The first means of egress and ingress was by following along the creeks. As early as 1795 the road was laid out up the Towanda creek.
The old Genessee road was the next outlet passing through Overton, thence crossing the mountains to the West Branch. Then came the old turnpike, which was succeeded by the new. As the town populated roads were made for the accommodation of the settlers.
ELECTIONS AND OFFICERS
* The first election in Monroe was held at the house of Abner C. Rockwell, October 9, 1821. The names of those voted were --- Adonijah Alden, Wm. Gough, Wm. Coolbaugh, 2d, Samuel More, Charles Brown, Jacob Bowman, Russell Fowler, Eliphalet Mason, Thomas Bowdan, John B. Hinman, Daniel Hawley, Ambrose Smith, Reuben Hale, Timothy Alden, Wm. Vandike, Usual Carter, Samuel Cole, Solomon Cole, Rowland Sweet, Timothy M. Dewers, John Lathrop, Gustavus Holden, Wm. Coolbaugh, Jesse Benjamin, Job Irish, John D. Sanders, Amos Cook, Isaac Manville, John Ackley, George Irvine, Ferguson Wilson, Solamon Tallady, James Northrup, Jacob Ringer, Benjamin Bennett, Moses Warford, Josiah M. Cramner, Noadiah Cranmer, Samuel Cranmer, Solin Benjamin, Abner C. Rockwell, David Benjamin, Jonathan Fowler, John E. Kent, Elisha Cole, Austin Fowler, Frederick Fisher, Ira C. Fowler, John Head, Amos Ackley, Samuel Chilson.
*Before the organization of the township the qualified electors were required to go to "the old red tavern" at Towanda to vote.
The following composed the election board;
Judges---Charles Brown, Russell Fowler, John B. Hinman, William Means, John Vandike; Inspectors---A. C. Rockwell, Jesse Woodruff; Clerks---Eliphalet Mason, Jacob Bowman, Ethan Baldwin, William Puyron.
At said election, for Congress William Cox Ellis had 13 votes, Thomas Murray, Jr., 33 votes; for Assembly---Simon Kinney had 45 votes and Samuel W. Morris 5 votes; of the fourteen candidates for Sheriff, George Scott had 28 votes, William Keeler 27, Joseph C. Powell 9, George Hyde 8. At the first Presidential election in 1824, 29 votes (all) were cast for Andrew Jackson. The first set of township officers were chosen in 1822 and were---Constable---Ira C. Fowler; Supervisors---George Irvine, William Coolbaugh; Town Clerk---Eliphalet Mason.
Charles Brown and Eliphalet Mason had previously been appointed Justices-of-the-Peace. With the exception of a couple of years or so, when elections were held at the hotel at Monroeton, Rockwell’s (as in now) has been the polling place. The last Presidential vote (1884) of Monroe township and borough was---James G. Blaine, 356; Grover Cleveland, 116; John P. St John, 6. A very political complexion from 1824.
The present township officers are:
Justices-of-the-Peace---*Charles Hollon, H. S. Hollon; Commissioners---A. G. Northrup, Theron Sweet, Lyman Marcy; Constable---Clark Cummings; Assessor---Delanson Kellogg; assistants---U. M. Pratt, E. S. Andrews; School
*Has held the office continually for twenty-five years. The other Justice is a brother.
Directors---E. S. Andrews, Charles Scott, Freeman Sweet, Lyman Irvine, John Northrup, F. L. Vangorder; Town Clerk---Eugene Stevens; Treasurer---Winfield Scott; Auditors---Samuel Lyon, E. W. Neal, B. K. Benedict; Collector of Taxes---William A. Kellogg; Judge of Election---H. W. Northrup; Inspectors---A. J. Petrey, W. D. Ridgeway.
Before goods were sold in the township, the people’s wants could in part be supplied at Jacob Burman’s, Wm. Means’ and S. T. Barstow’s at Wysox, who in 1815-1816 advertises "new goods, cheaper than ever offered before." We quote the annexed rates from his ad:
Broad cloth from $3 to $6, flannels from 50 cts to $1; calicoes from 30 cents to 60 cents; winter vestings, from six shillings to $2; shirtings from 40 cents to 60 cents."
