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1869 - Luman Putnam of Granville
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1869 Diary of Luman Putnam of Granville
Transcribed by Betsy Shirk - bshirk2002@yahoo.com
Formatted and Published by Joyce M. Tice
Transcription copyright 2010 Betsy Shirk and Joyce M. Tice

1854 Diary and Introduction. Also access to many more LumanPutnam Diaries

Luman Putnam Jerusha Bailey, his first wife
L. Putnam’s Diary

Granville Centre

Penn’a.
Part Two


Thursday, July 1, 1869

The atmosphere quite heavy & smoky till afternoon, then more clear. Weather warm.

Before breakfast we walked out about 1 1/2 miles west from the town to the mineral spring, passing over the ground where Gen. Reynolds was killed on the first day of the battle. At 10 A.M. attended the great meeting before the monument, witnessing the ceremonies, and beholding many of the notables of the land. The proceedings were very interesting. In the afternoon we walked about 3 miles south of town, over the battle fields to Little Round Top where the left of our line was established.

Friday, July 2, 1869

The morning foggy and smoky, the afternoon partially fair. Weather continues warm.

After breakfast we repaired to the Depot and took the cars for home. At Harrisburg we found Dr. Bullock who came up on the same train with us. We arrived at the Summit at about 9 o’clock in the evening where we found Daniel Bruce. We walked down to Luther’s, where I stopped and staid over, Levi and Daniel continuing their walk to their respective homes.

Saturday, July 3, 1869

Morning rainy, and the remainder of the day partially fair. The weather is considerably warm and is also quite smoky.

Remained with Luther till after breakfast and then started homeward. Called a short time on Valentine and also stopped a few minutes with Lydia on the way, arriving home before noon. Employed the greatest part of the afternoon reading an account of the battle of Gettysburg, and examining the chart.

Sunday, July 4, 1869

Most of the day fair but the weather continues smoky and quite warm.

Azor and Eliza came down in the morning and went over to Amanda’s. Wife went there with them. Attended meeting at the Centre in the forenoon and heard Br. Hurlburt again. Called a little while at Orson’s on my return from meeting. Carried a few strawberries over to Sara in the morning. Elon made a short call at night.

Monday, July 5, 1869

The day fair and the weather is a little cooler than it has been for some time past. The atmosphere continues somewhat smokey.

Hiram Stevens came over to see me this forenoon and, happening to be at home had a very good visit with him. After dinner went with him up to the Centre and made a short visit at Mr. Bruce’s calling at the P.O. for the Tribune.

Tuesday, July 6, 1869

Another fair day, or mostly so. The weather is considerably warmer than for two days back, and the atmosphere continues quite smoky yet.

After reading a spell in the morning, and spending some time with Albert started out on the flat a fishing. Succeeded in getting a considerable number, but the most of them were very small. Spent some time in the latter part of the day in the Library, reading and writing.

Wednesday, July 7, 1869

Principal part of the day fair, some clouds towards night and a considerable amount of smoke is also remaining in the atmosphere.

Did not go abroad anywhere today except to go out a little while in the afternoon a fishing with very poor success. Spent the greatest portion of my time in the Library engaged with my books and newspapers, devoting a part with little Albert as usual.

Thursday, July 8, 1869

The forenoon fair, warm, and smoky as usual, the afternoon cloudy and rainy, beginning with a moderate thunder shower. Ground very dry.

Remained about the house through the day, spending a considerable part of the time in the Library with my books and newspapers. Fremont brot me from the Post Office a letter from my friend Mr. Atkins but the Tribune failed to appear.

Friday, July 9, 1869

A smart shower in the morning with other lighter ones in the course of the day. Weather quite warm and more or less cloudy.

Attended to my reading in the Library a considerable portion of the time till after dinner, then went up to the Center, and called at the Post Office and got the Tribune and the Courier, stopping some time at Mr. Bruce’s to look them over. On my way home went in to see Harriet and Isidore a little while.

Saturday, July 10, 1869

Day fair with the exception of a few occasional clouds and the smoky atmosphere which yet continues as well as the warm weather.

Started out a fishing this morning at about nine o’clock and returned at five o’clock this afternoon, very much fatigued. Went up the creek as far as the head of Taylor’s mill race. Caught a considerable number, but the most of them were of small size.

Sunday, July 11, 1869

The principal part of the day fair. There were some clouds in the morning, and some a little before noon which brought a sprinkling of rain. Weather continues very warm.

Did not attend meeting today, but remained at home, employing the most of my time reading and attending to the claims and demands of little Albert.

Monday, July 12, 1869

The day fair with very few clouds to be seen, and it passed off without any rain. The weather quite warm.

Spent the fore part of the day about home as usual, the got ready & started up the road on a visiting tour. Got the Tribune at the P.O., called at Mr. Bruce’s and looked it over, then left it at P.O. and went on up to Luther’s calling at Valentine’s on the way. Staid with Luther overnight, and having a hook and line in my pocket, made preparation to go out in the early morning and try to catch a few fish.

Tuesday, July 13, 1869

Some clouds in the morning, and the afternoon was quite cloudy with some rain.

Arose at 4 o’clock in the morning and went to the creek below Ziba’s and caught there a large trout and some other fish. After breakfast Luther & Sally concluded to go with me up to Wm. Bates’, they returning towards night, & I remaining over, with the intention of going to Canton tomorrow.

Wednesday, July 14, 1869

Most of the day cloudy with a little rain in the forenoon and some brisk showers in the afternoon. Weather warm.

After breakfast walked out with William as far as his father’s. Soon after our return Stephen came and I rode home with him. We then walked down to the mineral spring on the R.R. track, drank of the water, viewed their buildings and improvements, and then returned to dinner. Staid with Stephen over night.

Thursday, July 15, 1869

Shower in the night & a long, heavy thunder shower in the morning. Remainder of day fair except a smart thunder shower towards night.

After breakfast, Erastus came in to Stephen’s and told me that he was going down to Granville & that I could ride with him. I went to his house & found his mother there. When they got ready I rode with them down as far as Luther’s, got out there and concluded to stay over. After supper went out a little while & caught some fish for breakfast tomorrow.

Friday, July 16, 1869

Heavy thunder shower in the night and a sprinkling of rain in the early morning and a light shower in the afternoon. The remainder of the day fair.

Arose at 4 o’clock in the morning and went out to try my luck at fishing again. Succeeded tolerably. After breakfast started homewards, calling a spell at Valentine’s and at Bruce’s also. Went in to the P.O. & got the Reporter & on arrival home found a letter from Rhoda Cook which was received on Tuesday last.

Saturday, July 17, 1869

A fair, pleasant day which is very opportune for farmers engaged in haymaking. The weather continues warm.

Spent the entire day in the house and about the farm. Had a headache in the forenoon and felt quite unwell. Afternoon, feeling better, went out into the fields to view the crops, taking Albert with me, at his urgent request.

Sunday, July 18, 1869

Day cloudy till towards night, then partially fair. A sprinkling of rain in the forenoon. Weather considerably warm yet.

Attended meeting at the Centre in the forenoon, going up a little before the time and calling at Orson’s a little while to see Isidore, Orson and Harriet being away. Br. Hurlburt was in attendance, but the discourse was delivered by a preacher from Canada who was also present.

Monday, July 19, 1869

The weather continues quite warm. Day fair and without any appearance of rain.

After breakfast started out a fishing. Went down the creek beginning at Bailey’s old Saw Mill, and going down below Newland’s. Made out very well, getting some very large ones. Went down on Elon’s flat just at night and got a few more small ones.

Wallace & Burton helped Harvey at his harvest & haying.

Tuesday, July 20, 1869

Another fair day and warm besides. Clouded over at night with southerly wind, indicating more rainy weather soon.

Went off a fishing again today. Started about 9 in the morning and returned at 2 in the afternoon. Went down the creek as far as Tom. Pratt’s and caught a few more of those large river dace.

Wallace and Burton helped Harvey again today. They got the hay all into the barn from the meadow above the house, and cut & put up nearly all the wheat.

Wednesday, July 21, 1869

Copious shower in the night attended with thunder and lightning, day partially cloudy, and the weather considerably cooler.

Did not go off the farm today but spent most of the time in the Library reading when not engaged in the care of little Albert.

Wallace and Burton worked for Harvey in the forenoon and finished cutting putting up the wheat. Harvey killed a sheep and went to Troy.

Thursday, July 22, 1869

Principal part of the day cloudy till in the afternoon, then more fair. The weather is considerably warmer than it was yesterday.

Went out in the middle of the day to catch a few fish, going up as far as into Levi’s meadow. Did not get any very large ones. Afternoon went up to the P.O. and got the Tribune, brought it directly home, and then spent some time in looking it over.

Friday, July 23, 1869

The entire day cloudy or hazy, not of sufficient density to hide the sun, but enough to prevent its shining. Weather moderately warm.

Spent most of the time today in the Library reading some and writing a long letter to Benham Andrus and copying the same. Stranger called with a prospectus for a county atlas, Luman with Delos made a short call, and in the afternoon Lydia was here & Mr. Bruce came in to tea. Sent letter to P.O. by Lydia.

Saturday, July 24, 1869

The weather today very similar to that of yesterday, very little sunshine on account of the hazy, smoky atmosphere.

