Bradford County PA
Chemung County NY
Tioga County PA
Tri-Counties Genealogy &
History by Joyce M. Tice
Litchfield Township, Bradford
Diaries & Letters of
Julia Ann Park Diary 1870
|Diary: Julia Ann Park
|Township: Litchfield, Bradford County PA
January 1 Saturday
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Well this has been a very bright and pleasant day, but not a bit of
sleighing yet. Those intending to keep the new year will have to
go with wagons. Pa went to the Center and got the mail and also a
book from Hunter and Company ____. When he got back we went down
to Russells and spent the evening. Luke and Emma were up a visiting.
When we were coming up it began to storm and I think we will have some
sleighing. It has stormed all day, and just before night the wind
raised and I never saw it blow any stronger. Pa got ready and went
down to Uncle Jons and Rosa and I were alone. A little while after
he had gone, I discovered the whole chimney was on fire. I closed
the draft and pumped some water and carried upstairs, but I could do nothing
there, so I came down and went out on the hill and called to Rogers folks
who happened to be going to the barn and caught a pale and came on as fast
as they could. The flames had gone down a little, but the chimney’s
___ all a glowing. Joes Rogers handled water up the ladder to Jose
Devenport and he threw it on the fire. Mary and Mary Jane and Elwell
came up, and stayed the evening. They all think that if it had been
in a dry time with such a mind, it surely would have burned down.
Just before sundown the sun came out and it was still raining and there
was the most beautiful rainbow I had ever beheld in the north east.
There was three stripes below the main bow beside the reflection above
it. It was the greatest I had ever seen.
Today Pa and had cleared the chimney and plastered them up to make
them safe. I churned and mopped and did up the work in general.
Our storm was all rain, but it is very cold now.
Today John Neaves came to see about taking the farm to work on sheers.
Arch and Kate, Asa, Lovill came over and stayed all day. I copied
sixteen tunes from Vaughts book this evening.
January the Thursday 6
Finished copying the book of tunes and pieced a block.
Mopped the floor and did some baking. Mary came over and stayed
the afternoon. Mrs. Maslain called a few minute. It has been
very blustering and part of the time this afternoon and John Rifenburg,
Vista and the children, Frank Rogers, Lucy? And the baby, Horrace Rogers
and Sam came for an old fashioned visit.
My visitors have gone away and I have written to Marion.
Today Uncle Heman and Aunt Lind came over and stayed all day.
They want us to go to Mr. Brink’s this evening.
We got home about 3 o’clock and laid in bed rather late. I tried
to do the work but did not feel much like working. I did the washing,
mopped and baked some pies. Pa went to the Center and got the mail
and brought Rosa from Mary’s. Henry McKinney and Libby came up to
Drake’s a visit. I went down to Almira’s and took my black dress
for her to fix. I called to Betsey Jones for a few minutes.
Uncle Joe came up and invited us to his house next Thursday evening.
Once? I should take the instrument along to Mary.
Today Pa brought in a pear from under the tree where it had laid since
last fall and it was as sound as ever.
It commenced raining last night and kept it up all forenoon.
About 11 o’clock it began to grow colder and to snow some. Uncle
Joe came up and took down the instrument. We got ready and went quite
early. They had invited 100 guests, but on account of the storm,
only 58 were there. It was very clear and cold coming home.
John and I played. They raised $120.00 of five of which I got.
It went off very pleasant. We left Rosa to Russ.
Had been resting up from the party. Uncle Joe brought the inst.
up and it was all sound. Was well pleased with this party.
It is now snowing as though it meant to belch. We have had good wagoning
all winter. Yesterday there was not a bit of snow on the yard.
The grass was as green as the ___.
January Sunday 16
Today has been a very beautiful day. It has been as warm as a
day in May and quite muddy. Sara Payne came up from Hunt’s and stayed
all day. Also, Alvardo was here and made a little visit. When
Sara got ready to go home, I went as far as Betsey Jane’s with her.
We both stopped a little while. John and Mary called there a few
Washed and mopped. Asa came over and wanted I should go to Bill
Walkers on Friday evening with them. Pa went over Smithboro and I
went along and stayed to Edsalls. When Pa came back they visited
Berry Smith wife and daughters and Mifs Higley to come up and spend the
evening. Loa Smith commenced taking lessons the same day I did at Seymors.
