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History of Sheshequin 1777---1902

C. F. Heverly

pub.1902, Towanda, Pa. 
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PAGE 351

Bradford County.

Bradford County was formed as Ontario County, Feb. 21, 1810, by an Act of Assembly, from the counties of Luzerne and Lycoming. By Act of March 24, 1812, the county was organized for judicial purposes and the name changed from Ontario to Bradford, in honor of William Bradford of Pennsylvania, second Attorney-General of the United States under President Washington.

The population of the county, as determined by the different enumerations, has been: 6,288 in 1810; 11,554 in 1820; 19,746 in 1830; 32,769 in 1840; 42,831 in 1850; 48,734 in 1860; 53,204 in 1870; 58,541 in 1880; 59,233 in 1890; 59,403 in 1900.

DIVISIONS.

The following are the townships, area, date of organization, and territory from which taken:

Wyalusing---Area, 26 square miles, organized March, 1790, from Stoke.

Wysox---Area, 20 square miles, organized April, 1795, from Tioga.

Athens---Area, 49 square miles, organized January, 1797, from Tioga.

Ulster---Area, 16 square miles, organized January, 1797, from Tioga.

Burlington---Area, 24 square miles, organized January, 1802, from Wysox.

Orwell (Mt. Zion, 1801)---Area, 32 square miles, organized from Athens and Ulster, changed to Orwell in 1802.

Canton---Area, 38 square miles, organized August, 1804, from Burlington.

Towanda---Area, 15 square miles, organized January, 1808, from Wysox and Wyalusing.

Smithfield---Area, 42 square miles, organized between 1804 and 1810, from Ulster

Pike (Bradford)---Area, 43 square miles, organized from Rush and Orwell, changed to Pike in April, 1813.

Warren---Area, 44 square miles, organized April, 1813, from Rush and Orwell.

Windham---Area, 35 square miles, organized April, 1813, from Orwell.

Wells---Area, 35 square miles, organized April, 1813, from Athens.

Columbia---Area, 43 square miles, organized August, 1813, from Smithfield.

Springfield (Murraysfield)---Area, 44 square miles, organized August, 1813, from Smithfield.

Asylum---Area, 24 square miles, organized November, 1814, from Wyalusing. The original township of Asylum was taken from Wyalusing in 1814; from Asylum Albany was taken off in 1824; Durell township was formed from Asylum, Monroe and Wysox in 1842; Wilmot was next taken off from Asylum and reorganized from Asylum and Wilmot in 1858; now followed the dispute over names, which was settled in 1859 by dropping the name of Durell and removing the name of Asylum to what had been Durell and the name Terry given to what had been lastly been Asylum.

Troy---Area, 42 square miles, organized December, 1815, from Burlington.

Ridgebury---Area, 38 square miles, organized February, 1818, from Athens and Wells.

Franklin---Area, 15 square miles, organized September, 1819, from Towanda and Canton.

Sheshequin---Area, 35 square miles, organized May, 1820, from Ulster and Wysox.

Monroe---Area, 36 square miles, organized September, 1821, from Towanda. Monroe township was taken from Towanda, and Towanda reorganized from Burlington and part of Towanda.

Litchfield---Area, 30 square miles, organized December, 1821, from Athens.

Albany (New Albany)---Area, 36 square miles, organized February, 1824, from Asylum.

Tuscarora (Spring Hill, 1820)---Area, 29 square miles, organized from Wyalusing, changed to Tuscarora, February, 1830.

Granville---Area, 23 square miles, organized, February, 1834, from Burlington, Canton, Franklin and Troy.

Rome (Watertown)---Area, 30 square miles, organized December, 1831, from Orwell, Sheshequin and Wysox.

South Creek---Area, 31 square miles, organized May, 1835, from Ridgebury and Wells.

Leroy (Union, September, 1835)---Area, 44 square miles, organized December, 1835, from Canton and Franklin.

Herrick---Area, 20 square miles, organized February, 1838, from Orwell, Pike, Wyalusing and Wysox.

Standing Stone---Area, 16 square miles, organized September, 1841, from Herrick, Wyalusing and Wysox.

Armenia---Area, 17 square miles, organized February, 1813, from Canton and Troy.

