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1873 - Luman Putnam of Granville
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1873 Diary of Luman Putnam of Granville
Transcribed by Betsy Shirk - bshirk2002@yahoo.com
Formatted and Published by Joyce M. Tice
Transcription copyright 2010 Betsy Shirk and Joyce M. Tice

1854 Diary and Introduction. Also access to many more LumanPutnam Diaries

Luman Putnam Jerusha Bailey, his first wife

L. Putnam’s Diary

Granville Centre, Penna.

Bot of Newman & Parsons

Troy Penn’a., December 31, 1872
Part Three

September

Monday, 1

Third day of First Quarter of the Moon. / Moon sets 11-45, and south 7-26 eve. / Sun rises 5-25, sets 6-34, and all right. / Temp. at sunrise ___, noon ___, sunset ___.

The morning was cloudy and rainy and there was some thunder heard. After the sun was up the clouds broke away a little, but soon came over again, raining a little. The wind was south and the weather warm. Clouds cleared away so that the afternoon was partially fair, but there were some pretty heavy thunder showers. The evening is mostly fair.

We spent the forenoon visiting the wringer factory and making a call at the old lady’s. After dinner Alfred had his buggies hitched up and took us all to the famous stone quarries in Portland, on the river opposite Middletown. After spending some time in viewing the operations there we recrossed the river and stopped some time in the city to do some shopping and to avoid the shower. We did not return to Mr. Bailey’s until evening. {Written vertically along margin} Wrote message to wife in the morning & delivered it.

Tuesday, 2

Fourth day of First Quarter of the Moon. / Moon sets tomorrow morn. South 8-27 eve. / Sun rises 5-26, sets 6-32, and fast 1 min. / Temp. at sunrise ___, noon ___, sunset ___.

The morning was very fair and calm and the weather was considerably cooler than it was yesterday, the wind having changed from the south to the west or northwest. The day continued fair and pleasant all the way through, and was also moderately cool. The evening is very clear and bright, and the weather is rather cool.

In the morning, soon after breakfast, Azor and Eliza went with me down to Middlefield Centre to visit at Mr. Hall’s, having a horse and buggy of Alfred. We remained there until after dinner and met there, their daughter Mary who is Mrs. Terril now. We went back to Baileyville and stopped at Roswell Bailey’s where we met a considerable number of our friends who assembled there to spend the afternoon, according to previous arrangement. After a very agreeable visit, we returned to our head quarters to spend the night with Alfred.

Wednesday, 3

Fifth day of First Quarter of the Moon. / Moon sets 0-50 morn, & south 9-30 eve. / Sun rises 5-27, sets 6-30, and fast 1 min. / Temp. at sunrise ___, noon ___, sunset ___.

The morning was quite fair, and there was a gentle breeze of wind from the northwest. The weather was moderately cool but there was no frost. The day was fair with the exception of some slight clouds in the afternoon which indicated rain to be near at hand. The evening is pretty fair and the weather seems to be growing warmer.

Immediately after breakfast, Azor and I got into a two horse buggy with Alfred and his son Middlesex, and rode over to the farm of the late David Lyman and viewed the celebrated barn described in the Agricultural Report for 1867. We returned & taking another buggy & the women we went to Meriden stopping to dinner at Mr. Birdsey’s, whose wife is a sister of Alfred. Arriving in Meriden city we stopped at the house of Mr. Mathews whose wife is a sister of Mrs. Bailey. After visiting the reformatory school for boys, and doing some shopping we took our supper & returned to Bailey’s.

Thursday, 4

Sixth day of First Quarter of the Moon. / Moon sets 2-5 morn., and south 10-30 eve. / Sun rises 5-28, sets 6-29, and fast 1 min. / Temp. at sunrise ___, noon ___, sunset ___.

The morning was considerably cloudy, with the wind in the south, and before five o’clock it commenced to rain and the wind became pretty brisk. After a pretty smart rain the clouds broke away and the forenoon became partially fair. The day has been warm and there has been some thunder heard. The evening is warm, with some shower clouds in the distance.

Our party – including our host & hostess & their little girls – took an early train of cars for New Haven & thence another for Stoney Creek where we arrived a little before noon, and found Mr. Coe, who is a brother-in-law of Alfred’s, waiting for our arrival with conveyances in which he took our whole party to his house. He keeps a boarding house, but had reserved rooms for our accommodation. After dinner, his son took Azor & me with his uncle Alfred out on the water in a boat, & Alfred went in where it was 4 or 5 feet deep & caught some clams.

Friday, 5

Seventh day of First Quarter of the Moon / Moon Sets 3-26 morn., and south 11,28 eve / Sun rises 5-29, sets 6-27, and fast 2 min / Temp. at sunrise , noon , sunset

The morning was considerably fair and there was but little wind, the temperature remaining pretty well up. The wind come on pretty strong fair but much more moderate than it was yesterday. The day has been quite fair most of the time and the weather towards the close has grown a little cooler. The evening is cool and mostly fair.

After breakfast our company, including Mr. Coe, went out to the landing, and going aboard a small sailing boat, sailed out a few miles to Shell Beach where we landed and after gathering a considerable quantity of small seashells we went aboard again & returned. After dinner Alfred and Azor & I went out with Mr. Coe & his son, & caught some oysters & some clams. In the evening we went with Mrs. Dowd, Ellen, to call on here sister Harriet, Mrs. Chedsey, living near by.

Saturday, 6

Full Moon today, at 4-25 evening. / Moon rises tomorrow morn. South tomorrow. / Sun rises5-30, sets 6-25, & fast 2 min. / Temp. at sunrise , noon , sunset

The morning was quite fair and was also considerably cool. The weather fair & continued fair and cool through the day and there was not any wind of any consequence. The evening too remained quite fair and cool.

Soon after breakfast in the morning Mr. Coe helped our party back to the depot, and getting on to a train we went back to New Haven, and then getting into a street car we all went down to Savin’s Rock where we spent some time viewing the bathers in the salt water there, and the curiosities in that locality; after which we returned to the city, got some refreshment, and then we went into the Yale school of Arts and remained there some time looking over the paintings and other curiosities belonging to that institution. After this we took the train & returned to Mr. Bailey’s in Middlefield.

Sunday, 7

Second day of the Full Moon. / Moon rises 7-13, and south 0-23 morn. / Sun rises 5-31, sets 6-24, and fast 2 min / Temp. at sunrise , noon , sunset

The morning was quite fair and was also quite cool and calm. The weather continued fair and moderately cool through the day, or until towards night when it began to grow a little cloudy with some indications of another storm at hand. The clouds have continued to accumulate this evening, and now at nine o’clock it is quite cloudy.

At the proper time we got ready & rode down to the Centre and attended the Methodist meeting with Alfred & his family. At the close called with Azor and Eliza at Mr. Hall’s & remained until the afternoon meeting which we also attended, Mr. Lyon being the speaker at them both. At the close of this we went up to Walter Hall’s to see Aunt Hale & went to visit the old cemetery. At night Alfred came after us & took us back. {Written vertically along margin} Wrote message to wife in morn. & delivered at P.O.

Monday, 8

Third day of the Full Moon. / Moon rises 7-38, and south 1-15 morn. / Sun rises 5-32, sets 6-22, and fast 3 min. / Temp. at sunrise , noon , sunset

The morning was quite cloudy and wet, a rain storm being in progress, but which ceased soon after sunrise. There was also considerable wind which appeared to be from the west. After this the day was partially fair and the weather was a little cool. The evening also is a little cloudy, and is not very warm.

After breakfast made a call on the old lady and then took another look thro the factory. After this went with Eliza and made a call at Russell Bailey’s, meeting his wife and his son, and returning. I called on Russell in the washing machine shop. In the afternoon a large party met by invitation at Alfred’s house for the purpose of finishing up our visit with them, and soon after tea they took their leave, and Alfred and his son brought us over to Mr. Atkin’s where we remain.

Tuesday, 9

Fourth day of the Full Moon. / Moon rises 8-3; and south 2-7 morn. / Sun rises 5-34, sets 6-20, and fast 3 min. / Temp. at sunrise , noon , sunset

The morning was only partially fair and was also considerably cool and a little foggy. The day has been considerably fair, but the weather was only moderately warm in the afternoon. The evening is mostly fair, with a moderate wind, and continues cool.

After breakfast Azor and I walked out with Mr. Atkins and went over to the new cemetery northeast of his house which is laid out and adorned in a beautiful manner. We returned to dinner, and in the afternoon Mr. Atkins took his wife and Eliza over there in a buggy. After tea Mr. Atkins took and Thomas with each of them a horse and buggy took us over to the city to take the steamer for New York on our way home. We went aboard and started down the river at six.

Wednesday, 10

Fifth day of the Full Moon. / Moon rises 8-31, and south 2-58 morn. / Sun rises 5-35, sets 6-18, and fast 3 min. / Temp. at sunrise , noon , sunset

The morning was a little foggy but otherwise quite fair, and it was also quite cool after a cool night. The weather continued very fair through the day, or until towards night, when it became a little cloudy, and it was also moderately cool. The evening is partially cloudy, and is also pretty cool.

We arrived at New York at about six in the morning and walked across the city to the Erie depot at the foot of Chambers street. After waiting about two hours we started on a train for Elmira at nine o’clock and arrived there without accident before seven o’clock at night. We took a Northern Central train a little after eight and arrived at Troy in due season. Edward was there with Azor’s team waiting for us, so we got into the waggon and rode up to his house and after supper went to our rest.

Thursday, 11

Sixth day of the Full Moon. / Moon rises 9-3, and south 3-50 morn. / Sun rises 5-36, and south 6-17, & fast 4 m. / Temp. at sunrise ___, noon ___, sunset 64.

The morning was quite fair except being a little foggy, and was also quite cool but was without frost. The weather grew warmer as the day advanced, and the afternoon has been considerably warm growing cooler some towards night. The day has been quite fair, and the evening also is fair and pleasant.

In the morning got ready to come home, and after breakfast Azor started with his carriage and brought me down home, Sara also coming with us. They staid until after dinner and then returned to Troy in the afternoon. Found the family all well, and distributed a considerable number of presents among them from friends in the east. Cynthia and Mrs. Thurston with her girl came here in the afternoon for a visit. Spent the afternoon at home with the family and company.

Friday, 12

Seventh day of the Full Moon. / Moon rises 9-40, and south 4-43 morn. / Sun rises 5-37, sets 6-15, and fast 4 min. / Temp. at sunrise 48, noon 82, sunset 68.

The morning at sunrise was quite fair, but was also quite foggy. It was a little cool at first, but soon became quite warm and pleasant. The afternoon has been very warm, and was mostly fair, with the wind from the southwest which blowed a pretty brisk breeze towards night. The atmosphere has also been considerably smoky. The evening is quite fair and warm.

Arose early and resumed my practice of taking a morning bath. Spent the forenoon at home with the family, reading a portion of the time & writing some. Cooked a few clams and oysters that I brought home with me, and had them for dinner. In the afternoon I went up to the Centre, calling first at the Post Office where I found the Gazette, and then went into Mr. Bruce’s to see Lydia a little while. After this came home and read my paper.

Saturday, 13

Last Quarter of the Moon at 10-57 morn / Moon rises 10-25, and south 5-38 morn. / Sun rises 5-38, sets 6-13, and fast 4 min. / Temp. at sunrise 60, noon 72, sunset 56.

The morning was a little cloudy, and the wind, which continued from the south or southwest, was quite lively. Clouds accumulated in the course of the forenoon, so that the middle of the day was densely cloudy, and at noon it began to rain, and continued with little abatement through the afternoon. The evening too is very cloudy and dark and the rain continues without abatement.

Arose in good season and attended to my bath and other morning matters according to my practice, and then joining the family in the kitchen took charge of little Ruby until the breakfast was ready. Spent the day about the house, not going any farther away than the garden. Picked a few weeds there and looked it over some. Spent considerable time reading and wrote some. Abram Mott called in the forenoon and spent some time with me.

Sunday, 14

Second day of Last Quarter of the Moon. / Moon rises 11-17, and south 6-32 morn. / Sun rises 5-39, sets 6-11, and fast 5 min. / Temp. at sunrise 46, noon ___, sunset 44.

The morning was quite cloudy but the rain had ceased some time in the night. The wind had changed and blew gently from the west, and the weather had become some cooler. The clouds broke away to some extent and the remainder of the day was partially fair but there were some sprinklings of rain before noon. The weather had become considerably cool towards the close of the day. The evening continues cool and is mostly fair.

Spent the morning with the family and after breakfast tried to read some but slept much of the time. In the middle of the day Burton and Mary came with their little girl and staid till after dinner with us, and then attended meeting with us at the Centre. Our meeting had been postponed till half past three in the afternoon today, to accommodate Br. Greenlaw, who closed his engagement here today. Luman came.

Monday, 15

Third day of the Last Quarter of Moon / Moon rises after midnight. South 7-26 morn / Sun rises 5-40, sets 6-10, and fast 5 min. / Temp. at sunrise 26, noon 60, sunset 55.

The morning was very fair, and very calm, and very frosty. The frost has done much damage to vegetation, to corn and buckwheat especially. The wind changed back to the southwest and became quite active, gradually bringing forward clouds again, so that the afternoon became considerably cloudy before night. The cloudy, windy weather continues in the evening.