After much coaxing, she played Titus March and commenced another and broke
down and would not play any more. It was a beautiful night.
The moon shown very bright. We left Rosa to Johnses. I got
a letter from Goodall. He was at Tioga Center with a magic show.
He said he had left some music at Jakeways Hotel at Nichols for me.
I did up the work and got ready and went over to Uncle Heman’s, but
Asa was sick and George had not come, so we gave up our visit to Milin.
We went around by the Center and bought ten frkins? and hobs home.
I called at Carmers a few minutes. Pa made a visit to Barnums tomorrow
evening. I stopped and invited John and Mary to go along. Martha
Rogers stayed with Rosa.
I pealed apples to can. Pa and S. B. Carmer took an inventory
on the loose property of Johnses. There was over $24,000 worth of
property. Went over and stopped for Mary. John had gone to
the Corner and had not got home yet. Soon after we were there, Hayes
and Hiram came and we had a very pleasant visit. The weather is so
warm it seems as though we ought to hear the peepers and toads hollering,
but I soon think we should have cold weather again.
January Sunday 23
It has rained all day. This afternoon Geo, Mary and Lovilla came
over to have a sing. We sang all afternoon and Pa got the most of
the supper. It rained, so they are staying all night.
Geo and Mary started home at 8 o’clock and Lovill stayed. We
sung for hours before we quit. She was trying to sing alto.
After tea we all went over to Hayses. It was snowing some when we
started, but we thought it would not amount to much. We had a good
visit. When we thought of going home, it was raining so hard that
Lovill, Rosa and I stayed over night.
Came home and got Pa’s breakfast and did up the work. Mary Rogers
came over and stayed all day.
Did up the work and took Lovilla home and went by the Center and bought
Rosa a Delain dress. Got the mail and a letter from Milin.
Tonight is the donation party at Elanson Munns. Bersoncous? had an
invitation to go but did not accept it.
Got up, did the work and went to washing. Kate Brown came over
and stayed all day. I did the ironing and baked a cake.
Baked some pies, did up the work and took Jack and Rosa and I went
to Uncle Heman’s. They hitched their horse on to our carriage and
Asa, Lovill and I started for Walker’s. Dell and Gust, Arch and Kate,
Ell Demrest and Dell Brink went from Litchfield. We got down there
at 6 o’clock, stayed a while and then went up to George’s school.
After singing school was out there was a good many that went up to Walker’s.
There was a couple of Lincoln girls that played upon the piano. They
were good players, but nothing uncommon. A Mr. Watkins brought his
violin and we played a good deal. They had a few sets of Catillion,
a good oyster supper, and finally wound up with Love in the Dark.
Asa, Lovill and George stayed over night. In the morning Mifs Lincoln
came down and helped straighten up. There were 38 there.
January Saturday 29
Went home, went from Walker’s up to Mr. Plummers. Found them
looking for us and everything in perfect order. In the afternoon
it began to rain, but we started for home. It was very dark, but
when we got above Athens it began to snow, and so it became lighter.
Got up to Uncle Heman’s at 8 o’clock.
Got up, ate my breakfast and started for home. Found Pa eating
his breakfast rather lonely, but everything in good order.
I pieced a block and basted several. Betsey Jane was here and
made a visit. Settled up all book accounts.
Tuesd February 1
This evening Hellen Hunt came up to take a lesson, came up a foot.
After work I went over to Mary’s, found Hanna there a visiting.
Baked bread and pieced a block.
Baked cake and fried cake and pieced two blocks.
Did housework and pieced blocks.
Practiced and read.
Today has been a most beautiful day, most warm as a day in May, and
it has been so nearly all the month, and it seems as though we might soon
see the little birds again. I did a large washing, mopped and cleaned.
Today it began to snow hard from the northeast. It has snowed
all day and is still snowing.
The storm is over and the snow is deep, but the wind begins to blow
hard from the west and it is drifting.
