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1873 - Luman Putnam of Granville
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1873 Diary of Luman Putnam of Granville
Transcribed by Betsy Shirk - bshirk2002@yahoo.com
Formatted and Published by Joyce M. Tice
Transcription copyright 2010 Betsy Shirk and Joyce M. Tice

1854 Diary and Introduction. Also access to many more LumanPutnam Diaries

Luman Putnam Jerusha Bailey, his first wife

L. Putnam’s Diary

Granville Centre, Penna.

Bot of Newman & Parsons

Troy Penn’a., December 31, 1872

Part One

January

Wednesday, 1

Third day of New Moon. / Moon Sets 7-42, eve. / Sun rises 7-30; sets 4-39. slow 4 min. / Temperature at sunrise 22; at sunset 14

Morning cloudy at the opening but cleared off early and the weather was quite fair and pleasant through the entire day, and has been quite agreeable for the season of the year. As the sun disappeared at night some clouds came up, and the evening is partially cloudy.

Arose at half past four in the morning, kindled my fire in the library, took my cold water bath, put my room in order and sat down and read till I was called to breakfast. After tending baby a spell went back into the library and devoted another hour or two to reading and then went out to the wood house and spent some time there splitting up a quantity of wood for the kitchen and for the library. Having returned to the library spent some time searching for papers and arranging my account with Luman, and at night brought in a quantity of wood into the closet and attended to my housework. Harvey started away this morning with his team to work in at lumbering in Lycoming.

Thursday, 2

Fourth day of New Moon. / Moon rises Sets at 8-53 eve & south / Sun rises 7-30, sets 4-? & slow 5 min. / Tem. sunrise 19 degrees; sunset 31.

The morning was very cloudy at the dawn, and continued so, without any storms through the entire day. The temperature has been quite mild, and has thawed some in the course of the day. The evening continues very cloudy, and there is also considerable wind which is apparently from the south.

Arose in the morning at five o’clock and having kindled the library fire, proceeded to my customary bath, and then having dressed and put the room in order, joined the family in the kitchen and taking the baby, tended her until the breakfast was ready. From the table went back to the library and devoted the forenoon to reading, principally, and to writing some. Afternoon split some more wood and then went up to the post office and got the Tribune which I read a spell and then proceeded to do my chores about the house.

Friday, 3

Fifth day of New Moon. / Moon Sets 10-5, eve. South / Sun rises 7-30, sets 4-41, Slow 5 min. / Tem. Sunrise 41 deg. Sunset 41 degrees.

Rained some in the night and thawed a good deal. At the dawn of morning the clouds were considerably broken but they soon joined again. There was also a pretty brisk breeze from the southwest. Clouds broke away again soon after sunrise, & the sun shined quite warm and pleasant. The day continued fair until towards night, and then became partially cloudy. The snow has thawed off rapidly and the sleighing is spoiled. The evening is quite fair and calm.

Arose at a quarter past five and after kindling a fire in the library, took my morning bath. After this put the library in order, and having read a little while went in to the kitchen and took care of the baby until breakfast. On leaving the table went back to the library and spent the forenoon there reading, and writing some. In the afternoon [repaired the reel]?, and towards night went down to the road and worked a spell at repairing fence. At night attended to my chores about the house.

Saturday, 4

Sixth day of New Moon. / Moon sets 10-22, & south / Sun rises 7-30, sets 4-42, & slow 5 m. / Temp. at sunrise 28; at sunset 28

Considerable wind in the night and froze some. The morning at the dawn was quite fair with considerable wind from the north west. The day continued fair all the way through and the wind subsided early in the day. Thawed considerable in the course of the day, but not so much as yesterday. The evening is quite fair and calm, and will probably freeze again.

Arose at half past five, took my regular bath after kindling a fire in the library, put the room in order and then sat down and read until breakfast. After this returned to the library and spent the forenoon at reading & at the writing table. Afternoon went to work at the fence fence on the lower side of the road, again, and completing it, and repaired the yard fence at the corner of the wagon house. Split up some more wood in the woodhouse, attended to my chores at the house, and read the Courier which Mr. Gilman brought.

Sunday, 5

First Quarter 4-43 Afternoon. / Moon sets tomorrow morning. / Sun rises 7-30, sets 4-43, & slow 6 m. / Temp. at sunrise 24°, at sunset 32.

In the morning at the dawn it was quite cloudy and a little rainy, and very calm. The rain increased as the morning advanced, and freezing on whatever? substance it fell, made everything very icy that was exposed to it. Before noon the storm changed to sleet, and continued so till late in the afternoon, and then it changed back to rain again, and continued in that form, moderately, until the close of the day. The storm has appeared to come from an easterly direction, but there has not been any noticeable wind. The evening is much like afternoon.

Lay in bed this morning until a quarter after six o’clock, then got up, and made the library fire and bathed, and dressed, and regulated the room sat down and read until the breakfast call. On leaving the table took charge of the baby a spell, and then returned to my reading in the library. Did not attend meeting, on account of the storm. Spent the day reading, writing some & with the family. Attended to my chores about house at night.

Monday, 6

Second day of First Quarter of Moon. / Moon sets 0-33 morn., & south / Sun rises 7-30, Sets 4-43, & slow 6 m. / Temp. at sunrise 23, at sunset 19 degrees.

A brisk wind from the west and the north, arose about bedtime last night and continued till morning. At the dawn the morning was quite cloudy, with the high wind continuing. In the middle of the day the day the wind subsided, and the clouds disappeared, and the sun shone out pleasantly, and the afternoon was quite fair and bright; but the weather was growing colder, gradually, all the while. The evening is fair and calm.

Arose from the bed in the morning at half past five o’clock, attended to my fire, and my bath, and my room and then sat down in the library to reading until breakfast, and after this I spent the day about the house, part of the time in the sitting room with the women and children, but the greater portion of it in the library cut out scrapbook articles from the newspapers, and reading.

Tuesday, 7

Third day First Quarter of the Moon. / Moon sets 1-43 morn, & south / Sun rises 7-29, sets 4-45, & slow 7 m. / Temp. at sunrise 8; at sunset 21 degrees.

The morning, at the dawn was quite fair, except some clouds in the eastern horizon, and was also calm but quite cold. The forenoon continued fair and was quite pleasant, but the temperature also continued low. There were some clouds present in the afternoon which rendered it only partially fair, but the weather was more moderate. The evening is remarkably clear and bright, & the temperature is going down again.

Left the bed in the morning some after the clock struck five, kindled a fire in the library, attended to my bath, and to the arrangement of matters about the room, and then devoted to reading the remaining time till the breakfast call. After this, much of the day was spent in the library, reading mostly, and writing a little; occasionally calling a spell with the women, and amusing myself with the children.

Wednesday, 8

Fourth day of First Quarter of Moon. / Moon sets 2-50, morn. & south / Sun rises 7-29, sets 4-45, & slow 7 m. / Temp. at sunrise 12; at sunset 28 degrees.

The night was clear and calm, and was also moderately cold. There were some thin floating clouds at the dawn of morning which continuing, rendered the forenoon a little cloudy. In the course of the morning a pretty brisk breeze of wind sprang up from the west, or south west, continuing through the forenoon, and in the afternoon it became much more violent; and came from a more southerly point. It became much more moderate towards night. The evening is considerably cloudy, with wind from the south.

Arose in the morning between the hours of five and six, and having attended to the order of the order of the morning, went into the kitchen, and taking the baby, attended to it until the breakfast was ready, & afterward returned to the library and spent the day reading mostly. At night went down to the barn & helped Mr. Gilman relieve a cow that was hung under the barn.

Thursday, 9

Fifth day of First Quarter of the Moon. / Moon sets 3-57. morn. & south / Sun rises 7-29, sets 4-46, & slow 8 m. / Temp. at sunrise, 12; at sunset

Considerable wind in the night and a light sprinkling of snow. The morning at the opening was quite clear and calm, and was considerably cold. There were some floating clouds most of the time during the day, but they were hardly sufficient to obstruct the sunshine. The weather continued quite cold through the day, and increased considerably towards night. There were some clouds in the evening, and also some wind.

Arose at a quarter past five o’clock in the morning, and having kindled the library fire, attended to my ablutions and other morning matters, sat down and devoted a short time to reading, after which went into the kitchen, and taking the baby, took care of her until breakfast and after that went back to the library & resumed my reading, until Azor & Eliza came & towards night took wife & I home with them.

Friday, 10

Sixth day of First Quarter of the Moon / Moon sets 5-3, morn. & south / Sun rises 7-29, sets 4-48, & slow 8 m. / Temp. sunrise sunset

The morning at the dawn was mostly fair, there being only a few detatched clouds in some portions of the horizon. The weather continued quite cold, and grew colder as the day progressed. There was not much wind, nor many clouds, but the sun’s rays seemed to make but little or no impression on the snow and ice, and on other frozen substances on which they chanced to fall. The evening is remaining fair but is very cold.

Arose in the morning at about half past five o’clock and sat down and read till breakfast was ready. After this, concluding not to go to the village today, sat down again and spent of the time through the day reading. Towards night went in Amanda’s room & sat awhile.

Saturday, 11

Seventh day of First Quarter of the Moon. / Moon sets 5-4 morn. & south / Sun rises 7-29, sets 4-49, & slow 8 m. / Temp. sunrise at sunset

The night was very cold and the morning at the opening was clear and intensely cold. The day remained fair all the way through and there was a little wind from the northwest which was very h???. The low temperature continued with very little abatement until night and in the evening. There were some clouds to seen before bed time.

Arose in the morning soon after five o’clock, and employed my time reading until the call to breakfast, and after it, until the middle of the day. At this time we rode over to the village with Azor and stopped at Samuel. Went about town some, and did a little trading; and got my watch chain repaired at Grant’s. Took tea at Samuel’s, and after this, Azor calling for us, we returned with him. George Rockwell, from Canton, and his wife and sister and another young lady came there for a visit also, and staid overnight.

Sunday, 12

Eighth day of First Quarter of the Moon. / Moon sets 7-0, morn, & south / Sun rises 7-28, sets 4-50, & slow 9 m. / Temp sunrise

The morning was quite cold at the opening, after a very freezing night, but the wind had changed from the northwest to the opposite corner, and its appearance gave hope of milder weather soon. The sky was enveloped by thin clouds, & snow flakes were falling, most of the time, during the day. The weather moderated as the day advanced, & before the close was considerably more mild.

Arose in the morning at seven o’clock, and read a spell before the call to breakfast. Spent the day about the house with Azor and Eliza, and their other visitors while they staid. Spent a portion of the time reading, and a part of it in conversation. The visitors departed soon after noon, and went to Hiram’s. Azor went over to town to meeting in the eve.

Monday, 13

Full Moon at 11-39 morning. / Moon will rise tomorrow night. South / Sun rises 7-28, sets 4-51, & slow 9 m. / temp. at sunrise

The morning at the dawning was very cloudy and there was a pretty lively southwesterly wind. The weather continued cold but had become a little more moderate. Southerly wind continued through the day and there was a little rain in the forenoon but not much. In the course of the afternoon the clouds broke away some and there were some short intervals of sunshine and it also thawed some. The evening is quite cloudy and the south wind is quite brisk, and the temperature is quite mild.

Arose at an early hour in the morning and had an early breakfast, Azor having to go with Hiram to West Burlington today on business. Spent the day about the house, in very nearly the same manner as the several preceeding days since our arrival here. I devoted a considerable portion of the time to reading. We are intending to go, tomorrow with Azor & Eliza to visit at the Windfall.

Tuesday, 14

Second day of Full Moon. / Moon rises 5-43 eve. & south / Sun rises 7-27, sets 4-52, & slow 10 m. / Temp. at sunrise

The morning at the opening was quite cloudy and the weather was quite mild so there was a thaw in slow progress at that time. The day continued cloudy all the way through and the weather continued moderate, but towards night became a little colder the wind having changed to the north west, and the thaw was checked. The evening is very cloudy and is also quite calm.

Arose at about five o’clock in the morning and had breakfast before daylight, & after this, while Azor was attending to his chores, read some and got ready for a sleigh ride. At about 9 o’clock Azor hitched up and we all rode over to Laythan Andrus’ where we spent the day visiting with them and with Mrs. Brigham whom we met there, returning back to Azor’s at night.

Wednesday, 15

Third day of Full Moon. / Moon rises 6-44 eve. & south / Sun rises 7-27, sets 4-53, & slow 10 m. / Temp. at sunrise

Wind changed back to the south in the course of the night, and a snowstorm commenced in the small hours of the morning. At the dawn it was still in progress, and it continued until towards the middle of the day, and after it had ceased the wind became much more violent and continued through the day. The weather was considerably cloudy and cold, and with a boisterous south wind.