Remained at home during the day, not going out farther than the garden. Brought up some water for Lizzie to wash with, dug some potatoes for dinner, attended to my sage in the chamber that Mr. Gilman had picked for me, went into the garden and picked another panful and spread it in the chamber and spent much of my time reading. Luman started away soon after breakfast, in search of beef cattle.

Tuesday, 16

Fourth day of Last Quarter of the Moon. / Moon rises 0-14, and south 8-18 morn. / Sun rises 5-41, sets 6-10, and fast 5 min. / Temp. at sunrise 52, noon 70, sunset 58.

The morning was considerably cloudy and the wind, which had changed back to the west, was blowing gently. The clouds broke away soon after the sun was up, and clearing away the forenoon became quite fair. The afternoon was also fair but the wind blowed considerably until towards night and then abated. The evening is also quite fair except a little haze in the southeastern horizon.

Spent the morning in the usual manner, and after breakfast made sage gathering the principal business of the day, devoting a portion of it however to reading, and entertaining the little children. Picked four pansful of sage in the course of the day, and spent some time in the chamber arranging and spreading it out to dry; and putting up the portion that Mr. Gilman had picked, & which was already dry.

Wednesday, 17

Fifth day of Last Quarter of the Moon. / Moon rises 1-16, and south 9-7 morn. / Sun rises 5-42, sets 6-6, and fast 6 min. / Temp. at sunrise 30, noon 60, sunset 54.

The morning was quite fair, except a little fog, and it was also quite calm, but there was a little frost. The day continued fair until towards night, and then it began to be a little cloudy, becoming considerably so at the close of the day. The clouds having disappeared the evening is quite fair and pleasant.

Spent the morning about the house reading a part of the time, and after breakfast went into the garden to work at picking sage. Spent the rest of the forenoon that way and made out three panfuls. Mr. Bunyan then came and spent some time with me and soon after he departed, Benjamin and Lurenda, with their two children, came to see us and to spend the night with us. Devoted remainder of the day to them.

Thursday, 18

Sixth day of Last Quarter of the Moon. / Moon rises 2-20, and south 9-53 morn. / Sun rises 5-43, sets 6-4, and fast 6 min. / Temp. at sunrise 56, noon 70, sunset

The wind having changed back to the southwest in the course of the night, the morning was quite cloudy and the temperature some higher than it has been of late and there was a pretty brisk breeze, most of the time through the day. The clouds cleared away early in the day and the weather became tolerably fair, continuing so till night. The evening also is mostly fair.

Was pretty busy until towards night gathering my sage in order to go home with Benjamin and Lurenda tonight. Picked six pansful and spread it in the chamber, which completes the present picking. Benjamin and Lurenda went over to Elon’s for a visit today, and towards night wife and I got ready and rode home with them. Met Mr. Gilman after starting who gave me a letter he had taken from the office. It was from Mr. G. W. Hennigar, Photographer of Middletown Conn.

Friday, 19

Seventh day of Last Quarter of the moon / Moon rises 3-23, and south 10-36 morn. / Sun rises 5-44, sets 6-2, and fast 6 min. / Temp. at sunrise ___, noon ___, sunset ___.

The morning was partially fair and it continued so until the middle of the day the wind coming from a southern or an eastern direction, and the temperature being neither very high or very low but of a moderate character. The afternoon was more cloudy, and especially towards the close it was for some time very cloudy and dark and there was a pretty heavy rain. The clouds having cleared away the evening is considerably fair.

Arose in the morning before the family and spent my time about the house until breakfast was ready, and after this continued at and around the house thru the day, spending the time visiting with the family, and reading some, and being quite drowsy, devoted a portion of it to sleep. We concluded to remain over night again.

Saturday, 20

Eighth day of the Last Quarter of the Moon. / Moon rises 4-25, and south 11-17, morn. / Sun rises 5-45, sets 6-1, and fast 7 min. / Temp. at sunrise ___, noon ___, sunset ___.

There was a little rain some time in the course of the night, and the morning at the time of sunrise was considerably cloudy. The wind, which had returned to the northwest was pretty active, and the weather was quite cool. The clouds soon cleared away and the morning became fair. The afternoon was only partially fair, and there was considerable wind, with the weather uncomfortably cool. The evening is quite clear and quite calm.

Arose again in the morning quite early and spent the time reading until breakfast. After this read some and wrote some until about the middle of the day and then we rode with Benjamin and his family, except Charlie, up to Azor’s where we spent the afternoon, and then Benjamin’s folks returning home, wife and I remained with Azor and Eliza.

Sunday, 21

New Moon today, at 1-7 evening. / Moon will set tomorrow. South tomorrow / Sun rises 5-46 sets 5-59, and fast 7 min. / Temp. at sunrise ___, noon ___, sunset ___.

The morning was very fair and calm and pleasant, and although it was pretty cool there was no frost discovered, around the house. The forenoon continued fair & calm but the weather did not get to be very warm. The afternoon, too, was mostly fair, there being only some disconnected clouds to be seen, and the temperature did not improve much if any. The evening remains about the same.

Spent most of the time in the morning, before breakfast, reading. Azor and his family, at the proper time rode over to the village to meeting, but wife and I, not coming prepared, remained at the house alone. After their return Br. & sister Taylor, of Locke’s Mills, came with their daughter Sophia who is teaching the school here. Delos and his wife called soon after and made a short stay.

Monday, 22

Second day of the New Moon. / Moon sets 6-37, and south 0-37 eve. / Sun rises 5-47, sets 5-57, and fast 7 min. / Temp. at sunrise ___, noon ___, sunset ___.

There was plenty of frost in the morning and a great amount of fog besides, but in other respects the weather was quite fair and pleasant. But the wind having changed to the south the forenoon gradually became quite cloudy, but did not seem to be much warmer. The afternoon also was very cloudy and there were strong indications of rain but they failed to produce it. The evening remains very cloudy and dark and unpleasant.

Remained very inactive through the day, not going abroad at all, or hardly leaving the house. Read some in the morning before breakfast, & afterward spent some time writing. Azor and Edward were very busy at cutting up corn. Read considerable in the course of the day, and geing quite drowsy, devoted some time to sleep.

Tuesday, 23

Third day of the New Moon. / Moon sets 6-56, and south 1-17 eve. / Sun rises 5-48, sets 5-55, and fast 8 m. / Temp. at sunrise ___, noon ___, sunset ___.

There was considerable rain falling in the night and the morning was also quite rainy, with the wind continuing in a southerly quarter. The rain abated after a little but came on again in the afternoon and continued to fall moderately, until night. The evening is quite cloudy and wet, & the weather moderately cool.

Spent the morning reading and soon after breakfast went in Azor’s wagon over to Amanda’s wife and Eliza. Walked down into the village and spent some time looking around there and finally called at Samuel’s and took dinner with them. After this went back to Amanda’s and Azor coming there we remained till after tea & then drove back to Azor’s.

Wednesday, 24

Fourth day of the New Moon. / Moon sets 7-16, and south 1-58, eve. / Sun rises 5-49, sets 5-54, and fast 8 min. / Temp. at sunrise ___, noon ___, sunset ___.

The whole night was quite rainy, and the storm was in progress after day light in the morning, but subsiding soon after the clouds began to clear away gradually, and the day became considerably fair, the afternoon especially. The wind having changed back to the north has been quite calm, and the weather has not become any colder. The evening has become quite cloudy again.

Spent the morning and almost the entire day in and about the house engaged in reading much of the time and conversing the women with the women when Azor was not about the house, and I was not too sleepy. In the afternoon, towards night, went out into Azor’s fields to see his buckwheat and his corn which he is now engaged in harvesting.

Thursday, 25

Fifth day of the New Moon. / Moon sets 7-40, and south 2-43 eve. / Sun rises 5-50, sets 5-52, and fast 8 min / Temp. at sunrise ___, noon ___, sunset ___.

The morning was very cloudy at the opening, and the wind, which had changed back to the South, was blowing some. Rain began to fall at about seven o’clock and continued, moderately, most of the forenoon. It commenced again directly and the remainder of the day has been quite rainy, and the weather moderately cool. Cleared off at night and the evening is fair.

Wife found herself quite sick at the stomach soon after she arose in the morning, and also with her head quite out of order, so that she could not sit up, and continuing to grow worse I went, after dinner, to get some medicine of Samuel for her. Found him at Manville’s, attending his sick child. Returned to Azor’s and gave the medicine to wife according to orders, she continuing about the same. My back, which has been for some time lame, is much worse, & some of the time very painful.

Friday, 26

Sixth day of the New Moon. / Moon sets 8-11, and south 3-30 eve. / Sun rises 5-51, sets 5-50, and fast 9 min. / Temp. at sunrise ___, noon ___, sunset ___.

The morning opened fair and also considerably warm, the day continuing fair and warm to the close. The wind was very calm and appeared to be remaining in the south or southwest. The evening is remarkably fair and pleasant and warm, the new moon having contributed its share to make it agreeable.

Arose in the morning with wife, but, finding herself no better, she had, soon, to return to the bed again. Stared off again after breakfast after Samuel, but finding him quite unwell, got another kind of medicine and brought back for wife which I gave her hourly through the day and evening, she appearing to be gaining all the while. Benjamin and Lurenda, and Amanda and Lucella were here to see her, Lurenda & her children staying. Rode with Azor & Eliza to town in the morning but walked back. My back is quite lame & painful.

Saturday, 27

Seventh day of the New Moon. / Moon sets 8-49, and south 4-21 eve. / Sun rises 5-53, sets 5-48, and fast 9 min. / Temp. at sunrise ___, noon ___, sunset___.

The morning was very fair and pleasant at the dawn, and the weather was also quite warm, and the wind appeared to be from a southern quarter. The day continued fair all the way through, and has been very warm, especially the afternoon. The evening remains remarkable fair, & warm and pleasant.

Wife rested very well last night and finds herself much better this morning. She has been able to sit up through the day and to take some food. Spent my time in and about the house, having to lie down occasionally on account of the pain in my back. Devoted a considerable portion of my time to reading when not engaged in conversation. Eliza had company again today, her aunt Amanda and Philena, and Roxy Morse being here Azor has been away from home today.

Sunday, 28

Eighth day of the New Moon. / Moon sets 9-35, and south 5-17 eve. / Sun rises 5-51, sets 5-47, and fast 10 min. / Temp. at sunrise ___, noon 81, sunset 67.

The morning at the opening was a little cloudy, and there was a very large amount of fog besides. The clouds and fog continued until near the middle of the day, and then dissipating, the remainder of the day was quite fair. The wind having shifted to the west has been quite calm. The evening remains quite fair and calm.

Spent much of the morning with a book, and as soon Azor’s chores had been attended to after breakfast, he had Edward harness the horses to his carriage, and drive down here to bring us home; we having been away ten days. We did not arrive in season for meeting, and therefore spent the afternoon, after our arrival home, about the house and with the family. Wife has pretty well recovered from her indisposition, but my lame back gets no better and is very painful.

Monday, 29

First Quarter of the Moon 10-12 morn. / Moon sets 10-33, and south 6-15 eve. / Sun rises 5-55, sets 5-45, and fast 10 min. / Temp. at sunrise 66, noon 83, sunset 70.

The morning was partially cloudy, with a brisk, southwest wind, and it was pretty warm. The clouds accumulating more & more, it finally began to rain and continued until the middle of the day. The afternoon was fair a few hours and then clouding up again there was a little more rain towards night. There has been considerable heavy wind in the course of the day. It is fair this evening, and weather cooler.

Omitted my bath in the morning not having preparation made. Spent a considerable portion of the day writing and a smaller portion with a book. Elon came over to see me about the middle of the day and staid an hour or two. Had a very good visit with him. Towards night went out and looked the garden. Back continues quite bad, being worse in latter part of day.

Tuesday, 30

Second day of First Quarter of the Moon. / Moon sets 11-42, and south 7-15 eve. / Sun rises 5-56, sets 5-43, and fast 10 min. / Temp. at sunrise 40, noon ___, sunset 8?6.

The morning was partially cloudy at the time of sunrise, the wind was from the west and quite calm, and the temperature a little lower down than it has been of late. The clouds cleared away so that the forenoon was mostly fair, but the afternoon has been alternately clear and cloudy, with occasional breezes of wind. The evening is remarkably clear and calm, and the moon is shining brightly.

Arose early and resumed my bath again this morning, and then read till the breakfast, my back continuing very lame and troublesome. Wrote a letter to Mr. G. W. Hennigar of Middletown, Conn., and copied it, in the forenoon, and after dinner sent it up to the Post Office by Albert. Luman came from Barclay and stopped with us till after dinner, and then went on towards Troy. Went in to the chamber towards night and put up my sage & weighed it – 4 lbs 11 oz in all.

October

Wednesday, 1

Third day of the First Quarter of the Moon / Moon sets not today, south 8-14 eve. / Sun rises 5-57, sets 5-41, & fast 10 min. / Temp. at sunrise 26, noon 60, sunset 48.

The morning was fair and calm at the opening and there was a very heavy frost. The day continued fair, and in the afternoon there was a gentle breeze of wind from the northwest, the weather remaining considerably cool all the way through till night. The evening is again very fair and without any wind, with good prospect for another heavy frost.