Remained about the house engaged in no particular business, until after dinner; then started out a fishing, going up the creek as far as Taylor’s mill race but did not succeed first rate.

Sunday, July 25, 1869

Some clouds in the morning which soon disappearing the day became fair and the weather quite warm.

Remained at home through the day except to go with Benjamin who went over to see Sarah a few minutes. He and Lurenda came down in the morning. Azor & Eliza attended meeting at the Centre and then came here. They all staid till towards night. Wife and Lurenda went over to Amanda’s a little while to see Lincoln’s wife who is sick.

Monday, July 26, 1869

Day fair or nearly so until towards night, then a very protracted thunder shower came on which raised the small streams considerably.

In the course of the forenoon went out and fished a little while with very poor success. Afternoon went up to the Center, called at the P.O. and got the Tribune and the Reporter and called a spell on Mr. Bruce & Lydia. Wife went over to see great grand daughter at Amanda’s which was lately born to Lincoln.

Tuesday, July 27, 1869

Morning cloudy and rainy, the afternoon tolerably fair and the weather considerably warm.

Spent most of the time in the forenoon about the house, and in the Library engaged with my books & newspapers principally. In the afternoon, having a chance to ride down the creek with Milford, went with him as far as the Fleming bridge & then went up that stream a fishing, he come down after me at night.

Wednesday, July 28, 1869

Principal part of the day fair and the weather continues quite warm.

Remained about the house and farm through the entire day. Employed a part of the time reading and a considerable portion of it with little Albert, taking him with me about the fields and into the meadow where the business of haying was carried on.

Thursday, July 29, 1869

Another thunder shower which began at 2 o’clock in the morning. Day partially fair and the weather considerably cooler.

Spent the most of my time at home; a part of it in the house with my books and newspapers, and a part with Albert in the field.

After dinner went up to the P.O. and got the Tribune and made a short call at Mr. Bruce’s. Elon came in at night.

Friday, July 30, 1869

The forenoon partially cloudy, the afternoon was only moderately warm.

Did not go abroad today except to go down as far as Frank Taylor’s meadow a fishing, in which I succeeded very well. Spent most of the afternoon in the Library reading.

Elon called in the morning.

Harvey finished his haying, Wallace & Burton having helped him through.

Saturday, July 31, 1869

Day somewhat smoky and hazy, otherwise fair. The weather is getting to be quite warm again.

Started out sometime after breakfast a fishing again. Commenced in the creek down on Sam’s lot and went down as far as Tom Pratt’s, getting one 15 inches in length and a few smaller ones. Spent most of the afternoon with the newspapers and with little Albert.

Sunday, August 1, 1869

Same kind of weather to-day that prevailed yesterday. The roads are getting to be quite dry and dusty again.

Alva came over in the morning and invited me to ride with him over to Leroy to meeting. Got ready and rode over there with him & attended meeting. Br. Churchill was the preacher. At the conclusion of the meeting we returned immediately home. After tea walked with over to Amanda’s to see our little great grand daughter.

Monday, August 2, 1869

The weather continues fair and warm, being less smoky and hazy than it has been for several days.

Soon after breakfast started off down the creek a fishing again. Went as far down as the head of Kelly’s mill pond, and made out very well.

Br. Brigham, being around distributing books to subscribers, called and staid with us over night.

Tuesday, August 3, 1869

The day fair as usual and the weather continues warm.

Harvey went to Troy and carried Mr. & Mrs. Arnold along. Wife and I rode with them up to Azor’s. Went over to the village and while there Luman came in with his horse & buggy that had been lately stolen, having found them at Jersey Shore, the thief having gone from there. Walked back to Azor’s a little after dinner time. At night Hiram brought Mr. & Mrs. Anderson to Azor’s with whom we had a prior acquaintance, having been to their house in Rochester two years ago.

Wednesday, August 4, 1869

The weather continues warm. Forenoon fair and pleasant, afternoon cloudy and quite rainy towards night.

Mr. And Mrs. Anderson remained at Azor’s to visit with us, they having intended to go to West Burlington today. Walked with him over to the village in the afternoon, calling at Oliver’s furniture establishment and several other places. Learned that Luman had gone away on the cars in the direction of Elmira, but whither bound did not ascertain. At night Smiley called & left Maria.

Thursday, August 5, 1869

Morning cloudy and a little rainy. The middle and the latter part of the day mostly fair. Weather cooler after the rain.

Hiram called at Azor’s in the fore part of the day and, at his invitation, walked with him over to the village. Called at the livery, at Manly’s shop and at Delos’ office. Ascertained that Luman had gone to Venango county in pursuit of thief. Mr. And Mrs. Anderson went down to West Burlington to visit their friends in that vicinity.

Friday, August 6, 1869

Morning, and a considerable portion of the day was cloudy, more sunshine towards night. The weather not very warm.

Did not go to town today, but remained about the house with the women. Spent a considerable portion of the time reading. Azor being very busy with his oat harvest, we have concluded to remain with him till he gets time to take us away.

Saturday, August 7, 1869

Morning considerably cloudy, latter part of the day more fair. Weather cool.

Went to town in the morning, called at several places, found Luman who had just returned from Venango county without finding the thief, and rode with him back to Azor’s before dinner. In the afternoon we were all considerably interested in beholding the eclipse of the sun which commenced at about 5 o’clock and continued till sunset.

Sunday, August 8, 1869

The day was partially fair, the morning cool, the weather growing warmer as the day progressed.

We remained at Azor’s until towards the middle of the day, and then he and Eliza went with us down to Benjamin’s. They staid till towards night and we remained to make our visit there.

Monday, August 9, 1869

The weather through the day was fair, and was also moderately warm.

After breakfast went down into the woods and cut a fish pole, and after dinner went down to the creek a little while and caught a string of fish. Soon after our return, a messenger, Mr. Wheeler, came for me to go to Mr. Williams’ in Smithfield, to see Hiram Stevens who is there sick. Went with him immediately, arriving there about bed time. He brot me a letter from Hiram.

Tuesday, August 10, 1869

The day fair and the weather warm and dry.

Called in the morning before breakfast on Robert Shedden, who lives near Mr. Williams returned to breakfast, had a little more conversation with Hiram, promised him another visit soon, and then started homewards, Mr. Williams taking me in a carriage to Perry Case’s where I stopped till after dinner, and then walked the remaining distance. Found a letter waiting from Mrs. Caywood & recd. one from Benham.

Wednesday, August 11, 1869

The forenoon fair, and the afternoon considerably cloudy. Weather continues warm and very dry.

Found Luman here this morning, on his way to Franklin. Rode with him down as far as Barns’, and fished along the creek back again. Called at Amanda’s and gave her the contents of my fishing basket. Spent the remainder of the day with my newspapers and with Albert.

Thursday, August 12, 1869

Day fair with smoky atmosphere and the weather quite warm.

Spent the forenoon about the house, going up to the store towards noon. While there, Luman came along and I rode home with him. After dinner, with Burton’s man and Harvey’s buggy, went back to Smithfield to see Hiram again, taking Sara with me as far as Mrs. Gamage’s. Found Hiram no better, and staid there over night again.

Friday, August 13, 1869

Morning somewhat cloudy with two heavy thunder showers in the forenoon. Latter part of the day fair.

In the morning, after having some talk with Hiram, wrote his will, which was duly signed and witnessed and left in his possession. Soon after 9 o’clock hitched up and started for home, having both those thunder showers to encounter before arriving at Burlington. Managed to get home without getting very wet. Wife came home from Smiley’s soon after my arrival.

Saturday, August 14, 1869

The day mostly fair. Morning somewhat cool, but the middle and latter part of the day quite warm and sultry again.

In the middle of the day went up to the Centre, called at the shoe shop to get my boots tapped, at the P.O. to get the Reporter, and stopped some time to chat with Lydia at Mr. Bruce’s. Returned and spent the remainder of the day with my books and newspapers, and with Albert. Br. Churchill sent here to borrow some books.

Sunday, August 15, 1869

Rained some in the morning and a thunder shower again at night. Day partially fair and very warm.

Went up to the Centre in the forenoon, called a spell on Wallace and then, with him, attended the meeting and heard Br. Hurlburt preach. In the afternoon Burton and Mary made a short call & Wallace also came in a little while. Towards night Br. Hurlburt made a call and remained with us over night.

Monday, August 16, 1869

Fore part of the day cloudy and the latter part mostly clear. The weather is considerably cooler since yesterday’s rains.

Waited at home until towards noon, then went up to the Centre, called on Lydia till the mail arrived, then went in the P.O. and mailed "Reporters" to Messrs. Pelton, Atkins, and Rhoda, got the Courier and the Tribune, went back to Lydia’s and read a spell, and then came home and my time as usual.

Br. Hurlburt, after chatting with me a spell after breakfast, departed.

Tuesday, August 17, 1869

Rained in the night and some in the morning. Most of the day cloudy. Warm afternoon.

Found Luman here again in the morning. Rode with him as far as Luther’s, & while there he came from the Summit with his two sisters & niece. Milford came there with letter for me from Mr. Wheeler & also news of Hiram Stevens’ death. Rode home with Milford and made preparation for going to Smithfield to see to his affairs, and to attend his funeral.

Wednesday, August 18, 1869

Morning very foggy, obscuring sun till 10 o’clock. Remainder of the day fair.

