Bradford County PA
Chemung County NY
Tioga County PA
Tri-Counties Genealogy & History by Joyce M. Tice
History of Sheshequin 1777 - 1902
Photo by Joyce M. Tice 
Tri-County Genealogy & History Sites Home Page
How to Use This Site
Warning & Disclaimer
Sheshequin Township Page
No Unauthorized Commercial Use
Say Hello to Joyce
ReTyped for Tri-Counties by Deborah JUDGE Spencer and Donna WALKER Judge

History of Sheshequin 1777---1902

C. F. Heverly

pub.1902, Towanda, Pa. 
Joyce's Search Tip - December 2007 -
Do You Know that you can search just these Heverly books by using the Heverly button in the Partitioned search engine at the bottom of the Current What's New Page
00 05 24 56 76 96 116 172 208 226 249 267 294 308 318 332 334 351 373 Table of Contents
CHAPTER V

PUBLIC IMPROVEMENTS AND POLITICS

ROADS

Page 226-248

The only roads the settlers found were the natural highways—the river and the large creeks—and those which had been made by the red men. Along the path of Sullivan’s army there had been made a road passable for horses, but this had been badly injured during the years which intervened between the time of that expedition and the settlement of the county. All of the early travelers described it as a difficult and dangerous path, supported in some places by the trunks of trees, in others nearly filled by loose earth having fallen down into it, winding over rocks and steep mountain sides, from the tops of some of whose escarpments the traveler might look down hundreds of feet. The first settlers experienced the embarrassment arising from the want of roads in a great degree. As soon as they could provide for the immediate necessities of their families, they began to set about opening highways for travel and transportation. The river, when navigable, afforded a cheap and ready means of transporting articles down, but to push a large boat or even a canoe against the rapid current and over the shoals and rifts of the Susquehanna was a pretty formidable undertaking. Then at times the river was rendered impassable on account of ice or floods.

The First Road—As early as 1788 the settlers sent petitions to the court of Luzerne county, setting forth that public roads were necessary in various districts and asked that action be taken in relation to same. The first petition on which action was taken by the court was for a "Road from Wysox to Tioga," presented at June Sessions, 1789, as follows: "On the petition of Simon Spalding, Obadiah Gore, Ira Stephens, Stephen Fuller, Reuben Harrington, Benjamin Cole, Hezekiah Townsend, Samuel Gore, John Fuller, Obadiah Brown, Peter Snyder, Avery Gore and John Spalding, setting forth that "the petition of us the subscribers showeth that for some years past we have labored under great inconvenience for want of roads, that the passage over Breakneck is not only difficult but dangerous; that we have been at considerable trouble and expense in exploring the country to avoid the most difficult passes and have with the assistance of many others opened a tolerable wagon road from Wysox to the stores on Tioga point; also erected a ferry across the Susquehanna on the point; we therefore pray your honors to ratify and establish the above mentioned road as it is now opened from Wysox to the stores on Tioga Point, that it may be labored on and improved as other roads, or in some other way grant relief as your honors may direct and your petitioners as in duty bound will ever pray." As commissioners to lay out said road, the court appointed Obadiah Gore, Simon Spalding, Rueben Harrington, Jehial Franklin, John Fuller and Samuel Hepburn, who made report to March sessions. 1790, as follows: "We the subscribers being appointed a committee by the court of general quarter sessions within and for the said county of Luzerne on the first Tuesday of June, 1789, to lay out a road not exceeding fifty feet wide from Wysox creek to Tioga Point, have according to power given us, viewed and laid out a road according to the following courses (which are given)—beginning at the fording place at Wysox creek and extending to Hollenback’s store" Which report was read the first day of March 1790, approved by the justices and ordered to be recorded. This road had the general course of the Sullivan road, passing over the hill back of Table Rock, thence taking a northwesterly direction down the mountain to near the river at the Johnson place; from here the road up the river through Sheshequin, in the main, was the same as that now traveled—the thoroughfare from Athens to Towanda.

Old Sheshequin Road—At August sessions, 1791, in and for the county of Luzerne, the petition of John Spalding, Isaac Cash, Samuel Southwith, Thomas Lidwell, Robert Jayne, Jedediah Shaw, John Murphy, Solomon Cash, James Braffit, Job Carr, Benj. Clark, Henry Lawrence, Othenial Campbell and Adrial Simons was presented to the court, praying for viewers to be appointed "to view and lay out a road from Old Sheshequin "Ulster) in the most convenient route to the lower end of the flats crossing the, river Susquehanna and to intersect the Great Road on the east side of said river." "It is ordered by the court that the prayer of said petition be granted and Adrial Simons, Benj. Clark, Solomon Tracy, Isaac Cash, John Newell and Avery Gore be and they are hereby appointed to view and lay out said road agreeable to the prayer of said petition, and report their doings herein at the next sessions after the road shall be laid out according to law" This road began at the main road, running north and south, on the west side of the river in what is now Ulster village; its course was easterly to the river continuing from the left bank across the flats to the Great Road (the thoroughfare on the east side of the river) and intersecting it about eight rods north of the present residence of Hon L. J. Culver.