After bathing and dressing in the morning sat down and read a spell before breakfast. My back remaining very lame did not go out much, but continuing in the house spent the forenoon arranging my papers and things in the library and reading some, and the afternoon and the evening reading a part of the time and writing some, when not asleep or otherwise engaged. Elon came over towards night and paid me $4.00 for my little shotgun.

Thursday, 2

Fourth day of the First Quarter of the Moon. / Moon sets 0-59 morn., and south 9-12 eve. / Sun rises 5-58, sets 5-40, and fast 11 minutes / Temp. at sunrise 30, noon 58, sunset ___.

The morning was quite fair and very still and there was also considerable frost to be seen on the grass, and a little fog along the flat. The day continued fair all the way through, and the weather has been moderately cool, but quite pleasant. The evening is also quite fair and pleasant, but considerably cool.

Remained about the house during the morning and the forenoon and was employed at the writing table most of the time finishing a letter to Mary Andrus and copying it, and after dinner sent it to the post office by Albert. Luman came in the afternoon, and concluding to ride to Barclay with him I got ready and started but was soon overhauled by Daniel Bush who had just arrived, we turned about and went back. Luman went on to Barclay towards night, and Daniel remains with us, with the intention of going over to Smithfield tomorrow to see Valeria.

Friday, 3

Fourth day of the First Quarter of the Moon / Moon sets 2-20 morn., and south 10-6 eve. / Sun rises 5-59, sets 5-38, and fast 11 min. / Temp. at sunrise 36, noon ___, sunset ___.

The morning at first was considerably cloudy and there was some smoke besides. the wind was in the west and was quite calm. The clouds dispersed so much soon after that the forenoon became partially fair, continuing so until the close. The evening is considerably cloudy and the weather is cool.

Daniel engaged DeVer Mott to go with his team to carry him to Smithfield, and at his instance I left a letter I had commenced to Mary Wells, and went with him, starting soon after breakfast. Julius too went along. Called at West Burlington to see John, and at Mrs. Pratt’s to see Norman Case. Went on to Valeria’s, & after a couple of hours stay returned to Mrs. Pratt’s to dinner, & then drove up to Troy for Daniel to take the evening train for Williamsport, the remainder of our party, after a short stay, returned home a little before dark.

Saturday, 4

Fifth day of the First Quarter of the Moon. / Moon set 3-40 morn., and south 10-59 eve. / Sun rises 6-0, sets 5-36, and fast 11 min. / Temp. at sunrise 53, noon 66, sunset 56.

The morning was quite cloudy, and the wind, having shifted to the south was blowing some. The weather was considerably warmer than it has been of late. The wind increased as the day advanced and became quite boisterous about noon. The cloudy weather continued through the day and the afternoon was considerably rainy. The evening too is quite cloudy and rainy.

Spent the morning and a considerable portion of the forenoon reading after which I recommenced the writing of my letter to Mary Wells. Spent most of the time during the remainder of the day at the writing table engaged at finishing and copying the said letter; but had to leave the table frequently, and seek some other posture in order to relieve the severe pain in my back with which I continue to be afflicted. Completed the letter in the evening.

Sunday, 5

Sixth day of the First Quarter of the moon / Moon sets 4-59, morn., and south 11-51 eve / Sun rises 6-1, sets 5-35, and fast 12 min. / Temp. sunrise 57, noon ___, sunset 60.

The morning at first was quite cloudy but the wind having changed to the west, the clouds broke away and it became partially fair and was quite calm. The weather through the day was considerably fair there being only some detached clouds in sight and the temperature has been moderately warm. The evening continues fair.

Spent the morning in the usual way reading after attending to the other matters. Got ready for meeting and went up a little before the hour, carrying Mary’s letter to the post office and receiving the Courier and the Gazette, & then stopped with Lydia until the time for meeting. Attended the meeting which was conducted by Br. Levi Taylor, and after the conclusion of the exercises came directly home. Lizzie and Albert were also there. Spent the remainder of the day about the house. Back a little better.

Monday, 6

Full Moon today at 0-47 morning. / Moon will rise tomorrow. South next morn. / Sun rises 6-3, sets 5-33, and fast 12 minutes. / Temp. at sunrise 30, noon ___, sunset 42.

The morning at the dawning was very cloudy and dark and there was a little rain falling which subsided after a little, but before noon commenced again and fell much faster than it did at first. the afternoon continued quite cloudy and rainy until the close of the day and there was also a considerable breeze of wind in motion. The evening is also cloudy but there is not very much rain.

Having occasion to write a letter to Mrs. Rood of Great Barrington, Mass, commenced it in the morning, and completed it and the copy early in the afternoon. After this commenced to write another which I had promised to Mrs. Anna Dickerson of North Manchester, Hartford county, Conn. finishing and copying it in the evening. In it I enclosed photographs of myself and wife according to her request, she being wife’s cousin. Back continues to be quite troublesome.

Tuesday, 7

Second day of the Full Moon. / Moon rises 6-27, and is south 0-43 morn. / Sun rises 6-4, sets 5-31, and fast 12 min. / Temp. sunrise 43, noon 41, sunset 41.

The night was quite rainy, and in the morning the storm changed to snow for a short time which whitened the hills considerably. It subsided, however, before eight o’clock but the forenoon remained cloudy. The afternoon is considerably fair and pleasant and the temperature continued moderately cool. The evening is is also cool and calm, & is remarkably clear.

Read a spell in the morning and after breakfast took the two letters I had written and carried them up to the post office in season for the mail. Remained there chatting with Sam. Rockwell and others a little while and then came home. Spent much of the time during the remainder of the day reading, and in the afternoon put a pane of glass into one of the library windows.

Wednesday, 8

Third day of the Full Moon. / Moon rises 6-58, and south 1-36 morn. / Sun rises 6-5, sets 5-30, and fast 12 minutes. / Temp. sunrise 28, noon 60, and sunset 50.

The morning at the time of sunrise was quite fair, and quite calm, and quite frosty. The weather continued fair as the morning advanced, and a gentle breeze of wind came on from the west, which became quite lively in the middle of the day. The afternoon continued fair and was moderately warm. The evening is very fair and calm, the wind having entirely ceased.

Spent the morning in the usual manner, and and a considerable portion of the forenoon about the house doing nothing except to read a little. Towards noon went to picking sage in the garden and worked at it through the remaining portion of the day with very little intermission, gathering four pans full. Luman came in the afternoon, and again at night and is staying over.

Thursday, 9

Fourth day of the Full Moon. / Moon rises 7-35, and south 2-30 morn. / The sun rose at 6-6, & sets at 5-29. Fast / Temp. at sunrise 30, at noon ___, at sunset 46.

The morning was quite fair and frosty, and the atmosphere was a little smoky at the time the sun appeared. The day continued very fair all the way through, with no wind of any consequence, and the weather was quite warm especially the afternoon. The evening is considerably cooler and is also quite fair and calm.

Luman departed soon after breakfast for Barclay. Read a spell in the morning before breakfast, and again after it until the frost & dew were off, and then went to picking sage again. Gathered four pans full again today and spread it in the chamber to dry. Mr. Bunyan came in the afternoon to see me and made a very good visit, remaining till after tea. After his departure worked a little at the sage business but spent most of the remaining portion of the day in the house, & part of the time on the bed on account of my lame back.

Friday, 10

Fifth day of the Full Moon. / Moon rises 8-17, and south 3-26 morn. / Sun rises 6-7, sets 5-26, and fast 13 min. / Temp. at sunrise 28, at noon ___, at sunset 54.

The morning opened fair and frosty, and was also quite foggy, especially along the valley. After the fog was dispelled the day was very fair and pleasant, and the weather became considerably warm besides. The wind was quite calm and remained in the northwest. The evening too is quite fair and pleasant and warm.

After reading a spell in the morning went to work at harvesting my pop corn in the garden. Cut up the stalks and husked out the corn in the forenoon, and in the afternoon carried it into the corn house, there being five half bushel baskets full of it. After this did nothing more in the line of work today my back, or hip being quite lame and painful in the afternoon. Spent much of the time reading when not lying on the bed. Albert went to the post office & got the Gazette.

Saturday, 11

Sixth day of the Full Moon. / Moon rises 9-7, and is south 4-23 m. / Sun rises 6-9, sets 5-25, and fast 13 min. / Temp. at sunrise 32, noon 67, sunset 57?.

There were some clouds in the morning but it was mainly fair, and there was a little frost and considerable fog besides. The day passed over quite fair, there being only a few clouds to be seen. A gentle breeze of wind from the west began in the middle of the day and continued in the afternoon, and the weather was quite warm. Evening cloudy & little rain. Spent the morning reading, until some time after breakfast, and then sorted out my pop corn, and carried it into the chamber. After this went into the garden and picked a little more sage. Spent the afternoon in the house reading most of the time, having to lie down part of the time to ease my back. Abe. Mott called in the morning & left $5.50 for Mr. Litchard. Mr. Litchard came in the evening and tarries over night.

Sunday, 12

Seventh day of the Full Moon. / Moon rises 10-4, and is south 5-18 morn. / Sun rises 6-10, sets 5-23 and fast 14 min. / Temp. at sunrise 49, noon ___, sunset ___.

The night was pretty warm but there was not much rain. The morning was warm and very cloudy with the wind in the west. The weather grew colder as the morning advanced and gradually cleared off, after raining a little at intervals in the course of the forenoon. The afternoon was partially fair & considerably cool. The evening too is mostly fair and considerably cool.

Having arranged to go to meeting at Leroy with Mr. Litchard today, spent the morning getting ready. He drove his horse ang buggy and Albert rode over there with us. Br. Greenlaw preached. We returned directly and found Eliza here, having come down with Edward. At three o’clock we attended meeting again at the Centre and heard Br. Greenlaw deliver another discourse, according to appointment, Eliza & Lizzie going too, & afterward Eliza went home. Luman called in eve but went on to Troy.

Monday, 13

Last Quarter of the Moon 1-41, morn. / Moon rises 11-7, and south 6-12 morn. / Sun rises 6-11, sets 5-21, and fast 14 min. / Temp. at sunrise 36, noon 49, sunset 44.

The morning at the opening was very cloudy, with the wind northwesterly. It began, soon after, to clear away gradually, and the middle of the day was quite fair. The afternoon has been quite fair also, with a gentle breeze of wind, and the weather, although pleasant, has been considerably cool. The evening is remaining fair with a gentle breeze of wind.

Settled with Mr. Litchard this morning, receiving from him two of his best books – one of which I presented to Br. Greenlaw yesterday – at $8.75 each, for which I paid him $8.00 besides his keeping and my services, he departing after breakfast. I have spent the day mostly in the house & have been looking over some of my old papers throwing out a portion of them for paper-rags, & reading a portion of the time. Marcus Ayrs called in the morning to see Mr. Litchard after he went away.

Tuesday, 14

Second day of the Last Quarter. / Moon rises tomorrow. South 7-3 morn. / Sun rises 6-12, sets 5-20, and fast 14 min. / Temp. at sunrise 48, at noon ___, at sunset 55

The morning at the time of sunrising was very cloudy with a pretty brisk breeze of wind from the west. The clouds soon passed away and the forenoon became fair, and fair weather continued through the day. The temperature has been pretty well up, and the atmosphere considerably smoky. The evening is fair and warm.

Spent the morning until some time after breakfast in the house, and most of the time in the library engaged with my books. After the morning dew had dried off, went into the garden and picked another pan of sage leaves and then resumed my reading until dinner time. Soon after dinner went up to the election and put in my votes for state and county officers, returning home soon after. Mary and Burton came in the afternoon, and went away in the evening.

Wednesday, 15

Third day of the last Quarter of the Moon / Moon rises 0-11 morn, & south 7-50 morn / Sun rises 6-13, sets 5-18, and fast 14 min / Temp. sunrise 28, noon ___, sunset 45.

The morning at the opening was calm & cloudless, and the atmosphere was very smoky. There was a pretty heavy frost covering the ground. The weather continued fair through the entire day, and there has been scarcely any wind. The middle of the day and the afternoon were quite warm. The evening is quite fair and calm.

Remained indoors through the morning and until near the middle of the day, reading most of the time but writing some, and then went into the garden and spent some time gathering some more sage. Picked two pans full of leaves and spread them in the chamber to dry. Took up some that was dry & put it up in a bag. Spent the remainder of the afternoon about the house at making some preparations to go home with Luman tomorrow to Barclay. He is here tonight.

Thursday, 16

Fourth day of the last Quarter of the Moon. / Moon rises 1-15, morn, & south 8-34 morn. / Sun rises 6-14, sets 5-17, and fast 14 min. / Temp. sunrise 49, noon ___, sunset ___,

There were a few clouds in the eastern horizon at the time of sunrising, and also a smoky atmosphere, but otherwise the morning was fair. The day continued fair and smoky until near the close, and the weather was also moderately warm. The evening has become moderately warm. The evening has become quite cloudy, and there are some slight sprinklings of rain.

Arose pretty early in the morning & completed my arrangements for leaving home, and after breakfast started away with Luman, taking Albert with me. We went first to Sam. Rockwell’s where Luman got nine sheep which he took along, and at Crofut’s in Leroy he got ten Young cattle. We drove the whole up to the foot of the mountain, & then turning four of the cattle into a field there, we drove the remainder on to Barclay. Took tea at Theodore’s & leaving Albert to stay there over night, I went over to Dr. Hillis’ & lodged there.