Arose soon after five o’clock in the morning and took breakfast by candle light. After this went out and took a look at Azor’s barn and stock and then went in and waited till Azor had finished his chores and hitched up his sleigh, and then we all got in and rode to William Bates’ for the purpose of a visit there. Towards night Azor & Eliza went home, intending to meet us tomorrow at Luther Clark’s.

Thursday, 16

Fourth day of Full Moon. / Moon rises 7-45 eve. & south / Sun rises 7-26, Sets 4-55, & slow 10 m. / Temp. at sunrise at sunset 28 deg.

There was a change of temperature some time in the course of the night and a thaw commenced. At the dawn of morning it was raining a little and the wind still continued in the south. The rain increased in the morning but subsided before noon. It commenced again in the afternoon and continued until towards night. The evening is cloudy, and the south wind is very heavy, & the snow is nearly all gone.

Arose in the morning between the hours of five and six, visited until after breakfast and after this we got ready and rode with William and Vesta down to Luther’s, where according to arrangement we met Azor & Eliza, and who after tea drove down & brot us home, they going home from here. Got a letter at the P.O. from Mary Andrus, & one from Lettie; & found on my table a letter from Mr. Atkins, & one from Rhoda, which were brot from the office while I was away.

Friday, 17

Fifth day of Full Moon. / Moon rises 8-47, & south / Sun rises 7-26, Sets 4-56, & slow 11 m. / Temp. at sunrise 31 deg.; at sunset 22.

Wind very heavy in the night from the south after which it changed to the north west. The morning at the dawn was a little colder & was also very cloudy. The clouds, and the low temperature continued through the day, there being no thaw of any account. There was a pretty brisk wind from the north most of the time, and in the afternoon there were flurries of snow. The evening is very cloudy and dark, and there is some wind also.

Arose in the morning a little before six o’clock and having kindled the library fire proceeded to my cold water bath, resuming my old habits again. After attending to these went into the kitchen and tended little Ruby until breakfast, and on leaving the table took her again a spell. Spent the forenoon mostly in the library where I read some, wrote some, & tinkered some. Afternoon went up to the election, & after voting went into the P.O. & got the Reporter & came home.

Saturday, 18

Sixth day of Full Moon. / Moon rises 9-49 eve. & south / Sun rises 7-25, sets 4-57, & slow 11 m. / Temp. at sunrise 9 deg.; at sunset 14.

At the dawn of morning there was a snow storm in progress – which had commenced in one of the small hours, probably – and the temperature was pretty well? down. The snow continued to fall, very moderately, through the day, and amounts to three or four inches in depth, which is sufficient to start the sleighs again. The evening continues cloudy and calm, & there is a little snow falling.

Arose in the morning at the hour of six, kindled my fire, and then proceeded with the regular morning order; After this went into the kitchen and spent my time with the women and children until after breakfast, and then going back to the library, divided my time, during the remainder of the day, between that and the sitting room and employed it with reading & writing, & tinkering, & chatting with the family. Harvey came in the afternoon, to return Monday.

Sunday, 19

Seventh day of Full Moon. / Moon rises 10-51 eve. & south / Sun rises 7-25, sets 4-58, & slow 11 m. / Temp. at sunrise 8 deg.; at sunset 8 degrees.

The morning at the dawn was cloudy, and calm, and cold. The storm had ceased leaving a sufficient supply of snow to make good sleighing again. The cloudy weather continued until some time afternoon, and then the clouds began to break away and the sun to shine. The entire day has been decidedly cold, but it was pleasant toward the close. The evening is clear & calm.

Arose in the morning soon after six o’clock, and having kindled my fire in the library proceeded with my bathing and other morning matters, and then going into the kitchen, tended, and amused myself with the baby until the call to the breakfast table. On leaving it, held the baby a little while and then returned to the library where I busied myself with reading until meeting time, & then went up to meeting at the Centre, & heard a discourse by Br. Levi Taylor. Luman came in the evening & staid.

Monday, 20

Eighth day of Full Moon. / Moon rises 11-56 eve, & south / Sun rises 7-24, sets 4-59, & slow 11 m. / Temp. at sunrise 1; at sunset 21.

Lay in bed until seven o’clock in the morning, then arose, kindled my library fire, proceeded to my bath and other morning concerns, and joined the family in the kitchen. Harvey arose at 4 o’clock and departed for the cars to proceed to his work at Field’s station, on the Lycoming Creek. Luman remained a spell after breakfast and then started away on his business. He paid me $25. Spent the forenoon about the house, reading some, and splitting some wood. Afternoon went up to the P.O. and got the Courier and then went in and chatted a spell with Mr. Bruce and Lydia. Spent remainder of the day at home and mostly in the library.

The morning was fair at the dawn and continued so until towards noon, & then becoming cloudy continued so till night. A little snow fell in the course of the afternoon. The evening is cloudy, and the weather is a little more mild.

Tuesday, 21

Last Quarter 3-47, afternoon. / Moon does not rise today. South / Sun rises 7-24, sets 5-1, & slow 12 m. / Temp. at sunrise 23; at sunset 32.

The morning was quite cloudy at the beginning and continued so through the day. There was a little snow falling part of the time and a pretty brisk breeze, but it thawed a little all through the afternoon. The evening remains cloudy and it is snowing a little at intervals, but it is quite calm and mild.

Arose at half past in the morning, and attended to my various morning matters in their order, and then joining the family in the kitchen, I tended the baby until the call to the breakfast table. On leaving it returned to the library and spent an hour or two at reading, and then went out and split wood a spell, and throwed it into the wood house. In the afternoon I split some more wood, and then returning to the library worked till night at filling a scrapbook.

Wednesday, 22

Second day of Last Quarter of the Moon. / Moon rises 0-58 morn. & south / Sun rises 7-23, sets 5-2, & slow 12 m. / Temp. at sunrise 29; at sunset 31

The morning at the opening was considerably cloudy, and cloudy weather has been the order of the day, there having been but very little sunshine. In the afternoon there was some wind in motion and some slight flurries of snow but they did not amount to much in the line of sleighing. The evening is cloudy and calm.

Arose in the morning at about seven o’clock or a little before, kindled fire? in library, bathed, dressed, put things in order, and then sat down and read until the breakfast call. After this, returning to the library, went to work at filling a scrap book until the middle of the day, & after this visited with Burton & Mary till towards night, & when they left I split some wood. Br. Streetor called & took tea with us.

Thursday, 23

Third day of Last Quarter of the Moon. / Moon rises 2-7, morn. south / Sun rises 7-22, sets 5-3, & slow 12 m. / Temp. at sunrise 18; at sunset 20.

The morning was considerably cloudy at the first and continued so until some time in the middle of the day, and then a north east snow storm commenced, quite moderately at first but growing more violent as it progressed, and continued through the remaining portion of the day. The evening is quite stormy.

Arose at six o’clock in the morning and attended to my regular routine of morning duties, after which met the family in the kitchen and soon after at the breakfast table, and after this returned to the library. After reading a spell Azor came with his sleigh for us to ride down to Julius’, where we met Amanda and Eliza, and Jack Drake and Lettie, besides the people of the house. Made out a very pleasant visit there – calling a short time at Robert’s – and towards night Azor drove up and brought us home.

Friday, 24

Fourth day of Last Quarter of the Moon. / Moon rises 3-19 morn. & south / Sun rises 7-21, sets 5-4, & slow 12 m. / Temp. at sunrise 20; sunset 22.

The morning was cloudy at the dawn and there was a little snow falling at the time but the fury of the storm had very much abated. The day continued quite cloudy all the way through, and the snow fell, moderately, nearly all the time. There has been no wind of any consequence, and the weather has been rather mild. The weather in the evening is of about the same character that it has been through the day.

Arose in the morning soon after six o’clock, and after attending to my bath and other matters, tended baby until breakfast. After this spent some time reading, and then went out and shovelled snow a spell, after which worked some time at splitting wood. The remainder of the day was mostly devoted to reading & my household chores.

Saturday, 25

Fifth day of Last Quarter of the Moon. / Moon rises 4-32 morn, & south / Sun rises 7-21, Sets 5-6, & slow 13 m. / Temp. at sunrise 14; sunset 16.

The morning was cloudy with a little snow yet falling. The wind was pretty brisk for a short time, but it soon subsided, and the snow, which had become more than a foot in depth, is not yet very badly drifted. The day continued cloudy snowing but very little and the temperature quite moderate for the winter season, growing colder some towards night. The evening is very cloudy but not stormy.

Arose in the morning at six o’clock, and after making my fire in the library, proceeded with my bathing process, and having dressed, and put things in order in the room, joined the family in the kitchen and taking Ruby, attended to her until breakfast was announced. From the table went back to the library and spent most of the forenoon reading. Afternoon went up to the Centre, called on Mr. Bruce & Lydia, got Reporter at P.O., & came home. Luman called.

Sunday, 26

Sixth day of Last Quarter of the Moon. / Moon rises 5-43, morn. & south / Sun rises 7-20, sets 5-7, & slow 13 m. / Temp. at sunrise 10; sunset 22.

The night was pretty cold and the morning was cloudy and calm with a little snow falling. The clouds broke away in the course of the forenoon and cleared off, and it became quite pleasant and quite mild. Continued fair until some time in the afternoon and then became quite cloudy again as well as some cooler. The evening remains cloudy, with wind from the south.

Lay in bed this morning until after seven o’clock, then kindled my library fire and attended to my bath, and by the time I had completed the arrangement of the room our breakfast was ready. After this made preparation for meeting at the Center which I attended at the proper time, and heard a discourse by Br. Greenlaw. Returning called at Isaac’s to engage a ride to the Summit in the morning, intending to start for Wolcott.

Monday, 27

Seventh day of Last Quarter of the Moon. / Moon rises 6-45 morn. & south / Sun rises 7-19, sets 5-8, & slow 13 m. / Temp. at sunrise 24; sunset

The The morning was quite cloudy and calm, and the weather was quite mild. In the course of the forenoon a fall of snow commenced which continued moderately through the day, and, in the afternoon, was attended with considerable wind, the weather, in the mean time growing colder. The evening was cloudy, stormy, and cold.

Arose in the morning before four o’clock, having arrangements for my journey to complete. After breakfast went up to Isaac’s and rode with him up to the summit and waited there till after two o’clock for the train that was due at eleven. Proceeded very slowly and did not arrive at Canandaguia until about ten o’clock in the evening when I should have been in Rochester at half past five. Not being aware of any trains for Rochester this evening, and the Northern Central train having arrived at the end of its route, I left it & sought accommodations for the night & found them at the Washington Hotel.

Tuesday, 28

New Moon 0-43 afternoon. / Moon begins to set tomorrow. South / Sun rises 7-18, sets 5-9, & slow 13 m. / Temp. at sunrise

The morning was very cold and stormy and continued so through the day, the storm easing considerably in the course of the afternoon. In the evening it became furious on account of a heavy, boisterous wind from the north, which drove the snow fiercely through the air, and in may places left it piled up in monstrous drifts. The weather, in the meantime continuing extremely cold.

Arose in the morning at six o’clock, took an early breakfast then went out & bought a R.R. Guide and at 10 o’clock took a train for Rochester arriving there before noon having to wait there till the afternoon, went up to the A???? and bought a book, and returning to the depot waited for the train and proceeded on to the ???? ??? taking the Wolcott ???? ???? a ???? ???? ???? ???? ???? a way, arrived there in the evening? and on account of the storm concluded to remain over night, being afraid to venture out alone.

Wednesday, 29

Second day of the New Moon. / Moon sets 6-24 eve; & south / Sun rises 7-17, sets 5-11, & slow 13 m. / Temp. at sunrise

The morning was very cold and stormy and blustering and the snow was drifting badly in many places. Towards noon the wind began to decline, and the clouds began to break, and the sun began to show itself, and hopes of better weather begin to be realized. The afternoon has been quite fair and calm and pleasant, but the temperature was not much improved. The evening remains clear and calm and cold.

Arose in the morning at the hour of six, sat down to breakfast soon after, paid my bill of one dollar, and after daylight started out to walk over to Sally’s through the snow & boisterous weather but found a chance to ride a part of the way. Arrived safely and found all well that were at home, John being away at the time, having gone to Benham’s. After sitting and chatting with the family a spell, walked over the Hiram’s & made a call, returning to Sally’s & tarrying there.

Thursday, 30

Third day of the New Moon. / Moon sets 7-46 eve., & south / Sun rises 7-16, sets 5-12, & slow 14 m. / Temp. at sunrise

The past night, and the morning were intensely cold; the morning was partially cloudy, and there was a pretty lively wind from the south. The clouds partially broke away so that there was a little sunshine towards the middle of the day. The cold abated somewhat in the course of the afternoon, so that the latter part of the day and the evening were more moderate and very much more comfortable. The evening remains partially cloudy, and south wind continues.