As previously stated Eliphalet Mason brought the first goods to what is now Monroe Village in 1811, and offered them for sale. It appears that he had no trouble in disposing of his goods, but considerable in making collections. Having invested his entire capitol, after his stock became reduced and he went out of business after two years.
*The first office was established at Monroe, October 29, 1822, A. C. Rockwell, postmaster, and was changed to Monroeton July 30, 1829. Linwood December 3, 1855, Samuel C. Naglee, postmaster, changed to Powell April 1, 1872, E. W. Neal, postmaster.
*Before the office was established at Monroeton the citizens were required to go to Towanda for their mail.
Liberty-Corners established September 6, 1856, Joseph Bull, postmaster. In about 1851 a meeting was called by the citizens of Eastern Monroe to adopt measured for the establishment of a post office for their accommodation.
Among the names proposed for the contemplated office, were Irvington, Arnoutville, and Liberty-corners. The last name was finally adopted, and has since the establishment of the office been extended to the whole neighborhood.
South Branch, established December 11, 1863, Chester Carter postmaster.
Each of the above offices now has a daily mail. In the first days of post offices the postage was paid by the one receiving the letter or parcel. By Act of Congress, Feb. 1, 1816, the following rates were established:
For *single letters, any distance not exceeding 40 miles, 8 cents, over 40 miles not exceeding 90, 10 cents, over 90 miles not exceeding over 150, 12 ½ cents, over 150 not exceeding 300, 17 cents over 300 not exceeding 500, 20 cents, over 500, 25 cents.
The same can now be carried to any part of the United States, for two cents. Double and triple letters were double and triple the above rates.
A farther history of the stores will be given in connection with Monroe village. The first to engage in the mercantile business at Liberty Corners were John and Levi Ennis, followed in 1868 by J. W. Irvine and Jno. Summers. In 1871
*Single letters were those that contained one piece of paper, double letters two pieces, triple letters, three pieces, etc.
Mr. Irvine bought out the interest of Mr. Summers and has continued the business alone ever since.
The first house of entertainment was "Doerty’s tavern," then followed successively by Mathews, Fowler’s and Rockwell’s.
As already stated the first distillery was that of Eliphalet Mason, subsequently without doubt, operated by the Fowler’s. Rockwell’s, Brown’s, Blackman’s, etc. have already been mentioned.
As early as 1804 Dr. Lawrence was located at Monroe, then followed by Dr. Mills, Mandeville and Ingham.
Nearly all the heroic pioneers are buried at Cole’s, where a burial was established at a very early day. The first marked grave there is that of Hannah Strickland (infant), 1791. These grounds were established for sepulchral purposes long before the cemetery was located at Towanda, and were used by the people for miles around.
Here lies Rudolph Fox, the first permanent settler of Bradford county, Abner C. Rockwell, the first sheriff of the county, and fully a score of the heroic pioneers and compatriots of the Revolutionary war. However each cemetery contains the sacred remains, of its share of those whose names we shall learn to cherish and hold in grateful remembrance. The cemetery in best repair is that at Liberty Corners, where the first grave (infant son of James R. and Sarah Irvine) was made August 8, 1835.
Perhaps more of those patriotic "Fathers," who fought for our independence and will forever be reverenced down the ages, repose in Monroe’s soil, than in any other township in the county. Almost a score of them and soldiers of the war of 1812, have their final resting place in the historic ground, that we have already sketched. The names of several have been mentioned on preceding pages.
THE WAR OF 1812
In the second war of American independence a draft was ordered and made in Bradford county, in 1814. Eliphalet Mason, Solomon Tallady, James Northrup, John Ellis, Josiah Cranmer, Aaron Carter, Moses Carter, William French, William, Amos and Humphrey Goff, and perhaps Peter Edsall and others were drafted. In October, at the mouth of the Towanda Creek they built a raft and went down the river to Wilkesbarre, thence to Danville, where after a month’s absence they were discharged. Amasa Kellogg, Daniel Lyon, Thomas Lewis and many others, who subsequently settled in the town were in this war.