Baked bread and biscuits and ironed some. Received a visit from
Roger Cobell? He came from Newark, New Jersey. He is going
to Iowa next week.
George came over and wanted us to come over and stayed the evening.
We did up the work and went over early. Took over the melodian.
About 7 o’clock there was a load came over from Athens. There was
Clarence and Robert Watkins and sisters, Carson, Louise and Lizzie Plummer,
and Ell Demerest and Dell Brink, George Brink and Wilda.
February Sunday 13
Today has been cold but pleasant. I have read and practiced all
Today the winter is just half out. Pa went to Waverly for Mrs.
Maslain. It has stormed hard all day. John Neaves came the
afternoon and I guess he is going to stay over night. I believe today
is Valentine’s Day.
John went over to the Center. I did some trading and came back
Pa started to Owego the morning, took a barrel of pork and 45 pounds
of butter and ____. John went along with him. Hellen came up
a foot again.
Mary Rogers came over and stayed all day. Had a good visit.
The sun has shown all day, but it is beginning to cloud up again.
I think we will have more rain.
It rained all night and it has rained the whole day.
Went to singing school. There were a great many people there.
We had a good sleighing, but it was very cold. I received a letter
from (Bovina Valley Vel, co NY)
It has snowed and blowed all day. I answered said letter.
Today I washed, mopped and baked. Aunt Rachel came up and made
me a visit. This evening Delmer and Mary Wheelhouse are here. They
came from school.
Baked bread, pies, cake and cookies and mopped and finished Rose’s
We intended to have gone over to Uncle Moses, but it commenced
____ early and we gave it up. Pa went down to Uncle Joe’s and a visit
from Russell Park, his wife and the youngest children in the evening.
Also received a visit from Edd Lunger. Went down to ___ Hunts and
made a visit. Uncles George and Joe, Aunt Lib and Mrs. Clawson and
John and ____ ___ from Elmira were there. Given others a lesson.
Sam paid me $2.00. They all ___ to enjoy ____.
March Saturday 5
Today I baked and did the Saturday’s work and Pa went to the Center
and around to Uncle Heman’s.
Today has been very warm and pleasant. Aunt Marie and Gusta and
the children and John Campbell and Alice were all here a visiting.
After they went home we got ready and went down to Uncle Moses, but they
had all gone away. Uncle and Aunt had gone to Barton and Sara and
Orlando had gone to Nichols a visiting, so we came back again.
Today Mary came over and stayed all day. John had gone to Owego.
Rosa is five years old today. Goodall and Ridell have a concert at
that Baptist church this evening.
It snowed much all day and has been quite cold. Mary came over
and got some salt. Eli and (blank from here)
Went to Waverly with a tub of butter. Betsey Jane went along
with us. She sold two bibs. Rosa and I had our picture taken.
I got me a new Calico dress. Oliver Segar came home with us from
Athens. This evening Pa and him made a bargain. Him and his wife
are going to move up their things. Tomorrow Pa is going after them.
It was snowing hard. When we got up the snow was two feet deep
and it has continued to snow until sundown. The wind is blowing and
rain and I fear there will be some drifting. All has been here nearly
all day, has just started out and gone to Rogers ___ ____ ___ at 12 o’clock.
___ all day.
It has blowed and drifted all day. The snow is banking up back
of the house up to the middle of the door and window and it is four and
five feet deep. Many ___ the flu the ___. There are two large
drifts of snow by the pig pen from ten to twelve feet high, and the roads
are full from fence to fence.
Pa started out this morning to ___ roads, found them impassable in
most places. Rosa and I went over to Mary’s and stayed until the
___. Betsey Jane and Mrs. ___ were there.
March Monday 21
Pa went this morning after Oliver and his wife. They got home
just before dark. Just after that Arch and Kate came.
Made a pretty hard days work today. For the first, arranged
their things as best we could through the rooms. Arch and Kate went
home this afternoon some after they went, Betsey Jane and Mr. ___ ___ and
Ann came up. John Neaves was here to dinner. Also, Pa took
a ___ to Waverly. John and Mary came over and all stayed the evening.
I never heard John play any better. It has been quite warm and pleasant
Pa went to Smithboro with a load of ties for Jose Rogers. Ellwell
is very sick with inflamation of the lungs. Washed today.
