Bradford County PA
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West Burlington Township, Bradford County PA
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George D. Bourne Diary 1861

Diary: George D. Bourne
Township: West Burllington, Bradford County PA
Year: 1861
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DIARY OF GEO. D. BOURNE

1860

Transcribed FROM ORIGINAL DIARIES LOCATED AT THE BRADFORD COUNTY LIBRARY, BURLINGTON, PA

Typed By: Pat Smith Raymond

Tuesday, January 1, 1861 – No School

Jan. 2, 3 – Go to School

Jan. 4 – go to School Fast day by order of the President generaly observed in the northern States.

Jan. 5 – Work at home

Jan. 6 – attend Church on the Turnpike preaching by Rev. M. Coyl

Jan. 7, 8 – go to School

Jan. 9 – go to School. Missippi passes the Secession ordinance vote 84 to 15.

Jan. 10 – go to School. Florida Secession ordinance passed by vote of 62 to 7.

Jan. 11 – go to School Alabama Secession ordinance passed by vote of 61 to 39.

Jan. 12 – work at home

Jan. 13 – attend church on the Turnpike preaching by Rev. M. Coyl.

Jan. 14, 15, 16, 17, 18 – go to School

Jan. 19 – work at home getting wood Georgia Secession ordinance 208 to 89 passed.

Jan. 20 – attend church on the Turnpike preaching by Rev. M. Coyl.

Jan. 21, 22, 23, 24, 25 – go to School.

Jan. 26-Work at home doing chors Louisana Convention adopt a Secession ordinance by vote of 113 to 17.

Jan. 27 -- attend church on the Turnpike preaching by Rev. M. Coyl

Jan. 28, 29, 30, 31 – go to School

Feb. 1, 1861 – go to School

Feb. 2 – Work at home doing chors.

Feb. 3 -- attend church on the Turnpike preaching by Rev. M. Coyl

Feb. 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 – go to School

Feb. 9 – work at home doing chors. Jefferson Davis and Alexandar Stevens Elected President and Vice President of the So called Southern Confederacy.

Feb. 10 -- attend church on the Turnpike preaching by Rev. M. Coyl

Feb. 11 – go to School President Lincon Started for Washington

Feb. 12, 13, 14, 15 – go to School

Feb. 16 – Work at home doing chors.

Feb. 17 -- attend church on the Turnpike preaching by Rev. M. Coyl

Feb. 18 – Draw Saw-logs with oxen Jeff Davis inaugurated President of the Confederate States of America. Jeff you Will have a hard time I guess. Old Abe will tend to you.

Feb. 19, 20, 21, 22, 23 – draw Saw logs

Feb. 24 -- attend church on the Turnpike preaching by Rev. M. Coyl

Feb. 25 – draw Saw logs

Feb. 26 – draw Saw logs. Wesley Smith has some difficulty in School with Wm. Campbell and children.

Feb. 27 – draw Saw logs. Lee very Sick with Diptheria. C. W. S. goes on with his School.

Feb. 28 – Doing nothing to Speak of

March 1, 1861 – draw logs Lee very Sick.

Mar 2 – Attend the last day of C. W. Smiths School quite a no (?) in Wm. Campbell Settles with Smith by paying him $50.

Mar. 3 – Lee very sick. Stay at home.

Mar. 4 – draw Saw logs President Lincoln inaugurated at Washington no Disturbances.

Mar. 5, 6, 7 – Draw Saw logs

Mar. 8, 9 – Choreing around home

Mar. 10 -- attend church on the Turnpike preaching by Rev. M. Coyl

Mar. 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16 – Work at getting wood

Mar. 17 -- attend church on the Turnpike preaching by Rev. M. Coyl

Mar. 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23 – Work at getting wood

Mar. 24 -- attend church on the Turnpike preaching by Rev. M. Coyl

Mar. 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30 – Work at chopping wood

Mar. 31 -- attend church on the Turnpike preaching by Rev. M. Coyl

April 1, 1861 – work at getting wood

Apr. 2 – work at getting yearling home from Henry Brighams

Apr. 3 – work at chopping for fence. J. A. Brown (?) comes to work.

Apr. 4, 5, 6 – work at chopping for fence

Apr. 7 -- attend church on the Turnpike preaching by Rev. M. Coyl

Apr. 8, 9, 10, 11 – work at clearing away for fence

Apr. 12 – help clear away for fence. Atual Commencement of War Bombardment of fort Sumpter commenced at 4:30 a.m. Bad day to commence such a job.