Friday, 17

Fifth day of the Last Quarter of the Moon / Moon rises 2-17, morn, and south 9-16 morn / Sun rises 6-16, sets 5-15, and fast 15 min / Temp. sunrise ___, noon ___, sunset ___.

The weather through the night was quite mild and very cloudy, but not rainy, Clouds continued through the forenoon, and then breaking away, the middle of the day and the afternoon were mostly fair. Clouds came on again at night and the evening became considerably cloudy and dark and the wind rising became pretty brisk.

Arose in the morning before the Doctor’s family, and went over to Theodore’s to see about Albert. Found him in bed & all right. Took breakfast with Theodore, and remained about there through the day. Had some negatives for copies of photographs taken in the afternoon, and also a negative for a photograph of Albert. After this went out to the mouth of drift no. 1, with Albert & Geo. to see the operations there. At night went back to the Dr’s to spent the evening and the night leaving Albert to stay at Theodore’s.

Saturday, 18

Sixth day of the Last Quarter of the Moon. / Moon rises 3-18, morn, and south 9-56 m. / Sun rises 6-17, sets 5-13, and fast 15 min. / Temp. sunrise ___, noon ___, sunset ___.

The wind, having changed to the south, was very active through the night, and was also very brisk in the morning. The weather was pretty cool and very cloudy, and soon after sunrise a drisling rain began to fall. It continued cool, and cloudy, and windy, and rainy, and every way unpleasant – I mean the weather – until the close of the day. The evening is much the same, as the day has been.

Arose early in the morning again and walking out, called at Theodore’s, & finding Albert all right, returned to the Doctor’s to breakfast. After this sat there and read the last Reporter and then came back to Theodore’s where I took my dinner and spent the remainder of the day, reading, and visiting, and dozing when not otherwise engaged. Concluded to remain at Theodore’s tonight.

Sunday, 19

Seventh day of the Last Quarter of the Moon / Moon rises 4-19 morn., and south 10-36 m / Sun rises 6-18, sets 5-12, and fast 15 min / Temp. sunrise ___, noon ___, sunset 44.

The morning was very cloudy, and a little rainy, and without much wind. The rain abated in the course of the forenoon but the cloudy weather continued through the day, and was considerably cooler in the afternoon and especially towards night. The evening is very cloudy and dark, and is considerably cool.

Did not retire for the night until two in the morning, but sat up with the women who were employed at ironing, and consequently I did not rise until a late hour. We remained at Theodore’s until after two in the afternoon and then Luman, having hitched up his carriage came down the mountain and brought us home, arriving here about four o’clock. Luman stopped until after supper and then went on up the road, being undetermined where he would spend the night. Read a little in the evening & went to bed early.

Monday, 20

Eighth day of the Last Quarter of the Moon. / Moon rises 5-20 morn. and south 11-16 morn. / Sun rises 6-19, sets 5-10, and fast 15 min. / Temp, sunrise 32, noon ___, sunset 38.

There was a rainstorm in the night, commencing soon after bed time, which was in progress at the opening of the morning, with pretty brisk wind from the southwest. The rain continued until near the middle of the day, and then abated a short time. After this it commenced again and continued through the day, and produced a freshet in the streams of considerable magnitude. The evening continues about the same as the day has been.

Arose at my customary early hour in the morning, and spent the time in the usual manner. Daniel Bruce was here to breakfast and went away soon afterward. After spending some time reading, went into the chamber and put up what sage I had there that was dry enough. Did not undertake to do anything else of any consequence, and read, and dozed, the principal part of the remaining time.

Tuesday, 21

Last Quarter of the New Moon 6-11 morn. / Moon begins to set, south in eve. / Sun rises 6-20, sets 5-9, and fast 15 min. / Temp. sunrise 42, noon 42, sunset 40.

There was considerable rain and wind in the night, and the wind blew heavily from the south in the morning. The rain had ceased, and the heavy clouds began to break, but the boisterous wind continued through the morning and, at intervals, through the day. There has been no rain, and but little sunshine in the course of the day. The evening is very cloudy, and very dark, and very windy the wind remaining in the south.

Arose early and spent the morning in my usual manner. Daniel Bruce was here to breakfast, and went to Barclay, Harvey going with him. Spent the day in the house as usual doing nothing of much consequence. Picked up and laid away the newspapers, and wrote some, and the remainder of the time has been spent, principally, at reading and at dozing in my chair. Tried to cut a little wood at night, for the library. Back continues lame.

Wednesday, 22

Second day of the New Moon. / Moon sets 5-44, and south 0-41 eve / Sun rises 6-21, sets 5-7, and fast 16 min. / Temp at sunrise 35, noon 56, sunset 51.

The morning opened partially fair and with but little wind which appeared to come from the west, but as the morning advanced the wind increased to a pretty brisk breeze. The clouds dispersed in the course of the forenoon so that the middle of the day was considerably fair. The afternoon has been quite fair and the wind subsided almost entirely, reviving to a gentle breeze at night. The evening is also quite fair with considerable wind.

Attended to my morning matters an read a spell before breakfast, and after this spent most of the time in the library during the forenoon, reading a considerable portion of it. In the afternoon went into the garden and pulled the beets, cutting off the tops, and then the carrots, all of which Albert carried to the house. After this Albert pulled the turnips and I cut the tops, and Harvey put them all in the cellar.

Thursday, 23

Third day of the New Moon. / Moon sets 6-13, and is south 1-27 eve. / Sun rises 6-22, sets 5-6, and fast 16 min. / Temp. sunrise 36, noon ___, sunset 58.

The morning at the dawn was very fair and was also very calm. The forenoon remained quite fair and pleasant, and with very little wind. In the afternoon clouds began to appear, and the wind having changed to the southwest, began to revive, so that before the sun went down the sky was entirely in, hidden by clouds, and there was an active breeze of wind. The evening was also very cloudy.

Spent the morning in my customary manner, when at home. After breakfast returned to the library and spent the principal part of the time there during the forenoon, and the entire day, reading mostly, but writing some, and sleeping occasionally. Luman came along in the morning & took Mary(?) home with him to Barclay.

Friday, 24

Fourth day of the New Moon. / Moon sets 6-48, and south 2-18 eve. / Sun rises 6-24, sets 5-4, and fast 16 min. / Temp., sunrise 48, noon 46, sunset 38.

The morning, at the dawning was quite cloudy and rainy and there was a gentle breeze of wind. The rain fell very moderately and continued until the middle of the day. At that time the clouds began to break away & the afternoon, a few hours later, became quite fair and pleasant and warm, but grew cooler again towards night. The evening continues quite fair and calm.

Spent the morning in my customary manner, and after breakfast returned to to the library and resumed my reading. Spent much of the time that way through the fore part of the day. In the afternoon chopped a little wood and brought in to the library, and being too lame to travel much on my feet, sent Albert up to the post office who brought me the Gazette, & a letter from A. M. Bailey, & one from Letty, & a letter returned I had sent to Mrs. Dickinson. Stephen is here & Harvey brought Amanda here from the depot in the evening.

Saturday, 25

Fifth day of the New Moon. / Moon sets 7-32, and is south 3-12 eve. / Sun rises 6-25, sets 5-3, and fast 16 min. / Temp., sunrise 25, noon , sunset 39.

The morning was very fair, and there was also a very heavy frost. There was not much much wind stirring if any, and the weather was decidedly cooler. The day continued quite fair and quite calm all the way through, but the temperature did not improve but little. The evening is also quite clear and still, with the prospect of another heavy frost.

Arose before the sun and spent the morning in the usual way. Stephen went away after breakfast and Amanda remained. Spent the fore part of the day reading much of the time, and after that commenced to write a letter to A. M. Bailey but being hindered by various causes did not conclude it. Mr. Gilman brought me from the post office the Courier and a letter from John Andrus of Huron. Calvin made a short call, and in the afternoon Elon came in.

Sunday, 26

Sixth day of the New Moon. / Moon sets 8-26, and south 4-9 eve. / Sun rises 6-26, sets 5-1, and fast 16 min. / Temp., sunrise 20, noon ___, sunset 46.

There was no disappointment about the frost in the morning for there was plenty of it, and a corresponding temperature, and the weather was clear and calm and continued so through the forenoon and part of the afternoon, and then the wind changing to the south blew up briskly and it soon became quite cloudy. The evening is very cloudy, and there is a heavy wind, and it rains a little besides.

After the first business of the morning sat down and read a spell, and then went into the kitchen and spent the time with the family until breakfast. Read a spell after this and at the proper time went up to meeting with Albert, stopping a spell at Mr. Bruce’s before the meeting. Br. Levi conducted the exercises as usual. At the close returned home and spent the remainder of the day and evening at finishing and copying my letter to A. M. Bailey.

Monday, 27

Seventh day of the New Moon. / Moon sets 9-31, and south 5-8 eve. / Sun rises 6-27, sets 5-0, and fast 16 min. / Temp., sunrise 51, noon 53, sunset 44.

The past has been rainy and very windy. The morning was of the same character, with the wind remaining in the south and the temperature considerably higher. The forenoon continued cloudy, raining part of the time. There was some sunshine in the middle of the day but it was quite cloudy after that and there were some showers. The latter part of the day has been considerably fair but the evening is partially cloudy, and is quite calm.

The business of the morning was the same as usual. Read a little before breakfast and in the course of the forenoon commenced to write a letter to Ellen Buell, and wrote at intervals through the day, but my lame hip became so troublesome that I could not finish it and had to lay it by for another day, and seek some other position to ease the pain. Wife and Amanda went down to Abe Mott’s for a visit. Harvey took Bailey’s letter to post office in the morning.

Tuesday, 28

First Quarter of the Moon at 7-26 eve. / Moon sets 10-43, and south 6-6 eve. / Sun rises 6-29, sets 4-59, and fast 16 min. / Temp, sunrise 35, noon 48, sunset 35.

The morning was considerably cloudy a the dawn and it was also quite calm, the wind remaining in the southwest. The clouds dispersed in the course of the forenoon, and the middle of the day was quite pleasant. Clouded up again in the afternoon and there several little dashes of rain. Wind changed to the west and blew roundly towards night, and after sundown. There was a lively flurry of snow. The evening is cloudy, but there is not much wind in motion.

Resumed my letter to Ellen in the morning soon after breakfast, writing only a part of the time, and finished it and the copy about the middle of the afternoon. After supper Albert carried the letter to the post office for me and I spent some time cutting some pine roots to burn in the library. Amanda and Lelia rode up home with Harvey who went to Troy today. Daniel Bruce called tonight and put out his horse here.

Wednesday, 29

Second day of the First Quarter of Moon. / Moon sets 11-59, and south 7-2 eve. / Sun rises 6-30, sets 4-57, and fast 16 min. / Temp., sunrise 28, noon 39, sunset 30.

The night was clear but morning at the dawn was partially cloudy and there was a gentle breeze of wind from the west. The weather through the day was peculiar, it being very changeable and much of the time very unpleasant. There were intervals of pleasant sunshine which would be succeeded by clouds and winds and sometimes flurries of snow, the temperature being quite low, especially toward the close. The evening is quite clear and cold.

After attending to the preliminary matters of the morning, commenced a letter to Mr. Atkins, and made that the principal business of the day. Wrote only a little while at a time on account of my lame hip, which has been considerably troublesome today, but managed to finish a long letter in the course of the day and evening and to copy it.

Thursday, 30

Third day of the First Quarter of the Moon. / Moon sets tomorrow morn. South 7-55 eve. / Sun rises 6-31, sets 4-56, and fast 16 min. / Temp., sunrise 14, noon ___, sunset 33.

The morning at the dawning was very very clear, and very calm, and very cold, there being a very heavy frost and the grounds being considerably frozen. The wind changed to the south and blew a pretty strong breeze in the afternoon, but the weather continued clear and cold through the day. The evening remains clear and also quite cold, but the wind having abated, it is quite calm.

The business of the morning was the same as usual, first the bath, and then the book until breakfast. Being too lame to walk up to the post office, sent Albert up there with my letter to Mr. Atkins before breakfast so as to have go out in the mail today. Spent some time in making out a statement concerning the affairs of the Leroy church for Br. Churchill but did not finish it. Towards night went into the garden and picked a panful of sage, and after that chopped a little wood for my fire in the library.

Friday, 31

Fourth day of First Quarter of the Moon. / Moon sets 1-16 morn. South 8-47 eve. / Sun rises 6-32, sets 4-55, and fast 16 min. / Temp., sunrise 33, noon 46, sunset 44.

The morning at the time of sunrise was considerably cloudy, and there was a pretty brisk breeze of wind from the south or southwest. The clouds continued through the day, excluding sunshine entirely. The The wind too has been more or less active and some of the time quite violent. It remains in the south. The evening continues quite cloudy and windy.

After concluding the morning business, read a little and then sat down to breakfast. Immediately after leaving the table, went out to picking sage in the garden and gathered three pansfull in the course of the forenoon. Afternoon wrote two letters, one to the Towanda Journal and the other to C. W. Churchill, and copying them, sent them to the P.O. by Albert, who brot back the Gazette, & a Wmsport paper sent by Letty Lane.

November

Saturday, 1

Fifth day of First Quarter of the Moon. / Moon sets 2-34 morn. South 9-37 eve. / Sun rises 6-34, sets 4-53, and fast 16 min. / Temp., sunrise 21, noon 39, sunset 34.