Went to Nichols to church. Had a very entertaining ___.
Pa went to Waverly. Got home, Rosa and one ____.
We had just got through with baking and churning when Roger Cowell
and Mary Morse came. They had been to singing school. They stayed
the remainder of the afternoon. Then we went down to Andrew Hunt’s
It has stormed very hard nearly all day and the wind blows a perfect
hurricane. Pa went down to Uncle Joes. Heard yesterday that
Doctor Burlingame’s house burnt up and they saved but little out of it.
(Received a letter from Boving Valley)
We washed in the morn and sewed the rest of the day.
I baked and churned.
Martha, Rosa and I went over to Hayes. Pa and Al worked in the
lower orchard. Today has been very warm and mild. The __ is going
fast. Pa and I intended to have gone over to Arch’s, but Uncle Moses
and Aunt Hanna came so we gave it up. Pa used the lamp in the morning
to go down to the cellar, and left it down there burning, the oil was burned
Geo and Mary came over and made a visit. We baked for Uncle Moses
___ ___ but __ did not ___.
April Friday 1
Today is all fool’s day again and we all got fooled nicely. This
morning Orlando, Sara and Myra ___ ___ Katie and ___ came and made a visit.
I expected Kathie would stay until Sunday, but she could not.
We baked and cleaned and did the Saturdays work in general.
Martha and Oliver Burlingame’s a visiting. Asa came over and
made a visit. He’s going back to Michigan next week. I set
up with a sick patient.
We got up early and did up the washing. There came more snow
last night. Also, we heard that Nathan Baldwin committed suicide
yesterday morning by hanging himself in his home when his family was absent.
Pa, Al and Martha went to the funeral. There was a large attendance.
They buried him at the Rest in Waverly. Today was the day fixed for
them to move to Binghamton. Pa went down to John Browns and bought
Pa went up to ___ ___ and bought 17 bushels of potatoes, says the going
is very bad on the roads. Nat? and I baked and ironed.
Al drawed ___ and Pa went to the Center.
Pa went to Waverly. I stayed to Uncle Heman’s. Dell Brink
was there, Arch & Kate started for ____ today. The roads are
very bad but the sun is going fast. Pa had a call and I ____.
Al drawed manure and Pa sewed clover seed in the ___ ____. It
has been very warm and pleasant. The first day we have done without
fire in the sitting room. The ___ Blue Bird and Robins have been
around __ __ all day.
Al, Martha and I went to M. E. Meeting. It was Mr. Harmons farewell
sermon before conference. There were not a great many out on account
of bad going.
April Monday 11
Mag? Washed. I went over to Haseltons and got some carrots.
Came back and got __ and churned and baked.
Mat? Ironed and did the work.
Pa went over to Barnums to get a calf and I went over to Hayes.
Took some ____.
It has been very pleasant and warm and the sun is nearly gone.
The roads are getting dry and people have been plowing all week.
Today Pa and Al have been making garden on the hill. Sewed a half
bushel of peas and Sophia and Minnie came over and stayed a little while,
got some flower seeds. Mattie and I sewed on my new dress.
Sara Payne was up and is going to stay until Sunday. This afternoon
Al went to the blacksmith shop and Sara and I went to the ___ and did a
little trading. Rode back as far as Barnums and stayed there until
Al came along. Mary Morse was there. I had hemmed a ruffle
for me on her machine.
Sara and I went down to Uncle Moses. Eliza __ Mary Munn were
there a visiting. We all went to singing school. Eliza and
I rode __ with ___ the others ___ about. We got there a good while
___ the evening. School began. After singing school I began
home and Sara went back to Uncle Moses. Emily ___ Esther and John
Seager called this afternoon.
Commenced raining last night and has rained nearly all day. Al
had ___ a good supply of potatoes. Pa went down and put some flowers
on Ma’s grave. Orlando and Sara called a little this afternoon, but
did not stay long.
It has rained all day, but we did the wash and put the clothes ___.
Did the clothes and did some baking.
Mat? ironed and I did the work __ in the afternoon.