Lay in bed until after six o’clock in the morning, and soon after breakfast Hiram came with his sleigh for his mother and me to ride with him & Mary over to Andrew’s in the north west part of Rose. On account of head ache Sally declined to go but I went with them, and we had a very good visit, but a very cold ride. Returned to Sally’s at night.

Friday, 31

Fourth day of the New Moon. / Moon sets at 9-4 eve., & south / Sun rises 7-15, sets 5-14, & slow 14 m. / Temp. at sunrise

The morning was considerably cold and continued cloudy, the wind having changed back to the west was pretty brisk. The clouds, in the course of the forenoon, broke away sufficiently to let the sun appear occasionally. The afternoon was only partially cloudy and was considerably calm, but the sun did not shine very brightly. The weather, in the course of the day became a little more moderate but did not thaw. The evening is quite fair and the stars have again appeared to view. It is quite calm and pleasant.

Arose at about seven o’clock in the morning, and soon after took breakfast with the family. Feeling somewhat indisposed on account of my cold, concluded not to go out today, and I therefore remained indoors and kept near the fire. Expected Benham and Clarissa to come today but they disappointed us. Spent the time visiting and chatting with the boys and their mother, & a portion of it reading(?).

February

Saturday, 1

Fifth day of the New Moon. / Moon sets 10-39, & south 3-58 / Sun rises 7-1, sets 5-15, & slow 14 m. / Temp. at sunrise

The morning was cloudy again with snow falling moderately, the wind appearing to be from the east, and the severity of the cold weather was very much modified. Snow continued to fall at intervals, moderately, until towards night and at the time of sunset the clouds appeared to be breaking in the west. The evening is quite cloudy again, and is pretty cold with some wind stirring which appears to have changed to the west.

Did not arise in the morning until after six o’clock and read a little while before breakfast. Felt a little better than I did yesterday, but expecting the arrival of Benham and Clarissa did not go out any farther than to make a call at Hiram’s in the afternoon, or towards night, and then returned to Sally’s again to spend the night. Benham and his sister did not come.

Sunday, 2

Sixth day of the New Moon. / Moon sets 11-32, & south 4-46. / Sun rises 7-13, sets 5-16, & slow 14 m. / Temp. at sunrise

The morning opened quite fair and bright. The wind, which had blown like a hurricane through the night, had nearly subsided, and the weather though remaining quite cold, was really very pleasant. There was no change of weather during the day except there was a little wind in the afternoon. The evening remains fair, & the new moon and the stars are quite bright.

Arose at about seven o’clock in the morning, and would have gone to meeting at South Butler to-day if there had been any facilities for riding there; but as Luman had gone away yesterday with a horse and cutter and had not yet returned, John could not make it convenient to take me out today. I therefore remained about the house during the day, and spent the time in conversation with the family, and a portion of it reading.

Monday, 3

Seventh day of the New Moon. / Moon sets tomorrow morning. South 5-36? / Sun rises 7-12, sets 5 17, & slow 14 m. / Temp. at sunrise

The morning was quite cloudy and calm, with the wind in the south again, and the temperature appeared to be considerably more mild than it had been of late. The day continued cloudy, and calm, and with moderate temperatures until the close, and the evening is also of about the same character as it regards the weather, and there is the appearance of another storm at hand.

Arose in the morning between the hours of six and seven and made preparation for breakfast. After that meal sat down and read a spell, and then Hiram calling with his sleigh, I rode with him over to David’s. After a short stay he went away with his team but I remained to make a visit. spent my time very agreeably with them? & with the old people, Mr. & Mrs. Upson, The old gentleman is sick. Towards night Hiram came for me & I returned to Sally’s.

Tuesday, 4

First Quarter of Moon 5-22 morning. / Moon sets 0-42 morn. South 6-22. / Sun rises 7-11, sets 5-19, & slow 14 m. / Temp. at sunrise

The weather has greatly changed within the last twenty four hours. Thawed considerable in the course of the past night and rained some besides. The morning was cloudy and calm, and the thaw continued to make slow progress. The day continued warm and thawed more rapidly as it advanced. The clouds disappeared in the course of the morning and the day has been fair. The wind arose in the afternoon and is

Arose at six o’clock in the morning, and spent some time reading & chatting with Sally and the boys. Towards noon Andrew & Cynthia came according to arrangement, and not long after Benham & Clarissa appeared also. Hiram & Mary were also here, making in quite a housefull. Benham & Clarissa remained over night.

Wednesday, 5

Second day of First Quarter of the Moon. / Moon sets 1-50 morning, & south 7-11. / Sun rises 7-9, sets 5-20, and slow 14 m. / Temp at sunrise not observed.

The night was very windy and the morning was cloudy with brisk wind from the northwest and the weather much colder again. In addition to all this, there was another fall of snow in moderate progress, but it did not amount to much. The latter part of the day was fair, and the weather became more moderate. The evening is quite pleasant.

Arose between six and seven o’clock in the morning and spent the forenoon with the family visiting, and reading a part of the time. Gave up the old note I held against the late E. B. Andrus, and took one for $94. given by the two boys Benham and John. Afternoon went over to Mr. Harper’s and made a call. Towards night rode with Benham & Clarissa, when they went home, down to Seely’s corners in Rose, & then walked down to Roswell Marsh’s and stopped to make a visit there.

Thursday, 6

Third day of First Quarter of the Moon. / Moon sets 2-56 morn., and south 8-2. / Sun rises 7-8, sets 5-21, and slow 14 m. / Temp. at sunrise not observed.

The morning opened fair and bright, with a temperature so favorable that thawing soon commenced after the freezing of the past night. The weather through the day has been remarkably pleasant and fine, and the evening is also much the same, except that it is a little colder again, with a prospect of freezing a little.

Arose a little after six in the morning and at the proper time took breakfast with the family who were all at home that belonged there and besides these Mr. Saxton and Rebecca came there and visited with us. According to an arrangement I had made with John, he went down there with a cutter to bring me back, and towards I returned with him towards night arriving before dark. Soon after this Mr. Harper called in and spent the evening visiting with us, remaining until a late hour.

Friday, 7

Fourth day of First Quarter of the Moon. / Moon sets 3-59 morn. and south 8-55? / Sun rises 7-7, sets 5.23, and slow 14 m. / Temp. at sunrise _______

The morning was quite fair and pleasant at the opening, and the weather was decidedly moderate, but had frozen a little in the course of the night. Fair weather continued through the day and thawed considerably. The evening too is fair with the exception of some clouds around the horizon which indicate a change of weather at a period near at hand.

Arose in the morning sometime between the hours of seven and eight o’clock, and after breakfast sat down to reading at which employment I spent most of the time during the forenoon. In the afternoon went down to Hiram’s and visited with Mary until towards night and then returned to Sally’s to spend the night. In the evening spent my time with the family.

Saturday, 8

Fifth day of First Quarter of the Moon. / Moon sets 4-56, morn. and south 9-45. / Sun rises 7-6, sets 5-24, and slow 14 m. / Temp. at sunrise _____

The night was quite windy but the weather remained moderate and did not freeze. The morning was partially cloudy with the wind more moderate. As the morning advanced clouds came over, and the wind revived, the weather continuing quite mild, and the thaw progressing slowly. In the afternoon there were some light squalls, a few short intervals of sunshine, but clouds and high winds prevailed, and the weather grew rapidly colder towards the close of the day.

Lay in bed until eight o’clock in the morning and had breakfast soon afterward. Did not go abroad today but remained in the house nearly all the time. Devoted most of the day to reading, but conversed a spell, occasionally, with the boys and with their mother. At night Mr. Harper came in and spent the evening with us, and remained until after ten o’clock, before he took his leave.

Sunday, 9

Sixth day of First Quarter of the Moon. / Moon sets 5-46 morn. and South 10-38. / Sun rises 7-5, sets 5-25, and slow 14 m. / Temp. at sunrise

The morning was stormy, wether much colder, and there was a heavy blustering wind which had prevailed through the past night. The wind continued through the day and was very boisterous and cold coming from the northwest, but the storm, although it did not cease entirely, was quite inconsiderable. The evening is very much blustering and cold and disagreeable out of the house.

Arose in the morning at seven o’clock, having given up my intention of riding to meeting at South Butler on account of the extremely uncomfortable weather. Spent the day in the house with Sally and the boys, not caring to go out in the storm and wind, on account of my severe cold, which, however, is getting considerably better. Read some, & spent much of the time chatting with the family intending to start for home tomorrow if all is well.

Monday, 10

Seventh day of First Quarter of the Moon. / Moon sets 6-26 morn and south 11-24. / Sun rises 7-3, sets 5-26, and slow 14 m. / Temp. at sunrise

The weather in the morning was pretty cold and rough at the first, but the wind had abated somewhat, and the clouds were partially broken. As the morning advanced the wind subsided, and the sun appearing at intervals gave hope of better weather. The forenoon was partially cloudy and the latter part of the day pretty fair. The evening is fair, and is also quite cold.

Arose in the morning at about seven o’clock and had breakfast soon after. Prepared for my departure and at ten o’clock took my leave and walked over to the Wolcott depot, John & Mr. Harper going with me. Took the train at eleven, & another train at Junction & went down to the bay & lake, walked back to Fair Haven, took train at 4 p.m. for Owego, & then waited for & took a train for Waverly arriving there after one o’clock in the morning, and then put up at Major Field’s hotel.

Tuesday, 11

Eighth day of First Quarter of Moon. / Moon will rise tomorrow. South M?. / Sun rises 7-2, sets 5-8, and slow 14 m. / Temp. sunrise _____

The morning was cloudy at the opening and continued so through the entire day. Towards noon there was a little storm of sleet, but it did not amount to much. The weather was not very cold but did not thaw much. The evening is cloudy and a little colder.

Arose at about seven o’clock in the morning, took my breakfast soon after, went out and bought a pair of gloves, paid $1. tavern bill, went to depot & took a train for Towanda. Arriving there went about town some, met Mr. Brewer, went home with him and took dinner there, remaining there until past two o’clock proceeded to the depot and took the train for Barclay, walked part of way up from foot of Plane & riding on a sleigh the other part, and arriving at Theodore’s a little before night, I put up for the night with Luman whom I found at home.

Wednesday, 12

Full Moon 6-49, in the morning. / Moon rises 5-35 eve. and south 0-10, m. / Sun rises 7-0, sets 5-29, and slow 14 m. / Temp. at sunrise _____; at sunset 20.

The morning was considerably cloudy and continued so through the day. The weather was chilly but not very cold, thawing a little in the middle of the day. The evening remained cloudy, and the temperature appeared to be going down lower as the evening advanced.

Arose at about seven o’clock in the morning and in due season took my breakfast at Theodore’s where I had put up. Had him take a negative from Selenda’s picture for a copy of common size, bought two 8 by 10, black walnut frames of him, & left them for Luman to bring some time, & having a chance to ride toward home as far as Anthony Smith’s with his son, got into his sleigh and came along, walking the rest of the way. Found family all well at home, and a letter from A. M. Bailey on my table waiting for me.

Thursday, 13

Second day of Full Moon. / Moon rises 6-39, eve. and south 0-54? / Sun rises 6-59, Sets 5-30, and 14 m slow / Temp at sunrise 5 – at sunset 15.

The morning was partially cloudy in the morning continuing so through the forenoon. The afternoon was quite cloudy, and was also quite calm. The temperature was pretty low in the morning and and did not improve very much in the course of the day. The evening also is partially cloudy and is calm, but it is considerably cold.

Arose in the morning before six o’clock, kindled my fire in the library and again enjoyed the luxury of my cold water bath. After arranging and putting the room in order went into the kitchen with the family, and soon after took my place at the breakfast table with them. Read most of the time during the day when not engaged in conversation with the family, having had no other company except Mr. Gilman.

Friday, 14

Third day of Full Moon. / Moon rises 7-41, and south 1-36. / Sun rises 6-58, sets 5-32, and slow 14 m. / Temp. at sunrise 10, – at sunset 22.

The morning was very cloudy, and was also quite calm. The day continued cloudy, without any sunshine, until the close, and the weather was only moderately cold, so that in the middle of the day it thawed a little in favorable places. There was a very little snow falling part of the time. The evening remains cloudy and calm.

Arose at six o’clock in the morning, and after kindling my fire I attended to my bath and other matters in the library, joined the family in the kitchen and amused myself with little Ruby until the breakfast was ready. On leaving the table I took her again a short time & then went into the library to read. Afternoon went up to the Centre, calling on Lydia, got Reporter & a paper from A. M. B. & came home & split some wood.

Saturday, 15

Fourth day of the Full Moon. / Moon rises 8-43, eve. and south 2-16 Sun rises 6-57, sets 5-33, and slow 14 m. / Temp at sunrise 18, at sunset 25.

The morning at the beginning was quite cloudy, but before ten o’clock the clouds began to break away and the sun to shine a little occasionally. The middle of the day was considerably fair and thawed freely but it became cloudy again towards the close, and some cooler also. The evening continued cloudy.