Upper Sheshequin Road—At August sessions, 1794, of Luzerne county, the petition of Simon Spalding and other inhabitants of Sheshequin was presented to the court, "praying for viewers to be appointed to view and lay out a road from the place where the Sheshequin road to Tioga now crosses a small stream near Peter Snyder’s house, south to the first narrows above said Peter Snyder’s on the east side of the Susquehanna river, continuing through said narrows and the "little flat," so called now in the occupancy of N. Northrop, to the fording place on the east side or main branch of the Susquehanna river, crossing said river at said fording, thence to continue the best way to Guy Maxwell’s house on Tioga Point; also a road on the east bank of said main branch, extending up the river to the ferry place and now occupied by Daniel Moore." "It is ordered that the prayer of said petition be granted and Simon Spalding, John Hutchinson, Stephen Fuller, John Fuller, John Spalding and Avery Gore be and they are hereby appointed to view and lay out said roads." April sessions, 1795, report of viewers was read and approved by the court.

Road from Sheshequin to Rome—At August session, 1799, county of Luzerne, "the petition of Simon Spalding, Joseph Kingsbury, Josiah Marshall, Wm. Tuttle, Geo. Bacord, Joel Tuttle, Lodawick Carner, Elijah Towner, Hezekiah Parker, Samuel Parker, Peter Snyder, Walter Wheeler, Jacob White, Jeremiah Brooks, Adrian Mandville, John Pierce, Joshua Downer, Reuben Fuller, Jeremiah Parker, Arad Tuttle, Joseph Hitchcock, Salmon Hamlin, Wright Loomis, Edward McQuillon, John Hedden, Daniel Satterlee, Benj. Cole, John Murphy and Wm. Miller was, read praying for viewers to be appointed to view and lay out a road from the public road in Ulster, beginning where it shall be thought most convenient, thence extending easterly through said Ulster and Watertown (Rome) to intersect a road proposed to be laid out on the Wysox creek northerly to the State line." "It is ordered by the court that John Spalding, Benjamin Cole, Zephon Flower, John Fuller, Wm. Spalding and John Hutchinson be and they are hereby appointed to view and lay out said road and make return of their doing at the next sessions, after said road shall be laid out according to law." At November sessions, 1790, viewers made report which was confirmed by the court. The said road began at the main road near Spalding’s creek on the division line between lots No. 12 and No. 13, thence taking a southeasterly course, passing through the Ghent neighborhood and entering the "Watertown settlement" in the vicinity of North Rome.

The River Road—At November sessions, 1800, county of Luzerne, the petition of Justus Seeley, J. Holcomb, Samuel Starks, Jr., Jebediah Hebard, Joseph Salsbury, Elijah Horton, Jr., Joshua Horton, Elijah Horton, Eliphalet Gustin, James Brink, Benj. Brink, Geo. Oman, John Oman, Timothy Culver, Abel Newell, Richard Horton, James Shores, Isaac Horton, Wm. Ferguson, "was read praying for viewers to be appointed to view and lay out a road from the river at Elijah Horton’s at the lower part of Old Sheshequin to main road leading from Judge Gore’s to Arnold Franklin’s" "It is ordered by the court that the prayer of said petition be granted and that Lockwood Smith, Joseph Smith, Wm. Curry, Avery Gore, Wm. Spalding and John Fuller be and they are hereby appointed a committee to view, and if they find it necessary, to lay out said road agreeably to the prayer of said petition and report their doings herein at the next sessions aforesaid after said road shall be so laid out according to law." January sessions, 1802, viewers make report as follows: "Agreeably to rule of November sessions, 1800, they find road necessary which has been laid out as follows: Beginning at Elijah Horton’s; thence south 27 degrees east 19 chains 50 links; thence south 57 degrees east 81 chains 50 links to a stake on the east bank of the river; thence south 65 degrees east 28 chains 50 links to the old crossing called "Pompey’s rift’; thence north 65 degrees east 25 chains, intersecting the main road south of Arnold Franklin’s old house at a stump and stones, standing on the west side of said road; road to be three rods wide; which report was read and confirmed by the court." This road is practically the same as the one now traveled from the Quarry Glen school house to B. F. Brigham’s river farm.