Started in the morning early, with Harvey in buggy, for Smithfield to attend the funeral of Hiram Stevens. Obtained his Will having been appointed executor – and $10.75 in cash. After the service returned by way of West Burlington and agreed with Ransom Ward to take care of personal property there for the present.

Thursday, August 19, 1869

Day fair and the weather continues quite warm.

Remained about the house till nearly noon, then took Albert and went up to the Centre. Called at Orson’s a little while, then went over to the P.O. and got the Tribune, then called on Lydia a short time, then stopped again and took dinner with Harriet and Isidore, & then they got ready and came home with me to make us a visit.

Friday, August 20, 1869

The day fair with thunder clouds at night and showers around in other places. The weather extremely hot.

Went a fishing in the forenoon, after repairing my fishing rod, and succeeded tolerably well. Remained at the house the remainder of the day on account of the oppressive heat.

Saturday, August 21, 1869

Day partially cloudy & in the afternoon and towards night there were thundershowers. The weather continues remarkably warm, both day and night.

Remained about the house and kept very still until after the first shower, then walked up to the Centre, calling at the P.O., and at Mr. Bruce’s only a short time and then returned. Tried to read some, but found it extremely difficult on account of the extremely warm weather.

Sunday, August 22, 1869

The morning was cloudy and the weather a little more temperate; but the remainder of the day was fair and the weather became quite warm again.

Attended meeting at the Centre in the forenoon & did not make any calls. Br. Lloyd, a stranger, and a preacher, was in attendence & delivered a discourse. He also made an appointment for the evening.

Allen Wooden & wife here in afternoon. Elon called at night.

Monday, August 23, 1869

Another fair day, & the weather continues quite warm, except that the night and mornings lately are a little cooler.

Employed a considerable portion of my time today in writing a long letter to Mr. Atkins and in copying the same in the memorandum book. In the middle of the day went up to the P.O. and got the Tribune, & in the course of the afternoon found time to look it over.

Tuesday, August 24, 1869

Fair again today & the weather continues warm as usual.

Took a notion to go to Troy again, and started after breakfast to walk over to Benjamin’s, but rode part of the way with Orlando Taylor. Mr. & Mrs. McKee came there after my arrival. After dinner, went with Charley down to the creek and caught a good mess of fish, returning towards night, very tired. They all went to Templar’s lodge but Charley and I.

Wednesday, August 25, 1869

Forenoon fair, but in the course of the afternoon there was a heavy thunder shower. The weather warm.

After breakfast Benjamin hitched up his buggy and took me up to Troy and returning left me at Azor’s. Did not find Luman at the village, but he came to Azor’s in the course of the afternoon making only a short stay. Spent most of the time, after returning from the village, in looking over over some books I had purchased there.

Thursday, August 26, 1869

The day mostly fair and the weather moderately warm.

After an early breakfast started with Azor’ folks for a picnic at Mountain Lake. Waited at Esq. Loomis’ till the company came together, and then proceeded to our destination. Had a very agreeable time on the land and on the water, & returning Azor took the road on the ridge and left me a little this side of Jess. McKean’s whence I waked home. Just at night went up to the P.O. and got the Tribune and made a short call on Mr. Bruce and Lydia.

Friday, August 27, 1869

Day fair and the weather continues moderately warm.

Started out soon after breakfast to try my luck again at fishing. Went down the creek as far as Tom Prattt’s, making out but poorly. Towards night took Albert and made a call at Elon’s, finding Orator and Sylvia there. Spent the remainder of the time about the house with Albert, and with my books and newspapers. In the evening Elon made a call.

Saturday, August 28, 1869

Day fair until almost night and then a long and heavy thunder shower. Weather very warm.

Rode to Troy with Elon and Alva, starting immediately after breakfast and arriving home at about 3 o’clock in the afternoon. We went with Harvey’s buggy. While there we saw the outside performances of the Circus and Menagery. Received a letter from my friend Mr. Pelton.

Sunday, August 29, 1869

More rain in the morning and remainder of the day fair, and pleasant. The weather continues warm.

Attended meeting at the Centre in the morning & heard Br. Streator the younger. Made a call at Mr. Bruce’s before the meeting. Wife attended the meeting. Br. And Sr. Wilson called after meeting and took tea with us. Towards night Br. Rockwell and Br. Levi Taylor called. In the evening attended meeting and heard Br. Streator again.

Monday, August, 30, 1869

The day was partially cloudy and the weather some cooler, especially in the morning and at night.

Went up to Mr. Bunyan’s in the morning, but he having gone to Towanda, I went over across to Luther’s and he being away from the house, I chatted with the women a spell and then went down to the Centre to attend Dunham Roby’s funeral, riding part of the way with Polly Ann. Br. Streator spoke. Got the Tribune & the Courier.

Tuesday, August 31, 1869

Fore part of the day was cloudy and the latter part was fair. The weather has become considerably cool.

Remained about home through the day – not going off the farm. Spent most of my time in the forenoon reading and with Albert, and the afternoon was devoted to visiting with Valentine and Polly Ann who came here for that purpose.

Luman and Sam Manley came at bedtime and staid over night.

Wednesday, September 1, 1869

Day partially cloudy and the weather was uncomfortably cool.

Went to Elon’s barn in the morning and remained at home the remainder of the day. Spent a part of the time with my books and newspapers, and a part of it at the barn where Harvey had men and a threshing machine engaged at threshing out his grain.

Luman and Sam went away, after breakfast, to Troy again.

Thursday, September 2, 1869

The weather continues to be partially cloudy and cool, but is a little warmer today than it was yesterday.

Spent a part of the forenoon with Albert at the barn where the men were engaged with threshing. Afternoon went up to the Centre and got the Tribune and the Courier, calling in at Orson’s to see Isidore who is sick. After this spent some time reading, and then went down to Robert’s barn a spell where he had the threshing machine employed.

Friday, September 3, 1869

The day was mostly fair and the weather continues to grow warmer.

Not feeling very well to day did not go abroad today but remained in the house through the day except to go down to the barn twice. I spent a part of the time a reading, and a part also on the bed. Towards night George and Amy came & staid with us over night. They are on their way from Smithfield.

Saturday, September 4, 1869

A fair pleasant day with a return of very warm weather again.

George and Amy departed in the morning after he had made some calls. Went down to the creek an hour or two in the forenoon and tried to catch some fish, but did not succeed very well. In the afternoon went up to the Centre, calling at the post office for the Reporter, and stopped a spell with Lydia and Mr. Bruce.

Sunday, September 5, 1869

The weather continues fair, and also quite warm.

Attended meeting at the Centre in the forenoon, Br. Rockwell being the principal speaker. After meeting called at Orson’s to see Isidore and found Wm. And Vesta, and Decator and Emily there. Made arrangements with Decator to go with him to Towanda tomorrow. Came home to get ready and Elon called. Towards night, when Decator came along, got into his waggon rode home with him, and tarried with him over night.

Monday, September 6, 1869

Morning fair with south wind. Middle of the day and evening cloudy and moderately rainy.

After an early breakfast started with Decator and couple of young men of the neighborhood for Towanda, arriving there before 9 o’clock. Went up to the depot and the R.R. bridge and in the middle of the day met the witnesses of Hiram’s Will at the Register’s office and took out my Letters Testamentary. Started homeward with Decator, but got in with Orrin Allin & Mr. Bruce & Mrs. Crandall & came up with them.

Tuesday, September 7, 1869

The morning cloudy, the middle and latter part of the day mostly fair. The weather continues quite warm.

Remained at home today, not going off the farm. Spent a part of the time at looking over and regulating the business, and such of the papers as have come into my hands, relating to Hiram’s affairs; and also spent some reading the Tribune.

Wednesday, September 8, 1869

The day fair till near the close, and then we had a heavy shower of rain. The weather continues warm.

Started off in the morning on my business as executor of Hiram’s Will. Went over to West Burlington and called on Mr. Ward. Engaged him to go to Smithfield tomorrow as one of the Appraisers, then I went up to Benjamin’s and engaged him to go for the other and to take us over there in his buggy. Remained with them over night.

Thursday, September 9, 1869

The day was principally fair and the weather was pretty warm.

In the morning started with Benjamin, in his buggy, for Smithfield. Called at West Burlington and took in Mr. Ward, went by way of the Centre to Mr. Williams’ in Smithfield and spent the afternoon in looking over the papers and personal property of Hiram that had been carried there, and appraising the same. We tarried there over night.

Friday, September 10, 1869

The day was mostly cloudy and about the middle we had some rain.

We finished the appraisment of such things as we could find, including the household stuff bequeathed to Theda, and then after dinner we went back to West Burlington where we worked till night at the same business, and I rode home with Benjamin and tarried over night. We took supper with Mr. Ward.

Saturday, September 11, 1869

The day was fair and pleasant, and the weather was considerably warm.

Immediately after we had taken our breakfast we went back to West Burlington and re resumed our business, finished the Inventory and went before Esq. Rockwell and attested to it, and then, towards night, I rode with Benjamin as far as East Troy, then went on intending to go to the village to see Delos, rode part way with Van Horn to Long’s mill met Azor & went home with him, learning that Delos was not at home.

Sunday, September 12, 1869

The weather continues fair and also quite warm. The nights, of late, have been some cooler.