Arose at five o’clock in the morning and according to my custom, attended to the routine of my morning matters. After this went into the kitchen and remained with the women and children until after breakfast, and then returning to the library spent some time reading, after which went out and split some wood for the kitchen. In the afternoon went up to Centre, called a spell at Bruce’s, & then went into the P.O. & got the Courier & came home, & spent some time reading & tending the baby.

Sunday, 16

Fifth day of the Full Moon. / Moon rises 9-45 eve. and south 2-57. / Sun rises 6-55, sets 5-34. and slow 14 m. / Temp at sunrise 25; at sunset 30.

The night was quite stormy mild but was a little stormy. Snow was falling moderately when the morning dawned, and continued with only slight intervals of suspension until towards night. The weather has been quite mild, thawing some most of the time since morning. There has only two or three inches of snow fallen. The evening remains quite cloudy and there is a little wind.

Arose before six o’clock in the morning & after having attended to the preliminary affairs according to custom sat down and read a little while and then joining the family in the kitchen and there learned that Harvey had returned some time in the night with his team. After breakfast read some time in the library, and then got ready and went up to meeting at the Centre. Br. Delmot, who is attending a protracted meeting here, was the preacher. Returning, spent much of the afternoon in the library reading.

Monday, 17

Sixth day of the Full Moon. / Moon rises 10-49 eve. and south 3-38/ Sun rises 6-54, Sets 5-35, and slow 14 m. / Temp. at sunrise 28; at sunset 26 only.

The night was quite mild and quite stormy, a considerable depth of snow having fallen. The morning remained quite cloudy and with some wind moving at the first but as it advanced the wind subsided and the clouds breaking away the sun appeared and caused the day to be quite fair and pleasant, continuing so till the close except that it was hazy around the horizon. The evening is fair & calm.

Arose at six o’clock in the morning and after attending to my bath and other matters sat down and read a short time before the call to breakfast. After leaving the table spent some time with little Ruby and the family, and then returning to the library devoted most of the remainder of the forenoon to reading. Spent the afternoon too about the house at examining and cutting up newspapers and the like.

Tuesday, 18

Seventh day of the Full Moon. / Moon rises 11-55 eve. and south 4-21. / Sun rises 6-52, sets 5-37. and slow 14 m. / Temp at sunrise 4 only, & at sunset 33.

The night was very cold and the morning was cold and cloudy at the dawn, and soon after became quite foggy besides. The fog and the clouds disappeared after a little, and the remainder of the forenoon and middle of the day were quite fair, and thawed considerably again. The afternoon became cloudy again and there was considerable wind. The clouds became broken at night and the evening is partially fair, with a pretty brisk wind from the west.

Arose in the morning soon after five o’clock, kindled my fire and took my bath according to my morning practice, and having put the room in order sat down and read a spell and then joining the family in the kitchen amused myself with little Ruby till the breakfast was ready. After this spent most of the day in the library marking & numbering the verses in Sawyer’s translation of the New Testament. Went out & got a stock of kindling wood from some pine roots.

Wednesday, 19

Eighth day of the Full Moon. / Moon will not rise till tomorrow. South 5-7. Sun rises 6-51, Sets 5-38, and slow 14 m. / Temp at sunrise 36; at sunset 36.

The thaw continued through the night and the morning when it dawned was quite cloudy, and with very little wind. The clouds broke away in the course of the morning, and before noon it was quite fair. The afternoon has been very fair and pleasant, and the thaw has made rapid progress through the day. The evening too continues warm and fair, and the stars are very bright.

Arose in the morning a little before six o’clock, and after attending to the regular course joined the family and soon after took my breakfast, and returned to the library. Spent the forenoon with Sawyer’s new Testament, marking and numbering the chapters & verses, and afternoon split some wood. Burton & Mary came in the middle of the day, & Mr. Bunyan made a short call in the afternoon.

Thursday, 20

Last Quarter of Moon, 6-39 morning. / Moon rises 1-3 morn, and south 5-56. / Sun rises 6-49, sets 5-39, and slow 14 min. / Temp. at sunrise 20; at sunset 25.

The latter part was considerably colder and froze some. There were some clouds at the dawn but they quickly disappeared and the morning was fair and calm. The day continued very fair and pleasant until towards night, and then it became partially cloudy. Thawing commenced pretty early in the day and continued till late in the afternoon. The evening is fair overhead but is cloudy around the horizon.

Left the bed at half past five in the morning, took my bath &c. and then went into the kitchen and took charge of little Ruby until the breakfast was ready, and having disposed of that meal returned to the library and resumed the work of marking and numbering the chapters and verses of Sawyer’s translation of the New Testament, according to the common version. Spent part of the time reading.

Friday, 21

Second day of Last Quarter of the moon. / Moon rises 2-3 morn. and south 6-51 / Sun rises 6-48, Sets 5-40, and slow 14 min. Temp. at sunrise 27; at sunset 20.

The morning at the opening was cloudy and stormy, a snow storm having commenced some time in the course of the night. There was also a pretty brisk wind which soon subsided, but snow continued to fall rapidly until nearly noon and then the clouds breaking away a little the sun appeared, but closing again soon after noon there was another fall of snow for a short spell, after which the remainder of the after became mostly fair. & thawed a little. Evening quite fair but there is a pretty brisk wind.

Arose between five & six in the morning & attended to my usual order. After breakfast spent the forenoon, most of the time, at my table, engaged same as yesterday with Sawyer’s testament. In the afternoon some one brought from the Post Office the Reporter & a letter from Ellen Buell. Read some and went out & split up some wood & brought into the library closet.

Saturday, 22

Third day of Last Quarter of the Moon. / Moon rises 3-22, morn. and south 7-50. / Sun rises 6-46, sets 5-42, and slow 14 min. / Temp at sunrise 5; at sunset 9 only.

The night was clear and cold, the morning at the dawn was cloudy and calm, continuing so till towards noon, then the clouds broke away and the middle of the day, and the afternoon were mostly fair. The weather in the middle of the day was warm enough to thaw a little but froze again before night. The evening is considerably fair, their being but few clouds in sight, and it is also very calm.

Arose about half past five o’clock in the morning, kindled my fire and took my bath, and having completed my arrangements in the library sat down and read a spell before breakfast. After this returned to the library and devoted most of the day to reading, and to versing Sawyer’s translation of the new testament, and besides this I split & brought in some wood.

Sunday, 23

Fourth day of Last Quarter of the Moon. / Moon rises 4-27 morn. and south 8-52. / Sun rises 6-45, Sets 5-43, and slow 14 min. / Temp. at sunrise 11 below, sunset 1 below.

The morning was mostly fair at the dawn and continued so through the forenoon. There were more clouds in the latter part of the day, at one time there was a pretty smart flurry of snow falling. The weather has been extremely cold through the day, but there has been but very little wind stirring. The evening is considerably cloudy with some snow falling moderately.

Arose in the morning at about six o’clock, and after kindling my fire and attending to the other matters joined the family in the kitchen until after breakfast and then returning to the library employed the time reading until the hour for meeting. Attended meeting at the Centre, at which Br. Delmott delivered a very able discourse, he not having yet concluded his protracted effort. James Beach & his wife were received in the church.

Monday, 24

Fifth day of Last Quarter of the Moon. / Moon rises 5-24, morn., & south 9-56. / Sun rises 6-43; sets 5-44, & slow 13 min. / Temp. at sunrise 10 below; sunset 13 above.

The past night was another very cold one. The morning was partially cloudy at the dawn, but soon became mostly fair and continued so until some time in the afternoon and then became more cloudy again. The weather has been very cold through the day, and there a blustering wind most of the time. The evening is partially fair, but the wind has not very much abated.

Left the bed in the morning between the hours of five and six, and spent the time till breakfast in the usual way. On leaving the table repaired to the library and devoted a large portion of the time to reading, going into the sitting room occasionally to chat with the women and to amuse myself with the little one. Harvey went to Barclay & Carbon Creek, returning before night. In the evening Volney and Laura came in and remained until nearly bed time.

Tuesday, 25

Sixth day of Last Quarter of the Moon. / Moon rises 6-10, morn. and south 10-58. / Sun rises 6-42, sets 5-45, and slow 13 min. / Temp. at sunrise 14, at sunset 24.

The morning at the beginning was considerably cloudy but the weather was not as extremely cold as the last few mornings have been. Soon after the time of sunrise the clouds cleared away partially, so that through the course of the day there has been clouds and sunshine alternately, and the temperature has been very suitable for the season of the year. The evening is quite cloudy and quite calm.

Arose at five o’clock in the morning and after attending to the first business in order, sat down to reading until the breakfast call. Returned to the library from the breakfast table and spent most of the time reading during the day. Went out in the afternoon and spent some time splitting and preparing some wood for the library. Harvey went with his team to work at Carbon Creek. Sara came.

Wednesday, 26

New Moon 10-38, in the afternoon. / Moon will begin to set tomorrow, South 11-57. / Sun rises 6-40, sets 5-47, and slow 13 min. / Temp. at sunrise 21; at sunset 24.

The morning at the dawning was very cloudy and was quite calm. Continued cloudy until the middle of the day and then became partially fair. The afternoon was quite fair until towards night, and then became cloudy again. Thawed considerably in the middle of the day and afternoon, which has nearly spoiled the sleighing again, along the valley. The evening remains cloudy.

Lay in bed till six o’clock in the morning, then arose and after attending to the morning routine, sat down and read till breakfast, and after breakfast read most of the time during the forenoon. Afternoon went up to the post office and got the Courier of last week, and bought two panes of glass to be used in picture frames, and then returned directly home, and spent the remainder of the afternoon with the newspaper. At night attended to my usual chores.

Thursday, 27

Second day of the New Moon. / Moon sets 6-35 eve. and south eve. / Sun rises 6-39, sets 5-48, and slow 13 m. / Temp. at sunrise 24; & at sunset 24.

There a little fall of snow sometime in the course of the night and at the dawn of morning it was cloudy and a pretty brisk wind from the south. There was a little sunshine in the middle of the day but the afternoon was cloudy, the wind having changed to the northwest, and there was another little fall of snow. The weather has been very mild, thawing much of the time. The evening continues quite cloudy & is calm.

Arose a little before six o’clock in the morning, and after attending to my ablutions and the order of the room, took a book and read till breakfast, & after this continued my reading, most of the time through the day; leaving off at intervals a little space to chat with the women, and to amuse myself with the children, especially with little Ruby.

Friday, 28

Third day of the New Moon. / Moon sets 7-52 eve. and south 1.44. / Sun rises 6-37, sets 5-49, and slow 13 min. / Temp. at sunrise 14, at sunset 17.

The morning was considerably cloudy at the dawn, and was also quite calm, but the weather had grown a little colder than it was yesterday. The clouds broke away before noon so that the sun appeared, and there was sunshine most of the time during the afternoon; but towards night it was cloudy again. Thawed some in the afternoon. The evening is considerably fair, and quite calm.

Arose at half past five in the morning and having attended to the preliminary matters, joined the family in the kitchen. Samuel made an early call and was with us at breakfast. Not long after he went away Benjamin and Lurenda drove up to the house, and Azor and Eliza with Lucella were immediately behind them. Helped them to put out & feed their horses, & spent the day with them. Azor & Eliza went home towards night, taking Sara with them.

March

Saturday, 1

Fourth day of the New Moon. / Moon sets 9-9, and south 2-35. / Sun rises 6-36, sets 5-51, and slow 12 min. / Temp. at sunrise 2 above zero; at sunset 21

The morning at the dawn was quite fair and quite calm, and quite cold. The temperature rapidly rose with the rising sun, and began to thaw soon after. The day was very fair and pleasant all the way through, growing colder again towards night as a matter of course. The evening is remarkably clear, and the new moon and stars are very bright.

Arose in the morning a little before six o’clock and attended to the routine of the preliminary, morning exercises. After this spent my time with Benjamin until the breakfast call. They remained with us an hour or two after breakfast and then took their departure for home. Spent most of the remainder of the forenoon in the library reading, and in the afternoon went up to the post office and got the Reporter, meeting Mr. Bunyan there. Came home and read my paper.

Sunday, 2

Fifth day of the New Moon. / Moon sets 10-24, eve. and south 3-24 / Sun rises 6-34, Sets 5-52, and slow 12 min. / Temp. at sunrise 14 above; at sunset 18.

The morning at the opening was considerably cloudy, and the wind appeared to be moving from a southern quarter. There was a little snow falling at different intervals in the course of the day, the sun shining but very little, and there was but a little thawing, the weather growing colder in the afternoon and towards night especially. The evening is partially fair.