Road from Wysox over Shore’s Hill to near Judge Gore’s—At November sessions, 1805, county of Luzerne, the petition of Zachariah Price, Samuel Shores, Adrian P. Post, Peter Post, Wm. Fergason, Josiah Newell, Henry Strope, Nathan Griffith, Benj. Martin, Wm. Coolbaugh, Silas Bardwell, George Ranny, Moses Johnson, John Ranny, Jacob Myers, Henry Tuttle and Joshua Lamoresey, "was read praying for viewers to be appointed to view and lay out a road, beginning at the certain road the north side of the marsh near the house of Zachariah Price, thence running through the said Price’s lands, Cyrus Brookins’, Samuel Shores’, Josiah Newell’s, John Post’s and Wm. Fergason’s to the district and county line, there to intersect a road leading from Sheshequin." Whereupon the court appoint Wm. Means, Moses Coolbaugh, Reuben Hale, Joshua Wythe, Jacob Myer and Theophilus Mager to view and lay out said road. Report of viewers was filled at January sessions, 1806, and confirmed at April sessions following. This road took a northwesterly course, passing over Shores Hill, through Black by I. J. Horton’s and Rosseter Gillett’s, terminating at Warren Gillett’s, where was then the county line between Lycoming and Luzerne. The original road has been changed but little.

Road from Horton’s Ferry to New Sheshequin—"At a court of quarter sessions, county of Bradford, April, 1814, the petition of Avery Gore, John Spalding, Elijah H. Saltmarsh, Luther Carner, Benj. Brink, Elijah Horton, Silas Gore, Elijah Horton, Sr., Isaac J. Horton, Samuel K. Gore, Isaac Horton, Samuel Gore, James Shores, Gilbert Horton and Abel Newell was read setting forth that the petitioners labor under great inconvenience for want of a road leading from an established road from Breakneck crossing at Isaac Horton’s ferry into Old Sheshequin, beginning at said ferry and extending to the leading road through New Sheshequin, a distance of about 1 ½ miles. (This contemplated road has been opened and improved at the expense of a few individuals for a number of years) therefore petitioners pray for the appointment of viewers, etc.; whereupon the court appointed Reuben Hale, Abial Foster, Wanton Rice, Harry Spalding, Jared Holcomb and Benjamin Clark to view and lay out said road." Viewers reported at August sessions accepting road for public use. The said road began at the bank of the river, running nearly east 24 rods, then took a northeasterly course terminating near Warren Gillett’s. The report was finally confirmed at November sessions and road ordered to be opened of the width of 30 feet. This road, with the exception of the section leading to the river, has been in use by the public ever since.

Road from Breakneck Run to State Road—At a court of quarter sessions, county of Bradford, May 1815, the petition of John Spalding, Zephon Flower, David Paine, Lodawick Carner, Henry Boyer, Ebenezer P. Clark, Wm. Coolbaugh, David Eiklor, Wm. Fergason, Walter Wheeler, Moses Warfold, David S. Blackman, Asa Stevens, Elijah Horton, Wm. W. Spalding, Elijah Towner, Franklin Blackman, Thomas Bull, John Lent, Wilber Bennett, Ebenezer Shaw, Jonathan Stevens, Joseph Kinney and Wm. Myer, inhabitants of Ulster and Wysox, was presented, setting forth that "it would be practicable to make a road along the narrows below where the road turns off at the lower end of Breakneck to go over the mountain to Wysox: that such road would not only save traveling over a very bad mountain, but would shorten the distance a quarter of a mile and be of great public utility; that it may not be improper to inform the court that it is the expectation of the inhabitants of Ulster and Wysox to open the road (if laid out) by subscription; therefore petitioners pray for the appointment of viewers," etc. Whereupon the court appoint Joseph Kingsbury, Richard Horton, Elijah Horton, Jr., Adonijah Warner, Stephen Patrick and Robert Ridgway. At September sessions viewers report "that they have viewed the ground and are of the opinion that it is practicable for a road, and have accordingly laid one out agreeably to the courses and distances and plot hereto annexed, and believe the same will be of public utility." This road began on the State road, opposite the court house, about 50 rods from the river, running nearly north along the side of the mountain toward the river to what is now the present road, about one-half mile south of the railroad bridge. From here the course of the road was the same as now along the river to Breakneck run at the Johnson place. The report was finally confirmed at December sessions and road ordered to be opened of the breadth of 30 feet.