Rosa and I went over to Mr. Merrill’s. Found ___ at home, had
a very good visit. Russell Park ___ me __ his ____ ___ ___.
We have done housework and sewed on our calico dress. Pa and
Merrill Rogers settled up and balanced all book accounts. I sold
my ___ to ____ and bought a pail, grater, some soap and milk, and owe him
I worked in the yard and ___ got dinner. After dinner we got
ready to go over to ___ Kingaides, but just before we started Sophia and
Minnie came and stayed the afternoon, then __ came to get us to piece some
blocks for Mrs. Burlingame. Mat? ironed some and I did ___ each ___
____ getting the ___ ____ ___. Sara called a little while.
Al has been plowing the field back of the house this week.
It has been very warm and pleasant all day, mercury being up to 90
degrees. Before Mattie and Al and John went up on the knob and looked
through a spyglass. They brought it down and I spent the afternoon
looking through it. I saw a good many ___ things in the distance.
Pa and Al put up the swing.
It commenced raining early this morning but stopped before noon.
Mat did the washing and I did the work. This afternoon we cleaned
the sitting room. Sara Payne came up and got her plants for Mrs.
Blacked the stove and cleaned some. Mary Morse came over and
got the carpet stretcher. Went to the Center and got some lime starch
lamp shades and carpet tacks. Called at Hayes a few minutes.
Put the sitting room to rights while we washed and ___ the carpet.
Al plowed in the ___ place. Geo came over and brought me a piece
of __ to ___ before Saturday ___ ___ bring. They are having a dance
at ___ ___.
Put the whole house to rights and cleaned the kitchen, baked bread
and burned. Aunt Judith called a few minutes. Had a light shower.
Got up early and went over to John Rogers to see if they were out going
to Waverly to ___ to go along with them, but ___ ___ ____. Rose and
I went up to the hill and looked through the spyglass. It was very
clear and we could see a great distance. When we got through looking,
we got over in the woods and picked some liverwort blossoms and their flowers.
Then we went down to the Rogers grave yard. There is but one respectable
looking grave there. The others are all neglected.
Helped do up the Saturday work and worked in the yard this forenoon.
After dinner I went over to Smith Barnums and stayed until singing school
time, then Minnie and I had rode over with Mary ___ but I came home the
Sunday May 1
Took a ride and went in four different townships. This day was
pleasant but windy. Uncle Moses and Leander was here part of the
day. Also ~
Mat sewed. Pa went to Waverly with the tub of butter. He
went with Uncle Moses. Juliana Na___ came up and stayed all night.
Julia went home after dinner. Mat and I sewed.
Cleaned __ sewed and did the work up. Went to the Center and
got the returns for a tub of butter sent to New York.
Mat and I did the washing and cleaned the cellar this forenoon.
Had a good shower which lasted ___ 4 o’clock until dark. Pa __
up to the garden today and said the corn is up large enough to ___.
The peas are up a tad high and lettuce and onions very large for ___ most
of the folks have not ___ their ____.
May Sunday 8
It has rained by bushels all day. This afternoon Pa, Rose and
I went over to Uncle Heman’s. Yesterday they got ready to plant ___,
but the rain came and they gave it up.
It has been showering all day. Mat did the week’s washing, and
I washed eight flannel sheets, worked in the yard until dinner, then washed
the dishes and went over to __ and found her sick in bed and not able to
raise her head. I stayed the afternoon and did her work. Mat
cleaned the pantry. Al went down to the woods to spot a hawk, but
it turned out to be a bald headed eagle. It was as large as a good
sized turkey. It flew before he could shoot it.
Went over and did Mary’s work and washed and did some ___ and C came
home and churned and it has rained all afternoon.
Pa, Mat and I went to Waverly. Went by way of A__rill Mill and
Goulds Ferry. We left Rosa to Cowells. Mat bought her a pair
of garters. Pa got him a suit of clothes and I got two new dresses,
one Grennidene (sic) and the other poplin, and a hat and a pair of shoes
and a number of other things. We came back by Uncle Ben’s and stayed
until after tea. Nathen Dean and his sister were there a visiting.
The fruit trees on the river are all in full bloom. They are some
earlier than on the hill. Mrs. Robinson Brown was buried today.