Left the bed at about six o’clock in the morning, and after taking my customary washing, and putting things in order, sat down and read a short time and then went in to breakfast. After this read some time and then getting ready went up to the Centre to meeting. Br. Levi Taylor conducted the exercises and delivered a discourse. Met Lurenda there, who came over with Willis. Elon came over and spent the forepart of the evening with me, & Mr. Gilman was in.

Monday, 3

Sixth day of the New Moon / Moon sets 11-37 eve. and south 4-14 / Sun rises 6-32, Sets 5-53, and slow 12 min / Temp. at sunrise 18; & at sunset only 8 above

There was another little fall of snow some time in the night and the morning was quite cloudy besides being pretty cold. In the course of the forenoon the clouds broke away and the sun shone a part of the time thawing a little. The afternoon was cold and cloudy, with a cold blustering wind from the northwest. The evening is partially cloudy and the mercury is below zero, with the northwest wind blowing briskly.

Arose a little after five o’clock in the morning, and after attending to the regular order joined the family and soon after had breakfast. After this returned to the library and spent much of the time reading. In the afternoon went up to the post office and got the Courier, and to Dave Sayles’ & got a box having in it some picture frames &c., which he had brot for me from Barclay. Prepared & hung up two of them in the Dining room.

Tuesday, 4

Seventh day of the New Moon. / Moon does not set today. South 5-4 / Sun rises 6-31, Sets 5-54, and slow 12 min. / Temp. at sunrise 3 below; at sunset 5 above.

The night was very cold and blustering. The morning at the dawn was a little cloudy, very cold but was a little more calm. The clouds were a little broken in the middle of the day but there was not much sunshine, and not any thawing. The afternoon was partially fair, but it remained very cold, with only a moderate breeze of wind. The evening

Arose at a little before six o’clock in the morning, and after attending other matters, sat down and read in the library until the breakfast call. After the breakfast resumed my reading in the library, continuing an hour or more and until Luman came, who left Barclay yesterday and staid at Leroy last night. After a little he went away to find some fat cattle, and the remainder of the day I spent mostly reading & splitting wood.

Wednesday, 5

First Quarter 8-41, in the afternoon. / Moon sets 0-46, morn. and south 5-56 / Sun rises 6-29, sets 5-5, and slow 12 min. / Temp. at sunrise 14 below, & at sunset 8 above.

There has been another very cold night, & the morning also was extremely cold. It was quite fair at the dawn, and has continued so through the entire day. There has been but little wind, and has thawed a little in favorable places where the sun was shining in the middle of the day. The evening remains quite fair, & the intensity of the cold is only a little less than last eve.

Arose at six o’clock in the morning and took my cold water bath as usual. After breakfast spent some time splitting and preparing some wood for the kitchen and the library and then sat down in the library to read. Spent much of the time so until afternoon & then Stephen & Delia came in, and remained with us till towards night, and soon after they left for their home, Azor called a few minutes on an errand for Sara.

Thursday, 6

Second day of First Quarter of the Moon. / Moon sets 1-51 morn. and south 6-48 / Sun rises 6-27, sets 5-56, and slow 11 min. / Temp. at sunrise 18 below, at sunset 21 above.

The morning at the dawn was clear and calm, but it was also intensely cold. Fair weather continued through the day with the exception of a few floating clouds and a hazy horizon toward the close. The severity of the cold abated very much, so that in the middle of the day and the afternoon it thawed a little in the sunshine. The evening is fair and temperature more mild.

Arose at half past five o’clock in the morning, kindled my fire, took my wash, and put my room to rights as usual, after which I read and tended baby until the breakfast call. Spent most of the forenoon reading. Luman came in the middle of the day and staid till some time after dinner. He helped me grind an axe, with which I chopped & split some wood after he went away. Sara came again this afternoon. Harvey came home this eve.

Friday, 7

Third day of First Quarter of the Moon. / Moon sets 2-51 morn. and south 7-40 / Sun rises 6-26, Sets 5-58, and slow 11 min / Temp. at sunrise 20 above, at sunset 37.

The morning opened with a clear sky, and with a very great change in the temperature of the weather; it being quite mild and springlike. Fair pleasant weather continued through the day & the thawing has spoiled the sleighing again the road in the valley becoming considerable muddy in some places. The evening is very fair, and calm, and mild and pleasant.

Arose in the morning at a little past five o’clock, and when I had got ready went in and joined the family at the breakfast table which was a little earlier than common, Harvey having to take Sara up to the summit in season for the morning train going south. Spent much of the day reading. Afternoon went up to P.O. & got the Reporter, and made a call of an hour or two at Mr. Bruce’s.

Saturday, 8

Fourth day of First Quarter of the Moon. / Moon sets 3-44 morn. and south 8-31. / Sun rises 6-24, sets 5-59m and slow 11 min. / Temp. at sunrise 36, & at sunset 41.

The weather at the dawn was considerably cloudy, was quite calm, and was very mild. Rained a little in the course of the morning and then the clouds breaking away the day became partially fair and continued so until the close, and thawed considerably. There was a moderate wind in the forenoon which, in the afternoon became a pretty stiff breeze. The evening is partially fair and very windy.

Arose at a quarter past five in the morning and after attending to the other matters sat down and read until called to breakfast. Spent most of the forenoon in the sitting room with the family and with company that came in. Mrs. Jeremy Bailey came early in the day and remained with us, and Elon and Br. Streetor made calls in the course of the forenoon. Split up and brought in some wood towards night.

Sunday, 9

Fifth day of the First Quarter of the Moon. / Moon sets at 4-28 morn. and south 9-20 / Sun rises 6-22, sets 6-0, and slow 11 min. / Temp. at sunrise 29; at sunset 30.

The wind through the night was very heavy, and the sky at the dawn of morning was very clear, and the prospect for a pleasant day was very good. The afternoon has been partially cloudy, and there has been considerable wind in the course of the day. The weather has become a little colder, which has checked the thaw considerably. The evening is a little cloudy only, and the wind appears to come from the southwest.

Arose a little before six o’clock and attended to my morning matters in the regular order. After breakfast devoted the time to reading until the time for meeting and then got ready and attended at the meeting house at the Centre. Br. Greenlaw was present and gave a very good discourse. Spent much of the afternoon with Sawyer’s version of the new testament, marking the verses of the Acts of Apostles.

Monday, 10

Sixth day of First Quarter of the Moon. / Moon sets 5-4, morn. and south 10-7 / Sun rises 6-21, sets 6-1, and slow 10 mon. / Temp. at sunrise 20; at sunset 24.

There was a furious snowstorm in progress when the morning opened which began some time in the course of the night. The wind and storm gradually abated as the morning advanced and before noon the sun was shining pleasantly, and much of the snow thawed off. The afternoon was mostly fair and quite calm. The evening is very fair and bright but is considerably windy.

Arose between the hours of five and six o’clock, got ready for breakfast and read till it was announced. After this most of the forenoon was spent marking and numbering the verses and chapters of the book of Acts in Sawyer’s translation. Afternoon attended the funeral of Warren Brown at the meeting house at the Centre. Elder Phenix preached. Called at the P.O. & got the Courier, brought it home, & spent some time reading it. After this went out and split some wood for the library.

Tuesday, 11

Seventh day of First Quarter of the Moon. / Moon sets 5-35 morn, and South 10-52 / Sun rises 6-19, sets 6-2, and slow 10 min. / Temp. at sunrise 29; & at sunset 28.

The wind through the night was very strong, and in the morning was still more violent, coming from the south. At the dawn there was another snow storm in progress, but it soon abated. The day has been partially fair, with occasional squalls of snow some of which were quite furious; but the temperature has been quite mild, thawing considerably. There has been a pretty stiff breeze of wind much of the time in the course of the day. The evening is mostly fair, and is quite calm.

Arose before six o’clock in the morning and spent the time before breakfast in the usual way. After breakfast resumed my work of marking Sawyer’s translation, and continued it at intervals until I completed it in the afternoon. Spent some time reading & towards night split and brought in some more wood for the library fire.

Wednesday, 12

Eighth day of First Quarter of the Moon. / Moon sets 6-1, morn, and south 11-34 / Sun rises 6-17, sets 6-3, and slow 10 min. / Temp. at sunrise 17; at sunset 26.

The morning at the dawn was considerably cloudy, but cleared off immediately after the sun arose and was quite fair and without any wind, continuing so until the middle of the day. The afternoon has been quite cloudy but there was no wind or storm. The temperature has been mild, thawing some. The clouds broke away after sundown and the evening is partially fair.

Arose at half past five in the morning and after attending to the bathing and other matters, sat down and read a spell and then went in to breakfast. Remained about the house through the day, with the time not idly spent, or devoted to any particular employment. Read at intervals, a considerable portion of it, and bestowed a part of it also with the women and children, and especially in the care of little Ruby. Towards night went out and split up a quantity of wood for my use in the library.

Thursday, 13

Ninth day of First Quarter of the Moon. / Moon will rise tomorrow. South tomorrow / Sun rises 6-15, sets 6-4, and slow 10 min. / Temp. at sunrise 24; & at sunset 32.

The morning, at the dawn, was considerably cloudy, but soon after the sun arose the clouds dispersed and the morning became fair and pleasant. The weather continued so through the day or until near sundown, and then became quite cloudy again. There has been but little wind and mud is quite plenty in the roads and elsewhere. The evening is partially fair, and is calm.

Arose at a little past five o’clock in the morning, attended to the regular order, and then, after reading a spell, joined the family in the kitchen and soon after at the breakfast table. Returned to the library and read a spell and then having a chance to ride out for a visit, got ready, and went with the entire family up to Burton’s, where we spent the remainder of the day, returning just at night.

Friday, 14

Full Moon 1-1 in the morning. / Moon rises 6-36 eve. and south 0-16 morn. / Sun rises 6-14, sets 6-6, and slow 9 min. / Temp. at sunrise 30; & at sunset 29.

The morning at the dawn was fair but it became cloudy very soon after. The clouds however did not continue very long, but breaking away soon after the weather became fair and continued so through the day. The temperature being quite mild the thaw made rapid progress, and water and mud became very plenty. Wind began to blow from the west towards night, and the weather was a little cooler. The evening is partially fair.

Arose in the morning between the hours of five and six, went through with the first business of the morning and then sat down to reading a little while. After the breakfast returned to the library and wrote a letter on business to my friend J. K. Pelton which, after copying I carried to the post office and returned without any mail matter. Spent the remainder of the afternoon writing. Harvey & Lizzie went down to Woodin’s visiting.

Saturday, 15

Second day of the Full Moon. / Moon rises 7-38 eve. and south 5 6 morn / Sun rises 6-12, sets 6-7, and slow 9 min. / Temp at sunrise 38; & at sunset 40.

The morning at the beginning was quite cloudy, and there was also a pretty heavy wind. The forenoon continued cloudy and there was a little rain. The clouds were a little broken in the afternoon but there was not much sunshine. The wind was south through the day. The evening was partially fair, and the south wind was pretty lively.

Left the bed in the morning at about the usual time, and having attended to the bath and other matters went in and joined the family in the kitchen, remaining till after breakfast, and then returning to the library I finished a letter to Mary Andrus and the copy and began a letter to Arletta Lane which I finished and copied in the course of the day and evening. Mr. Gilman brought me from the post office the Reporter and the Courier, and a package of pictures of Selenda from Barclay. Split some wood at night.

Sunday, 16

Third day of the Full Moon. / Moon rises 5?-42 eve. and south 1-37 m. / Sun rises 6-10, sets 6-8, and slow 9 min. / Temp. at sunrise 37; & at sunset 30.

There was heavy wind through the night from the south, continuing in the morning from the west, and the morning was quite cloudy as well as windy. High wind continued through the day, and the clouds broke away so that there was a little sunshine occasionally, but the weather has been some colder than it was yesterday. The evening has become quite fair, but the cold west wind continues to blow with much force.

Commenced the operations of the day by rising at six o’clock in the morning, and by attending to the usual order. After this read untill the breakfast call, and after that, resumed my reading until the time for meeting which I attended at the Centre, carrying my two letters along and depositing them in the post office box. Br. Levi Taylor conducted the meeting. Ben. and Anna and Sara were here in the afternoon, and Lincoln and Fremont called in the evening.

Monday, 17

Fourth day of Full Moon. / Moon rises 9-47 eve. and south 2-20 / Sun rises 6-9, sets 6-9, and slow 8 min / Temp. at sunrise 22; and at sunset 25.

The night was very windy, and the morning was very clear and pleasant but there was considerable wind remaining. The day continued fair all the way through and was quite warm? in the middle and in the afternoon until towards night and the thaw made considerable progress. The wind abated before night. The evening is very clear and bright, the stars giving considerable light.