Took breakfast at Azor’s and soon afterward started toward home. Went over the hill by Hiram’s on my way to Smiley’s. Stopped there till towards night and then came on home. Called a few minutes at Wallace’s on the way. On my arrival home found a letter from Mr. Atkins which was brought from the office last Friday.

Monday, September 13, 1869

The day fair and pleasant and the weather continues considerably warm.

In the morning directly after breakfast, went down to Dr. Sam’s and got some more medicine. Spent the greatest part of the forenoon in the Library with my papers and books. After dinner went up to the Centre and called a short time at Mr. Bruce’s and then went in to the P.O. and got the Tribune and the Courier, brought them home and spent some time with them.

Tuesday, September 14, 1869

Another fair and pleasant day and weather warm enough for midsummer.

Spent the forenoon at home and most of the time in the Library, employed as usual. In the afternoon Harvey went to take Sara up to Troy where she had engaged to work with a Milliner. Wife and I rode with them up to Azor’s, we having made arrangements to go with them on Thursday next, to the N.Y. State fair at Elmira. Rode with Harvey into town, & rode back to the mill with Volney Taylor. We tarried at Azor’s.

Wednesday, September 15, 1869

The day fair and pleasant and the weather continues considerably warm.

Went up town in the morning to see Delos about making an application to the Orphan’s court for an order to sell the real estate of the late Hiram Stevens. Found I had to give an accurate description of the farm in my petition to the court and not having the necessary documents with me agreed to call on him again on Saturday next. Returned to Azor’s and tarried there.

Thursday, September 16, 1869

The fair pleasant weather continues, and it is also very warm for the season.

Went over to town after breakfast in order to secure excursion tickets for the fair at Elmira. Bought five & waited till Azor & Eliza with wife & Lurenda came, & on arrival of train we proceeded to Elmira, found Luman there who took us to the ground in his carriage. At night he helped us back to Depot and in the evening we returned to Troy on a train of 16 or 17 overloaded cars. Wife went home with Eliza, and I, with Lurenda.

Friday, September 17, 1869

Day fair till towards night, then thunder clouds, & in the evening a very long & heavy thunder shower, which did a great amount of damage.

Got Henry Hickok with his horse and Benjamin’s buggy to go with today. In the first place I put some things I had there into the buggy and brought them home. After dinner, having the necessary papers relating to Hiram’s farm, we proceeded to West Burlington, and after examing matters there we returned to Mr. Smiley’s where I tarried over again. Paid Harvey $1.00.

Saturday, September 18, 1869

Morning cloudy, and remainder of the day fair. The weather continues warm.

Directly after breakfast I started for Troy borough again. Immediately after my arrival there went to Rockwell’s office and had my petition made out, went before Esq. Carnochan and was affirmed to the facts set forth in it, gave it to Delos, with the inventory to carry to Towanda on Monday, and then returned to Azor’s where I found wife. We remained over with them.

Sunday, September 19, 1869

Another cloudy morning succeeded by a pleasant day. Weather remarkably warm for the time of year.

After breakfast Azor’s man, Eli Wooster, came down and brought us home. We had to come around by Harrison Ross’ on account of being informed that the road through the ravine was all swept away by the flood Friday night. When we arrived at the Centre we found a terrible destruction there buildings were carried away and streets filled with stones, logs, stumps and even green trees.

Monday, September 20, 1869

Morning opened fair and continued so through the day. Very warm and pleasant autumnal weather.

Spent the day in the examination of Hiram Stevens’ papers in order to gain some knowledge of his affairs. Immediately after dinner rode with Harvey up to the Centre, got the Tribune at the P.O., made a short call at Lydia’s, and then rode back with him. Daniel Bruce called in the forenoon a flute, found among Hiram’s things, which I presented him.

Tuesday, September 21, 1869

Thunder shower in the early morning, remainder of the day fair and quite warm.

Spent my time today very busily engaged with Hiram’s papers. Bunyan called on me towards night before leaving for Scotland. Roby called soon after and Executor’s bond from Towanda for me to sign. He and Mr. Bunyan signed as sureties. Walked up as far as the Centre with them in the evening.

Wednesday, September 22, 1869

Forenoon cloudy with a little rain in the morning and a light shower soon after noon. Latter part of the day fair and the weather warm.

Spent the day again examining and arranging the papers and documents left by Hiram Stevens. In the middle of the day went up to the post office to get a letter that I am expecting from Delos Rockwell relating my application for an order to sell Hiram’s farm, but did not find it. I am 68 years old today.

Thursday, September 23, 1869

The morning cloudy and the remainder of the day fair. The weather continues very warm both day and night.

Spent the morning at home as usual, in the middle of the day went up to the P.O. and got the Tribune but did not find the letter I expected from Delos. Went home, got ready and started towards Troy, proceeding as far as Luther’s where I staid over night.

Friday, September 24, 1869

Another cloudy morning succeeded by a cloudy day. The weather warm as usual.

Left Luther’s after breakfast and walked up to the Summit, took the express train and went to Troy, called at Rockwell’s office and learned that he was about starting for Alba, went over to his house but was too late. Got horse and buggy and followed him to Alba, did my business with him and returned to Troy, then walked up to Azor’s & staid over. Rec’d at the Summit a letter from Delos, and another from Benham.

Saturday, September 25, 1869

Cloudy through the day threatening rain. The weather considerably cooler, especially towards night.

Started after breakfast and walked down to Benjamin’s waited there a short time and then rode home with him and Lurenda, they going over to Amanda’s for their visit. Spent the remainder of the day about the house, doing nothing in particular.

Sunday, September 26, 1869

Cloudy and rainy in the morning, continuing, with scarcely any abatement, through the day and evening, producing a freshet in the streams. The weather is considerably cooler.

Did not attend meeting today on account of the storm, I therefore remained about the house, scarcely going out at all. Employed a considerable portion of my a reading.

Elon came over in the afternoon and spent some time with me.

Monday, September 27, 1869

Principal part of the day fair and the weather continues moderately cool

Started in the morning on foot for Troy. Stopped at Azor’s for dinner, then went over to town, called at Rockwell’s office but he was away, went into the printing office to have executor’s notice published, called on Luman at his stable, bought of Jewell & Pomeroy a vest, a pair of boots and a satchel costing in all $13.50, and returned to Azor’s and tarried over night.

Tuesday, September 28, 1869

A moderate frost this morning. Day fair and pleasant but not very warm.

Left Azor’s after breakfast and went over to the village again. Found Delos & transacted my business with him. Went over to the stable to see Luman, did a little more trading, and then started for home walking nearly to M. Ayres’s, & then riding with Dave Sayles. Found a letter at home from H. L. Scott, and wrote and copied one to Delos Rockwell.

Wednesday, September 29, 1869

A pretty smart frost in the morning succeeded by a fair and pleasant day. Weather seems to be growing a little warmer.

Carried letter to the P.O. before breakfast, and left it with Daniel to mail, the P.M. not having arisen from bed. Rode with Levi to West Burlington he wishing to see the Stevens Cyder Mill with a view of buying it. Found that Ward had sold it to another man. Notified Mr. Loomis that I would want the money due from him, next week. We went up to Troy & from thence, by way of Summit, home.

Thursday, September 30, 1869

A partial frost in the morning accompanied by a fog. The day fair and pleasant and the weather moderately warm.

Went over to Elon’s in the morning and engaged his light wagon to go to Smithfield. Had Harvey’s horsees and wife went along as far as Perry Case’s. Lizzey and Anna also went along as far as Wm. Ballard’s in W. Burlington. Drove to Mr. Williams’s and got some articles that were Hiram’s, taken there there before his death. Returned and dined at Perry’s and arrived home about dark.

Friday, October 1, 1869

Found no frost this morning. The day was fair and the weather was quite warm.

Went down to the creek at about 9 o’clock in the morning with my fishing tackle to try my luck in that line. Caught one large dace and enough smaller ones to make a pretty good mess. In the afternoon went up to the P.O. ang got the Tribune and the Reporter. Called a spell at Mr. Bruce’s and then returned and looked my papers over.

Heard of the death of Samuel Bailey in Leroy.

Saturday, October 2, 1869

The forenoon mostly fair with south wind, the afternoon cloudy with rain beginning to fall at night. The weather continues warm.

Elon called in the morning and invited wife and me to ride over to Leroy with him and attend Sam’l Bailey’s funeral. Wrote a letter to Benham & copied it, then we got ready & rode with Elon over to the funeral. Br. Greenlaw preached to a very large audience. After our return, carried the letter to the P.O., called on Lydia a little while, & stopped at Cole’s to see Fidelia a short time.

Sunday, October 3, 1869

Rained through the past night, and rained, moderately, most of the time through the day and evening. Weather some cooler and high water in the streams again.

Wrote a letter to Lydia Caywood and copied it in the morning and went up to the Centre to attend meeting, but on account of the rain the meeting was put over. Delivered my letter to the Post Master, made a short call at Mr. Bruce’s and then came home. Elon made a call in the afternoon.

Monday, October 4, 1869

Rainy night, wet morning and lowry day. Rained some more in the latter part of the day. The weather considerably cool.

Wife and I rode with Harvey up as far a Long’s mill, he took her up to Azor’s and I walked over to the town.Called on Delos to see about the Orphan’s Court order, called at a few other places and then walked back to Azor’s and remained there thro the afternoon and over night.

Tuesday, October 5, 1869

Forenoon mostly cloudy, with several sprinklings of rain. Afternoon fair and the weather moderately cool.