The morning was partially fair, and the wind having subsided, was quite calm. It soon revived however and became quite brisk, having changed to the west. The forenoon became mostly fair and the afternoon quite so, the wind continuing all day but subsiding at night. The evening continues fair and is very bright, and is also very calm.

Arose early and spent the morning in the usual manner, gaining time to read a little while before breakfast. After this devoted an hour or two at the writing table, and then went out in the garden and picked a panful of sage before noon, and in the afternoon picked two pansful more and and a part of another which completed the whole. Spent some time in the afternoon at the statement of church affairs for Br. Churchill, and read a portion of the time.

Sunday, 2

Sixth day of First Quarter of the Moon. / Moon sets 3-52 morn. South 10-28 eve. / Sun rises 6-35, sets 4-52, and fast 16 min. / Temp., sunrise 20, noon ___ , sunset 42.

The morning is fair and is quite calm and is very frosty. The forenoon and the middle of the day remained fair and there was but little wind. In the afternoon the wind changed to the south or southwest and towards night it was considerably cloudy, with the prospect of a storm soon. The evening remained quite cloudy but the weather remained calm.

Arose in the morning at my usual early hour and got ready for breakfast. After this went back to the library and read until nearly meeting time and then got ready and went up to the Center and calling on Lydia until the second bell and then went into the meeting. Br. Levi Taylor conducted the exercises and delivered a discourse. After returning home Theodore called, being on his way to Troy, & brot me some pictures & stereocopic views.

Monday, 3

Seventh day of First Quarter of the Moon. / Moon sets 5-9, morn. South 11-20 eve. / Sun rises 6-36, sets 4-51, and fast 16 min. / Temp., sunrise 42, noon 42, sunset 32.

The morning was considerably cloudy at the opening, and the wind, which continued in the southwest, was blowing a pretty brisk breeze. Rained a little and then cleared off. After a very brief period of sunshine clouds came over again, and the remainder of the forenoon was cloudy with considerable wind. In the afternoon the clouds cleared away again and the remainder of the day was fair. The evening is clear and cold, with but little wind.

Read a spell in the morning before the breakfast call and resumed the book again afterward. Theodore departed immediately after breakfast to attend court as a Juror. Spent the entire day in and about the house, and enclosing to A. M. Bailey and to Azor, each a stereoscopic view of the Barclay Meat Market prepared by Theodore, sent them to the post office by Albert who brought me back the Courier, and spent the remainder of the day reading it.

Tuesday, 4

Full Moon today at 11-4 morning. / Moon begins to rise. South, tomorrow morn. / Sun rises 6-37, sets 4-50, and fast 16 min. / Temp., sunrise 14, noon 45, sunset 40.

The morning was very fair and very frosty and very calm, at the time of sunrising. Continued fair until towards night and then began to be a little cloudy. The wind in the middle of the day was pretty brisk, continuing until the close of the day. It appears to have changed to the southwest. The weather at sunset is considerably more mild than in the morning. The evening remains a little cloudy but not enough to hide the moon, and is quite calm.

Remained about the house again through the day, not being able to walk abroad on account my lame hip which does not get any better. Read considerable at occasional intervals in the course of the day, and spent a little time writing. Went into the chamber and gave some attention to my sage, and oiled two of the clocks a little. At night chopped and brought in some wood.

Wednesday, 5

Second day of the Full Moon. / Moon rises 5-26, and south 0-13 morn. / Sun rises 6-39, sets 4-48, and fast 16 min. / Temp., sunrise 37, noon 38, sunset 32.

The morning was very cloudy at the dawn, and the wind which had changed to the northwest, was quite moderate. The clouds soon began to retire and the middle of the day was quite fair, continuing so until towards night, and then some clouds began to show themselves again. The evening is quite calm and there is a covering of fleece clouds that veils the moon, and stars but does not entirely exclude their light.

Spent another day about the house doing nothing of any consequence on account of that lameness. Read considerable in the course of the day, and wrote a little, spending a portion of my time with the women and children in the kitchen. In the afternoon sent Albert up to the post office, and he brought me a letter from Arthur H. Wells, a brother of Mary, & grandson of Mrs. Buell, who is deaf & dumb. Luman came and tarries.

Thursday, 6

Third day of the Full Moon. / Moon rises 6-7, and south 1-9 morn. / Sun rises 6-40, sets 4-47, and fast 16 min. / Temp., sunrise 15, noon 36, sunset 27.

The morning was very fair and there was another very heavy frost, and the wind was perfectly still, and the atmosphere was a little smoky. The day continued fair all the way through, there being but very few clouds to be seen at any time. The weather has been considerably cool and with but very little wind, it being located in the west. The evening is quite clear, and calm, and cool.

Luman went away very soon after breakfast. Spent the day about the house principally and spent a considerable portion of the time reading. In the course of the forenoon Calvin called to see me concerning a statement that he wished me to make out, and approving of the draft I had made, left it for me to transcribe and leave at Taylor’s store in the course of the week. Spent the remainder of the day in much the same way, but devoted a portion of it to writing.

Friday, 7

Fourth day of the Full Moon. / Moon rises 6-54, and south 2-7 morn. / Sun rises 6-41, sets 4-46, and fast 16 min. / Temp., sunrise 16, noon ___, sunset 41.

The morning was fair except some clouds in the southern horizon. It was very frosty and quite calm. Continued fair until the middle of the day and then the wind having changed to the southwest, it began to grow cloudy and just before night there was a slight sprinkling of rain. The evening is very cloudy and dark, considerable wind, the temperature mild, and it is raining some.

Spent the morning and the forenoon at the writing table, or most of the time. Finished a letter that was begun last night to Arthur H. Wells of Mittineaque, Mass., and having copied it wrote another to the Elmira Gazette Company, enclosing in it two dollars for their dailey paper three months, and having taken a copy of that too, in the afternoon carried the letters up to the post office, and calling at Mr. Bruce’s and finding Luther and Sally there, remained till after supper, and then came home, but had a pretty hard time of it on account of my hip.

Saturday, 8

Fifth day of the Full Moon. / Moon rises 7-50, and south 3-5 morn / Sun rises 6-42, sets 4-45, and fast 16 min. / Temp., sunrise 40, noon 45, sunset 40?.

The past night was very rainy and also quite mild. The morning was very cloudy and dark with a moderate rain still in progress. The rain did long continue but the weather remained cloudy through the day. They were somewhat part of the time, but there has been but very little sunshine. The evening is quite cloudy, and there is a brisk wind which appears to be coming from the west.

Did not leave the house and door yard today, hip so bad cannot walk much. Began in the morning and finished the statement for Br. Churchill concerning the Leroy church, and sent it up to the store for him, by Harvey. Wife has been sick all the week with a cold and does not get any better. Mr. Gilman brought from the post office the Courier and the Gazette towards night and I spent the evening reading them.

Sunday, 9

Sixth day of the Full Moon. / Moon rises 8-52, and south 4-1 morn. / Sun rises 6-44, sets 4-44, and fast 16 min. / Temp., sunrise 38, noon 38, sunset 36.

The morning was very cloudy and it was also a little rainy. The forenoon continued wet, the rain falling very moderately till the middle of the day and then ceased. There was no wind of any amount. There was a pretty brisk breeze in the afternoon, and it remained cloudy until towards night. The clouds then breaking away there was a little sunshine before the setting and it was partially fair. The evening is quite cloudy again and there has been a few flakes of snow. The west wind is quite lively.

Continue very lame with my sciatic difficulty, and wife gets no better of her cold. Her cough is very bad, especially through the night. Did not attend meeting today on her account, and on my own, for I cannot walk as far as the barn without a very severe pain in my hip. Spent much of the time in the library reading, and occasionally taking a doze in my chair; and other portions of it with the family and trying assist or do something for wife. Had to pick up my wood for night.

Monday, 10

Seventh day of the Full Moon. / Moon rises 9-57, and south 4-55 morn. / Sun rises 6-45, sets 4-43, and fast 16 min. / Temp., sunrise 24, noon 28, sunset 26.

There was a sprinkling of snow on the ground when the morning opened, and the weather remained quite cloudy with the wind blowing briskly from the west. It continued so till the close of the day, and much of the time flakes of snow were driven through the atmosphere by the wind which at last appears to be settled in the northwest. The weather in the evening is about ditto.

Lameness continues about the same and wife gets no better, sitting up but little. Wrote a letter to John Andrus, and chopped a little wood in the course of the day. Lydia came to see us in the afternoon and Samuel came to prescribe for wife. He also recommended me to try a hip bath for my lameness. The remaining portions of my time was spent reading and waiting upon wife. Rec’d first numbers of subscriptions for Towanda Journal & daily Elmira Gazette, brot from office by Samuel.

Tuesday, 11

Last Quarter of the Moon at 8-4 evening. / Moon sets 11-1 eve., and south 5-44 morn. / Sun rises 6-46, sets 4-42, and fast 16 min. / Temp, sunrise 24, noon 35, sunset 32.

The morning at the dawn was quite clear but by the time of sunrise the clouds had come up from the west and almost completely enveloped the sky. The forenoon remained quite cloudy and then the clouds breaking away the most of the afternoon was partially fair, but the clouds came on again towards night. The evening is quite cloudy, and there indications of another storm at hand.

Copied my letter to John Andrus and sent it up to the post office at night by the waggonmaker Grennell. Spent a considerable portion of the afternoon reading and attending to wife who remains about the same she has been for several days. Harvey brought from the post office my second Elmira Daily Gazette. Luman came just at night and after supper went up the road, but returned at bed time to spent the night here.

Wednesday, 12

Second day of Last Quarter of the Moon. / Moon rises tomorrow morn. South 6-30 morn / Sun rises 6-48, sets 4-41, and fast 16 min. / Temp., sunrise 33, noon 38, sunset 32.

The morning was cloudy and the ground was covered with snow. There was also a very gentle breeze of wind from the southwest. The forenoon continued very cloudy, the afternoon too was cloudy till towards night and then became partially fair. The evening has become quite cloudy again, and at eight o’clock the wind is blowing lively from the west and snow is falling.

Luman departed soon after breakfast. Spent the forenoon mostly in the library reading and writing some. Lameness gets no better. Mr. Bunyan hearing that I was out of order, came down to see me departing after about an hour. Wife continues quite sick. Spent the afternoon with her to wait on her and keep her company. Samuel called again to see her and left some medicine. Sent Albert up to the post office and he brot me the Daily Gazette.

Thursday, 13

Third day of Last Quarter of the Moon. / Moon rises 0-4, morn. South 7-13 morn. / Sun rises 6-49, sets 4-40, and fast 15 min. / Temp, sunrise 25, noon 29, sunset 24.

The morning was quite cloudy at the dawn, there was a little snow on the ground & a little more coming. The forenoon remained quite cloudy and cold, but there was but very little snow. After this the clouds broke away and the afternoon was partially fair with a pretty brisk breeze of wind from the west. The evening also is partially fair quite cold and considerably windy.

My time has been spent about the house again today and much of it and indeed the greatest share has been devoted to the care of wife whose case remains much the same. My lameness too has been quite troublesome and much of the time painful on account of having to be on my feet so much. Have read some and chopped a little wood. Sent Albert to the post office and he brought me the daily Gazette. He got me 8 stamps.

Friday, 14

Fourth day of Last Quarter of the Moon. / Moon rises 1-6 morn, South 7-54 morn. / Sun rises 6-50, sets 4-39, and fast 15 min. / Temp. sunrise 12, noon ___, sunset 19.

The morning was quite fair and the wind which continued in the west, was quite still. Wind revived in the course of the forenoon and before 12 it was quite cloudy again. The clouds soon passing away the afternoon was fair and pleasant, but considerably cold. The evening too, continues very clear and there is no perceptible wind in motion.

Wrote a few lines on postal card & sent to Mary, and commenced to write to Eliza when she came having heard her ma was sick. Lydia also came down to see us. Wife has been very poorly today. Eliza staid until after three o’clock and then departed for home, and Lydia remained with us until night. Julius came in the afternoon and made a short call. Towards night Samuel came again and made a prescription for wife.

Saturday, 15

Fifth day of Last Quarter of the Moon. / Moon rises 2-7, morn. South 8-33 morn. / Sun rises 6-51, sets 4-38, and fast 15 min. / Temp, sunrise 22, noon ___, sunset ___.

The morning at the time of sunrise was considerably cloudy, and a little more moderate than last night. The sun shone a little in the middle of the day and afternoon, but the principal part of the day has been cloudy & considerably cold. The evening remains quite cloudy and dark.

Wife appeared about as usual in the morning but did not rest very well through the night. Spent my time with her almost entirely. After dinner our Mary came down with a buggy and brought sister mary along. Not long after this Amanda and Dorr and Lucella came with their little children. All this company came with the intention of staying with us over night. At night Samuel came again and made a prescription for wife, and Samuel came in to see how wife was in the morning. The company all remain. Harvey brot Elmira & Troy papers.

Sunday, 16

Sixth day of Last Quarter of the Moon. / Moon rises 3-8 morn. South 9-13 morn / Sun rises 6-53, sets 4-37, and fast 15 min. / Temp., sunrise 24, noon ___, sunset ___.

