1857
Worked in haying.

Tuesday, August 4, 1857
Worked in haying.

Wednesday, August 5, 1857
Raked ground and drawed in barley.  Rained in the after noon cradled ????? after supper.

Thursday, August 6, 1857
Finished cradling rye.  Wrote a letter to Towanda.  Went to Troy and post it in the Post Office.

Friday, August 7, 1857
Worked in haying.

Saturday, August 8, 1857
Worked in haying.

Sunday, August 9, 1857
Went to Leroy to see Mr. Harris.  Went to singing school in the afternoon.

Monday, August 10, 1857
Saw Mr. Greeno.  Took notes for the thresing machine.  Went to Towanda to see Mr. Woodruff.

Tuesday, August 11, 1857
Saw Mr. woodruff about that Spaulding matter.  He says that he must have $75 by the first of Sep.

Wednesday, August 12, 1857
Went up to Tears this morning.  Cradled wheat in the fore noon.  Raked and bound.

Thursday, August 13, 1857
Raked and bound in the fore noon.

Friday, August 14, 1857
Worked in haying and harvest.

Saturday, August 15, 1857
Mowed all day.  Joseph Gustin was here to work.

Sunday, August 16, 1857
Went home to leave my buggy for Amos Harris.  Uncle Patchen was there.  Went to the Woodin School house.

Monday, August 17, 1857
Uncle Patchen and Father went to Leroy to get some stock.  Got $13,00 worth.  Went to the Lodge.

Tuesday, August 18, 1857
Came up to Tears this morning.  Worked in haying.  Joseph Gustin and William Heevek and Stephen Hicok to work.

Wednesday, August 19, 1857
Worked in haying and harvest and with 6 hands.  Mowed all day.

Thursday, August 20, 1857
Worked in haying and harvest with 6 hands

Friday, August 21, 1857
Worked in haying and harvest with 6 hands.  Went over to Timothy Case’s in the evening.  Stayed all night.

Saturday, August 22, 1857
Pretty much finished haying.  Dismissed the hands.  Started to go home with John Vanbuskirk.  Went as far as Tim. Case’s.

Sunday, August 23, 1857
Stayed at Tears’s.  Went down to the village in the afternoon.

Monday, August 24, 1857
Cradled oats.  Went to the village in the evening.  Drove the colt.  John Vanbuskirk went with us.

Tuesday, August 25, 1857
Mowed the orchard in the fore noon.  Raked and bound oats in the afternoon.  Isaac Putman came up here.

Wednesday, August 26, 1857
Raked and bound oats all day over across the creek.

Thursday, August 27, 1857
Was taken lame with a swelling on my foot.  It rained a good part of the day.

Friday, August 28, 1857
Was still lame.  Charle Lamb and his folks came to Tears in the fore noon.  Went to town in the after noon.

Saturday, August 29, 1857
My foot no better.  Went down to Troy with Lewis and from there home.

Sunday, August 30, 1857
Myself and Uncle Patchen went to our school house to hear Mr. Nichols preach.

Monday, August 31, 1857
Lame yet went down to Granville.  Went to Joseph Woodin’s to see about that deed.

Tuesday, September 1, 1857
Grandmother and Frank started to York State.  I went up to Troy with them.  Went to Miss Case’s Picnic Party.

Wednesday, September 2, 1857
Went to work this morning raking and finishing oats in the fore noon and drawed in oats in the afternoon.

Thursday, September 3, 1857
Mowed all day in the oat field.

Friday, September 4, 1857
Finished mowing.  Raked up the hay.

Saturday, September 5, 1857
Drawed in hay and peas.  Went home at night.  Took Betsy down to the village and ????? home with H. H. Grase.

Sunday, September 6, 1857
Went up to Mr. Vanbuskirks.  Went to our school house to prayer meeting in the evening.

Monday, September 7, 1857
Went up to Union with John Vanbuskirk after a pair of Bob sleds.  Went to Lodge in the evening.

Tuesday, September 8, 1857
Went to Tears to work.  Cradled oats up on the hill.

Wednesday, September 9, 1857
Cradled oats up on the hill.  Very bad cradling.  Talked with Mr. Schrader about trading my land for his team.

Thursday, September 10, 1857
Finished cradling oats about 4 o’clock.  There was about 8 acres in the piece and it was very bad cradling.

Friday, September 11, 1857
Worked on the summer fallow.  Went to a horning scrape in the evening with Truman.