Arose in the morning at about the usual? time and attended to my fire, and my bathing and my room, and then sat down and read a spell. After breakfast, having concluded to write a letter to Mr. Atkins, made preparation and a commencement. Devoted the day to this purpose, but employed only a portion of the time to the writing table, spending much of it with the family. Made out a letter of considerable length in the course of the day, and made a copy according to my custom. Rec’d a letter from Middlsex Bailey, brot in by Mr. Gilman.

Tuesday, 18

Fifth day of the full Moon / Moon rises 10-54, eve. and south 3-4. / Sun rises 6-7, sets 6-10, and slow 8 min. / Temp. at sunrise 20; and at sunset 28.

The morning was quite cloudy but there was not wind. Cloudy weather continued through the day and as the day advanced the wind became more active, but it was not at any time violent. In the afternoon it first snowed a little and afterwards it changed to rain continuing till night. The evening was a little rainy at first, but it finally cleared away and is now partially(?) fair and is also calm.

Arose in the morning at a little before six o’clock and spent the early morning in the usual way. After the preliminaries had been performed, sat down and commenced to write a letter to Rhoda, who as it appears by her nephew’s letter, is now at her mother’s with a young son. Spent a considerable portion of the day, at intervals, writing the letter and the copy, and did not finish them until in the evening. Read some occasionally, and attended to various other house hold matters.

Wednesday, 19

Sixth day of the Full Moon. / Moon don’t rise today. South 3-52. / Sun rises 6-5, Sets 6-11, and slow 8 min. / Temp. at sunrise 32; and at sunset 34.

The morning at the opening was mostly fair and was quite calm. The temperature was more mild than it was last evening, having changed sometime in the night. The day became quite fair in the early part; and continued so until after sundown. It also remained quite calm and was pretty warm besides. The evening is considerably cloudy towards bedtime and not very cold.

Arose in the morning at half past five o’clock, and the bath and other matters having been attended to, sat down to the writing table, and commencing a letter to A. M. Bailey, continued writing until I went in to breakfast. Returning to the library resumed letter to A. M. Bailey and writing at intervals through the day completing it at night and in the evening completed the copy. spent a portion of the time with the family. Luman came late in the evening and went to bed.

Thursday, 20

Seventh day of the Full Moon. / Moon rises 0-3 morn. and south 4-45. / Sun rises 6-3, sets 6-12, and slow 7 min. / Temp. at sunrise 37; and at sunset 32.

The night was very mild and the morning was very cloudy, the wind changing from a southerly point around to the northeast the weather became a little colder and a snow storm began before 9 o’clock which continued moderately through the day. The weather became a little warmer towards night and the storm abated before sunset. The evening is very cloudy and quite mild.

Arose in the morning between the hours of six and seven, kindled my fire and took my bath as usual and then after putting the room in order, read a little while and then went in to breakfast. Luman remained a little while after this and then went away. Took my three last written letters, and carried them up to the post office, and had them sent out in the mail. Bought some Postage Stamps and some stationary and returned. Spent the remainder of the day mostly in the library reading, and writing some or another letter.

Friday, 21

Last Quarter of the Moon 5-36 afternoon / Moon rises 1-13 morn. and south 5-41. / Sun rises 6-2, Sets 6-14, and slow 7 min. / Temp. at sunrise 21, and at sunset 28.

The morning was quite cloudy and the weather was considerably colder, and the and the ground was pretty well covered with snow again, several inches having fallen last night. The wind had changed to the west and blew quite lively through the day and there were some flurries of snow and some sunshine, and some thawing. The evening is partially fair, & considerably windy.

Arose in the morning at a little before six o’clock and attended first to to the order of the morning and sat down and read till I took my seat at the breakfast table. After this returned to the library and resumed my writing and continuing until I finished a long letter to Ellen Buell and copied it, having commenced it yesterday. At night attended to my wood and and household matters.

Saturday, 22

Second day of Last Quarter of the Moon. / Moon rises 2-18, morn, and south 6-40. / Sun rises 6-0, sets 6-15, and slow 7 min. / Temp. at sunrise 27, and at sunset 30.

The morning was quite cloudy, wind from north west but not very active?. The weather continued cloudy through the day with only a few slight intervals of sunshine. The wind too increased as the day advanced, and at times was quite boisterous. The temperature was pretty well down, thawing but little. The evening was quite clear and calm.

After the affairs of the morning had been attended to, including the breakfast, took my letter written to Ellen up to the post office, in order to have it go out this morning. There being no mail matter in my box, I returned home after chatting with Taylor a few minutes. Read considerable in the course of the day. Besides this I ruled and paged the new letter book, and attended to various other matters, and at night split and brought in a quantity of wood. Luman called, and went to Troy. Sara went with him.

Sunday, 23

Third day of Last Quarter of the Moon. / Moon rises 3-16 morn. and south 7-41. / Sun rises 5-58, sets 6-16, and 7 minutes slow / Temp. at sunrise 20, and at sunset 36.

The morning was quite cloudy at the beginning and there was a moderate breeze of westerly winds prevailing at the time. The clouds continued until the middle of the day and then beginning to break away the sun shone a little occasionally. The afternoon became mostly fair but the wind continued through the day. Thawed some and the snow almost gone again; leaving the roads very muddy and the travelling very bad. The evening has cleared of again and is mostly fair.

Arose a little after six o’clock, and and after the morning bath, and other matters sat down and read until breakfast and then again until I went to the meeting. Being a little too early went into the post office and got the Reporter and then into Charley White’s a short time before meeting. Br. Greenlaw preached. Came home and read the Reporter, and attended to household affairs.

Monday, 24

Fourth day of Last Quarter of the Moon. / Moon rises 4-4 morn and south 8-42. / Sun rises 5-56, sets 6-17 and slow 6 min. / Temp. at sunrise 12, and at sunset not seen.

The morning at the dawn was partially fair, and there was a very little sunshine in the course of the morning, but the afternoon was quite cloudy. The day was considerably cold, but the mud in the afternoon was not frozen, and the travelling continued very bad. The evening is quite cool, and is very cloudy and dark, with a little fall of sleet since dark.

Arose at half past five o’clock and after attending to the morning order, sat down and read till the call to breakfast. Spent the forenoon mostly in the library reading, cutting out matter for the scrap books from the Reporter and attending to to other matters. Sam Rockwell called to say that John Bush was not expected to live through the day. Left home immediately to go there, stopping at the post office & getting the Courier and a letter from J. K. Pelton. Found John very low, but seemed to be holding his own, and Towards night left him and went over to Mr. Bunyan’s to stay over.

Tuesday, 25

Fifth day of Last Quarter of the Moon. / Moon rises 4-44, morn. and south 9-40. / Sun rises 5-55, sets 6-18, and slow 6 min. / Temp. at sunrise not observed. At sunset 28.

The Night was pretty cold and the morning was very cloudy with a chilly wind from the south. Clouds continued through the day & a little rain fell at several times in the morning and afternoon which congealed as fast as it fell. The evening continues cloudy and is very dark. The weather is also considerably cold and unpleasant.

Arose in the morning after six o’clock and remained with Mr. Bunyan until after breakfast, and then after chatting a while he went with me over to see John, having heard in the morning early that he appeared to be better. We found him evidently better, but he was a very sick man. After staying there a spell returned with Mr. Bunyan to his house, and soon after that took leave and started for home, arriving a little after 12 o’clock. Spent the afternoon in the library, mostly, reading. Luman came(?) & staid.

Wednesday, 26

Sixth day of Last Quarter of the Moon. / Moon rises 5-16 morn and south 10-36. / Sun rises 5-53, sets 6-19, and slow 6 min. / Temp. at sunrise 28, and at sunset 27.

The morning was very cloudy and dark at the time of sunrise, and in the course of the forenoon a snow storm commenced, which continued through the day, and falling to the depth of more than eight inches by the time of sunset. Towards night there were occasional gusts of wind. The evening continues quite windy, and with some snow falling.

Arose in the morning at half past five o’clk kindled the library fire and bathed, and soon after this sat down and read a spell, and then concluding to write a letter to my friend Pelton laid aside the book and made a commencement. Did not make any progress on account of company. John Vroman called after breakfast to see Luman, and after a while they went away together. In the afternoon Elon called and Mr. Gilman came in and they staid some time. In wrote a little while and then laid it by to be finished and copied another day.

Thursday, 27

Seventh day of Last Quarter of the Moon / Moon rises 5-44 morn. and south 11-29 / Sun rises 5-51, sets 6-20, and slow 5 min / Temp. at sunrise 9 above, & at sunset 21.

The night was cold and windy and stormy. The morning was partially fair, the storm having ceased but there was considerable wind remaining. As the morning advanced the clouds cleared away and the wind abated, and the weather became quite fair and pleasant, thawing some in the sunshine. There was a cloudy ???? early in the afternoon; clearing off again, & towards night it was quite cloudy. The evening is calm and fair.

Arose a quarter past five in the morning and attended to the usual order. After breakfast sat down to the writing table again, and, writing at intervals made out, in the course of the day a long letter to mynterval friend Pelton, which I also copied as I went along, finishing it in the evening. Went out in the forenoon and split some wood for my use here in the library.

Friday, 28

New Moon at 8-10 in the morning. / Moon will set tomorrow. South ___ eve. / Sun rises 5-49, sets 6-21, and slow 5 min. / Temp. at sunrise 3 below zero.

The weather became very cold in the course of the night, and the morning was extremely cold at the time of sunrise. It was only partially fair, and the wind was in the south, but was quite calm. In the afternoon the wind had shifted to the north west and blew up pretty lively and brought on clouds. The evening is partially fair and very much warmer than the morning was.

Arose at about the usual time in the the morning, and after bathing and putting things in order about the room, sat down & read until I went in to breakfast. Soon after this got ready to go up to Azor’s expecting to ride with Mr. Bunyan. Carried my letter to Pelton up to the post office and had it mailed and then waited there until Mr. Bunyan came along, and then getting into his sleigh rode with him up to Long’s mill, and then walking up to Azor’s remained with them.

Saturday, 29

Second day of the New Moon. / Moon sets 7-59 eve. and south 1-10 m? / Sun rises 5-48, sets 6-23, and slow 5 min. Temp. at sunrise not observed.

The night was very windy, and the morning was quite cloudy as well as windy and not long after sunrise a storm of rain began which continued till night. It was quite moderate at first, but increasing as the day advanced, it became quite copious before night, producing a great flood breaking up the ice in the streams. Wind changed to north west at night and was very brisk, the rain ceasing and the weather becoming colder. Evening partially fair.

Arose at about six o’clock in the morning, and taking a book I read till the breakfast was ready. Remained in and about the house during the day, reading a considerable portion of the time, at intervals, visiting and conversing some and looking out occasionally upon the storm, and the great flood which has been caused by it.

Sunday, 30

Third day of the New Moon. / Moon sets 9-13 eve. and south 2-01. eve. / Sun rises 5-46; sets 6-24, and slow 4 min. / Temp. at sunrise – not observed –

The wind was quite lively through the past night, and the morning was considerably cloudy. The weather through the day was much colder than it was yesterday. The wind continued pretty brisk from the north west, and there were several intervals of falling snow but it did not amount to much. It was not cold enough to freeze much, and thawing soon commenced again, continuing through the remainder of the day. Evening is considerably cloudy and not very cold.

Lay in bed until about six o’clock in the morning, then arose and commenced to kindle a fire in the stove, but Azor appearing at that time I gave it up to him, and taking a book sat down and read until the breakfast signal. Took my place at the table with the family, & on leaving it, resumed my book and spent much of the day reading & remained with them another night.

Monday, 31

Fourth day of the New Moon. / Moon sets 10-26 eve. and south 2-53. / Sun rises 5-44, sets 6-25, and slow 4 min. / Temp. at sunrise was not observed.

There were some clouds in the morning but gradually disappearing they finally gave place to sunshine and a tolerably pleasant day, without taking into the account the great amount of mud and water that now appear to be the order of the day. The weather has been considerably mild and springlike but there are great quantities of snow yet remaining in the woods, and in drifts along fences and certain portions of the roads. The evening is partially fair, and is freezing some.

Arose in the morning soon after five o’clock and read until breakfast. Resumed my book after leaving the table and read a spell longer, and then Azor and Eliza and Sara having got ready to ride down to West Burlington I got into the wagon with them and riding to East Troy, I then walked over to Benjamin’s and spent the remainder of the day with them & the night.

April

Tuesday, 1

Fifth day of the New Moon. / Moon sets 11-37 eve. and south 3-45 / Sun rises 5-42, sets 6-26, and slow 4 min. / Temp at sunrise, not observed. At sunset 44.

The morning was very fair and it was also quite calm. The temperature was very mild and thawing commenced early in the day. There were some clouds towards night and a few drops of rain, but they did not continued

long, but they did and soon disappeared. The evening is quite fair, and the weather appears to be growing warmer.