The morning was considerably cloudy and the weather was pretty cool. The wind changed to the south in the morning and the weather began to grow more mild, and in the afternoon there was a little rain. The evening remains cloudy, continues cloudy, without ????? quite mild and the wind is not very active.

Wife seems a little better this morning. Our Mary went home before breakfast. Amanda and her party left in the middle of the day. Levi called in the afternoon. Benjamin and Lurenda & children came afterward & toward night he and the children went home, Lurenda remaining. Lincoln and his wife called a little while, and towards night sister Mary went up to Isaac’s. Sam. called in the morning to see how wife was. My business has been to keep up the fires and to wait on wife.

Monday, 17

Seventh day of Last Quarter of the Moon. / Moon rises 4-9 morn. South 9-53 morn. / Sun rises 6-54, sets 4-36, and fast 15 min. / Temp., sunrise 32, noon ___, sunset ___.

The morning was considerably cloudy with southerly wind, and the weather was quite mild. It continued cloudy through the day, without storming, and thawing some, but growing colder towards night. The wind, having been quite gentle until near the close of the day, became more active, and now in the evening apears to be blowing up a storm, and at bed time it is snowing some.

Arose early, and after the morning bath gave up my time with Lurenda, to the care of my wife, who continues yet quite sick, but appears in some respects to be a little better. Jane came up in the afternoon to see us a little while, and John Bush made a call in the forenoon. Albert went to the post office and brought the Journal and a bundle of slippery elm bark that Eliza had sent down. Samuel called at night and left another prescription.

Tuesday, 18

Eighth day of Last Quarter of the Moon. / Moon rises 5-13 morn. South 10-36 morn. / Sun rises 6-55, sets 4-36, and fast 15 min. / Temp., sunrise ___, noon ___, sunset 27.

The morning was quite cold, and cloudy and stormy, and windy, and the ground was covered with snow. The wind, having shifted back into the west was quite lively most of the time until the close of the day. The weather grew colder towards night, & there were light flurries of snow. The evening continues cloudy, but the wind has abated somewhat.

Arose in the morning early, and having first attended to my daily ablution devoted my time to the care of my wife, who appears to be gaining considerably. Lurenda also, continued her attentions to her mother until some time in the afternoon and then Emmerson went with the team & took her home. Laura came down and made a call in the afternoon. Harvey brought from the post office the daily for last Saturday.

Wednesday, 19

New Moon today at 10-52 evening. / Moon rises 6-21 morn., and south 11-23 m. / Sun rises 6-56, sets 4-35, and fast 14 min. / Temp., sunrise 26, noon 30, sunset 26.

The morning was quite cloudy and there was but little wind in motion at the time of sunrising. The clouds broke sufficiently in the middle of the day to admit a few moments sunshine and that was all. There has been a slight covering of snow over the ground for several days, and it is but little frozen. The evening is pretty cool and calm, and continues cloudy.

Arose at five o’clock in the morning, kindled a fire in the library as usual, and washed and dressed, was ready to wait on wife who arose about this time. Her case has improved decidedly, but her cough remains pretty bad, and she has not yet recovered her strength. Before noon Azor came down and brought Amanda and Eliza and Jenny along with him. They staid till towards night and returned. Albert went to the post office and brot two daily Gazettes there having been one behind.

Thursday, 20

Second day of the New Moon. / Moon will set tomorrow. South tomorrow. / Sun rises 6-57, sets 4-34, and fast 14 min. / Temp., sunrise 18, noon 28, sunset 23.

The morning at the dawn was quite cloudy, it having been considerably clear but a short time before, and at the time of sunrise snow commenced falling moderately. The wind was quite still. The snow did not amount to much, but the day continued cloudy which broke away occasionally so as to admit a very little sunshine. The evening is about the same.

Wife continues to feel better, and her cough, is quite troublesome though quite troublesome yet, is somewhat abated. Devoted my time and attention to her as usual, so far as it was necessary, but found plenty of time to read whenever I had inclination. Had no company today. Walked up to the post office in the afternoon but found no mail. Called a little while on Lydia.

Friday, 21

Third day of the New Moon. / Moon sets 5-59, and south 1-7 eve. / Sun rises 6-59, and south 1-7 eve. / Sun rises 6-59, sets 4-33, and fast 14 min. / Temp., sunrise 10, noon 28, sunset 25.

The morning at the dawn was considerably clear but by the time of sunrise it had become quite cloudy. It was very calm and cold. There was a brisk breeze of wind from the west in the middle of the day, and the clouds were a little broken so that the sun could occasionally be seen. The afternoon was partially fair until towards night and then it became very cloudy. The evening is quite cloudy and dark.

Wife’s health continues to improve slowly, so that she feels very much better than she did a week ago. Continue to spend my time with her same as then, but find that she needs much less care, and have found all the time to read I wished. We have had no company today. My hip seems to be a little better. Sent Albert up to the post office, and he brought me one daily paper and a letter from Mr. Atkins.

Saturday, 22

Fourth day of the New Moon. / Moon sets 6-20, and south 2-4 eve. / Sun rises 7-0, sets 4-33, and fast 14 min. / Temp., sunrise 20, noon 32, sunset 26.

The morning was fair except some clouds in the eastern horizon, and it was also quite calm. Continued fair till towards noon and then was cloudy a short time, coming off fair again. The afternoon became considerably cloudy again before night, but on the whole it has been a pleasant day and has thawed some. The evening is very fair and calm, and pleasant.

Wife has continued to gain and rested much better last night than any time before since she was sick. My has not been so painful today as it has been before. Remained about the house during the day and waited on wife some, made a thing to hang newspapers on, and towards night chopped and brought in some wood. Sent Albert to the post office and he brot me the Elmira daily Gazette, and the Troy weekly.

Sunday, 23

Fifth day of the New Moon. / Moon sets 7-22, and south 3-3 eve. / Sun rises 7-1, sets 4-34, and fast 13 min. / Temp., sunrise 17, noon 36, sunset 32.

The morning at the time of sunrise was partially cloudy, and the wind was quite calm. It soon became quite cloudy and continued so through the day; and the temperature has been milder than of late, the wind being southwardly. The evening remains very cloudy and with a little snow falling. There is a gentle breeze from the south, and the weather is much more moderate.

Spent the morning in the usual way, waiting on wife as far as was necessary and making preparations for myself to attend meeting today, she and I both feeling much better. At the meeting hour went up with to the meeting house, at the Centre, but we had to wait some time for the people to meet so that the meeting could begin. Br. Levi Taylor was the principal speaker, assisted by Br. Ross. Returning found Burton and Mary here who remained till after tea.

Monday, 24

Sixth day of the New Moon. / Moon sets 8-32, and south 4-1 eve. / Sun rises 7-2, sets 4-32, and fast 13 m. / Temp, sunrise 38, noon 38, sunset 38.

There was some snow fell in the fore part of the night, but a thaw, and a heavy south wind succeded which left the ground nearly bare in the morning. The weather continued cloudy, but the wind had abated considerably at the time of sunrise. About this time rain began to fall moderately, and continued most of the time through the day. The evening remains cloudy with the wind in the west.

Invalids continue to improve slowly. Spent my time about the house as usual, wrote a letter to Lettie at Williamsport, waited on wife some, chopped some wood for the library and brot it in, and devoted a considerable portion of the time to reading. Harvey brought from the office the Courier, & Journal, & daily. Sam. Rockwell called, & after him Azor came.

Tuesday, 25

Seventh day of the New Moon. / Moon sets 9-47, and south 4-58 eve. / Sun rises 7-3, sets 4-31, and fast 13 min. / Temp., sunrise 39, noon 34, sunset 26.

The ground was covered with snow in the morning, and snow was moderately falling. The wind was northwest but very calm, and the temperature was quite mild. Cloudy weather continued through the day, storming a little once in a while. The weather grew colder, in the afternoon, freezing a little towards night. The wind has continued in the northwest during the day, and has remained quiet. The evening is much like the afternoon.

After attending to morning matters, and having copied my letter to Lettie, went & carried it up to the post office before breakfast so as to have it go out in the morning’s mail. Attended to things about the house as usual and chopped a little for my use in the library. In the afternoon commenced to write a letter to Rhoda but did not finish it. Spent a portion of the time reading. Sent to the post office by Emmerson Pratt in the evening. He brought me the Elmira daily.

Wednesday, 26

Eighth day of the New Moon. / Moon sets 11-3, and south 5-51, eve. / Sun rises 7-4, sets 4-31, and fast 12 min. / Temp, sunrise 16, noon 22, sunset 20.

The wind rose and was quite boisterous through the night, continuing in the northwest. The morning was cloudy and calm, and with snow flakes continuing to fall. Clouds broke away in the middle of the day and let the sun shine a little. The afternoon has been partially fair. The weather has been considerably cold. The evening is considerably cloudy and wind in the west.

Spent the morning and the day very much in the same way of yesterday. Finished my letter to Rhoda and copied it and sent it to the post office by Albert in the afternoon. Went to work and chopped a quantity of wood for the library and brought it into the closet. When Albert came home from the Centre he brought me the Elmira daily for yesterday and I spent the remainder of the day with it, reading the news.

Thursday, 27

First Quarter of the Moon at 3-29 morn. / Moon sets tomorrow. South 6-45 eve. / Sun rises 7-5, sets 4-30, and fast 12 minutes. / Temp., sunrise 22, noon 34, sunset ___.

The morning at the time of sunrise was considerably cloudy and the wind from the west was blowing a tolerably brisk breeze. The middle of the day was partially fair, and that was the general character of the afternoon. The weather was pretty cold most of the time through the day and especially toward the close. The wind was more quiet towards night. The evening is much like the afternoon, but is a little more cloudy.

Remained at home during the day and employed the time in various ways. Read some, and waited on wife some, and chopped wood some, and in this way got along with the forenoon. In the afternoon sent Albert up to the post office and he brot me the Elmira daily. Luman came and brought Sara with him, and a good quantity of oyters to keep Thanksgiving with. They tarry for the night.

Friday, 28

Second day of the First Quarter of Moon. / Moon sets 0-19 morn. South 7-31 eve. / Sun rises 7-7, sets 4-30, and fast 12 min. / Temp, sunrise 12, noon 24, sunset

The morning was quite fair at the dawn became partially cloudy by the time of sunrise, and in the course of the forenoon, it cleared off again and the middle of the day was fair, remaining so only until towards night and became quite cloudy again. The wind was quite moderate and was from the west, and the weather through the day was quite cold. The evening is cloudy and is also considerably cold and winterlike.

Employed the early morning in the usual manner, and spent the forenoon about the house reading some and writing a part of the time. In the afternoon, concluding to attend the quarterly meeting at Alba, put the rooms in order, got ready & started off on foot. Went up to Luther’s to stay over night, stopping at the post office, & at Valentine’s on the way.

Saturday, 29

Third day of First Quarter of the Moon. / Moon sets 1-34 morn. South 8-19 eve. / Sun rises 7-8, sets 4-29, and fast 11 min. / Temp., sunrise ___, noon ___, sunset ___.

The morning was quite cloudy, and a little before the dawn it commenced to snow quite moderately, but did not continue a great while, and before noon the clouds broke away and the sun shone brightly in the middle of the day. The afternoon was partially fair and thawed some but the evening is cloudy again and is considerably cold.

Arose in the morning very early and started away from Luther’s before they were up, and before day light, went to the Summit and took the morning train for Alba, went home with Br. Wilson to Breakfast & found Brs. Shepard & Dean there, attended meeting with them & heard Br. Shepard preach, returned to Br. Wilson, & after tea went out with him to the post office & to the depot. Attended social & preaching meeting in the evening & heard Br. Dean & after meeting went back to Br. Wilson’s with Br. Shepard to tarry.

Sunday, 30

Fourth day of First Quarter of the Moon. / Moon sets 2-49 morn. South 9-8 eve. / Sun rises 7-9, sets 4-29, and fast 11 min. / Temp., sunrise ____, noon ___, sunset ___.

The morning from the first was quite cold and considerably cloudy. The day continued cloudy more or less, all the way through, but thawed a little in the afternoon nevertheless. The evening is quite cloudy, and considerably cold besides, and it is also quite calm.

Did not leave the bed until about seven o’clock in the morning and took and with Br. Shepard, took breakfast at Br. Wilson’s where we lodged. At ten o’clock we went to the Meeting house where social meeting was held for an hour and then Br. Shepard took the stand and delivered one of his great discourses. I returned to Br. Wilson’s to dinner and Emma Bush was also there. Attended first a social meeting in the evening at half past six and heard a discourse by Br. Delmott. Returned with Brs. Shepard & Dean to Br. Wilson’s & put up for the night.

December

Monday, 1

Fifth day of First Quarter of the Moon. / Moon sets 4-4 morn, and south 10-0 eve. / Sun sets 7-10, sets 4-29, and fast 11 minutes. / Temp., sunrise ___, noon ___, sunset 21.

The Morning was very cloudy, and a snow storm had commenced a short time before the dawn and was in progress through the forenoon, and continued more moderately through the entire day, appearing to come from the east. The weather during the day has been quite cold and winterlike. The evening continues cloudy and cold, with a little snow falling.

Took breakfast at Br. Wilsons in company with Brs. Shepard and Dean, and they departed for their homes some afterward, but I remained till ten o’clock and then went aboard the train and rode to the Summit, and directly after I took a seat with Isaac and rode down to the Centre. Called at the post office and warmed a little, then took from my box a letter from Ellen Buell and came home, and found wife still improving in health. Spent the afternoon with the family reading some.