Started away on foot, soon after breakfast, from Azor’s, in the direction of home. Came to Luther’s and stopped there till some time after dinner, came on and made a call at Valentine’s, staid till nearly night and then came on home, found the Tribune and spent the evening with it.

Wednesday, October 6, 1869

Heavy frost in the morning. The day opened fair and continued so through the entire day. Weather continues about the same as it was yesterday.

Spent the most of my time at home looking over the Stevens papers and arranging the business preparatory to my contemplated journey to the east. In the afternoon went up to the P.O. but received nothing from the mail. Made a call at Mr. Bruce’s, and went into Orson’s to see Fidelia and Isidore who are there.

Thursday, October 7, 1869

In the morning another frost accompanied by a fog. The day was fair and pleasant, and the weather was quite mild.

Having business to do with Delos Rockwell in Troy tomorrow, left home in the middle of the day on foot and went up to Luther’s, and after making a call there, went on to Benjamin Smiley’s, where I put up for the night.

Friday, October 8, 1869

Heavy fog in the morning without any frost. Day fair and warm for the season.

Rode with Benjamin and Lurenda up to Long’s mill, they going up to Azor’s, and I to the village on foot. Transacted some business with Delos, and left an advertisement for an Orphan’s Court sale at the Gazette office to be printed. Bought a hat and made some other purchases and went over to Azor’s. Towards night, wife, with me, rode back with Benjamin & Lurenda and tarried with them.

Saturday, October 9, 1869

The weather continues fair and pleasant, and has als become quite warm and agreeable.

We waited at Benjamin’s until after breakfast, then Eliza came down with Azor’s team and brought us home. Lurenda also came with us. In the afternoon Lydia came for a visit and also Harriet and Fidelia and Isidore. Towards night they all departed.

Sunday, October 10, 1869

Morning cloudy, which was followed by a cloudy day, with a rainy afternoon. The weather is some cooler.

Went up to the Centre & made a call at Mr. Bruce’s, attended meeting at the proper hour and heard a discourse from Br. Hulburt, he being in attendence today. After the services were concluded, returned home and spent the remainder of the day with wife, Harvey and Lizzie having gone away.

Monday, October 11, 1869

Principal part of the day fair having cleared of in the night. A little frost in the morning & the weather cooler.

Walked over to West Burlington, got the money on Ed Loomis’ note $82.55, rode up to Troy, went over to Azor’s and took dinner, returned to the village, waited till 3 o’clock for Handbills to be printed for Orphan’s Court Sale, got a part of them, found Luman who came and brought me home stopping at Burton’s for supper.

Tuesday, October 12, 1869

The day was cloudy with a drizzling rain, commencing in the morning and continuing with hardly any intermission through the evening.

Luman started with me in the morning for the cars. Called at the election and put in my vote and at Luther’s and got some letters to carry for Sara Colburn. Having time went on to Troy and took a train there for Elmira. Arriving there had to wait for passage till next morning. Went to jewellers & bought spectacles & pen and then put up for the night.

Wednesday, October 13, 1869

Cloudy weather continues with a little rain in the afternoon and early evening.

Started on a train early in the morning for Binghampton, arriving there, took a train for Albany, coming to within about twenty miles of that place the train could proceed no further on account of a great breach in the road made by a recent flood, left the train & walked around it, continuing my walk about three miles further to Knowersville, waiting at the station there till night for a train to go up & bring the passengers down. We all waited there till morning.

Thursday, October 14, 1869

Cleared off in the night. A light frost in the morning. Day became cloudy and was rainy again towards night.

Took breakfast at Knowersville & started in freight car for Albany. Arrived there & called on Mrs. Dalton at No. 29 TealBroock St. Her son went with me to the new depot, and there I took the Boston train for Pittsfield. Arriving there, went to see the new building for Court House, & called into Allen’s bookstore. Took afternoon train for VanDuesenville & walked over, & staid with my friend Pelton, having called on Wm. VanDuesen.

Friday, October 15, 1869

A little sunshine in the forepart of the day, the remainder of the day being cloudy with sprinklings of rain.

Went out in the morning & took a view of the fields and the surrounding mountains – the old monument being the most conspicuous among them. Walked with Joseph over to make a call on Michael Van Duesen. Spent a short time few hours with him and then returned. Afternoon Joseph brot me in his buggy down down to George Harris’, calling a little while on his daughter, Mrs. Rood, in the village. Tarried with George, Clark Wilcox not being at home.

Saturday, October 16, 1869

The weather continues cloudy with the exception only of a few intervals of sunshine, and is also cool.

Remained with George till after dinner, then came over to Clark’s, he went with me to call on Mrs. Norton to inquire concerning the Buell family who directed me to apply to Mrs. Chadwick who was a Buell. We called in the Bank & informed Mr. Dodge of Hiram’s death. Went back to George’s & he went with me to call on that lady who informed me that her aunt Polly was living at Wilbraham last summer. Returned to Clark’s to tea, & wrote a letter to Mr. Atkins in the evening, retaining a copy of it in pencil. Staid over with Clark.

Sunday, October 17, 1869

The principal part of the day and evening fair and quite pleasant. The weather continues moderately warm.

Attended the Meeting at the Episcopal Church in the forenoon with Mr. Wilcox, the Rev. Mr Olmstead officiating. Wrote a long letter to Luman, retaining a copy in pencil. At night walked over with Mr. Wilcox and made a call on George and Emeline. Returned and spent the remainder of the evening with Clark and his family.

Monday, October 18, 1869

Morning partially cloudy but the day was mostly fair with a moderate temperature.

Carried my letters to the P.O. early in the morning. After the morning meal carried my spectacles to a jeweller to have new glasses put in, left them with them with him and spent the forenoon with Clark in his shop. Had a pleasant chat with Bazy Pattison who came in. After dinner called on Jeweller and got my spectacles, and then walked up to Mr. Pelton’s, and tarried with him over night.

Tuesday, October 19, 1869

Morning partially fair but the day proved to be cloudy with a little rain & a sprinkling of snow towards night.

Mr. Pelton went with his carriage and took me to Mr. Bradley in West Stockbridge to see his wife who was formerly Julia Porter. We took dinner with them and had a very pleasant interview. We then returned by way of Stockbridge Plain, calling on Nathaniel Waters at the P.O. where spent a short time very agreeably. Came down thro the place of my nativety, and spent the night with my friend Pelton.

Wednesday, October 20, 1869

Clouds and sunshine alternated through the day. Cool northwest wind with some light flurries of snow.

After breakfast started out for a tramp. Went up the old road to the indian monument, and along the road back of the mountain on to the top of the high peak; then down on the east side, and over the fields at the foot of the mountain towards the negro pond; then took the road and went up to the old Phelps lot, and then through the woods down to Mr. Pelton’s again and tarried.

Thursday, October 21, 1869

Hard frost in the morning, forenoon fair and the afternoon cloudy with south wind.

Remained a spell after breakfast visiting with Joseph & Asa and then rode with Joseph down to the village and, Clark and his wife being away from home, went down and took dinner with George. Returned to the village; met Mr. Dodge & had further conversation with him called A. L. Pattison at his shop, took the Monterey stage to top of three mile hill; and then walked down to Mrs. Stevens’ in New Marlboro and tarried with the family over night.

Friday, October 22, 1869

The morning was unexpectedly fair and the day was pleasant with weather moderately cool.

Had a pleasant interview with Mrs. Stevens, and Mr. & Mrs. Sheldon, until half past 8 in the morning when, according to arrangement, Mr. Joiner, with the New Marlboro stage, called for me and I returned with him to Great Barrington. Had an interview with the Pattisons, called on and took dinner with Mr. Wilcox, walked down to George’s, and remained with him.

Saturday, October 23, 1869

Forenoon cloudy and in the middle of the day a moderate rain commenced falling and continued without abatement through the day and evening.

Some time after breakfast walked down to see Mrs. Chadwick again, in order to obtain further information to enable me to find Mrs. Buell in Wilbraham, and then returned to George’s. Towards noon walked over to Henry Snyder’s, took dinner with them, and, on account of the rain, remained with them over night.

Sunday, October 24, 1869

Cleared off in the night, the morning became partially cloudy but the middle and latter part of the day was fair.

Some time after breakfast bade Mr. and Mrs. Snyder goodby and went back to George’s; staid with them till night, then took leave of them and walked over to Wilcox’s, but they being absent, returned and spent the evening with George and Emeline; then went back and tarried over night with Clark and hs wife, they having returned from their evening ride.

Monday, October 25, 1869

Frosty morning but the day was fair and pleasant and was also moderately warm.

Took an early breakfast, took leave of Mr. Wilcox, and took a train at 7 o’clock for Pittsfield, and thence to Springfield in company with Asa Pelton. We called on his sister Mary, Mrs. Brunson, & took dinner with her and her daughter. We then called on Mrs. Pattison, Anna? Waters, & next on Mrs. Garfield who told me her mother was at W. Springfield with her son Geo. Buell. Walked back there & found she was at Woburn, beyond Boston. Tarried with George over night.

Tuesday, October 26, 1869

Another frosty morning succeeded by a pleasant day. Mild agreeable weather continues.