Arose in the morning at somewhere near seven o’clock, and had breakfast not long afterward. Staid and chatted with Benjamin and Lurenda a little while after this and then started off on foot for home. Took it quite moderately, stopping a spell at Taylor’s store, and arrived home in season for dinner, and found waiting for me two letters which came last Saturday, one of them from Mrs. Rhoda A. Cook, and the other from Miss Ellen F. Buell. Spent the remainder of the day about the house with the family, & in the library reading.

Wednesday, 2

Sixth day of New Moon. / Moon sets tomorrow morn. South 4-39. / Sun rises 5-41, sets 6-27, and slow 4 min / Temp. at sunrise 40, & at sunset 39.

The morning was quite cloudy with the clouds coming briskly from the south. After a little while the clouds broke away and the forenoon was mostly fair. In the middle of the day it became cloudy again, and there was a smart little shower of rain. After this it cleared off again and the afternoon was partially fair. Towards night it became quite cloudy again and there was considerable wind which had changed to the west. The evening is quite cloudy.

Arose between six and seven o’clock in the morning, then after kindling the library fire took my bath and got ready for the breakfast. Spent much of the forenoon reading and after dinner went up to the Centre, called at Bruce’s a spell, then at the P.O. & got a paper for Lizzie, rode down with Valentine as far as Frank Smith’s & back home, and at night split up and brought in some wood.

Thursday, 3

Seventh day of the New Moon. Moon set 0-41 morn. and south 5-32. / Sun rises 5-39, sets 6-28, and slow 3 min. / Temp. at sunrise 35, at sunset 37.

The morning was considerably cloudy & there was a little wind, but after a little the clouds began to break away and the forenoon became partially fair. The afternoon was too, was very similar, there being intervals of sunshine and cloudy weather, alternately. The weather continuing quite mild, the thaw has made considerable progress. The evening is also partially fair.

Arose in the morning before six o’clock and attended to bath and other preliminary matters and then sat down and read a spell before the breakfast call. On leaving the breakfast table returned to the library and taking a seat at the writing table, commenced a letter to Ellen Buell, and spent considerable time at it in the course of the day without concluding it. Amanda and Lucella were here today & Amanda staid over night. Luman came from Barclay at bed time & also staid.

Friday, 4

First Quarter of the Moon 1-52 afternoon. / Moon sets 1-38 morn. and south 6-25. / Sun rises 5-37; sets 6-29, and slow 3 min / Temp. at sunrise 32, & at sunset 40.

The morning was considerably cloudy and there was a pretty brisk wind from the north west. The clouds clearing away before noon the day became quite fair and pleasant, and was also considerably warm and springlike, the snowdrifts on the hills growing rapidly smaller and disappearing from the landscape entirely, and the ground in the roads and in the fields becoming dry. The evening continues warm and is partially cloudy.

Arose at about six o’clock and after kindling my fire, took my morning bath and then, having put things in proper order read a spell before breakfast. Continued my writing, after Luman left, which was soon after breakfast was over, and in the course of the day & evening closed a very long letter to Ellen, and the copy also. Amanda went away in the afternoon. Split up a quantity of wood.

Saturday, 5

Second day of First Quarter of the Moon. / Moon sets 2-26 morn. and south 7-15. / Sun rises 5-35, Sets 6-30, and slow 3 min. / Temp. at sunrise 41, & at sunset 46.

The morning was cloudy and without much wind. The night was warm and there was a little rain with much heavy thunder in the latter part, continuing till the dawn of morning. The day continued cloudy all the way through. Towards night a thunder cloud appeared in the west which came over and continued a long time, and there was a great amount of very heavy lightning and thunder, and a very heavy shower of rain which raised the streams very high. The evening continues cloudy & rainy.

Arose a little before six o’clock and after attending to all my morning matters, took my breakfast and then went up to the post office and delivered my letter to Ellen and brought home the Reporter which I found in my box. Read some and attended to various matters about the house & garden and towards night went up to the P.O. & delivered a package of two newspapers, sent to A. M. Bailey.

Sunday, 6

Third day of First Quarter of the Moon. / Moon sets 3-6 morn. and south 8-3. / Sun rises 5-34, sets 6-32, and slow 2 min. / Temp. at sunrise 41, & at sunset 48.

There was considerable thunder through the night and also some rain. The morning was cloudy and there was heavey thunder after sunrise, the creek continuing very high. The forenoon remained cloudy and there was but little, if any, wind. In the course of the afternoon there was some more thunder, several pretty smart showers of rain, and some intervals of sunshine. The evening is mostly fair.

Arose between the hours of five and six, and after attending to the morning order sat down and read until the call to breakfast. After this read a spell longer and then got ready and went up to the Centre to meeting. Br. Greenlaw was in attendence and delivered a discourse. Returned immediately after the meeting was dismissed and spent the remainder of the day about the house.

Monday, 7

Fourth day of First Quarter of the Moon. / Moon sets 3-39 morn. and south 8-49. / Sun rises 5-32, sets 6-33, and slow 2 min. / Temp. at sunrise 43, & at sunset 57.

More thunder showers in the latter part of the night, the morning opening quite cloudy and wet. The forenoon was mostly cloudy, but in the afternoon there was more sunshine. Towards night there were some clouds came over that produced some light showers. The day has been the warmest of the season, the mercury at five o’clock p.m., standing at 60 degrees, which is the line of temperate heat. The creek continues very high, and the snow is almost gone from the hills. The evening is cloudy & warm.

Arose at five o’clock, and having attended to the bath and other morning matters sat down and read a spell and then joining the family in the kitchen, took care of little Ruby until the breakfast was ready. After this returned to the library and wrote a letter to Rhoda and copied it, and towards night carried it up to the post office to be sent out tomorrow morning. Luman called in the afternoon on his way from Barclay to Troy. Mrs. Case, who is canvassing for picture of the Greeley family, called.

Tuesday, 8

Fifth day of First Quarter of the Moon. / Moon sets 4-6 morn. and south 9-32. / Sun rises 5-30, sets 6-34, and slow 2 min / Temp. at sunrise 50, & at sunset 51.

The night was quite warm and there was another great thunder shower that commenced a little after three o’clock in the morning and continued until dawn. It was remarkable on account of the great amount of very heavy lightning and thunder. The morning was cloudy, and a fog succeeded the rain, the day was mostly cloudy too there being only brief intervals of sunshine occasionally, but there has been no more showers, since the opening of the day. The evening is quite cloudy, & there is a little wind.

Arose in the morning at about half past five, and attended to the morning business first and then sat down and read some time before breakfast. Spent the forenoon about the house reading some and dozing some. In the afternoon went up to the post office, but got no mail. After chatting there a little while returned home and spent the remainder of the afternoon about the house as usual. Luman called with Willis Smiley & took supper, & then departed for Barclay.

Wednesday, 9

Sixth day of First Quarter of the Moon. / Moon sets 4-29, morn. and south 10-13. / Sun rises 5-29, sets 6-35, and slow 1 min. / Temp. at sunrise 44, & at sunset 50.

The morning was cloudy, and it was foggy and quite calm. The clouds continued, most of the time through the day, there being some short intervals of sunshine in the middle of the day and in the afternoon, only. As the day advanced the wind arose and became pretty brisk along in the afternoon. Towards night the clouds thickened up and rain commenced falling. The evening is dark and rainy, but without any thunder. At bed time the rain continues.

Arose a little before six o’clock in the morning, and after getting ready sat down and read a spell before joining the family in the kitchen, and then took charge of little Ruby until we went to the table. After breakfast returned to the library and undertook to write a long letter to Alfred Bailey’s son, Middlesex. In the course of the day finished the letter and began the copy in the evening. Split up and brought in some wood towards night.

Thursday, 10

Seventh day of First Quarter of the Moon. / Moon sets 4-50 morn. and south 10-54. / Sun rises 5-27, sets 6-36, and slow 1 min. / Temp. at sunrise 32, and at sunset _____

The morning opened fair after a long heavy rain in the night. There was a little wind moving from the north west and the weather was somewhat cooler. The weather through the day was moderately mild and a part of the time was partially cloudy. The thaw has gone moderately onward, but there is considerable snow to be seen yet on the hills. The evening is cooler & tolerably fair.

Arose in the morning at about the usual time, and attended to the usual morning matters. After breakfast finished copying my letter to Middlesex Bailey and did some reading in the course of the forenoon, and afternoon carried the letter up to the post office and got the last week’s Courier. Met Mr. Bunyan & Mat. Manley there. Manley requesting me to ride to Canton with him, agreed to call for me at half past four. Mrs. Savage & Ezra Bailey & wife were here. Rode home with Mandy, & after supper went to Stockwell’s & staid.

Friday, 11

Eighth day of First Quarter of the Moon. / Moon sets 5-11 morn. and south 11-35. / Sun rises 5-25, sets 6-37, and slow 1 min. / Temp. at sunrise _____ _____

The morning at the opening was a little frosty and was mostly fair, there being some floating clouds, and also some that seemed to be resting in the horizon. The weather appeared to be a little cool, and was quite calm, there being but very little wind perceptible at any time during the day. The temperature of the day was moderately mild, and the weather all the way through, continued partially cloudy and with the thaw making only moderate progress. The evening is a little cloudy.

Lay in bed until the family were up, & then arising got ready for breakfast. Spent a little time with Mr. Stockwell before we were called to the table. After breakfast went with him into his office where I amused myself with reading and conversation until he had dispatched some business, & then walked out with him till dinner. Spent the afternoon in the same way until after tea, & remained over night again.

Saturday, 12

Full Moon 5-7, in the afternoon. / Moon will rise tomorrow. South morning / Sun rises 5-24, sets 6-38, and slow 1 min / Temp. at sunrise _____ _____

The morning was considerably cloudy at the first and continued so through the forenoon or until near the middle of the day, and then beginning to rain, the storm kept on, moderately, through the remainder of the day, growing heavier towards night. The temperature was pretty cool, but did not get down to the freezing point, and the remaining snow on the mountains has grown considerably less. The evening is very rainy and very dark.

Arose in the morning early and had an early breakfast with Mr. Stockwell and his family and going to the depot took passage on the morning train for Roaring Branch. Arriving there called at Wallace’s, found Daniel with him & went home with Daniel, staying there to dinner, Wallace coming there went with him down to Cole’s, he not being at home we called on Harriet a spell, & then returning with Wallace to his house staid there overnight.

Sunday, 13

Second day of the Full Moon. / Moon rises 7-38 eve. and south 0-17. morn / Sun rises 5-22, sets 6-39, and is right. / Temp. at sunrise _____ _____

The morning at the opening was quite cloudy and rainy and continued so until some time after the sun had risen, and then the rain ceased and the clouds began to break away, so that the afternoon became considerably fair. Towards night there was a slight sprinkling of rain from a passing cloud. The temperature having continued to be quite mild the thaw has progressed rapidly, and the roads have continued very muddy and difficult to be travelled with teams in Union township. The evening is tolerably fair.

Lay in bed rather late in the morning and had breakfast accordingly, spent the forenoon with Wallace and his family and with Mr. Washburn who came in, and then departing called at Br. Niram Rockwell’s, remaining with them until after tea, and then starting off on foot went four miles up to Ogden’sburg and then a mile & a half further to Br. Wells’ where I arrived at nearly dark & staid.

Monday, 14

Third day of the Full Moon. / Moon rises 8-46 eve. and south 1-2. / Sun rises 5-21, sets 6-40, and is right / Temp. at sunrise _____ _____

The morning at the dawn was remarkably fair and very beautiful, and continued so until towards the middle of the day and then some floating clouds coming over the sun was occasionally and partially obscured. The afternoon was considerably fair, making out a very pleasant day. The weather has continued moderately warm, and the remaining snow drifts have grown very much smaller. The evening is quite fair.

Arose in the morning directly after Br. Wells was up, had breakfast in due season and after it spent some time visiting with him, and then he walked with me up to Br. Champney’s, sister Wells coming up there soon afterward. We had dinner there all together, Br. Wells and his wife remaining there until towards night and then they returned home. Remained with Br. Champney over night.

Tuesday, 15

Fourth day of the Full Moon. / Moon rises 9-56, eve. and south 1-49. / Sun rises 5-19, sets 6-42 _____ / Temp. at sunrise _____ _____

The morning at the opening was only partially fair, and the clouds increasing there was but little sunshine then. The day became considerably cloudy before the middle, but dispersing again the afternoon became partially fair, and through the day the weather was moderately warm. The evening continues considerably cloud, and is also quite dark, before the rising of the moon.

Arose very soon after the family, and remained with them to breakfast and until towards noon, and then taking my leave started homewards. Called a short time on Br. Wells, and he walked with me over to Henry’s? where I made another short call, and started out towards Canton, walking the whole distance over a muddy road, making nine miles in three hours and a half. Called on John Griffin and staid.