We did not hear of it in time to go to the funeral. She has been
sick with consumption for the 25 years and at last it has worn her out.
They telegraphed to Arch and Frank, but Arch only came.
May Thursday 12
Got up. Helped milk ___ with milk. Did the churning and got ready
went to Mary’s. Stayed and helped her all day.
Sara Payne came up and borrowed a couple of my dresses and a sack.
She is going to Owego.
Helped do the Saturday’s work and made Sara an apron. We heard
the first whipperwills (sic) this evening. Today is quarterly meeting.
None of us went but Pa. He went out to Uncle Heman’s after the meeting.
Went over to Haselton’s to get Aunt Jane to make my dresses.
Came home across part of the fields and found the garden looking splendid.
The orchards are now in full bloom. Also now the peaches, pears plums
and cherries are all in full bloom.
Today we planted corn on the hill behind the barn. Wm Wright,
Chester Ellis, Harris Rogers and Wm Lurcock Jr. all helped plant.
Also, Pa planted the rest of the garden. I read in the paper today
that someone killed that large eagle in Sheshequin. It measured 7
feet and 4 inches from tip to tip and weighed 19 ½ pounds.
Pa went to Waverly. Had ___ Rogers ___ ___ Mrs. Maslain’s butter
in a tub for his. This makes seven tubs this spring. I went
over to Haseltons and tried on my dress. Al helped John Rogers plant
Today we have had the heaviest shower we have had this season.
I never saw it lightning and thunder any harder. Al had just got
his ___ ground drained over before it rained.
Took ___ home and Rosa and I went to the Center. I got some ___
brick and other things. Minnie Horton went with me. I came
back and went up to Haseltons. Came home and went to fixing for company.
May Saturday 21
Did up the work and had an early dinner and had just got sat down when
Edd Lunger came. We ___ ___ until 2 o’clock, and it __ the rest of
the company, but it began to rain so we gave up their coming. At
5 o’clock Al and Mat got ready and went to Sheshequin. About 8 o’clock
p.m. there came along Geo and Kate Lovill and Art Carson and Louise Plummer.
They had not started from home until after the shower. They stopped
at John Rogers and had him come over with his sister. We played until
11 o’clock and then we had tea and played until 2 o’clock. Then John
and Ed went home. The rest stayed over night.
Pa and I got up early. Pa milked and fed the calves and I skimmed
the milk, washed __ and worked the butter. Then I got breakfast.
It had cleared off very bright. We went out and ___ about an hour.
They then started for church. After they had gone, Mary Rogers came
over and stayed the afternoon. Just as she went away, Ed Demerest
and Dell Brink came along and stopped. They stayed about a half an
hour. When they had gone I went in the cellar to work. Had
just got through when John Turk and Mary Rogers came. They stayed
until 9 o’clock. They had just gone and Al and Mat came home.
Received a note today from Joshua Turk. It is as follows:
Litchfield, May 23
Friend, Julia Park;
I thought I would write a few lines to you, I have a little spare
time. Julia, I wish to know if I might have your company, that is,
if it would be agreeable to you. We are not very much acquainted
as we might, or as I hope we will be. You may think strange of my
writing to you as I have, but I think it is my duty to do so, for I know
my own feelings toward you best. Julia, I should like to have you
answer this note if you please. Always your friend, Joshua Turk
Went over to Hayses. Came home and went to singing this evening.
This evening Ed came over and took me to singing school. George and
I sung a song entitled Willow Spring. There was quite a large school.
Today ___ started for Allegney (sic)
Pa and I went to church, came home and went to bed and took a nap.
Got up and helped get dinner. Mat and Al went down to Rogers.
Ed came over and stayed part of the evening.
Heard today that Willie Edsall was drowned in the river. Him
and one of Kirbys boys were in swimming and cramps took him and he sunk
before aid could be had. ___ Edsall has but one child left. Within
the past seven years, he has lost his wife and four children. Got
a letter from Mrs. ___. She is living in Brooklin and received a
visit from Emm W and ___ ___.
Pa and I went to church. From there we went to Dell Munn’s and
took dinner and then Dell and Geo went to Athens to meeting with us.