Wilmot (Greenwood)---Area, 50 square miles, organized, May, 1849, from Asylum.

North Towanda (Sugar Creek)---Area, 10 square miles, organized December, 1851, from Towanda.

Overton---Area, 46 square miles, organized February, 1853, from Albany, Franklin and Monroe.

West Burlington---Area, 24 square miles, organized February, 1855, from Burlington.

Terry---Area, 34 square miles, organized May, 1859; Asylum changed, Durell dropped.

Barclay---Area, 20 square miles, organized May, 1867, from Franklin.

The following are the Boroughs of the county and date of incorporation:

Towanda----March 5, 1828.

Athens---March 29, 1831.

Troy---April 11, 1845.

Sylvania---May 5, 1853.

Burlington---February 14, 1854.

Monroe---May 19, 1855.

Rome---February 3, 1858.

LeRaysville---May 16, 1863.

Alba---February 4, 1864.

Canton---May 10, 1864.

South Waverly---January 28, 1878.

New Albany---December 6, 1879.

Wyalusing---February 16, 1887.

Sayre---January 27, 1891.

President Judges.
 
 
 
NAME TERM
John Bannister Gibson 1813 to 1816
Thomas Burnside 1816 to 1818
Edward Herrick 1818 to 1839
John N. Conyngham 1839 to 1849
Horace Williston 1849 to 1851
David Wilmot 1851 to 1857
Darius Bullock Sept. Term 1857
David Wilmot 1857 to 1861
Ulysses Mercur 1861 to 1865
Farris B. Streeter 1865 to 1874
Paul D. Morrow 1874 to 1890
Benjamin M. Peck 1890 to 1891
Benjamin M. Peck  1891 to 1899
Adelbert C. Fanning 1899 to 1901
Adelbert C. Fanning 1901 incumbent

 

All the Judges prior to Wilmot were appointed by the Governor. A Constitutional Amendment in 1850, provided for the election of the Judges of the several Districts. All Judges holding commissions by appointment were cut off and made to expire on the first Monday of December, following the election of the new Judges. The new Judges were elected at the general election (1851) next following the adoption of this Amendment. Hence, it will be seen why Williston who had been appointed for a term of ten years, did not serve longer.

In 1857 Judge Wilmot was a candidate for Governor, he therefore resigned, and Darius Bullock was on the 8th day of August, 1857, appointed to fill the vacancy, by Governor Pollock, his commission to expire on the first Monday of December following. Wilmot was defeated for Governor at the October election; he was accordingly re-commissioned Judge, by Governor Pollock, to hold said office until the first Monday of December following the next General election. In 1858 he was again elected and commissioned for a full term of ten years. He was elected to the U. S. Senate in January, 1861, when he resigned his position as Judge and Ulysses Mercur was appointed his successor March 19, 1861. Judge Mercur’s commission being issued to hold until the first Monday in December following the next general election, he was elected in October, 1861, for a full term of ten years and commissioned accordingly.

In 1864 Judge Mercur was elected to Congress. Farris B. Streeter was appointed to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Judge Mercur by a commission dated March 4, 1865, to hold until the first Monday of December following the next general election. In October, 1865, Judge Streeter was elected for a full term of ten years.

By the Act creating the office of Additional Law Judge and the Act making Bradford and Susquehanna county each separate Judicial Districts, Judge Streeter was succeeded as President Judge of the 13th District by Paul D. Morrow in 1874. In 1880 Judge Morrow was re-elected for a term of ten years. He served his term lacking only 20 days, having died Dec. 15, 1890. Benjamin M. Peck who had been elected for a term of ten years in November, 1890, was appointed Dec. 17, 1890, by Governor Beaver to fill the unexpired term of Judge Morrow. Judge Peck died in office Sept. 9, 1899, and on Sept. 21, 1899, Adelbert C. Fanning was appointed to fill the vacancy. In November, 1900, Judge Fanning was elected to a full term of ten years. Judge Gibson was the youngest of our judges, being appointed at the age of 32 years.

Associate Judges.
 