Saturday, September 12, 1857
Raked and bound oats.  Went down to the village in the evening with Truman rode down with Timothy Case.

Sunday, September 13, 1857
Did not go home.  Went down to Mr. Timothy Case’s.  John went down to Edwin Case’s.

Monday, September 14, 1857
Raked and bound oats in the fore noon.  Lophir Tears was down to Mr. Tears.  He is a pro slavery man.

Tuesday, September 15, 1857
Raked and bound oats.

Wednesday, September 16, 1857
Finished raking and binding oats.  Did not get them quite all sat up.  Rained at night.

Thursday, September 17, 1857
Worked on the summer fallow.  It rained at night.  Truman went down to to the village.

Friday, September 18, 1857
Worked on the summer fallow.  Truman went to Granville to the Templar’s Picnic.

Saturday, September 19, 1857
It rained all day.  Went to Long’s Mill in the afternoon and to a grist for Lewis caught cold.

Sunday, September 20, 1857
Went down to Timothy Case’s with Truman and William Cronse.  John went back with us.

Monday, September 21, 1857
Cut up corn.  Laid it in bundles on the ground.

Tuesday, September 22, 1857
Commenced cutting up corn and the rain drove us off.

Wednesday, September 23, 1857
Finished cutting up corn.  John Vanbuskirk, Heln Hickok, Steven Hickock and Burton Strait came over.

Thursday, September 24, 1857
Commenced cutting buckwheat up on the hill and cradled a small peice of oats by the side of the buckwheat.

Friday, September 25, 1857
Mowed a little piece of buckwheat above the house.  Tears folks came home from Lophirs.

Saturday, September 26, 1857
Went to the Summit on the cars.  Went up to Mr. Sturtevants.
Jesse Surtevant – Cr.
By cash – 1,75
Went home

Sunday, September 27, 1857
Went down to Granville Centre to hear Brother Landon preach.  Did not have a very good sermon.

Monday, September 28, 1857
Went back to Tears in the morning.  L. ?. Tears and Co. – Cr.
By 12 ½ days lost time.

Tuesday, September 29, 1857
Commenced binding up corn drawed in oats.  Finished drawing oats.

Wednesday, September 30, 1857
Bound up corn.

Thursday, October 1, 1857
Bound up buckwheat in the forenoon.  It rained some.  Went down to the village in the evening.

Friday, October 2, 1857
Bound corn in the fore noon.  It rained in the afternoon.  Threshed 40 ?heares of rye.  Pared apples in the evening.

Saturday, October 3, 1857
Finished ploughing on the summer fallow.  Quit work went home in the evening.

Sunday, October 4, 1857
Went down to Granville in the afternoon with Uncle Patchen.  Went to our School House to prayer meeting.

Monday, October 5, 1857
Went down to Granville.  Walter L. Patchen – Cr.
By one hr calf boots – 5,00
Went to Troy to attend the Teachers Institute organized.

Tuesday, October 6, 1857
Attended the Institute.  Opened at 8,30 m by prayer and singing.

Wednesday, October 7, 1857
Went to the Institute.  Opened in due form.  ques.  Why is it dangerous to ring bell suspended in steeple during a thunderstorm.

Thursday, October 8, 1857
Went to the Institute in a proper time.  Opened in due form, obs you cannot multiply 25 cts by 25 cts.

Friday, October 9, 1857
Went to the Institute at the proper time.  Roll called at 8:15 in the morning.  Adjourned to the street in order to have the

Saturday, October 10, 1857
Went to the Bradford County Teachers Association opened by prayer and singing.  The price of admission for males – 50 cents.

Sunday, October 11, 1857
Went to the Presbyterian Church to hear the Rev. Mr. Wills preach.  Had a very good discourse.

Monday, October 12, 1857
Went to the Institute at 7:30.  Mr. Wills opened by prayer, obs procure one of Fitch or ?????? physical georaphy.

Tuesday, October 13, 1857
Went to the Institute at 8:30.  Mr. Mitchel conducted  the opening exercises.  Mr. Coburn introduced Mr. Trotter?

Wednesday, October 14, 1857
Went to the Institute.

Thursday, October 15, 1857
Attended the Institute.  Opening exercises conducted by the Professor.  The Institute adjourned to meet at Canton.

Friday, October 16, 1857
Went up to Lewis Tears.  Settled up with him.  He was owing me $24,35

Saturday, October 17, 1857
Came home with Lewis Tears.  Went with him to look at Baxter’s threshing machine.  He looked at my saw.