Wednesday, 16

Fifth day of the Full Moon. / Moon rises 11-6 eve. and south 2-41. / Sun rises 5-17, sets 6-43 _____ / Temp. at sunrise _____ _____

The morning, at the time of sunrise, was mostly fair, but as it advanced clouds came on, and in the course of the forenoon the sun was obscured, and there were two or three little sprinklings of rain early in the afternoon. The clouds continued, and towards night a rain storm commenced, with the wind from the east. The weather grew some cooler, and in the evening the storm changed to snow and is continuing.

Arose in the morning before Mr. Griffin and spent my time about the house until breakfast. After this remained with the family, conversing and visiting until after dinner, and then, taking my leave, called on Mr. Stockwell at his office a few minutes, and starting again proceeded on the railroad track to Minnequa, and thence up across the fields to Wm. Bates’, and remaining with them until after supper, went on to Laythan Andrews’ & put up for the night.

Thursday, 17

Sixth day of the Full Moon / Moon does not rise today. South 3-36. / Sun rises 5-16, sets 6-44, and fast 1 min. / Temp. at sunrise _____ & at sunset 35.

The ground was covered with snow in the morning to the depth of two or three inches, with the storm still in progress. Snow continued to fall through the day with the wind from the east, and t??ing all the time. The snow ceased falling towards night and the wind was still but the clouds remained, and a considerable portion of the snow. The evening is very cloudy and dark with the thaw going on moderately & raining some.

Arose pretty early in the morning and remained with Laythan until after breakfast and then started through the snow and mud for home. Called on the way to see John Bush a little while, then went over to Mr. Bunyan’s and finding that he had gone to Canton, came on home, calling at the post office on the way and took a letter from my box sent me by A. M. Bailey of Middlefield Conn. Spent the afternoon at home.

Friday, 18

Seventh day of Full Moon. / Moon rises 0-12 morn. and south 4-35. / Sun rises 5-14, sets 6-45, and fast 1 min. / Temp. at sunrise 33, and at sunset 40.

The ground in the morning, remained covered with snow notwithstanding the rainy night, and the weather was decidedly cloudy and wet. There was a few moments sunshine in the course of the forenoon, but otherwise the day has been very cloudy all the way through but without any storm or much wind. The evening is partially fair.

Arose in the morning soon after five o’clock and after kindling my fire I took my customary bath, and having put my room in order sat down and read a spell and then joined the family at the breakfast table. After this returned to the library and resumed my reading. Spent the day about the house, not going away at all, and much of it in the library reading reading a part of the time, and writing some, and dozing a little occasionally. Allen Wooden and his wife were here for a visit.

Saturday, 19

Eighth day of the Full Moon. / Moon rises 1-11, morn. and south 5-35. / Sun rises 5-13, sets 6-46, and fast 1 min. / Temp. at sunrise 34, and at sunset 38.

The morning was cloudy and rainy again, the storm having commenced some time in the night. The forenoon continued cloudy, raining a little, and then the clouds broke away and the sun shone a little while in the middle of the day. The afternoon has been quite showery, and between them there has been brief intervals of sunshine, and towards night the wind became a little more brisk. The evening is mostly cloudy.

Left the bed at a quarter past five o’clock in the morning, and after getting ready took a book, and read most of the time until breakfast was ready, and then returning to the library, resumed my reading. Spent the most of my time reading, in the library, and attending to little Ruby about the house generally. Started in the afternoon to go to the post office, but meeting Mr. Gilman on the way, who had taken out the Reporter and the Courier for me, I returned with him. Mrs. Case called with a picture of the Greeley family for me. Paid her $1.

Sunday, 20

Last Quarter of the Moon 1-4 in the morning. / Moon rises 2-2 morn. and south 6-34. / Sun rises 5-10, sets 6-47, and fast 1 min. / Temp. at sunrise 33, and at sunset 40.

The morning at the beginning was quite cloudy and considerably cool. Before nine o’clk the clouds began to break, and before noon they had dispersed so much that it had become tolerably fair. The afternoon was warmer and was mostly fair. The evening is moderately mild and quite calm. It is only partially fair; with heavy clouds lying in the horizon all around, which seems to indicate another storm.

Arose in the morning a few minutes after five o’clock and attended to my usual morning matters. After this sat down and devoted my leisure time to reading until breakfast. Returned to my reading and at the proper time got ready and went up to meeting at the Centre, and heard Br. Greenlaw. Came directly home at the conclusion. Towards night Mrs. Case called and staid with us.

Monday, 21

Second day of Last Quarter of the Moon. / Moon rises 2-43 morn. and south 7-32. / Sun rises 5-10, sets 6-48, and fast 1 min. / Temp. at sunrise 32, and at sunset 31.

Found a snow storm in progress in the morning which had commenced sometime before dawn and appeared to be coming from the northeast. The storm continued through the forenoon, and the clouds then breaking away the sun began to shine, and the afternoon became quite fair. The snow which had accumulated several inches in depth melted rapidly away. The evening has become considerably cloudy again.

Arose after five o’clock and spent the morning according to my common custom. After breakfast returned to the library and read a spell and finally spent the day about the house reading some, and dozing some, and talking some, and writing some, and tending baby some, and splitting some wood. Mrs. Case staid till night & Harvey took her to Summit

Tuesday, 22

Third day of Last Quarter of the Moon / Moon rises 3-16 morn and south 8-26 / Sun rises 5-8, sets 6-49, and fast 2 min. / Temp. at sunrise 28, and at sunset 32.

The morning was quite cloudy at the beginning and was a little colder than common and had frozen some. Snow commenced falling in the morning and continued through the day, but it melted so fast that it did not accumulate much. The weather was colder again towards night, and has been very disagreeable all the time since morning. The evening remains very much the same the storm continuing to rage without any abatement.

Arose a little before five o’clock in the morning, and spent the time in the usual manner until after breakfast. Remained about the house during the day and did nothing in particular, but was employed in various ways. Gave some attention to reading, wrote a little and dozed considerable. Spent some time cutting out articles for scrap books, and more with the family and tending little Ruby.

Wednesday, 23

Fourth day of Last Quarter of the Moon. / Moon rises 3-45 morn. and south 9-18. / Sun rises 5-7, sets 6-50, and fast 2 min. / Temp. at sunrise 28, and at sunset 34.

The storm ceased some time in the night but the morning was quite cloudy and cool. Although it had frozen some in the night, the water was dropping from the eaves in the morning. The clouds broke away before nine o’clock and the sun began to shine and continued to shine, most of the time during the day. The weather has not been very warm but most of the snow has disappeared and the green grass has appeared again. The evening is remarkably clear and calm.

Arose in the morning at five o’clock, and attended to the matters assigned to the morning, and then after reading a spell went in to the kitchen and tended Ruby until the breakfast was ready. Spent about the house the day about the house in much the same manner that yesterday was spent, doing nothing in particular, but gave some attention to several matters.

Thursday, 24

Fifth day of Last Quarter of the Moon / Moon rises 4-11, morn. and south 10-8. / Sun rises 5-5, sets 6-52, and fast 2 min / Temp. at sunrise 26, and at sunset 34.

The morning was partially cloudy at the beginning and was also considerably cold. The clouds broke away so that we had some sunshine in the forenoon, but they closed up again in the middle of the day so that the afternoon was quite cloudy and not very warm. The evening was of about the same character as the afternoon, & very calm.

Arose before five o’clock in the morning and spent it in the usual way. After breakfast read a spell and then taking my rod went down to the little creek to see if the fish would bite the hook. Caught two little dace and returned to the house. After dinner went down to the bridge where Mr. Case and a company of men were met for the purpose of finding the old line of lots along the creek. Spent some time with them & returned & found three letters, one from Mr. Atkins, one from Rhoda, & 1 from Ellen brot from P.O. by Lizzie. Went to P. O. eve. and found no more.

Friday, 25

Sixth day of Last Quarter of the Moon. / Moon rises 4-36, sets 6-53, and south 10-58 / Sun rises 5-4, Sets 6-53, and fast 2 min. / Temp. at sunrise 28, and at sunset 34.

There was some freezing in the night and a white frost and a pretty clear sky in the morning. Soon after the rising of the sun the sky became partially overcast with clouds. There were floating clouds and a little wind through the forenoon. The afternoon was more cloudy with several little squalls of snow, and towards night there was a storm began which continued till in the evening and nearly covering the ground. Evening, storm continues.

Arose in the morning before five o’clock and after bathing, dressing and reading a spell, joined the family and took care of little Ruby until breakfast. Spent the forenoon about the house reading some and tending the baby, and in the afternoon went up to the post office expecting to get a letter from Mary Wells but was disappointed, finding nothing but the Reporter. Came home and read it, and then went to work in the garden, dressing out the asparagus beds.

Saturday, 26

New Moon 5-58 in the afternoon. / Moon will begin to set tomorrow. South 11-50? / Sun rises 5-2, sets 6-54, and fast 2 min. / Temp. at sunrise 27, at sunset 36.

The morning at the dawn was fair, and and the ground was lightly covered with snow. Clouds came over and the forenoon was only partially fair. The afternoon was almost exclusively cloudy and there was a heavy northwest wind. The entire day has been considerably cold, and there was a little snow falling in the afternoon. The evening is quite fair and the wind has abated.

Got up in the morning at five o’clock and after attending to the business of the morning, joined the family some time before breakfast. Spent the forenoon in and about the house, reading and dozing, and tending Ruby, and whatever came in my way. Afternoon went up to the Centre, called a spell at Bruce’s, went to the P.O. & got the Courier, brot it home & read it, & worked a spell at the asparagus beds.

Sunday, 27

Second day of the New Moon. / Moon sets 8-3 eve. and south evening. / Sun rises 5-1, sets 6-55, and fast 3 min. / Temp. at sunrise 24, and at sunset 40.

Froze considerably in the course of the past night. The morning was quite fair and very frosty. Soon after sunrise clouds came over and a pretty brisk wind arose. The day has been partially cloudy but there has been sunshine most of the time. In the afternoon the wind abated somewhat, but the weather continued quite cool. The evening is pretty cool, and pretty fair.

Lay in bed until a little past five o’clock in the morning, then arose and attended to the morning order as usual. After breakfast devoted my time to reading until near the hour of meeting, then made preparation and went up to the Centre, but being a little before the time, went into Mr. Bruce’s and waiting there until the second bell, repaired to the meeting house, & learing that there would be no exercises, Levi being sick, left the house & called on him. Came home & found Dan. Bruce & his wife here.

Monday, 28

Third day of the New Moon. / Moon sets 9-15 eve. and south 1-31. / Sun rises 4-59, sets 6-57, and fast 3 min. / Temp. at sunrise 29, and at sunset ___

The morning at the dawn was a little cloudy but as it advanced they disappeared and before nine o’clock it became very fair. Some clouds appeared again in the middle of the day and the afternoon was partially cloudy. The weather through the day has been remarkable calm and quite temperate. The evening is considerably fair, but with clouds in horizon?.

Arose at five o’clock and spent the early morning as usual. After breakfast went to work in the garden and in the course of the forenoon finished dressing out the asparagus and put in some ????. After dinner changed my clothes and started for Troy, calling to see Levi on the way and at the [post office but got no mail]? and then came on to Benjamin’s and stopped for the night.

Tuesday, 29

Fourth day of the New Moon. / Moon sets 10-24 eve. and south 2-26. / Sun rises 4-58, sets 6-57, and fast 3 min. / Temp. at sunrise _____ _____

The morning was quite cloudy, the wind in the south, the weather considerably warmer or more springlike, and the prospect much more favorable. A slight sprinkling of rain commenced about the time of sunrise and continuing at intervals through the fore part of the day became a settled, constant rain in the forenoon. The evening too is considerably rainy and very dark.

Arose in the morning as soon as ?????????? and remained with them until some time after breakfast and then departing continued my journey until I arrived at Azor’s which was some time before dinner time, continuing with them through the remaining part of the day, and stopping over night.

Wednesday, 30

Fifth day of New Moon. / Moon sets 11-26 eve. and south 3-21. / Sun rises 4-56, sets 6-58, and fast 3 min. / Temp. at sunrise _____ _____

The morning opened quite fair, and was also considerably frosty. The day continued quite fair and pleasant all the way through and the temperature was quite mild and springlike, affording a better prospect to the farmers for putting in their spring crops. The evening too is fair with the exception of a haze around the horizon.

Arose in the morning some after the family were up and read a spell before breakfast. After this left Azor’s & went over to Amanda’s, & then on down into town. Called on Manville & examined some of his clothing. Went home with him to dinner. Called at several places and did a little shopping. Afternoon went up to Amanda’s, and after tea, having broken my spectacles returned to town to get them mended, but not being able to get it done until tomorrow morning went to Samuel’s to stay over night.
 

Bradford County PA
Chemung County NY
Tioga County PA
Published On Tri-Counties Site On 03 December 2010
By Joyce M. Tice
Email Joyce M. Tice