Tuesday, 2

Sixth day of First Quarter of the Moon. / Moon sets 5-20 morn, south 10-54 eve. / Sun rises 7-11, sets 4-28, and fast 19 min. / Temp., sunrise 31, noon 38, sunset 37.

The morning was very cloudy at the time of sunrise, and the temperature was considerably milder than it was at the time of sunset last evening, and there was scarcely the appearance of any wind. The weather through the day has been mild enough for thawing, with the wind from the south, and it has also continued quite cloudy. The evening is very cloudy and the temperature mild.

Arose before five o’clock in the morning, kindled my fire, took my bath, and put my room in order, according to my common practice when at home. Spent the day about the house, and most of the time reading. After dinner Emmerson went up to the post office after my mail matter, and brought me the Journal and two daileys. Elon made a call in the afternoon.

Wednesday, 3

Full Moon today, at 11-36 evening. / Moon sets 6-37, morn. South 11-50 eve. / Sun rises 7-12, sets 4-28, and fast 10 min. / Temp., sunrise 38, noon 46, sunset 47.

The thaw continued through the night and was in progress when the morning opened. The morning was quite cloudy, the wind continuing southerly and blowing a moderate breeze. The sun shone a little while in the middle of the day, but otherwise it has been quite cloudy, and there has been a little rain. The evening continues very cloudy, with mild temperature, and the wind, which remains in the south, is blowing a heavy gale.

Arose early and spent the morning in the usual way. Read a spell after breakfast, and then went out and chopped a quantity of wood for the library and brought it into the closet. Spent the remainder of the day in the house reading and dozing until some time in the afternoon and then Mr. Basset of Canton called and tarried till after tea. Luman also came a little before night & tarries.

Thursday, 4

Second day of the Full Moon. / Moon will rise tomorrow. South tomorrow. / Sun rises 7-13, sets 4-28, and fast 9 min. / Temp., sunrise 56, noon 48, sunset 40.

The night was very windy, and the morning very cloudy, with the south wind very boisterous, the snow all gone, the streams pretty high, a moderate rain in progress, and the weather considerably warmer. It rained pretty smartly a little while in the morning and then cleared off, becoming cloudy again before night. High wind through the day. The evening is considerably cloudy and is also very windy. Wind from the southwest.

Spent the morning as usual. Luman in the course of the forenoon departed for Barclay. Chopped some more wood in the forenoon for my use in the library and brot it into the closet and then remained indoors until some time in the afternoon, reading some and writing some. After this went up to the post office and got the Elmira daily Gazette, and spent the remainder of the day reading it.

Friday, 5

Third day of the Full Moon. / Moon rises 5-35, and south 0-48 morn. / Sun rises 7-14m sets 4-28, and fast 9 min. / Temp., sunrise 25, noon 28, sunset 18.

The morning was considerably colder than yesterday, and was also quite cloudy. There was a gentle breeze of wind from the west, it having changed to that quarter since yesterday. The wind became quite lively in the middle of the day and the afternoon. There was some sunshine occasionally, but the day has been more or less cloudy all the way through, and has also been considerably cold. The evening is quite clear and cold.

Arose early and got ready for breakfast. After this went to work at a letter to Mr. Atkins, and wrote a considerable portion of the time during the day and in the fort part of the evening, finishing the letter and also completing the copy. Sent Albert up to the post office and he brot me the Troy paper and the Elmira dailey Spent some time reading them in the afternoon. Julius called in the middle of the day.

Saturday, 6

Fourth day of the Full Moon. / Moon rises 6-35, and is south 1-47 m. / Sun rises 7-15; sets 4-28, and fast 9 min. / Temp., sunrise 14, noon ___, sunset 23.

The morning at the dawn was mostly fair and without any perceptible wind, but by the time of sunrise it became considerably cloudy. The clouds soon passed away and the remainder of the day has been considerably fair. The weather has continued pretty cool. The evening has become quite cloudy again, and the wind, which remains in the west, is calm and quiet.

Had breakfast pretty early in the morning and immediately after it started for the post office with my letter for Mr. Atkins but meeting Isaac at his house I left it with him. Spent much of the forenoon reading and at noon went up to the post office and got the Courier and the Elmira daily. Read them a spell & then went out and chopped a parcel of wood for the library & brot it in to the closet. John & Emily called in the afternoon.

Sunday, 7

Fifth day of the Full Moon. / Moon rises 7-40, and south 2-42 morn. / Sun rises 7-16, sets 4-28, and fast 8 min. / Temp., sunrise 8, noon ___, sunset ___.

The morning at the first was very fair and very calm, but at the time of sunrise some clouds began to appear in the southern horizon with the wind apparently in the southeast. The day has been partially cloudy giving only intervals of sunshine in the forenoon and in the middle of the day, it being quite cloudy towards night. The evening is quite cloudy and chilly.

Spent the morning in the customary manner read a spell after breakfast and then got ready for meeting. At the proper time went up to the meeting with Albert. The meeting was conducted by Br. Taylor as usual, and we returned immediately after the conclusion. Luman came in the afternoon, and being on his way to Troy he offered me a chance to ride up to Azor’s which I accepted. He remained until after supper & then I took a seat with him & rode to Azor’s.

Monday, 8

Sixth day of the Full Moon. / Moon rises 8-47, and south 3-35 morn. / Sun rises 7-17, sets 4-28, and fast 8 min. / Temp., sunrise ___, noon ___, sunset ___.

The morning was cloudy and there was considerable wind moving from the south. Notwithstanding the weather was pretty cold there was a slight sprinkling of rain but it did not amount to much. The day continued cloudy and chilly till night, thawing a very little. The evening is very cloudy and dark, with heavy wind & rain.

Spent the morning until some time after breakfast reading a book called the "Rockwell Family," and then rode into town with Azor and Eliza. Went into Grant’s store and bought a caster for birthday present for Amanda. Carried it up to her, and took dinner there, and after remaining there a considerable portion of the afternoon, returned to Azor’s, having concluded to stay over with them another night. Spent the evening with that book again.

Tuesday, 9

Seventh day of the Full Moon. / Moon rises 9-52, and south 4-23 morn. / Sun rises 7-18, sets 4-28, and fast 7 min. / Temp, sunrise ___, noon ___, sunset ___.

The morning was cloudy and a little rainy at first but early in the forenoon the clouds cleared away, the sun came out & it was quite warm and pleasant. In the afternoon the wind shifted to the northwest and clouds came over again, the weather growing a little cooler. The evening is very cloudy and dark, and there is a very boisterous wind from the north.

Concluded not to walk home in the mud, and waiting till the rain was over went back to Amanda’s, remaining there till after dinner and then went down into town stopping at Samuel’s. Went to Jewell and Pomeroy’s and bought a pair of cloth boots paying $4.00 for them met Lurenda who was there with Benjamin to do some trading, and they offering to take me home with them, & to convey me home tomorrow morning, I waited till night & rode home with them.

Wednesday, 10

Eighth day of the Full Moon. / Moon rises 10-55, and south 5-7 morn. / Sun rises 7-19, sets 4-28, and fast 7 min. / Temp., sunrise ___, noon 34, sunset 38.

The morning was very cloudy, and there was a pretty stiff wind from the north, which had continued through the night. The weather continued cloudy through the day with some wind, but it was only moderately cold. The evening continues quite cloudy, with some wind, and the temperature rather mild under the circumstances.

In the morning after breakfast, waited until Benjamin and Lurenda – who were going to McKee’s in Leroy – had got ready, and got into their waggon, and rode home. Called at the post office on the way and got the Elmira daily and a letter from Mrs. Rhoda A. Cook, enclosing also a few lines from her husband. Spent the remainder of the day at home and about the house, a portion of the time in conversation with the family and a part of it reading the newspapers. Towards night chopped & brought in some wood.

Thursday, 11

Last Quarter of the Moon at 5-10 eve. / Moon rises 11-56, and south 5-49 morn. / Sun rises 7-20, sets 4-28, and fast 6 min. / Temp., sunrise 31, noon 37, sunset 40.

The morning at the opening was very cloudy, and at the time of sunrise there was a little rain or sleet falling but there was no wind of any consequence. The forenoon was quite wet, there being a little rain falling most of the time. The afternoon was a little rainy, more windy, and cloudy until towards night when it became partially fair. The evening is considerably cloudy, a little rainy at intervals, but the wind which is now in the southwest, has to a great extent subsided.

Arose between two and three o’clock in the morning to drive the cattle from around the house, and spent an hour putting up fence to keep them below the road. Did not return to bed again. Spent the day about the house in the usual manner, reading some and writing some. Harvey brought from the post office in the afternoon, the Elmira daily, which I looked over before night.

Friday, 12

Second day of Last Quarter of Moon / Moon rises tomorrow morn. South 6-29 m. / Sun rises 7-20, sets 4-28, and fast 6 min. / Temp., sunrise 41, noon 46, sunset 44.

The night was very rainy, producing high water in the streams, and the rain was in active progress in the morning, continuing most of the time through the forenoon and till one o’clock. The clouds then broke away a little and the sun was partially visible for a short season, but they soon closed up again and the afternoon was rainy at intervals. The evening is very rainy and dark.

Spent the morning about the house and most of the time in the library, during the forenoon. Did not engage in any particular business, but read some and wrote a little. Afternoon went up to the Centre, called at the post office and got the Troy paper and the Elmira daily, brought them home and after spending some time looking them over went out and chopped a little wood & brot it in.

Saturday, 13

Third day of Last Quarter of the Moon. / Moon rises 0-56 morn. South 7-8 morn. / Sun rises 7-21, sets 4-28, and fast 5 min. / Temp., sunrise 57, noon 52, sunset 40.

The rain continued through the night and the morning too was quite rainy. The water in the creek was very high. The wind was very calm at first, but became very violent in the latter part of the day. The rain abated before noon & the sun appeared for a short time. It made several other appearances in the course of the afternoon but they were very brief, and clouds, and wind, & showers of rain & sleet appeared to be in order. The evening is partially cloudy, with a very heavy western wind.

Arose early and had breakfast in good season. Spent the forenoon in and about the house reading some and writing some, and doing something in the line of house cleaning, besides cutting Albert’s hair in the morning. In the afternoon went up to the Centre and calling first at the post office, I got the Courier and the Elmira daily and a letter returned that I had sent to Lettie Lane at Williamsport. Then after a few minutes at Mr. Bruce’s where I made a call, came home.

Sunday, 14

Fourth day of Last Quarter of the Moon. / Moon rises 1-56 morn. South 7-48 morn. / Sun rises 7-22, sets 4-28, and fast 5 min. / Temp., sunrise 24, noon 38, sunset 30.

The morning at the time of sunrise was considerably cloudy and the weather was much colder, but it was comparatively calm. The wind continued in the west and in the middle of the day became more active. the day has been cloudy all the was through, but there has been a little sunshine occasionally in the afternoon. The evening is quite cold but is considerably fair.

Read some in the morning and at the proper time time got ready and went up to meeting, Albert going with me. Br. Shepard was present and delivered a discourse from the subject of the rich man and Lazarus. Came home after meeting and spent my time with the family until night, and then went up to the evening meeting, calling at Br. Levi’s where Br. Shepard was. His discourse in the evening was on the subject of the Perfect law of liberty, mentioned in Heb.

Monday, 15

Fifth day of the Last Quarter of the Moon. / Moon rises 2-59 morn. South 8-30 morn. / Sun rises 7-23, sets 4-29, and fast 4 min. / Temp., sunrise 30, noon 35, sunset 33.

The night was considerably windy, and the morning was quite calm and partially cloudy. The wind was in the northwest. The clouds soon disappeared and the day, with slight exceptions was quite fair and pleasant. The wind continued in the northwest through the day but it remained quite still. The weather has been very mild. The evening is clear and pleasant, and the stars are shining brightly.

After attending to the early morning matters sat down and read till breakfast and after that divided the wood yard, the kitchen, and the library, by chopping some wood for my fire, spending a portion of the time with the women and the children, reading some in the library and writing some. Afternoon sent Albert up to the post office and he brought me the Journal, & the Elmira daily. Spent some time reading them.

Tuesday, 16

Sixth day of Last Quarter of the Moon. / Moon rises 4-4, morn. South 9-14 morn. / Sun rises 7-23, sets 4-29, and fast 4 min. / Temp., sunrise 21, noon 38, sunset 35.

The morning at the dawn was quite clear but it began to be cloudy very soon afterward. It was quite frosty and quite calm. The clouds did not continue long, but soon dispersing the day became very fair and pleasant continuing so till night. The weather too has been very calm and mild, thawing considerably. The evening also is clear and calm, and the temperature is quite mild.

Spent the early morning in the usual order and after breakfast went to work at writing a letter to Ellen F. Buell of West Springfield, Mass. Wrote till the middle of the afternoon, finishing the letter and the copy. Luman came about this time and stopped to supper, after which I went up to the election & voted for the new constitution, left my letter at the post office & got my Elmira daily, & came home & cut some wood.

Wednesday, 17

Seventh day of the Last Quarter of the Moon. / Moon rises 5-12 morn. South 10-3 morn. / Sun rises 7-24, sets 4-29, and fast 3 min. / Temp., sunrise ___, noon 36, sunset 33.