Sunday, October 18, 1857
Sick all day.  [pencil writing faded out]  Read ????? about Comforter.  Abie and Edwin Spencer was here in the afternoon.

Monday, October 19, 1857
Some better.  Frank and Grandmother, N. D. Baxter went to Troy after them went to Spencer’s in the evening.

Tuesday, October 20, 1857
It rained some in the morning.  Abe and Edwin Spencer was down here.  I went home with Abraham.

Wednesday, October 21, 1857
U.D. Baxter – Dr.
To 1 day work –
Husked corn.  Uriah and his wife went to the funeral of Old Mrs. Bailey.

Thursday, October 22, 1857
U.D. Baxter – Dr.
To 1 days work - .80
Ploughed in the fore noon.  Drawed a load of corn in the afternoon.

Friday, October 23, 1857
U.D. Baxter – Dr.
To 1 days work - .80
Drawed corn in the fore noon.  Ploughed in the afternoon.  Uriah went to Grases.  Raining.

Saturday, October 24, 1857
U.D. Baxter – Dr.
To 1 days work - .5?
Ploughed all day.  Uriah husked 8 bushel of corn.  Killed 2 squirrels.

Sunday, October 25, 1857
Rainy.  Tear folks went to our school house to meeting.  I wrote some poetry from the silent Comforter.

Monday, October 26, 1857
Stormed all day severely.  Studied the spelling book.  U.D. Baxter borrowed Father’s rasp of me.

Tuesday, October 27, 1857
Wrote some on Orthography.  Went down to the Huddle.  Patchen moved into Tayler’s shop.

Wednesday, October 28, 1857
Frank was sick.  I wrote some on orthography in the forenoon.  Went down to Granville Centre in the afternoon.

Thursday, October 29, 1857
Went over to see Hampton about getting his team to go to Mr. Coons.  He said I could have them.

Friday, October 30, 1857
H. H. Grase – Dr.
By his horse and buggy to go on the mountain.  Frank went down to the Centre with me.

Saturday, October 31, 1857
Came home with the horse and buggy from the moun.  Ruth was sick when I started from there.  Cost me $1,00.

Sunday, November 1
Was sick all day.  Taking home Father’s medicine.  Loring Leonard, Curtiss Calkins, Marvin Leonard and Alvin ???was in here.

Monday, November 2, 1857
Some better.  Installation night in the Lodge.  There did not any of our folks go down.

Tuesday, November 3, 1857
Some better.  Agreed to ride out with U.D. Baxter.  The next day had an invitation to Lucinda’s party.

Wednesday, November 4, 1857
Went to Dunning on South Creek with Uriah after a grey hound.
U.D. Baxter – Cr.
By trade – 2,00

Thursday, November 5, 1857
Studied some in the fore noon.  Went to the Huddle in the afternoon.  Rained.  Rode home with George Lece.

Friday, November 6, 1857
Studied.  Anna Vanbuskirk was down here.  Went to Singing School.  Got the deed for that place on the corner.

Saturday, November 7, 1857
Studied.  Helped Father set out apple trees.  Showed H. D. Spencer the deed.  He wants to buy the place.

Sunday, November 8, 1857
Wrote some from the silent Comforter.  Patchen was up here.  Frances went to Sabbath School and prayer meeting.

Monday, November 9, 1857
A. D. Spencer was down here and wanted to let me have a note against B. Booth for that land.

Tuesday, November 10, 1857
Went up to Mr. Spencer’s in the morning to see A.D.  I agreed to acknowledge that deed next Monday.

Wednesday, November 11, 1857
Went down to U.D. Baxter to try to borrow $1,00 to pay Father.  He had gone away so I did not see him.

Thursday, November 12, 1857
Went down to Mr. Congdon’s in the morning to get my watch fixed but he was not at home.

Friday, November 13, 1857
Stayed at home and studied all day.  A. D. Spencer was down there in the afternoon.  I went home with him.

Saturday, November 14, 1857
Threshed 48 bundles rye.  Curtiss Calkins, A. D. Spencer, Julia Calkins and Lucinda Ingleson was over to our house and spent the evening.

Sunday, November 15, 1857
Miss Anna Bunyan, Milview Pa.
Sullivan County Pa.  Went down to the Huddle.