Apr. 13 – work at clearing away for fence. Fort Sumpter Surrendered to the Rebels great excitement most of the northern States vote large Sums of money and men to put down the Rebels.

Apr. 14 -- attend church on the Turnpike preaching by Rev. M. Coyl

Apr. 15 – help get wood. President Lincon issued a Proclamation Calling for 75,000 men to volunteer for 3 months.

Apr. 16 – work at Sawing in the mill

Apr. 17 – take my turn in the Sawmill Great excitement all men around here wearing union Badges men volunteering for the war. Virginia Secession ordinance passed by a vote of 60 to 53.

Apr. 18 – work at Sawing in the mill.

Apr. 19 – Great Excitement all Business Stopped. Go to Burlington Boro to See 300 Volunteers on their way to Troy. Several from Burlington and Smithfield 6 Reg’t Mass volunteers attacked in Baltimore by a mob.

Apr. 20 – work at Sawing in mill.

Apr. 21 -- attend church on the Turnpike preaching by Rev. M. Coyl

Apr. 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27 – work at Sawing in the Sawmill on ??? from 12 A m till 12 oclock noon

Apr. 28 -- attend church on the Turnpike preaching by Rev. M. Coyl

Apr. 29, 30 – Work in the Sawmill

May 1, 1861 – work at Sawing in the mill.

May 2 – work at Sawing in the mill

May 3 – work at Sawing in the mill. President Lincoln calls for 42,000 3 years volunteers (42,000)

May 4 – work at Sawing in the Sawmill

May 5 -- attend church on the Turnpike preaching by Rev. M. Coyl

May 6 – help about chores

May 7, 8, 9 – work at farming

May 10, 11 – help tear down old Barn

May 12 -- attend church on the Turnpike preaching by Rev. M. Coyl

May 13 – work around old Barn. James Wheaton enlists at Towanda a great many enlisting every few days 2 or 300 go through Burlington for Camp Curtain at Harrisburg, Penna it is war in good earnest now.

May 14, 15, 16, 17, 18 – work around home on old Barn

May 19 -- attend church on the Turnpike preaching by Rev. M. Coyl

May 20 – work at farming North Carolina Secession ordinance adopted.

May 21, 22, 23 – work on the farm

May 24 – work on the farm Col. Elsworth Shot by Rebel Jackson landlord of mashel house. (There is no punctuation in this entry, so I’m writing it exactly as it is. Mashel is my best guess of that word—psr)

May 25 – work on the farm.

May 26 -- attend church on the Turnpike preaching by Rev. M. Coyl

May 27, 28, 29, 30, 31 – work on the farm

June 1, 1861 – work on the farm.

June 2 -- attend church on the Turnpike preaching by Rev. M. Coyl

June 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 – work on the farm

June 9 -- attend church on the Turnpike preaching by Rev. M. Coyl

June 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15 – work on the farm.

June 16 -- attend church on the Turnpike preaching by Rev. M. Coyl

June 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22 – work on the farm

June 23 -- attend church on the Turnpike preaching by Rev. M. Coyl

June 24 – Tennesse out of the union by vote of 104019 to 47238 by the people.

June 25, 26, 27, 28, 29 – work on the farm

June 30 -- attend church on the Turnpike preaching by Rev. M. Coyl

July 1, 1861 – Work on the farm

July 2, 3 – work on the farm.

July 4 – Attend a cellebration at Smithfield Center the Ragmuffins out. See a ??? in the evening, have a fine time. Speeches by C. L. Ward and John Means. Drumming.

July 5, 6 – work on the farm.

July 7 -- attend church on the Turnpike preaching by Rev. M. Coyl

July 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13 – work at haying

July 14 -- attend church on the Turnpike preaching by Rev. M. Coyl

July 15 – Work at haying

July 16 – James Wheaton returned

July 17 – Findlay McKean killed on the 16th

July 18, 19, 20 – work at haying

July 21 – Attend church on the Turnpike preaching by M. Coyl. A heavy Battle at Bull Run a very heavy loss, Rebels victorious, great excitement.

July 22 – work at haying. McClellan placed in command of the Potomac Army.

July 23, 24, 25 – work at haying

July 26 – work at haying. Birthday 17 years old

July 27 – work at haying.

July 28 -- attend church on the Turnpike preaching by Rev. M. Coyl

July 29, 30, 31 – work at haying.