The morning was quite fair, and the wind was at rest and the temperature was very mild and agreeable. The day, all the way through, has been very fair and pleasant, and being a little smoky too, appeared very much like the Indian summer. Thawing has made the roads a little muddy, there being no frost of much consequence remaining in the ground. The evening also is very fair and calm.

Read a spell in the morning after breakfast and then concluding to try again to communicate with wife’s cousin, Mrs. Anna Dickerson, of North Manchester, Conn., proceeded to write another letter to her which, having copied it, I inclosed with the letter that had been returned by the post master at that place, & gave instructions to return after 20 days. Carried the letter to the post office and got the Elmira daily and learned that the new constitution had been adopted by the people of Pennsylvania.

Thursday, 18

Eighth day of Last Quarter of the Moon. / Moon rises 6-22 morn. South 10-56 morn. / Sun rises 7-25, sets 4-29, and fast 3 min. / Temp., sunrise 36, noon ___, sunset 40.

The morning at the dawn was considerably cloudy and there was a very gentle breeze of wind coming from the west and the weather growing warmer. The day continued cloudy all the way through, and at night the wind was in the north but very calm, and the temperature rising. The evening is cloudy also but they are somewhat broken.

Spent the morning and most of the forenoon cleaning the windows and putting things in order in the library and then got ready and with Albert went up to attend the funeral of Matilda, Alfred Putnam’s wife who died on Tuesday morning. Br. Shepard spoke on the occasion. Benjamin & Lurenda, and Azor & Eliza were present. Azor & Eliza came down with us and took supper. Called at post office and Elmira Daily Gazette. Chopped some wood and read the paper.

Friday, 19

New Moon to-day at 2-5 eve. / Moon begins to set. South 11-53 morn. / Sun rises 7-25, sets 4-30, and fast 2 min. Temp., sunrise 33, noon 39, sunset 35.

The morning remained very cloudy and they appeared to be moving from the south east. It snowed a little in the early part, commencing about the dawn, but it melted away very soon. The day continued, all the way through, quite cloudy and the latter part was also a little rainy, the wind remaining quite still. The evening is quite calm and mild but it is very cloudy and very dark.

Read some in the morning but spent the principal portion of the time during the forenoon at the library table writing a letter to Mrs. Rhoda A. Cook. Finished the letter but not the copy. In the afternoon went up to the post office and got the Troy paper and the Elmira daily, and also another letter from Daniel Bush who wrote from Philadelphia concerning Valierea’s matters. Spent remainder of the day reading.

Saturday, 20

Second day of the New Moon. / Moon sets 5-20, and south tomorrow / Sun rises 7-26, sets 4-31, and fast 2 min. / Temp., sunrise 31, noon 35, sunset 30.

The morning opened cloudy again, but was quite calm and mild asusual of late. There was a little snow falling or flying in the air but it did not remain on the ground. In the middle of the day there was a gentle breeze of wind from the west which became quite brisk in the afternoon. The latter part of the day was quite squally. The evening continues cloudy & is colder.

Arose early in the morning and as soon as I could get ready went to work and finished copying my letter to Rhoda, and immediately after breakfast gave it to Harvey to carry to the post office, who was going up to the blacksmith’s shop to work. Mr. Bunyan called & spent some time with me in the forenoon. Sent Albert to the post office & he got only the Elmira daily. Chopped and brought in a quantity of wood for the library.

Sunday, 21

Third day of the New Moon. / Moon sets 6-21, and south 1-53 eve. / Sun rises 7-26, sets 4-31, and fast 1 min. / Temp., sunrise 18, noon 23, sunset 17.

The night was quite blustering and cold. The morning was considerably cloudy, and the wind which was northwest was quite calm. The clouds continued until the middle of the day and then breaking away the sun appeared and the afternoon was partially fair, and although quite cool, it thawed a little in the sunshine. The evening is quite clear and it is considerably cold. There is not any wind.

Read some in the morning, and at the proper time got ready and went with Albert up to the Centre to meeting. The exercises were conducted by Br. Levi Taylor and Charles Ross, but Br. Taylor was the principal speaker. The travelling being very rough and bad the audience was not very large. We came immediately home after the meeting was closed. Spent the remainder of the day about the house and read a considerable portion of the time. Considerably unwell with a cold.

Monday, 22

Fourth day of the New Moon. / Moon sits 7-36, and south 2-52 eve. / Sun rises 7-27, sets 4-32, and fast 1 min. / Temp., sunrise 22, noon 28, sunset 18.

The morning is quite calm and very cloudy with the wind remaining in the west and the temperature a little milder. The clouds broke away so that the sun shone out at noon and the afternoon has been considerably fair. the day has been pretty cold and the wind has been quite calm. The evening continues fair and calm, but in the absence of the moon is considerably dark.

Arose early in the morning and after attending to other matters sat down and finished a letter to Daniel Bush at Elizabeth City, N. C., that had been begun before, and having copied it, went with it, immediately up to the post office. Spent a considerable portion of the forenoon making a newspaper rack for Eliza. Albert went to post office & got the Daily, & Courier & Journal. Spent some time reading. In the evening Percival & Celesta were here.

Tuesday, 23

Fifth day of the New Moon. / Moon sets 8-53, and south 3-47 eve. / Sun rises 7-27, sets 4-32, and is about right. / Temp., sunrise 16, noon 31, sunset 25.

The night was clear and calm, but the morning before sunrise became considerably cloudy and continued so through the fore part of the day. The clouds passed off in the middle of the day so much that the afternoon was tolerably fair, and the weather had become a little more mild than yesterday. The evening is partially cloudy and there is no wind of any consequence.

Spent the morning according to my common custom until after breakfast, & then sat down and read some time. After this went out and chopped some wood for the library fire, which I brought into the wood closet. Spent considerable time in the course of the day making preparations to leave home a few days with wife, it being our intention to go up to Azor’s tomorrow. Albert brot the Elmira paper from the office.

Wednesday, 24

Sixth day of the New Moon. / Moon sets 10-10, and south 4-39 eve. / Sun rises 7-27, sets 4-33, and is about right. / Temp., sunrise 11, noon ___, sunset ___.

The morning was very fair and was also one of the coldest there has been this present winter. The weather continued to grow milder as the day advanced, and became quite moderate in the afternoon, and also considerably cloudy. The wind changed into the southwest but remained quite moderate. The evening is cloudy, but not very cold.

Arose quite early in the morning and with wife was quite busy in getting ready to go away from home. Soon after breakfast we started away with Harvey in a wagon, and arrived at Azor’s before noon. Took dinner and then I went with Azor and Eliza to attend the funeral of his uncle Rufus Rockwell which was held at his late dwelling house. Elder Sheardown was the speaker. I walked back with Eliza across the fields. Sam Rockwell and Hannah came to stay with us.

Thursday, 25

Seventh day of the New Moon. / Moon sets 11-25, and is south 5-29 eve. / Sun rises 7-28, sets 4-33, and slow 1 min. / Temp., sunrise ___, noon ___, sunset ___.

The morning at the opening was quite cloudy, with but very little wind in motion, and the temperature was very mild for the season of the year. The weather continued moderate and cloudy through the entire day except a few moments of sunshine, occasionally, in the middle and latter part. The weather this evening is much the same as it has been thro the day.

Arose in the morning pretty early and after getting ready for breakfast had time to read a little while before being called to the table. Spent a considerable portion of the forenoon reading, and the afternoon entirely to company, which began to come together in the middle of the day. There were present on this occasion all the brothers of Azor with their families, which with a few besides made a pretty large family. They departed towards night.

Friday, 26

First Quarter of the Moon at 11-21 m. / Moon sets tomorrow. South 6-17 eve. / Sun rises 7-28, sets 4-34, and slow 1 min – Temp., sunrise ___, noon ___, sunset ___.

The morning was quite cloudy at the opening, with but little wind, and with the temperature considerably moderate. The weather through the day has continued much the same as it was in the morning, except that it thawed a little in the afternoon. The evening also is considerably cloudy and quite calm.

Arose pretty early and spent the morning until some time after breakfast reading. After Azor had done his chores he harnessed his team and took us all up to Hiram’s for a visit, but he himself went there to assist Hiram in doing some butchering. Spent the day there visiting with the women principally, and towards night we returned with Azor and Eliza to tarry with them, and I spent the evening until bed time reading.

Saturday, 27

Second day of the First Quarter of the Moon. / Moon sets 0-39, and south 7-4 evening. / Sun rises 7-29, sets 4-35, and slow 2 min. / Temp., sunrise ___, noon ___, sunset ___.

The morning was very cloudy and the wind – which had changed some time in the course of the night – was in a southern quarter. In the course of the forenoon there was the commencement of a snow storm which continued, moderately, most of the time through the day, but the weather being moderate, much of it melted on the ground. The evening is also very cloudy, and the snow continues to fall.

Arose in season for an early breakfast in the morning, and then spent a considerable portion of the forenoon reading. Towards the middle of the day Benjamin and Lurenda with their two children came there for a visit, and not long afterward Amanda and her little girl came also. They all remained until towards night, and then departed for their several homes; we concluding to remain until tomorrow.

Sunday, 28

Third day of First Quarter of the Moon. / Moon sets 1-53 morn, & south 7-53 eve. Sun rises 7-29, sets 4-35, and slow 2 min. / Temp, sunrise ___, noon ___, sunset 26.

The storm ceased in the night and the clouds broke away, the wind changing to the northwest, and blowing briskly towards morn. The morning had become cloudy again at the dawn, and there was three or four inches of snow. The weather through the day was cloudy, not very cold, considerably windy, and with snow falling much of the time. The evening is considerably cloudy.

Arose in the morning and again had an early breakfast, preparatory to our departure for our home. As soon as Azor had done his chores he harnessed his horses to his sleigh and he and Eliza started with us for Granville. We stopped at the Centre and attended meeting at the meeting house. Br. Shepard was present and delivered a discourse on the subject of modern spiritualism. Azor & Eliza started for their home soon after supper.

Monday, 29

Fourth day of the First Quarter of the Moon. / Moon set 3-7, morn., & south 8-45 eve. / sun rises 7-29, sets 4-36, and slow 3 min. / Temp., sunrise ___, noon 29, sunset 28.

The night continued cloudy and was pret- cold as well. The morning too was cloudy and cold, with a gentle breeze from the northwest. The wind increased as the day advanced, and at noon it was pretty brisk. The weather continued cloudy through the entire day, and at night there was a little more snow falling. The evening continues very cloudy. There is some wind, and the weather pretty cold.

Arose early and resumed my habit of taking a morning bath after kindling my fire. After this read a spell before breakfast. Spent a considerable portion of the day looking over and reading the papers that had accumulated during my absence from home. Mr. Gilman or Albert brought the Elmira daily and the Towanda Journal from the post office today, and I spent some time reading them. In the afternoon chopped some wood.

Tuesday, 30

Fifth day of First Quarter of the Moon. / Moon sets 4-21, morn., & south 9-30 eve. / Sun rises 7-29, sets 4-37, and slow 3 min. / Temp., sunrise ___, noon 15, sunset 15.

The morning at early dawn was quite fair, but at the time of sunrise it had become considerably cloudy again. The weather, too, was very cold but there was no wind of any account. The clouds, in the course of the morning, passed away so that the remainder of the day has been partially fair, but has continued quite cold. The evening is quite calm & partially cloudy. Wind northwest.

Arose quite early and spent the morning until breakfast according to my common practice. After this went out and chopped some wood for the library and brought it in and having made a fire sat down by it with a book and read most of the time until afternoon. Mr. Gilman brought the Elmira paper from the office, which I also read. Towards night went out & chopped some more wood for my fire and brought it into the closet.

Wednesday, 31

Sixth day of First Quarter of the Moon. / Moon sets 5-33 morn., and south 10-35 eve. / Sun rises 7-30, sets 4-38, and slow 4 min. / Temp., sunrise 10, noon 26, sunset 23.

The wind rose in the night and it was quite blustering, the clouds passed away and it was quite clear. The morning too, was fair and there was a pretty brisk wind from the northwest. The wind subsided and the forenoon was quite fair and pleasant, but the latter part of the afternoon has been a little cloudy. The evening is considerably cloudy, quite calm, and not very cold.

Attended to morning matters as usual, and after breakfast undertook to write a letter to G. W. Cook of Tolland Conn. Finished the letter and copied it in the course of the day and evening besides having devoted much of the time to reading. Mr. Gilman being at the Centre this afternoon, called at the post office, & brought me the Elmira daily Gazette, & a letter from Mr. Atkins. Went out towards night and chopped some wood.

Memoranda.

Visited the Charlestown Navy Yard – near Boston, – on Saturday the 23rd day of Aug., 1873. Saw there the large ship, Virginia, belonging to the United States, and was informed that it had stood there on the stocks fifty seven years, and had never been launched. A large number of of men are now engaged in taking it to pieces.

The Towanda Journal of Nov. 8th 1873 is received this Nov 10, and is the first No. on a subscription for one year.

Also The Elmira Gazette Daily, of same date as above, is the first on a three months subscription.
 

Bradford County PA
Chemung County NY
Tioga County PA
Published On Tri-Counties Site On 03 December 2010
By Joyce M. Tice
Email Joyce M. Tice