THE CIVIL WAR
Monroe was among the foremost in furnishing men for our country’s sake, in the dark days of disunion; and her men were among the bravest and truest that wore the blue. Upon many battle fields they did the "old flag" honor, and in not a few hard fought battles, covered themselves with glory, always leaving some of their number with the dead or
wounded. Deeds of noble daring won for a number names of honor, that we will cherish more and more, as times goes on; and as we shall look back upon this cruel war---
"We’ll thank them again, who our battles have fought, nor forget the high services their sufferings have wrought; Will commend them to One who in justice is true, And thank by our creeds the brave boys in blue."
The Fiftieth Regiment P.V. was recruited in the counties of Berks, Schuylkill, Bradford, Lancaster and Luzerne and rendezvoused at Camp Curtain. Two companies from Bradford were in this regiment, Captain Wm. T. Telford’s (G.) and Captain James B. Ingham’s (K.) the first recruited at Towanda and the latter at Monroe. The regiment was organized Sept. 25, 1861, by the choice of Benjamin C. Christ, of Schuylkill county, Colonel; Thomas S. Brenholtz, of Berks county, Lieutenant-Colonel; Edward Overton, Jr., of Bradford county, Major. The State colors were presented by Gov. Curtin, October 1. The regiment was mustered out of service July 31st , 1865. The Fiftieth was especially noted for its gallantry in the many battles in which it participated and for its intense sufferings, which were most nobly borne.
The Fiftieth was in the following engagements:
Hilton Head, S. C., November 7, 1861
Beaufort, S. C., December 6, 1861
Battle of Choosaw, S. C., January 1, 1862
Old Pocotaligo, S. C., May 29, 1862
Second Bull Run, Va., August 28, 29, 30, 1862
Chantilly, Va., September 1, 1862
South Mountain, Md., September 14, 1862
Antietam, Md., September 17, 1862
Fredericksburg, Va., December 13, 1862. (Not actively engaged, but in line of battle, under fire all day.)
Siege of Vicksburg, Miss., June 12, to July 4, 1863
Jackson, Miss., July 16, 17, 1863
Blue Springs, Tenn., October 10, 1863
Lenoir Station, Tenn., November 14, 1863
Campbell Station, Tenn., November 16, 1863
Siege of Knoxville, Tenn., November 11, to December 5, 1863
Battle of the Wilderness, Va., May 5, 6, 1864
Ny River, Va., May 9, 1864
Spottsylvania Court House, Va., May 12, 1864
From Spottsylvania Court House to the North Anna, and thence to Cold Harbor, the 50th was almost daily under fire.
Cold Harbor, Va., June 2,3,5,7,8,9, 1864
Petersburg, Va., June 17, 18, 1864
Mine Explosion, Va., July 30, 1864
Weldon Railroad, Va., August 19, 20, 1864
Pegram Farm, Va., September 30, 1864
Near Petersburg, Va., Oct. 27, 1864
Fort Steadman, Va., March 25, 1865
Petersburg, Va., April 2,3, 1865
* Adams, Isaac N., private, enlisted August 14, 1861; re-enlisted January 1, ’64; deserted March 8, 1864.---veteran.
Albro, Samuel, private, enlisted September 13, 1861; mustered out Sept. 29, 1864---expiration of term.
*Members of Company K., unless otherwise mentioned.
Annas, Wm., Jr., private; enlisted Sept 10, 1864; discharged on surgeon’s certificate.
Armstrong, Hallock, Chaplain; enlisted Feb. 24, 1865; mustered out with regiment.
Beam, Charles H., private; enlisted Aug. 10, 1861; mustered out Sept. 29, 1864---expiration of term.
Beam, George E., private; enlisted Sept. 3, 1861; mustered out Sept. 29, 1864---expiration of term.
Beam, Joel M., private; enlisted Sept. 17, 1861; discharged on surgeon’s certificate.