Aug. 1, 2, 3 – work at haying

Aug. 4 -- attend church on the Turnpike preaching by Rev. M. Coyl

Aug. 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 – work around the sawmill

Aug. 11 – attend church on the Turnpike preaching by M. Coyl

Aug. 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17 – work around the saw mill

Aug. 18 – Attend Church on the Turnpike Preaching by M. Coyl

Aug. 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24 – work on the farm

Aug. 25 – attend Church on the Turnpike preaching by Rev. M. Coyl

Aug. 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31 – work at farming

September 1, 1861 – attend Church on the Turnpike preaching by M. Coyl.

Sept. 2 – Commence going to School at Smithfield Board at home the same as last fall Teacher W. W. Radgers (Rodgers?)

Sept. 3, 4, 5, 6 – go to School at Smithfield

Sept. 7 – work at home

Sept. 8 – attend church on the Turnpike preaching by M. Coyl.

Sept. 9, 10, 11, 12, 13 – go to School at Smithfield

Sept. 14 – work at home

Sept. 15 – attend Church on the Turnpike preaching by M. Coyl.

Sept. 16, 17, 18, 19, 20 – go to School at Smithfield

Sept. 21 – work at home

Sept. 22 – attend Church on the Turnpike preaching by Rev. M. Coyl.

Sept. 23, 24, 25, 26, 27 – go to School at Smithfield

Sept. 28 – work at home

Sept. 29 – attend Church on the Turnpike Preaching by M. Coyl

Sept. 30 – go to School at Smithfield

Oct. 1, 2, 3, 4 – go to school at Smithfield

Oct. 5 – work at home

Oct. 6 – attend church on the Turnpike preaching by Rev. M. Coyl

Oct. 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 – go to School at Smithfield

Oct. 12 – work at home

Oct. 13 – attend church on the Turnpike preaching by Rev. M. Coyl

Oct. 14, 15, 16, 17, 18 – go to School at Smithfield

Oct. 29 – work at home

Oct. 20 – attend church on the Turnpike preaching by M. Coyl

Oct. 21, 22, 23, 24, 25 – go to School at Smithfield

Oct. 26 – work at home

Oct. 27 – attend Church on the Turnpike preaching by M. Coyl

Oct. 28, 29, 30, 31 – go to School at Smithfield

November 1, 1861 – go to School at Smithfield. Lt. Gen. Scott resigned command. McClellan in his place.

Nov. 2 – Maj. Gen. Fremont removed from command. Work at home.

Nov. 3 -- attend Church on the Turnpike preaching by M. Coyl

Nov. 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 – go to School at Smithfield.

Nov. 9 – work at home

Nov. 10 -- attend Church on the Turnpike preaching by M. Coyl

Nov. 11, 12, 13, 14 – go to School at Smithfield

Nov. 15 – School at Smithfield clous today Rodgers taught a good School this fall. Declaiming paper (?) and several visitors in.

Nov. 16 – work at home.

Nov. 17 – attend Church on the Turnpike preaching by Rev. M. Coyl

Nov. 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23 – work at chopping on fallow

Nov. 24 -- attend Church on the Turnpike preaching by M. Coyl

Nov. 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30 – work at Chopping on Fallow

December 1, 1861 -- attend Church on the Turnpike preaching by M. Coyl

Dec. 2 – work on Fallow. James Wheaton re-enlists. Men enlisting the most of the time.

Dec. 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 – work at chopping on fallow.

Dec. 8 -- attend Church on the Turnpike preaching by M. Coyl

Dec. 9 – Work on Fallow. Congress takes means to exchange prisoners of war with the Rebels our prisoners in the hands of the Rebels are treated with the greatest cruelty ever known to the Civelized world, they are starved to death by the inch or any way to get rid of our men.

Dec. 10, 11, 12, 13, 14 – work on the fallow chopping

Dec. 15 – attend church on the Turnpike preaching by Rev. M. Coyl.

Dec. 17, 18, 19, 20, 21 – work on the fallow chopping.

Dec. 22 -- attend Church on the Turnpike preaching by M. Coyl

Dec. 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28 – work on the fallow chopping.

Dec. 29 – attend church on the Turnpike preaching by Rev. M. Coyl

Dec. 30 – work at Choreing.

Dec. 31 – Choreing around home. The past year is one that will long be remembered by many whose loved ones have fallen on the Battle-fields of the Sunny South while defending our Libertys, there is no signs of peace, how many more noble men are to be Sacrifized can’t be told.

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