Monday, November 16, 1857
Went up to Mr. Congdon’s but did find him at home.  Lucinda Ingollson wrote to Centre County.

Tuesday, November 17, 1857
The sheriff was here and avertised the following property for sale take place on Monday 2 weeks 1 pr stags, 4 cows, hay, harness.

Wednesday, November 18, 1857
G. Lawyer – Dr.
To 2 ¾ bus. rye
Cleaned up rye.  Studied in Gray---.  frank was up here hunting for her locket.

Thursday, November 19, 1857
Went up to Mr. Vanbuskirk to see if Anna had Frank’s locket.  She was down to Mr. Jones’ and had the locket.

Friday, November 20, 1857
Some snow on the ground.  Studied all day.  Quite cold and windy.  Mr. Munroe borrowed 4 bags to go to Troy.

Saturday, November 21, 1857
Still cold.  Helped Father mend his wagon.  Studied some.  Went down to the Huddle and to the Post Office.

Sunday, November 22, 1857
Went to Granville Centre to meeting.  Heard some remarks from brother Reynolds and Brigham.

Monday, November 23, 1857
Went down to Mr. Congdon’s to see about getting my watch fixed.  He said she would to it.

Tuesday, November 24, 1857
Went to Leroy to see Lucas and Greeno about paying that money on the threshing machine when it is due.

Wednesday, November 25, 1857
Came from Leroy to Granville Centre to be examined by Professor Coburn.  Got no 2 on orthography 2 on reading.

Thursday, November 26, 1857
Went down to the Huddle in the evening.  Went to social meeting.  Bro’s Brigham and Brunnels presiding.

Friday, November 27, 1857
Engaged 13 turkeys of? for Mr. Munroe at 5 cts per lb.  went to the Dewitts to try to buy their geese but did not.

Saturday, November 28, 1857
Went up to Ross’s Mill with Alfred Fellows to look at that circle saw of mine as he wanted to buy.

Sunday, November 29, 1857
Went over to Mr. Calkins with Patchen and Frank to see Lucinda.  She is quite sick.  Is some better than has been.

Monday, November 30, 1857
Saw A. D. Spencer about taking that land.  He says he will if I convince him that it is clear.  Sheriff sale.

Tuesday, December 1, 1857
Dorias Ross – Cr. - ??,55
By settlemen on note 32,8
Went down to Granville Centre to hear brother Miller preach in the evening.

Wednesday, December 2, 1857
Went up to Tears to see about that note but they had not sent it on yet.  Truman was going to school at Troy.

Thursday, December 3, 1857
Came down to John McKane’s and got a writing from him releasing his claim on that piece of land on the corner.

Friday, December 4, 1857
Went up to see A.D. Spencer about buying that piece of land.  He said that he would buy it now and turn me out the note.

Saturday, December 5, 1857
Went down to the Post Office and to the Huddle.  Stayed in the evening got 3 catalogues from Manville Baily.

Sunday, December 6, 1857
Stayed at home pretty much all day.  Went down to Uriah Baxter’s just night Lemuel Packard was there.  He was at our house in the evening.

Monday, December 7, 1857
Went to Troy to see if Jerry Adams would not take that Booth note on what I was owing him but he would not.

Tuesday, December 8, 1857
Went over to Mr. Grase’s in the morning.  Went to Leroy to see if Mr. Fellows wanted that circle saw.  He said he did.

Wednesday, December 9, 1857
Rained all day.  I stayed at home and read the Scenes of a Lifetime by L. C. Goodrich the author of Parley Work?

Thursday, December 10, 1857
Went over on the turnpike to Sackett’s Mill to see if I could get work and to see James E. Spencer.

Friday, December 11, 1857
Went to the Summit to see if I could sell shingles.  Miller offered $8 per ?? for prime shingles.

Saturday, December 12, 1857
William Munroe came up here to sell his horses to Father for $200.  Horses, harness, whiffle trees and neck yoke.  I tried to trade him the Old’s land

Sunday, December 13, 1857
Stayed at home all day.  Went down to Granville Centre in the evening to hear bro. McDugald preach subject Why Persons Should be baptized.

Monday, December 14, 1857
Went down to the Huddle to sell my watch to William Munroe towards his horses.  Sold it for ???

Tuesday, December 15, 1857
Myself and Father went over to Mr. Booth’s to see him about working for him with the team.  Was gone to Troy.

Wednesday, December 16, 1857
Helped Father plow some.  Went up to Mr. Spencers to help them raise their shed.