Had another early breakfast and took the train for Boston at half past six, George Buell went with me to see his mother. Arriving at Boston we took a carriage to the Lowell depot and a train from thence to Woburn where I found Mrs. Buell at the house of her son James. Remained with the family through the afternoon and the night. In the evening went out with James and heard a lecture by Gen. Howard, before the Woburn Lycium.

Wednesday, October 27, 1869

Morning fair succeeded by passing clouds. Towards night quite cloudy with cold wind. The weather colder.

After an early breakfast we took a train for Boston, walked in through the city a mile & a half to the Albany depot, took a western train to Springfield, bade George Buell good by there and proceeded south down the Connecticut river to Middletown, left the train and walked to the house of Mr. Atkins where I was very kindly received. Staid over of course.

Thursday, October 28, 1869

Day cloudy and considerably cold, with snow falling towards night and in the evening.

Remained with Mr. Atkins until after dinner and then he harnessed his horse and took me down to Mr. Hall’s where we called and remained until after tea, and then he went with me up to Mr. Alfred Bailey’s where he left me and returned to his home, I remaining with Mr. Bailey and his family over the night.

Friday, October 29, 1869

The weather continues cool and cloudy with a drizzling rain in the afternoon.

Took breakfast with Mr. Cook and Rhoda, went through the factory and read the newspapers some in the forenoon; took dinner with Mr. Alfred Bailey; spent the afternoon with him till towards night; and then walked over to Mr. Roswell Baileys, where I took supper tarried over night.

Saturday, October 30, 1869

Day cloudy and the weather was quite cool and was also slightly squally in the morning.

After breakfast took my leave of Roswell’s family and went back to Alfred’s. Spent a short time there and then walked down to Mr. Hall’s, had a very good visit with Mrs. Hall and her daughters, taking dinner with them, and then, the girls insisting, we harnessed a horse to buggy and Rosalia went with me over to Mr. Atkins’, she returning with the horse and buggy, and I remaining with the family of my friend Mr. Atkins.

Sunday, October 31, 1869

The day was principally fair but the weather continued rather cool.

Remained with the family of Mr. Atkins during the day, spending a considerable portion of it in writing a long letter to wife. The remainder of the time was spent in conversation with my friends, and in reading newspapers and looking over the books in the library of Mr. Atkins.

Monday, November 1, 1869

Morning opened fair, but clouds soon succeeded and prevailed through the day with cool weather and some flurries of snow.

Started soon after breakfast and walked to the city, carrying the letter to my wife and delivering it at the P.O. to be mailed. Went down to the river bank, and spent some time in looking on to see the piles driven, preparatory to building the R.R. bridge across the river. Went into a store and bought a box of collars and then returned. Spent the afternoon in the house, reading some.

Tuesday, November 2, 1869

Day fair and smoky, appearing to be the first day of indian summer.

Walked out, in the forenoon to Mr. Atkins’ turnip field, and in the afternoon rode out with Mrs. Atkins to the city to do a little trading, returning immediately. Spent the remaining time in and around the house, chatting with Mr. Atkins when he was present, and when he was out, looked over his library and read some in Laurence Sterne’s work especially in his Tristram Shandy.

Wednesday, November 3, 1869

The morning opened fair, but most of the day was cloudy. The weather is continued mild and smoky, and the covering was fair.

Went out in the field a spell in the forenoon where he was pulling turnips. In the afternoon made preparations for my departure with Mrs. Atkins to New York. Mr. Atkins gave me a gold dollar for Albert as a keepsake and a five dollar note to be used for his benefit as I may think proper. He then took us in his buggy to the city and on the arrival of the boat went aboard with us where I took my leave of him and he then departed & we proceeded down the river.

Thursday, November 4, 1869

The day was fair with the exception of being somewhat smoky. Weather mild and agreeable.

On our arrival at Peek Slip N.Y. at about 7 in the morning, found Mrs. Atkins and left the boat with her walking across the city to foot of Barclay street we passed over into Hoboken, entered a street car & proceeded to house of Geol Hawley, her son. Spent the day there, & at house of her daughter, Mrs. Gates, and rambling about the city and at night, Mr. Hawley arriving concluded to remain with him. In the evening the two sons of Mr. Atkins came in, & had a very agreeable visit with them.

Friday, November 5, 1869

Morning opened fair, became cloudy, and at 9 o’clock a moderate rain commenced, lasting till the middle of the day. Afternoon cloudy.

After breakfast bade Mrs. Atkins and friends good bye & walked with Mr. Hawley to the ferry & crossed into New York, visited his store, went up onto Broadway, got into street car & went to H.R. depot and took a train for Albany at half past 10; arrived at Albany in due time, then, according to previous arrangement, proceeded to the house of Mr. Dalton on Fern Brook street, where I was very hospitably received and entertained.

Saturday, November 6, 1869

Morning fair, and fair & cloudy weather alternated through the day. Towards night a storm of snow and sleet began and continued at intervals through the evening.

Arose early with Mr. Dalton’s family, who, on my account had breakfast prepared in season for me to take the early western train. Took my breakfast and my leave of the family and, walking to the depot, took my seat in a car for Clyde where I arrived in due time; then took the stage for Wolcott, arriving there in there in the evening, and walking from thence in the storm to Benham’s.

Sunday, November 7, 1869

The day was cloudy and quite windy, especially at night & in the evening. The snow storm of last night continued through the day & made it appear quite wintry. The snow thawed some so that it did not accumulate a great deal.

Remained indoors with Benham and his family most of the time through the day. Hiram and Mary with little Martin came in & remained with us, and Benham and Andrew, who are hired out to work away from home, came also and spent the day.

Monday, November 8, 1869

Wind continued through the night and was very boisterous and blustering through the day. Snow continued to fall at intervals, and was badly drifted in some places. Weather not severely cold.

Remained in and about the house, with Benham through the day, spending a part of the time with books and newspapers, and the remainder visiting with the family. Did not make any calls today on account of the inclement weather.

Tuesday, November 9, 1869

The past night was very windy, but abated in the morning and was less violent through the day. The weather continues cloudy but the storm has subsided and thawing has commenced.

Went with Benham in the forenoon to make a call on his son, David Henry, and his wife who are living at the house of her father, Mr. Upson. We remained there till towards noon and then returned to dinner. In the afternoon we we went over the creek and called on Hiram and Mary.

Wednesday, November 10, 1869

Considerable wind in the night, and some freezing. Most of the day cloudy with weather mild, thawing some.

After breakfast took leave of Benham’s family, and he, with his horse and carriage, brought me down to Roswell Marsh’s, he remaining till some time after noon and then returning home. Towards night walked over & made a call at Mr. Town’s who I had a short but very agreeable interview with the family. Eugene was not at home. Returned, and staid at Roswell’s.

Thursday, November 11, 1869

Weather very similar to the preceeding, with a little more snow falling.

Roswell went in the morning with a horse and buggy & took me to Clyde. Travelling very bad on account of snowdrifts. Dropped my wallet in a barn in Clyde and lost it with $11 in it. Took a train to Rochester, took dinner with Mr. Anderson, and then took a train for Troy Pa., called on Luman at the Troy House and then walked up to Azor’s, called them out of bed, got my supper and went to bed.

Friday, November 12, 1869

The day cloudy and the weather pretty cool for the time of year, thawing but very little in the middle of the day.

After breakfast, walked back to the village, made two or three calls there while Luman was getting ready, then got into his carriage with him and rode home stopping a little while at Luther’s on the way. Found family well, & Harvey absent on a hunting trip in Tioga county. Luman returned to Troy.

Saturday, November 13, 1869

Day cloudy and dull as usual, with pretty mild winter weather, but rather cold for the time of year.

Remained about the house until afternoon, employed in looking over various matters that have transpired while I have been absent from home; then went up to the P.O. and got the Courier, and also made a call on Mr. Bruce & Lydia, finding Helen there too. Harvey has not returned according to expectation.

Sunday, November 14, 1869

Found the ground covered with snow this morning with snow falling, moderately most of the day. Weather mild thawing a little.

Remained about the house during the day, spending a portion of it reading and the remainder in conversation and with my little grandson. Mr. Strang, a half brother to Lizzie, took tea and spent the evening with us. Harvey arrived from his hunting tour in the evening.

Monday, November 15, 1869

Cloudy, dull weather continues with a little more snow falling towards night. Thawed a little in the middle of the day.

Staid about the house until the latter part of the day engaged, most of the time in looking over the old newspapers. Towards night went up to the Post Office and got the Tribune and the Reporter, and then went in and chatted with Lydia, and with Helen whom I found there again today.

Tuesday, November 16, 1869

Day cloudy except a short interval of sunshine in the middle. Weather more mild thawing a little more than common. More snow falling at the close of the day.

Remained at home again through the day, spending most of the time with my newspapers and with Albert. Chopped some wood for the Library, towards night, and brought it into the closet. Benjamin made a short call in the afternoon; on his way home from Towanda.

Wednesday, November 17, 1869

Rained in the night and the morning rainy, a little sunshine in the middle of the day and the remainder of the day cloudy. The snow has disappeared at last.

Spent the day about the house, & the principal part of the time at the writing table entering letters, or copies of them, into the memorandum book, that were written while absent on my journey. Towards the middle of the day Abraham Dingman and Lucretia, with their aunt Lydia and her husband Mr. Sackett, made a short call, and then went on to Perry Case’s where they intended to stay over night.