Bentley, Thomas, private; enlisted March 29, 1864; mustered out with company
Bowman, George L., sergeant; enlisted Aug. 10, 1861; promoted to sergeant; died.
Chubbuck, Robert H., private; enlisted Aug. 10, 1861; discharged on surgeon’s certificate.
Coolbaugh, Monroe A., private; enlisted Aug. 10, 1861; discharged by order of General Court Martial, 1862.
Corby, William A., private; enlisted Sept. 4, 1861; deserted.
Custer, William M., sergeant; enlisted Aug. 10, 1861; discharged on surgeon’s certificate.
Cranmer, Harry, corporal; enlisted Aug. 13, 1863; promoted to corporal; discharged by General Order, June 1, 1865.
Dickinson, Herman G., private; enlisted Sept. 3, 1861; mustered out with company---veteran
Dunfee, Reed W., musician; enlisted Aug. 10, 1861; pro-
moted to principal musician, April 13, 1865; mustered out with regiment---veteran.
English, Orlando, private; enlisted August 10, 1861; wounded, mustered out to date, July 30, 1865.
Foster, John C., private Co., G.; enlisted March 24, 1864; wounded; died August 7, 1864.
Gale, Eli W., private Co. G.; enlisted March 26, 1864; mustered out with company.
Goff, Orren W., private; enlisted August 10, 1861; discharged on surgeon’s certificate.
Haines, Oscar L., private, enlisted August 14, 1861; discharged on surgeon’s certificate.
Hartman, John, private Co. H.; enlisted March 26, 1862; not on muster-out roll.
Ingham, James B., Captain; enlisted August 10, 1861; killed at Antietam, September 17, 1862.
Ingham, Joseph S., 1st Lieutenant; enlisted August 10, 1861; promoted to 1st Lieutenant Company B., from 2nd Lieutenant, August 1, 1862; resigned November 1, 1862.
Kellogg, Charles H., 1st Lieutenant; enlisted August 10, 1861, died September 1, 1862; of wounds received at Bull Run, August 29.
*Kellogg, Delanson, corporal; enlisted August 10, 1862; promoted to corporal from private for meritorious conduct at Pocotaligo; discharged on surgeon’s certificate, December 10, 1862.
*In August, 1862,
he was on board the West Point, the night it collided with the George
Peabody, and was sunk fifteen minutes thereafter, and was among the
number saved, being picked up an hour after the accident.
Kellogg, Alva A., private; enlisted Aug. 31, 1861; killed at Chantilly.
Marcy, Hiram, private Co., G.; enlisted Sept., 1861; died on board of vessel on Mississippi river, Aug. 5, 1863.
Marcy, Vincent, corporal; enlisted Aug. 10, 1861; discharged on surgeon’s certificate.
Maybee, Daniel N., private Co. I.; enlisted Jan. 14, 1862; killed at Chantilly.
Minard, Silas B., private; enlisted Jan. 14, 1862; died.
Mingos, Welles, private, Co. I.; enlisted April 14, 1864; mustered out with company.
Merithew, George N., 2nd Lieutenant; enlisted Aug. 10, 1861; promoted from private to sergeant---to 2nd Lieutenant, May 18, 1865; mustered out with company---veteran.
Myer, Berlin F., private; enlisted Aug. 10, 1861; taken prisoner during Lee’s invasion of Pennsylvania but escaped on the following day; connected with the Commissary Department from the middle of September till expiration of term---Sept. 29, 1864.
*Myer, Geo. V., Captain; enlisted Aug. 10, 1861, as private; made sergeant upon the organization of the company; promoted to 1st sergeant Jan. 1, 1863; to 2nd Lieutenant
*He was in command
of his company at the time of his capture, and when a prisoner of war en
route to Macon, he and nine others made their escape from the cars. The
enemy tracked them for seven days with bloodhounds before recapturing them.