Thursday, December 17, 1857
Helped Father plow some.  Went over to Mr. Booth’s in the evening.  Offered to work for him for $15 per month.

Friday, December 18, 1857
Went up to Mr. Spencer’s to see A. D. about that trade he wanted to trade next Monday.

Saturday, December 19, 1857
Went to Leroy to see Greeno and Lucas about some money.  They said they would try and get some Monday.

Sunday, December 20, 1857
Stayed at home all day.  Frank and Patchen was up here.  Ed was down here.  I went down to the Huddle in the evening to hear Mr. Taylor preach.

Monday, December 21, 1857
Threshed rye.  Threshed 5 doz. bundles.  Grandfather helped me some.

Tuesday, December 22, 1857
Threshed ? doz. bundles of rye.  Grandfather helped me some.

Wednesday, December 23, 1857
Threshed 4 doz. bundles of rye finished.  Vanbuskirk’s house burned down.  I went down to singing school.

Thursday, December 24, 1857
Cleaned up rye.  Had 5 bus. for my share.

Friday, December 25, 1857
Went to Towanda.  Grandfather went with me.  Took my rye to sell it but they would not give what I asked.

Saturday, December 26, 1857
Stayed at home.  Snowed all day.

Sunday, December 27, 1857
Stayed at home through the day.  Went to the Huddle to hear bro. McDugald preach.  Had a very good sermon.

Monday, December 28, 1857
Went to school all day.  Had a very good school.  Went to the Lodge in the evening.  Had a good time.

Tuesday, December 29, 1857
H. H. Grase – Dr.
To apid C. ???? - ,63
Staid at home all day.  Snowed.  Manville was here to board.

Wednesday, December 30, 1857
Went to Troy.  Saw Mr. Adam’s father.  Took up our note and gave him another for $172,74 cts.

Thursday, December 31, 1857
Went down to Wm. Vroman’s to see what he would ask to let me redeem what property he bid off here.  He asked me $25 rent over to Henry Woodin’s to see him about what he was owing me.

The following names are recorded in the back of the diary with no explanation:

Malcolm McNung
Royal Oak
Pinory, PO
Mu???? Township
St. Clare Co., Mich.

Frederic Orwan
G. Wallace
Mr. Steele
Josiah Lewis
Hiram Root
Adolphus Thomas
Samuel Sackett
Edward Stratam
Abel Selleck
David Waters
Frank Sackett
Mary Ann Selleck

Back of Diary
Cynthia Ross
John Sackett
Thomas Grist
Andrene Crane
John Grist
Adolphus Grist
Leroy Haight
Judd Haight
Mary Sackett
William Campbell
Eliza Selleck
George Selleck
Holden B. Taylor
Clark Hall
William Townes
Henn Allen
Ferdinand Allen
Silas Washburn
Ezra D. Bartlett
Mary Maria Bartlett
Sylvester Fellows
Ezekiel Newman
Anson Crammer
Louisa Crammer
Moses Gustin
Sarah Booth
Charles Taylor
Elisha Hinson
Benjaman Wood
Alvaretta Wisdom?
Connie Woodin?
John Philips
Ellen Hinson
William Hinson
Henry Hinson
Betsy Hinson
Orsetia Hinson
Emeline Woodin
George Hinson
Finly Ross
William Ballard
Hezekiah Corby
James Philips
William Philips
Layfaette Wheeler
Layfayette Hinson
Mary Hinson
Elijah Booth
Hannah Ann Woodin
Simeon Hinson
Henry Thurston
Washington Taylor
Johnathan Davis
Betsy Jane Booth
Larabe Booth
Samuel Whitehead
Harrison Dodd
Henry Allan
Benjamin Booth
Sybil Lewis
Russel Thurston
Sally Whitehead
Franklin Woodin
Edward Woodin
Charles Swartout
David Henry Philips
Maria Philips
Charles Scouten
Joseph Thurston
Layman Thurston
Matilda Brown
Steven Dodd
Bradford County PA
Chemung County NY
Tioga County PA
Published On Tri-Counties Site On 08 APR 2008 
By Joyce M. Tice
Email Joyce M. Tice
Submitted by Tim French
Transcribed be Carla McDonald
Formatted & Published by Joyce M. Tice
Copyright 2008
The History Center on Main Street, 83 N. Main Street, Mansfield PA 16933   histcent83@gmail.com