Thursday, November 18, 1869

The day was clear and cloudy at alternate intervals. The weather was moderately cold but not freezing, attended with a pretty brisk wind from the west.

Remained about the house most of the time today, employed as usual with my books and newspapers, and with the little boy. Went up on the north hill in the afternoon and gathered a quart or two of hickory nuts, and towards night chopped and brought in some wood for my use in the Library.

Luman and a young man by the name of Perry, came late in the evening and went to bed.

Friday, November 19, 1869

The day was fair and pleasant until towards night; it then became cloudy but was partially fair in the evening. At bed time a storm began and continued.

Wrote a letter to James Buell of Woburn, Mass., retaining a copy in memorandum. In the afternoon carried letter to the Post Office, and then went on over to Mr. Bunyan’s. Had a good visit with him till evening, and then he walked part way with me to Valentine’s, where I staid over night. Mr. Bunyan presented me with a copy of Allen Ramasay’s poems, which he procured in Scotland for that purpose.

Saturday, November 20, 1869

Rained hard in the latter part of the night; continuing until in the morning, producing a freshet in the creek. Day partially fair, & not very cold.

Took breakfast with Valentine and his family, and then went over to Luther’s and remained with them till after a late dinner. Returning towards night, called at the post office and got the Reporter, and also made a short call at Mr. Bruce’s. Arriving home, made a fire in the Library and spent the evening reading again the "Gentle Shepard."

Sunday, November 21, 1869

The day was principally cloudy, with a little snow falling in the morning. Weather neither cold or warm – neither thawing or freezing. Attended meeting at the Center in the forenoon and heard Br. Hurlburt deliver a very good discourse. After the meeting Burton and Mary and Calphurnia house came down and remained with us till after supper. Made no calls to day, and had opportunities for doing but little reading.

Monday, November 22, 1869

Day fair and pleasant till towards night, then cloudy with a snow storm in the evening. Weather not very cold.

After breakfast in the morning walked over to West Burlington to see about the business relating to Hiram’s estate. Saw and talked with several individuals on the subject; called at Ransom Ward’s but he being absent, went on to East Troy, meeting and conversing with Mr. Ward on the way; stopped and staid at Benjamin’s, sending for Henry Hickok, with whom I made an arrangement concerning the property he had taken.

Tuesday, November 23, 1869

Ground covered with snow in the morning which thawed off before noon. Day cloudy with a sprinkling of rain in the forenoon.

Rode to Troy with Benjamin in the morning, called to see Delos on business, drove a horse and carriage from Troy down to Samuel;s which Luman sent down for Omeara to use, came home and found that Harvey and Lizzie had gone to Troy, and that Amanda and Lucella and Lincoln’s wife, with Lelia and the two baby great granddaughters, were here for a visit.

Wednesday, November 24, 1869

Two or three inches of snow on the ground this morning; forenoon cloudy storming some, cleared off in the afternoon and the latter part of the day fair.

Spent the forenoon at home reading some, writing some, and chatting with Elon who came in to see me a little while. In the afternoon had Harvey’s horses and buggy & went with wife to Mr. Bunyan’s to attend the wedding of Jenny and Omeara. Had a very agreeable time, returning after dark.

Thursday, November 25, 1869

Pretty cold freezing night day fair and pleasant, thawing some so as to make the road muddy, but not taking off all the snow from the fields.

Remained about the house until some time afternoon, reading some and spending some time with Isaac who called soon afternoon. Went with him up as far as the Centre, called at the post office and got the Tribune and the Courier and a letter from James Buel Woburn Mass. and after making a call on Mr. Bruce and Lydia, returned home.

Friday, November 26, 1869

The day was cloudy with intervals of sunshine, and the weather continues moderately thawing considerably in the afternoon, leaving the ground partially bare.

Remained at home during the day, not going off the farm. Spent a part of my time reading; a part of it in the care of little Albert; a part in chopping some wood for the Library; and just at night went over in the woods to find Harvey, who went after a load of wood.

Saturday, November 27, 1869

Thaw continued through the night; and the fields are bare again. Day cloudy with a storm of sleet at night, partially covering the ground once more.

Spent the entire day at home and most of the time in the Library. Spent some time with my books and wrote a letter to Mr. Roswell Marsh of Rose, N.Y. and copied it into the memorandum. Besides all this chopped a good supply of wood for the Library and put it into the wood closet.

Sunday, November 28, 1869

Forenoon cloudy, afternoon partially fair, and the evening perfectly so. Weather moderate for for the time of year.

Attended meeting at the Centre in the forenoon, Br. Greenlaw was present and delivered a discourse on the subject of laborers in the vineyard. Returning home after meeting found that Azor and Eliza had come, and having business at Troy early in the week, concluded to ride home with them towards night. Delivered letter to P.M.

Monday, November 29, 1869

Cloudy through the day with a rainy spell in the afternoon. Partially clear towards night and in the evening.

Rode over to the village with Azor in the morning, calling on Delos and at several other places in the course of the forenoon. Found Mr. Bunyan there and invited him to go back with me to dinner. We rode up with Azor. In the afternoon I went back to town with Mr. Bunyan, staid about there till night and then rode up to Azor’s again with Hiram.

Tuesday, November 30, 1869

The day was cloudy and the weather was cool but not freezing, raining a little in the afternoon, towards night.

Started off for town again immediately after breakfast, expecting to James Buel of Woburn, Mass. some time in the course of the day. Arriving there I learned that he had come on the morning train & had gone out with Luman. Found them in the Bank. Went with Buel & consulted with Delos, got a horse & buggy of Luman and took him to Azor’s to dinner, then went with him to West Burlington and from thence home to Granville.

Wednesday, December 1, 1869

Rained heavily in the night, raising the water considerably in the streams. Weather cloudy, cool and disagreeable.

Harvey harnessed the horse for us in the morning and I went with Mr. Buel to West Burlington to show him the farm and situation of the Stevens Estate. Drove over the hill by Johnson’s, and to the old burying ground, so that he could see the graves of the family. We then drove up to Mr. Ward’s, put out the horse, took dinner, went over the farm, and towards night, drove back to Granville before supper.

Thursday, December 2, 1869

Found a snow storm in progress at the opening of the day, but it did not continue through the day. A little sunshine in the afternoon, but the weather was chilly.

Started with Mr. Buel after breakfast, and drove back to West Burlington again in order to attend the sale of the Stevens farm. Put out the horse & took dinner at Mr. Ward’s. In the afternoon, the auctioneer Mr. Fish being on hand & the people being together, the farm was sold to Martin Rockwell for $4525. Drove to Troy, I to Azor’s, Burl to village to go on home.

Friday, December 3, 1869

Ground well covered with snow this morning. Sun shone some in the course of the day but the weather was quite cold and growing colder.

Remained at Azor’s and in the house, through the day. Having Hiram Stevens’ diarys with me for the period of six or eight years last past, I spent the time in searching them in order to obtain all the information that is possible in relation to his business and his affairs generally, and noting the same for future reference.

Saturday, December 4, 1869

Cold night, very. The day was also quite cold with a very brisk southerly wind, not thawing any. It was also cloudy through the day.

Started from Azor’s soon after breakfast and went into town. Called to see Luman at his stable, and then went to see Delos at his office and have him make out my petition & returns to the Orphan’s Court, & then started on foot for home. Called and took dinner with Luther on the way.

Sunday, December 5, 1869

Cloudy through the day and snowed a very little. The weather is a little more moderate and still, thawing some.

Attended meeting at the Centre in the forenoon and heard Br. Hurlburt again. Went up earley and called a little while at Bruce’s before the meeting was opened. Returned immediately home after the conclusion of the meeting, and staid with wife, Harvey and Lizzie being away in the afternoon. No company to day.

Monday, December 6, 1869

Snow commenced falling in the morning, and continued, moderately, until near the close of the day. The weather is not very cold.

Remained about the house until about the middle of the day, then went up to the Centre and the store being locked, went into Mr. Bruce’s and remained there some time, taking dinner with them. Went into the post office and got the Tribune and Reporter and came home and chopped some wood for the Library fire.

Tuesday, December 7, 1869

The past night was clear and it has been succeeded by a fair day. The weather pleasant but not warm enough to thaw but very little, even in the sunshine & in the middle of day.

Remained in and about the house during the day. Spent the most of the time examining and arranging matters relating to Hiram’s affairs. Chopped some wood for my own use, towards night, and brought it into the Library.

Wednesday, December 8, 1869

The weather has become cloudy again and is quite moderate for the time of year, but is not warm enough to take off the snow.

Remained about the house through the day, employing a part of my time with affairs relating to Hiram’s Estate, and the remainder with reading, arranging things in the Library, chopping a little wood &c.

Bruce called here to see Wallace who was helping Harvey get some wood, intending to kill their hogs tomorrow.

Thursday, December 9, 1869

The whole day and evening were very clear and pleasant, the sunshine in the middle of the day being quite bright and warm, reducing the snow some. Sleighs are running lively.

Went at it and wrote a very long letter (comprising two sheets of very closely written manuscript) to my old friend Joseph K. Pelton of VanDuesenville, Mass., and copied the same into my memorandum book.

Abby and Laura were here a little while. Wallace helped Harvey butcher hogs.

Friday, December 10, 1869

Fair and pleasant again today until towards night, then cloudy again. Weather quite mild for the season, thawing considerable.