George Scott Appointed by Governor 1813 to 1818
John McKean " " " 1813 to 1840
Jonathan Stevens " " "  1818 to 1841
John Laporte " " " 1840 to 1845
Abraham Goodwin " " " 1841 to 1844
David M. Bull " " " 1844 to 1845
Harry Morgan " " "  1845 to 1850
Reuben Wilbur " " " 1845 to 1849
Jere Adams " " " 1849 to 1851
George Tracy " " " 1850 to 1851
Harry Ackley Elected 1851 to 1856
Myron Ballard " " " 1851 to 1856
John F. Long " " " 1856 to 1861
Aaron Chubbuck " " " 1856 to 1857
John Passmore Appointed " " 1857 to 1858
John Passmore Elected " " 1858 to 1863
Volney M. Long " " " 1861 to 1866
Levi P. Stalford " " " 1863 to 1868
J. Wilson Vandyke " " " 1866 to 1871
Zebulon Frisbie " " " 1868 to 1873
Stephen D. Harkness Elected " " 1871 to 1876
Chauncey S. Russell " " " 1873 to 1878

 

Aaron Chubbuck resigned and John Passmore was appointed Dec. 7, 1857, to serve until first Monday of December, 1858.

Sheriffs.
 
 
 
Abner C. Rockwell Elected October  1812
John Spalding, 2nd " " 1813
Lemuel Streator " " 1818
Joseph C. Powell " " 1821
Reuben Wilber " " 1821
Benjamin McKean " " 1827
Lockwood Smith, Jr. " " 1830
John L. Webb " " 1833
Guy Tozer " " 1836
Ira H. Stephens " " 1839
John N. Weston " " 1842
John F. Means " " 1845
William S. Dobbins " " 1848
Chester Thomas " " 1851
John A. Codding " " 1854
Thomas M. Woodruff " " 1857
A. Hansom Spalding " " 1860
J. Monroe Smith " " 1863
William Griffis " " 1866
J. Perry Van Fleet " " 1869
J. Monroe Smith " " 1872
Andrew J. Layton " November 1875
Peter J. Dean " " 1878
William T. Horton " " 1881
Dallas J. Sweet " " 1884
Morris Shepard " " 1887
Joseph Powell " " 1890
Nathan V. Weller " " 1893
Ulysses M. Fell " " 1896
Homer B. Drake " " 1899
Stephen F. Robinson " " 1902

Abner C. Rockwell was the youngest sheriff, being elected at the age of 29 years.
 
 

Under the Constitution of 1790 each elector voted for two candidates and the two receiving the greatest number of votes were forwarded to the Secretary of the Commonwealth, one of whom the Governor commissioned to be Sheriff. The same rule applied to Coroners.

Prothonotary, Clerk of the Courts of Quarter Sessions and Oyer and Terminer, etc.
 
 
 
Charles F. Welles Appointed  July 13, 1812
George Scott " " 1, 1818
Burr Ridgway " Feb. 8, 1821
George Scott " Jan. 26, 1824
Darius Bullock " Feb. 19, 1830
Alpheus Ingham " Jan. 1, 1831
James P. Bull " May 7, 1831
Samuel Strait " Jan. 12, 1836
Joseph C. Powell " Oct. 21, 1836
David Cash Appointed and elected Jan. 21, 1839
Aaron Chubbuck " October, 1842
Addison McKean " 1845
Allen McKean Elected October, 1848, ‘ 51, ‘ 54, ‘ 57
E. O’Meara Goodrich Elected October, 1860- ‘63
William A. Thomas Elected October, 1866-’69
Benjamin M. Peck Elected Oct. and Nov. 1875- ‘75
George W. Blackman Elected November, 1878-’81
William J. Young Elected November, 1884-’87
Henry J. Madill " November, 1890
Mial E. Lilley " November, 1893-’96
J. Andrew Wilt " November, 1899-’02

Prothonotaries, Clerks of the Peace and Orphans’ Courts, Recorder of Deeds and Register of Wills were made elective by the Constitution of 1838. Prior to this date, appointments were made by the Governor from the party representing his political faith.

Clerks of the Orphans’ Court.
 
George Scott Appointed  July 1, 1818
Burr Ridgway " Feb. 8, 1821
George Scott " Jan. 26, 1824

 

Register of Wills and Recorder of Deeds.
 
Eliphalet Mason Appointed  July 1, 1818
Charles Whitehead " Feb. 8, 1821
Alpheus Ingham " Jan. 26, 1824

 

Clerk of the Orphans’ Court, Register of Wills and Recorder of Deeds.
 