They kept hid in swamps during the day and traveled by night. They lived
upon mulberries, and hoe-cake which they procured of the Negroes. Mr. Myer
escaped a second time, when being taken to Charleston, by cutting through
the bottom of the car. After six days in the swamps of South Carolina,
he was again taken by a scouting party. He was one of the 600 officers
held as prisoners at Charleston, and placed under fire of the Union guns
during the siege, to save the city. While here he had the yellow fever
with 200 of his companions, and was one of the thirteen that lived.
March 1, 1864; to Captain, Oct. 1, 1864; struck in belt at Campbell Station, inflicting abdominal injuries, also wounded at Spottsylvania in left fore arm, and captured same day; confined at Lynchburg, Va., Macon, Ga., and Charleston, S. C.; paroled Dec. 15, 1864; exchanged Apr. 11, 1865, and rejoined regiment; mustered out with company.
Myer, F. Wesley, private; enlisted Aug. 28, 1861; drowned (see note, Kellogg).
Northrup, Harry C., private; enlisted Sept. 17, 1861; killed at Bull Run Aug. 29.
Owens, Charles R., private; enlisted Aug. 10, 1861; discharged on surgeon’s certificate Feb 27, 1862, and died soon thereafter at Hilton Head, S. C.
Owens, George W., private Co. G; enlisted Aug. 10, 1861; discharged on surgeon’s certificate; also corporal Co. C, 141st P. V., enlisting Aug. 19, 1862, from which he was discharged on surgeon’s certificate.
Phinney, Andrew B., private; enlisted Aug. 10, 1861; discharged on surgeon’s certificate.
Prentice, Joseph T., sergeant; enlisted Aug. 10, 1861; mustered out with Company---veteran.
Ridgeway, Joseph L., private; enlisted Aug. 10, 1861; discharged on surgeon’s certificate.
Robinson, Enoch F., private; enlisted Aug. 10, 1861; transferred to U. S. Signal Corps.
Sanford, John O., private; enlisted Sept. 3, 1861; prisoner from May 12 to Oct. 14, 1864; discharged May 4, 1865, to date Dec. 21, 1864.
Steel, Edwin H. corporal; entered Sept. 3, 1861; promoted to corporal; killed at Spottsylvania C. H., May 12.
Stroud, James, private Co. G., enlisted March 8, 1864; killed at Spottsylvania.
Taylor, William K., 1st Lieutenant; promoted from sergeant to 1st Lieutenant Dec. 4, 1864; mustered out with company.
Tallada, William jr., private Co. I., enlisted Dec. 7, 1861; wounded at Antietam, transferred to 5th U. S. Cavalry; killed Manassas Gap, Va., on July 2, 1863.
Toolan Thomas, private; enlisted Sept. 7, 1861; killed at Cold Harbor, June 7.
Vargason, Richard, private; enlisted Aug 14, 1861; deserted, Aug. 3, 1862.
Wanck, George W., private; enlisted Sept. 17, ’61, discharged on surgeon’s certificate.
West, Lorenzo D., private; enlisted Sept. 2, ’61, died at Philadelphia, Pa., Dec. 11, 1862.
Wickham, Charles, private; enlisted Sept. 17, ’61; wounded; discharged---veteran.
Wilson, Reuben, private; enlisted Aug. 10, ’64; discharged on surgeon’s certificate, Dec. ’64; veteran.*
The 141st was known as the Bradford regiment, and was organized Aug. 29, 1862, with the following field officers: Henry J. Madill, Colonel; Guy H. Watkins, Lieutenant Colonel; Israel P. Spalding, Major. The One-Hundred and Forty-First was one of the very best regiments mustered into service during the war, and made a record that "old Brad-
*Veterans----those that re-enlisted Jan. 1, 1864.
ford feels most proud of. Of the seven companies recruited in the county, all entering this regiment from Monroe, were in Capt. Abram J. Swart’s company (C). This regiment was mustered out of service May 28, 1865.