Pa went to the V____ Church and I went to the Baptist Church and passed
off as George’s wife and one lady asked me how my little one got along.
They thought because I was with Geo and Dell I must be his wife.
Mat and I washed. I just got the clothes out and Al’s mother
came up to see him.
Pa and Betsey Jane went to Waverly. They heard today that doctor
had given Silas Wolcott up to die. He has a cancer in the stomach.
I answered Mr. Turk’s letter in this ____:
Sir, I received a note from you dated May 25 stating that you would
like to have my company and also would like an answer to your note.
I decline to ___ to your proposition and wish to be excused for reasons
best known to myself. Yours with respect, Julia Park”
June Friday 10
Martha and I went down to Betsey Jane’s and stayed the afternoon.
Had quite a hard shower.
Mary and Mrs. Congden came over and made a visit. Mary made me
a present of a new apron, all made. Just before night, Edd Lunger
came over and I went to singing school with him. Some after we got
to the church, it began to rain and it kept on until it was out.
When we came home we did not get very wet as we had an oil cloth blanket
and umbrella. Some stayed until after 1 o’clock for it to stop raining.
We all got ready and went to church and started to Sabbath school.
They are having a very interesting school lesson. After we came home
Al and Sara and the children came over. John Lunger came over and
got his spyglass. Also, Ed came over and stayed a little while.
It has rained nearly all day today, can hardly do anything with
the corn or plow the buckwheat plow it is so wet we have so much rain now
I fear we shall have a drought by and by.
Today Sam and Aliza and Hellen came up. I gave Hellen a lesson.
I think she is improving quite fast.
Today Nat and I went down to the ___ place and picked a pale of strawberries
and called at Mrs. Maslain’s. Chester Ellis, Jose Rogers and Wm Wright
worked in the corn.
Martin Rogers and Orin Kinney were here to dinner. They want
to sell a mowing machine. This afternoon Martha and I went to the
Center. Heard that Moses Campbelle (sic) on southill was killed yesterday
by a tree falling upon him.
It has been very warm. Today mercury has been at 96 degrees.
It is the warmest day we have had. This afternoon Mat and I went
to the Center.
June Sunday 19
Pa and I got up early and milked before sunrise. Then we ate
our breakfast and got ready and went over to Barton. We went up to
Uncle Ira’s and stayed the forenoon. Then we all went down to Uncle
Johns. Mercury is up to 120 in the sun and 98 in the shade.
Skimmed off the milk and churned. Washed up the milk things and
made the beds. Then Mat and I picked up the washing and utensils
and Al took us to the spring. We had a large washing.
Ironed and sewed some. Mat and Al and Rosa went strawberrying.
Got about 10 quarts. Today they have a new boy to Jose, weighs 10
Got up very early and did up the work. Had just got through and
my dress changed when we received a call from Mifs Elizabeth Shoemaker,
Miss Lizzie Barstow and two other ladies. I have forgotten their
names. Today we had 12 men here for dinner. They went to test
mowing machine. There were three agents Whiticer (sic) of Waverly,
the Eugene ___ Daniel Park of Barton, the Excell__ir and Kinney of Sheshequin,
the Young Warrin (sic). They mowed in the 12 are lot. Pa bought
one of Dan’s for $100. Mat, Rose and I went up on the hill to see
the machine work and then went over to Mary’s. she was cleaning house.
Uncle Moses raised a shed today.
Pa went to Waverly, Athens. Al made a ___ ___. Mr. Washburn
raised a barn.
Went down to Emma’s school and stayed a while. The superintendent
came while I was there, Mr. King?. I went up to Uncle Moses
and stayed the rest of the day. Dell was there, came up yesterday.
Al? Chandler is building their shed. Al and Pa began their haying
today in the 12 acre lot.
Today I have been into all sorts of work indoors and out. They
drawed in all the hay they had out.
June Sunday 26
It has been very warm today. The thermometer stood at 101 degrees.
Pa and I went to church a foot and stayed to Sabbath school. They
gave out a question today for the class to answer next Sunday. It
was who lived 999 years and died before his father? After Sabbath
school I came home with Minnie and stayed until after dinner and ate some
cherries. Mr. & Mrs. Smith were there from Sheshequin.