Immediately after breakfast went up to the post office and delivered my letter and also got the Tribune and the Courier. Called in at Mr. Bruce’s to see Theodore and Esther who arrived from Kansas yesterday. Returned home and spent the day as usual, reading a part of the time, and towards night chopped some wood for the Library. In the evening Elon came over and spent some time with me.

Saturday, December 11, 1869

The day was cloudy but the weather was soft and mild, and the snow is gradually disappearing so that the sleighs have given place to the waggons again.

Staid at home all day again, chopped some dry pine wood for the use of the Library and brought and piled it in the back stoop. The principal part of the forenoon I spent with my books and newspapers, and the latter part of the afternoon in writing a long letter to Mr. Atkins, including the evening also. Omeara brought from the P.O. the Reporter and a letter for Harvey.

Sunday, December 12, 1869

Thawed all night and rained part of the time. Part of the day fair and some sprinklings of rain. Snow nearly all gone & the roads mending.

Attended meeting at the Centre in the forenoon, Br. Levi Taylor was the principal speaker. Copied letter in the morning and delivered it to the P.M. Called a few minutes on Wallace after meeting, then came home and after a short time went down to Samuel’s to get some medicine. Took tea there, rode up home with Benjamin & Lurenda, they calling a few minutes wife got ready and rode home with them.

Monday, December 13, 1869

Cold night, freezing pretty hard, the day cloudy, and weather remaining considerably cold, not thawing any.

Did not go abroad at all to day, but spent the most of the time in the Library, at the writing table, writing & copying two long letters, one to Mrs. Emeline Harris of Great Barrington, Mass., and the other to Mrs. Rhoda A. Cook of Middlefield Conn.

Tuesday, December 14, 1869

The morning very frosty, the day cloudy and the weather cool, scarcely thawing at all.

Found Luman with the family this morning. Went up to the P.O. and delivered my letters & got the Tribune and the Courier & called a little while at Mr. Bruce’s. Rode up to Troy with Luman, bought at bookstore a new diary and Barnaby Rudge, and walked back as far as Azor’s, and staid there over night.

Wednesday, December 15, 1869

The weather continues cloudy with southerly wind, thawing but very little. Strong indications of a storm through the day.

Spent the day with Azor and Eliza, employing most of the time reading the "Beauties of Sterne" by the favor of Miss Kilbourn, a school teacher who was there. Copied some of the articles into my new diary, and spent some time reading newspapers.

Thursday, December 16, 1869

The past night rainy, and it was succeeded by a rainy day, producing high water in Sugar Creek. Cleared off at night and evening fair.

Remained at Azor’s until towards night; engaged in reading the principal part of the time, then, declining Azor’s offer to go with his carriage and take me down to Benjamin’s, I walked down there and, finding wife remaining there yet, staid there over night.

Friday, December 17, 1869

Morning cloudy and the day was also cloudy except that it was a little broken at night. Froze some last night but thawed a little in the course of the day.

After breakfast rode with Lucien and the children as far as the school house, then proceeded on foot for home, by way of Luther’s, calling there and chatting an hour or two, and then at Valentine’s where I took my dinner; stopping at the P.O. and getting the Reporter and a letter for Harvey, and making a short call at Mr. Bruce’s; then came home, chopped some wood and made my fire in the Library. Burton and Mary here this afternoon.

Saturday, December 18, 1869

A snow storm began in the morning early and continued, without abatement, thro the day and evening, attended with considerable wind.

Started in the afternoon and walked up to Br. Churchill’s remained there till night and rode with them in their sleigh down to Leroy to meeting. Br. Greenlaw preached. Returned and staid over night with Br. Churchill. Br. Alexander Greenlaw and his little boy rode up with us and staid there also.

Sunday, December 19, 1869

The storm, in the morning, had eased, the wind had calmed, but the snow was badly drifted, the day was mostly cloudy, and the weather was some what chilly.

We all rode down to meeting in Br. Churchill’s sleigh in the morning. Br. Alexander Greenlaw delivered the discourse. At the conclusion of the exercises, I rode home with Elon who was over there with a sleigh. Wife came home. Benjamin and Lurenda came over with her.

Monday, December 20, 1869

Cloudy through the day except a little sunshine early in the afternoon. The weather not very cold.

Remained about the house during the day, a part of my time employed with my books and newspapers, and a considerable portion with Mr. Bunyan, who, intending to start tomorrow for Canada to visit his friends there, called to see me and get directions for the journey. Mr. Gilman brought from P.O., the Tribune and the Courier.

Tuesday, December 21, 1869

Another cloudy day. The sun was partially visible about noon. The weather continues moderate, but is not warm enough to thaw much.

Continue my stay at home, not going away from the house at all during the day. Spent the greatest portion of my time with my books and newspapers as usual, chopped some wood for my Library fire, and attended to the little boy some.

Wednesday, December 22, 1869

Snowed some last evening changing to rain and continuing through the night, and till the middle of the day. Afternoon mostly cloudy. Fields begin to be bare again, and water quite high in the streams.

Spent the day about the house as usual. Chopped a little wood for the Library, and the principal part of the remainder of the time was devoted to my reading. Mr. Gilman came in and chatted with me some time in the evening.

Thursday, December 23, 1869

The day fair with slight exceptions. Froze some last night and, the weather being tolerably cold, thawed none today.

Remained at home and attended to my reading until the middle of the day, then went up to the P.O. and got the Tribune and a letter from James Buell of Woburn, Mass., made a call at Mr. Bruce’s as usual and then returned home, chopped some wood, and resumed my reading.

Mr. Voorhes, the undertaker, of Smithfield called with demand on H. K. Stevens’ estate.

Friday, December 24, 1869

The past night fair, freezing a little; followed by a fair and pleasant day, with weather mild and agreeable, but not warm enough to thaw much.

Remained about the house through the day, reading some, attending to Albert some, dozing some, tinkering some, and chopped some more wood for my fire in the Library. In addition to all this, I spent some time a chatting with Mr. Gilman who called in the Library several times in the course of the day.

Saturday, December 25, 1869

Another fair night but it was followed by a cloudy day. The weather continues mild and temperate, but sufficiently cool to prevent much thawing.

Another day spent at home and most of the time in the Library engaged as usual with my books and newspapers. Went out but very little, and only to chop a little wood, and to accompany Albert for his gratification.

Sunday, December 26, 1869

Commenced raining again in the middle of the night and continued moderately, with short intermissions, through the day, freezing and forming ice until the afternoon.

Attended meeting at the Centre in the forenoon which was conducted by Br. Levi Taylor. Made a short call at Mr. Bruce’s before meeting. Daniel and Theodore came down in the afternoon and made us a call, remaining till towards night. In the evening commenced to write a letter to Benham Andrus and nearly completed it, working till after bed time.

Monday, December 27, 1869

Another foggy, misty day continuing cloudy and raining only a little. The weather being considerably warmer accelerated the thaw, and the roads begin to be quite muddy.

Worked very busy at finising and copying my letter to Benham during the forenoon, and then carried it up to the P.O. to be mailed, receiving at the same time the Tribune, the Courier, and the Reporter, and also a letter from Roswell Marsh, inclosing to me two five dollar notes and a gold dollar which were in a wallet I lost at Clyde, and which he found in his buggy on his return home. Elon called in the morning. Em writing an answer to Roswell Marsh.

Tuesday, December 28, 1869

Rained some in the course of the past night, the day cloudy, & the weather continues mild and soft, with the mud increasing.

Spent the principal portion of the day and the evening at my table in the Library finishing and copying a long letter to Roswell Marsh of Rose, N.Y.; and writing and copying another long one to James Buel of Woburn, Mass. Did nothing besides, worth mentioning. In the course of the day, somewhere about the middle, Jack Drake and Abe Mott came in, and staid a little while to chat with us.

Wednesday, December 29, 1869

Froze some last night, and the day was cloudy and not very warm, thawing but very little. Grew warmer towards night.

Spent the principal part of the day in the house, reading some & doing nothing in particular. Sent the two letters to the P.O. in the morning by Salathiel Bailey. Chopped a little wood for my use in the Library, and towards night went down to Sam’s to get some more medicine.

Mr. Northrop called a little while in the forenoon, and in the afternoon Congdon the pedler was here.

Thursday, December 30, 1869

The morning cloudy and the latter of the day and the evening fair. The weather is some cooler, the ground becoming frozen again, and thawing but little today.

Wrote a long letter to Br. Wells and copied it in the course of the day and fore part of the evening, and carried it up to the P.O., buying a dozen letter stamps and making a short call on Lydia.

Perry Case and Valeria and Harriet came and made a visit, going away at night. Late in the evening, Luman and a stranger came and staid overnight.

Friday, December 31, 1869

The entire day and evening continues fair, and the weather quite mild and pleasant, thawing considerably.

Remained at home through the day and spent the time very much in the usual way, that is, reading, chopping a little wood, and doing nothing in particular except to visit with with Theodore and Esther who came here in the afternoon for that purpose, going away at night.

Elon called in the morning to borrow a gun of Harvey. Luman and stranger went away after breakfast.

One of the notes in the back of the diary:

April – 19 – 1869 This book was found in the road at Granvill

Bradford County PA
Chemung County NY
Tioga County PA
Published On Tri-Counties Site On 03 December 2010
By Joyce M. Tice
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