 
 
Charles F. Welles Appointed  July 13, 1812
Alpheus Ingham " Feb. 19, 1830
Elisha S. Goodrich " Jan. 1, 1831
George A. Mix " Jan. 12, 1836
Dummer Lilley " May 11, 1838
Ephraim W. Baird Appointed and elected Jan. 21, 1839
Julius Russell Elected Oct, 1842
Lyman E. DeWolf " Oct. 1845
Horatio Black " Oct. 1848
H. Lawrence Scott " Oct. 1851
James H. Webb " Oct. 1854 ‘57
Nathan C. Elsbree " Oct. 1860 ‘63
Henry J. Madill " Oct. 1866
Charles E. Gladding " Oct. 1869
Otis J. Chubbuck " Oct. 1872
Cephas E. Andrus  Elected November, 1875
Addison C. Frisbie " November, 1878
James H. Webb " November, 1881
Adelbert D. Munn Elected November, 1884
James W. Hurst " November, 1887
Charles M. Hall " November, 1890
Alfred C. Blackwell " November, 1893
John N. Califf " November, 1896
George T. Ingham " November, 1899
William J. McCabe " November, 1902

 
 
 

District Attorneys.
 
Thomas Smead Elected October, 1850
James Macfarlane " October, 1853
Paul D. Morrow " October, 1856
Guy H. Watkins " October, 1859
Paul D. Morrow Appointed  September, 1862
George D. Montanye Elected October, 1862
William T. Davies " October, 1865
Warner H. Carnochan " October, 1868
Joseph B. Reeve " October, 1871
John N. Califf Elected  November, 1874
Isaiah McPherson " November, 1877
Adelbert C. Fanning " November, 1880
Eleazer J. Angle " November, 1883
J. Andrew Wilt " November, 1886
John W. Codding " November, 1889
Benjamin Kuykendall, Jr. " November, 1892
James T. McCollom " November, 1895
Louis T. Hoyt " November, 1898
Frank K. Stephens " November, 1901

Originally the Commonwealth was represented by Deputy Attorney-Generals, who acted under deputations from the Attorney-General of the State. In case of vacancies, the Court made temporary appointments. The Deputy Attorney-Generals, who served shorter or longer periods for Bradford county, in order of service, were: Henry Wilson, Garrick Mallory, Charles Catlin, T.B. Overton, George Denison, Edward Overton, Ethan Baldwin, Darius Bullock, William Patton, David Cash, Silas Noble, Stephen Pierce, George Sanderson, E.W. Hazard, Darius Bullock, George Sanderson and Henry Booth.

The office of District Attorney was created by the Act of May 3, 1850, taking the place of and abolishing the office of Deputy Attorney-General.

Sept. 1, 1862, Paul D. Morrow, was appointed to fill vacancy, caused by the absence of Guy H. Watkins, being in the volunteer service.

County Commissioners.
 
 
 