Minnie came as far as John Rogers and we called to hear him play.
While we were there Ed came along and stayed until we started home.
When we got home Al was ___ ____ light a swarm a bees. Pa went over
to Uncle Harrison’s and did not get home until after dark. Sara Payne
came up and stayed all afternoon. This evening we had a rather dry
shower. Everything needs rain now.
Did up the work early and Sara Park came along. We went to Mr.
Hunts a visiting. Dell B ___ a ___ to him.
Martha and I went to the Center. I bought a pair of ___ ___.
I called to ____ and brought a ___ ___. ____ gave me a pair of ____.
Today Fred and Libbie came over. We
The following are some of the compositions I composed and read during
the last winter that I went to school and as I had read them over they
bring to my mind some pleasant recollections of times that are past and
gone and also some sad ones. These___ the rest of the scholars of
the school were written and put on a book and presented to the teacher
(Isadore Stephens) march 7, 1866.
Memory is a great and heavenly blessing which God has given to us all
while passing through the world. Often when we ___ are floating along
the river of time we love to sleep, and look back to the golden days of
our childhood when hearts were pure and we knew no cares. Then we
travel on perhaps to middle age, and then we will look back again over
the time that is past and gone forever when we were little children.
Then we will find stamped upon our minds thousands of little incidents
that have taken place when we indulged in innocent plays when we played
Tymither?, Green Gravile, Come Philanders and the Ku? eye and a great many
others too numerous to mention. And ___ to the bright spring days
when we played in our playhouse walled up with stone and then we would
go to the meadow for strawberries and bluebells. And when autumn
came on we trimmed? the woods and gave to kick ___ ___ and the ____.
But we will find ___ the trees. Great exchanges have taken place
where our dear ___ that were with us and the happy ___. Some have
moved away and others are remembered among the silent ones gone on as is
the Father and the Mother who watched over us in sweet infancy the kind
brother and gentle sister ___ ___ the ___ are hushed in death. Then
as ___ ___ years have passed away and the graves grow cold a ___ ___ flowers
upon their graves we may go up the ___ ___ ___ other rest and visit them
worth it is then our
And as we tread softly over
upon their graves so we may go on through life until come to old age
when our limbs are feeble and our heart is silent. And to know that
soon we shall
When will we not take in retrospect ___ and
Julia Ann Park
DUTIES OF SCHOLARS
There are a great many duties resting upon scholars while going to
school it should always be the duty of a scholar to get a good education
while in the days of our youth. And we have the privilege of going
to school it is ours to improve our minds and get knowledge and fit ourselves
for the duties of life for soon our school days will be ___ and we will
be grown up to men and womanhood and take our place in the world then how
assuring it is that we should be prepared to fill a good place in society
there are other duties that we ought to do while it ___ first is to respect
we should remember to ___ and obey our teacher for her
without instruction we should
to obey each ___ . Although I ___ I wish
we will regret that we have been dishonest
have been good and kind where are we going in life ___ with satisfaction
over the first ___ ___ let us always try to do our duty.
Litchfield April 1866
Julia Ann Park
Spring, the most lovely season of the year. ___ because it is peculiar
where are the birds they have flown where ___ the frogs and all
other reptiles they are asleep beneath the frozen sod and here in the ___
insects they are dead and gone but dark ___ the vice of spring it comes
and with it brings life and ___. The sun has given life __ __ and
sends its warm rays upon the earth melting snow and ice have disappeared,
the gentle showers to come and all nature is changed we go foster? with
joy to ___ it. The birds have come to cheer us with their ___ song.
Once more we hear the hum of insects and the croakings of frogs all ___
and tiny their voices in one chorus of song. Once more the forest
and fields are ___ and green the honeysuckle ___ ___ ___ bells ___ and
blossom sending forth over the wings of the ___ their sweet scented ___
before us ___ to exclusive lovely, lovely spring
rise higher to our father in heaven ___ is the ___ of lovely spring
Julia A Park
Bradford County PA
Chemung County NY
Tioga County PA
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