The principal engagements in which the 141st participated were:
Fredericksburg, Va., Chancellorsville, Va., Gettysburg, Pa., Auburn, Va., Kelly’s Ford, Va., Mine Run, Va., Wilderness, Va., Spottsylvania Ch. H. Va., North Ann Va., Tolopotomy, Va., Cold Harbor, Va., Assault on Petersburg, Va., Deep Bottom, Va., Reim’s Station, Va., Dabney’s Mills, Va., Boydton Plank Road, Va., Hatcher’s Run, Va., Final assault on Petersburg, Farmville, Va., Sailor’s Creek, Va., and Burksville, Va.
Adams, Lockwood H., private; enlisted Aug. 19, 1862; discharged on surgeon’s certificate, Jan. 1, 1863.
Brown, Charles S., private; enlisted Aug. 27, 1862; killed at Chancellorsville May 3, 1863; buried at Military Asylum Cemetery, D. C.
Cogensparger, Josiah, private; enlisted Aug. 19, 1862; killed at Gettysburg July 2, 1863.
Cole, Elisha, private; enlisted Aug. 19, 1862; mustered out with company.
Coolbaugh, Moses M., corporal; enlisted Aug. 19, ’62; discharged on surgeon’s certificate Jan. 13, ’63.
Corby, James, private; enlisted Aug. 19, 1862; wounded at Chancellorsville, May 3, 1863; transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps., Sept, 1863.
Cowell, George E., private; enlisted Aug. 19, 1862;
wounded at Chancellorsville May 3, 1863; transferred to the Veteran Reserve Corps, Jan. 16, 1864
Cummings, Harvey, private; enlisted Aug. 21, 1862; mustered out with company.
Douglass, Frank W., sergeant; enlisted Aug. 19, 1862; promoted from private Jan. 25, 1864; wounded at Wilderness, May 6, 1864; transferred to 112th company, 2nd battalion V. R. C. Feb. 18, 1865; discharged on surgeon’s certificate July 14, 1865.
Edsall, Aaron, private; enlisted Aug. 15, 1864; mustered out with company.
English, Judson, private; enlisted Feb. 11, 1865; transferred to Co. G, 57th P.V., May 28, ’65; mustered out June 29, ’65.
Goff, Harry G., 2nd Lieutenant; enlisted Aug. 25, ‘62’ discharged Nov. 10, ’62.
Goff, Warren W., sergeant, enlisted Aug. 19, ’62; promoted to sergeant Aug. 25, ’62; wounded at Gettysburg July 2, ’63; transferred to V. C. R., Oct. ’64.
Harris, Enos H., private; enlisted Aug. 19, ‘62’ discharged on surgeon’s certificate.
Harris, Henry C., private; enlisted Aug. 19, ’62, mustered out with company.
Hendershot, Nathaniel, private; enlisted Aug. 19, ’62; discharged on surgeon’s certificate, Dec. 22, ’62.
Horton, Bishop, sergeant; enlisted Aug. 19, ’62; promoted to corporal, Oct. 25, ’64; wounded at Spottsylvania C. H., May 12, ’74; mustered out with company.
Johnson, Moses, private; enlisted Aug. 19, ’62; wounded at Wilderness, May 10, ’64; mustered out with company.
Lafey, Thomas, private; enlisted Aug. 21 ’62; discharged by General Order, May 15, ’65.
McClen, Sylvelon M., musician; enlisted Aug. 19, ’62; captured at Chancellorsville, May 3, ’63; confined at Libby prison; returned to regiment, Oct. 27, ’63; mustered out with company.
Nichols, Charles E., private; enlisted Aug. 19, ’62; died at Falmouth, Va., Feb. 12, ’63.
Piatt, James, M., private; enlisted Aug. 19, ’62; wounded at Chancellorsville, May 3, ’63; discharged by General Order, June 2, ’65.
Rice, Joel, private; enlisted Aug. 19, ’62; discharged on surgeon’s certificate June 1, ’63.
Rice, Melvin, private, enlisted Aug. 19, ’62; transferred to Co. F, 57th P. V.
Ridgeway, James C., private; enlisted Feb. 1, ’65; transferred to Co. G, 57th P. V.; mustered out with company June 29, ’65.
Robinson, Dana, private; enlisted Aug. 19, ’62; mustered out with company.