Joseph Kinney Elected October, 1812
Justus Gaylord, Jr. " October, 1812
William Myer " October, 1812
Burr Ridgway " October, 1813
Samuel McKean * Appointed November, 1814
Salmon Bosworth Elected October, 1815
Nathaniel Allen " October, 1815
Eliphalet Mason " October, 1816
Joseph C. Powell " October, 1817
Bartholomew Laporte " October, 1818
William Myer " October, 1819
George Hyde " October, 1820
Lemuel Streator " October, 1821
Darius Bullock " October, 1822
John Taylor " October, 1823
Theodore Leonard " October, 1824
Gould Seymour " October, 1825
Burton Strait " October, 1826
Churchill Barnes " October, 1827
Hezekiah Dunham " October, 1828
Eliphalet Mason " October, 1829
John L. Webb " October, 1830
Isaac Cooley " October, 1831
John Elliott " October, 1832
Morris Spalding " October, 1833
Elias Rockwell Elected  October, 1834
Harry Morgan " October, 1835
Elisha S. Goodrich * Appointed May, 1836
Daniel Park Elected October, 1836
Irad Stevens " October, 1837
Myron Ballard " October, 1838
Irad Wilson " October, 1839
Benjamin Buffington " October, 1840
Edson Aspinwall " October, 1841
Daniel Brink " October, 1842
Joseph Towner " October, 1843
Luman Putnam " October, 1844
Ashbel L. Cranmer " October, 1845
John H. Black " October, 1846
Hiram Spear " October, 1847
Simeon Decker " October, 1848
Augustus S. Smith " October, 1849
Sturges Squires " October, 1850
Daniel B. Cotton " October, 1851
Isaac A. Park " October, 1852
Stewart Smiley " October, 1853
George H. Bull " October, 1854
Perley H. Buck " October, 1855
Dummer Lilley " October, 1856
Daniel Decker " October, 1857
Perley H. Buck " October, 1858
William A. Thomas " October, 1859
William H. Decker " October, 1860
Isaac Lyon " October, 1861
Josephus Campbell " October, 1862
William B. Dodge " October, 1863
John Beardslee " October, 1864
Stearne McKee " October, 1865
William B. Dodge " October, 1866
John A. Moody " October, 1867
Ezra Loomis " October, 1868
John B. Hinds " October, 1869
Ezra C. Kellogg Elected October, 1870
Morris Shepard " October, 1871
Benjamin Kuykendall " October, 1872
Abram Snell " October, 1873
Morris Shepard Elected November, 1874
Maurice J. Coolbaugh " November, 1875
George W. Kilmer " November, 1875
John Baldwin " November, 1875
James W. Hurst " November, 1878
Daniel Bradford " November, 1878
Miles F. Ransom " November, 1878
Daniel Bradford " November, 1881
Myron Kingsley " November, 1881
Miles F. Ransom " November, 1881
Levi W. Towner " November, 1884
Milton O. Loomis " November, 1884
George H. Vandyke " November, 1884
Levi W. Towner " November, 1887
Sheldon H. Lindley " November, 1887
George H. Vandyke " November, 1887
Sheldon H. Lindley " November, 1890
Pembroke S. Squires " " "
Henry W. McCraney " " "
John Wolf " November, 1893
Horace Horton " " "
Walter K. Green " " "
George M. Decker " " 1896
Edward M. Pitcher " " "
Horace M. Spalding " " "
Edward M. Pitcher " " 1899
Horace M. Spalding " " "
John H. Murray, Jr. " " "
John D. Kinney * Appointed March, 1901
Michael J. McNulty Elected Nowember, 1902
Edson D. Harkness " " "
John D. Kinney " " "

 

At the first election, October, 1812, Joseph Kinney was elected for a term of one year, Justus Gaylord, Jr., for two years and William Myer for three years. In 1814 Clement Paine was elected but refused to serve. Samuel McKean was appointed for one year and in 1815 Nathaniel Allen was elected for two years, the balance of Paine’s term. Owing to the provisions of the new Constitution, Morris Shepard was elected for a term of one year and Abram Snell for two years.

* Nov. 14, 1814, Samuel McKean was appointed for one year to fill vacancy caused by the refusal of Clement Paine to qualify. May 10, 1836, Elisha S. Goodrich was appointed to fill vacancy caused by the resignation of Morris Spalding. March 9, 1901, John D. Kinney was appointed to fill vacancy caused by the death of Edward M. Pitcher.

All other Commissioners have served a full term of three years.

County Superintendents.
 
 
 
Emanuel Guyer Elected 1854
Charles R. Coburn Elected 1857, ‘60
Otis J. Chubbuck Elected 1863, ‘66
Austin A. Keeney Elected 1869,’72, ‘75
J. Andrew Wilt Appointed January, 1878
George W. Ryan Elected 1878, ‘81, ‘84, ‘87, ‘90, ‘93
Herbert S. Putnam Elected 1896, ‘99, ‘02

The office of County Superintendent was created by Act of May 8, 1854, which provides that the school directors of each county shall meet in convention at the seat of justice on the first Tuesday of May in each third year and select viva voce by a majority of the directors present, one person of literary and scientific acquirements of skill and experience in the act of teaching, as county superintendent for three succeeding school years. (Each school year begins with the first Monday of June, from which date, the term of superintendent is reckoned).

Austin A. Keeney died in office Jan. 23, 1878, and J. Andrew Wilt was appointed to fill the vacancy, till the first Monday of June, 1878.