Schoonover, Daniel, sergeant; enlisted Aug. ’62; wounded at Chancellorsville May 3, ’63; promoted to corporal Aug. 25, ’62; to sergeant March 1, ’65; mustered out with company.
Scott, Charles, 1st Lieut.; enlisted Aug. 19, ’62; wounded in right shoulder at Gettysburg July 2, ’63; and in right hip at Petersburg June 18, ’64; promoted from private to cor-
poral Nov 13, ’62; to 3rd sergeant color bearer Sept ’63; to 1st sergeant June 30, ’64; commissioned 1st Lieutenant, but not mustered; discharged by reasons of wounds, Jan. 20, ’65.
Stage, George, private, enlisted Aug. 19, ’62; missing in action at Petersburg, May 25, ’65.
Swart, Abram, J., captain; enlisted Aug. 25, ’62; killed at Chancellorsville, May 3, ’65.
Sweet, Dallas J., sergeant; enlisted Aug. 19, ’62; promoted to corporal June 30, ’64, to sergeant March 30, ’65; mustered out with company.
Tallada, Jackson, private, enlisted Aug. 19, ’62; discharged.
Walker, Elery C., private, enlisted Aug. 19, ’62; wounded at Chancellorsville, May 3, ’63; transferred to V. R. C., March 16, ’64.
Wanck, Benjamin, F., private; enlisted Aug. 27, wounded at Gettysburg, July 2, ’63; discharged on surgeons certificate Dec. 18, ’64.
Wanck, Nicholas, corporal; enlisted Aug. 19, ’62; killed at Gettysburg July 2, ’62.
The Eightieth regiment, Seventh cavalry, was raised in the months of August and September ’61, two companies B and C., being mainly from Bradford county. A regimental organization was effected at Camp Curtin with the following field officers; George C. Wynkoop, of Pottsville, Colonel; William B. Sipes, of Philadelphia, Lieutenant Colonel; James J. Siebert, of Philadelphia, James Given, of West Chester, and John E. Wynkoop, of Pottsville, Majors. The State colors
were presented by Governor Curtin on the 18th of December. During the four years of service, the 7th cavalry participated in 106 engagements and skirmishes. The ten memorable sabre charges, made by it were---Lebanon, Tenn., May 5, ’62; Sparta, Tenn., June 27, ’62; Stone River, Tenn., Jan 3, ’63; Unionville, Tenn., March 4, ’63; Franklin, Tenn., March 5, ’63; Middletown, Tenn., May 22, ’63; Shelbyville, Tenn., June 27, ’63; Noonday Church, Ga., July ‘64’ Coosa River, Ga., Oct. 13, ’64; Rome, Ga. The regiment was mustered out of service Aug. 13, ’65.
The following were members of Co. B:
Cox, Hiram W., private, enlisted Sept. 21, ’61; captured; died at Andersonville, Ga., Aug. 14, ’64; grave 5,633.
*Cox, Rogers, private; enlisted Sept. 21, ’61; wounded at Murfreesboro, Tenn., July 13, ’62, and captured same day; discharged on surgeon’s certificate, Sept. ’62.
Cox, Usual M., private; enlisted Sept. 21, ’61; discharged on surgeon’s certificate, June, ’62. Also a member of 34th N. Y. Independent Battery, enlisting Mar 29, ’62; discharged by General Order, June 26, ’65.
Cranmer, George W., private; enlisted Sept. 21, ’61; transferred to V. R. C., April, ’63.
Cranmer, Edwin, private, enlisted Sept. 21, ’61; wounded at Stone River, Jan. 1, ’63; transferred to V. R. C., Apr., ’63.
Martin, Benjamin J., private;
enlisted Sept. 21, 1861; killed at Jonesboro, Ga., Aug. 12, ’64---veteran.
*Mr. Cox received no less than 13 buckshot wounds, five shot passing through his left hand, two through his left shoulder, one through his neck, another knocking out two teeth, one through his leg, with three wounds in the breast, and two slight wounds in the left side.