Road from Sheshequin to Orwell—At a court of quarter sessions, county of Bradford, May, 1815, the petition of Elijah Towner, Joseph Atwood, Samuel K. Gore, Wm. Allen A. L. Warner, Joseph Kinney, Ebenezer Shaw, George Kinney and John Spalding was read, praying for viewers to be appointed to view and lay out a road from at or near the house of Abraham Towner in Sheshequin, thence by the best route to intersect the Wysox road at or near Dan Russell’s in Orwell township, and to vacate (if they judge proper upon view) the whole or part of the road now laid out from George Kinney’s in Shesheequin to, at, or near the said Dan Russell’s whereupon the court appoint John Spalding 2d, John Minier, Dan Russell, Thomas Thatcher, Lemuel Streeter and Zephon Flower viewers, who made report at September sessions. The road laid out began on the past road, opposite the road leading from Ulster to Sheshequin at a point eight rods north of Judge Gore’s; thence ran nearly east to Ghent and North Rome, then in a somewhat zigzag manner over Towner Hill to Russell’s in Orwell. At February sessions, 1816, viewers make supplementary report: "That so much of the road leading from George Kinney’s to the east line of Watertown be vacated, made null and void, as is east of creek called Little Wysox, near the west line of Watertown." May sessions, 1816, report confirmed finally and road ordered opened and cleared of the breadth of 30 feet. This road has been changed but little between Sheshequin and Orwell.

Road from Blackman’s Ferry to John L. Elliott’s in Rome—At a court of quarter sessions, September, 1819, the petition of Isaac Horton, Elijah Horton, Jr. William Shores, Nathaniel Shares, William Fergason, Anthony K. Shores, Caleb Shores, Jesse R. Drake, John Shores, John Post, John Hinman, Peter Forbes, George Murphy, Larman H. Elliott, Abraham Post, Burgis Drake, John L. Elliott, Aaron Post, Ernest Lent, Samuel Elliott, Daniel Elliott, William Elliott, John Elliott and Joseph Elliott, was read setting forth "that your petitioners have lately been at considerable expense in cutting and opening a road from Blackman’s ferry to intersect the road leading from Myer’s mill to New Sheshequin, and whereas a road is much wanted from John Post’s to Watertown for the accommodation of the backwoods settlers, your petitioners pray the court to appoint proper persons to make view and, if in their opinion the said road be found necessary, to proceed and lay out same," etc.; whereupon the court appoint Harry Spalding, Eliphalet Mason, Avery Gore, George Kinney, William Snyder and Richard Horton. December sessions, viewers report in favor of road, which began at the river south of Blackman’s home, thence in a north-easterly direction to Elliott’s in Rome, a distance of six miles and 63 perches. February sessions, 1820, report confirmed finally and road ordered cleared to the width of 30 feet. But a small part of this road is now in use.

Road from Isaac Horton’s to Road Leading from Dr. Gillett’s to WilliamFergason’s—At a court of quarter sessions, December 1819, the petition of Isaac I. Low, Peter Bernard, John Smith, Warren Gillett, Zadoc Gillett, Renssaelar Jenks, Daniel Brink, Isaac Horton, James Shores, Elijah Horton, Franklin Blackman, Isaac J. Horton and Josiah Tuttle, inhabitants of Ulster and Wysox, was read, setting forth "that petitioners are in great want of a road to accommodate them from Overton’s mill in Old Sheshequin, therefore pray the court for the appointment of viewers to lay out a road to begin at Isaac Horton’s to run easterly up Horn creek to intersect the road leading from Dr. Gillett’s to William Fergason’s," etc.; whereupon the court appoint Jos. Kingsbury, Richard Horton, Franklin Blackman, Josiah Tuttle, Samuel K. Gore and Ebenezer Shaw. February sessions, 1820, viewers report in favor of road. May sessions report finally confirmed and road ordered opened to the width of 30 feet. This was the first road from the river to Hornbrook, thence up the creek to the Macafee place. In 1829 this road was reviewed, changed, and lengthened from Daniel Brink’s to the Woodburn place.

Road from Matthew Roger’s to Hadlock’s—At a court of quarter sessions, December, 1819, the petition of Jas. N. Park, Thos. Park, John N. Moore, Daniel Parke, Samuel Parke, George Hadlock, Hathaway Dailey, Benj. Lament, Samuel McKinney, John Chandler, Joseph Green, John Anthony, Allen Bartholomew, Alexander Howden, Charles Bartholomew, Nehemiah Northrup, George Leonard, Chester S. Parks, Henry McKinney and Nathaniel Flower, was presented, asking for a road "beginning at or near Matthew Rogers’ in Ulster, thence the best route to or near John Moore’s, and from thence to Daniel Parks’ to intersect the public road there, and further, your petitioners desire to have the road that was petitioned for from Sheshequin to Samuel Parks’ annulled; whereupon the court appoint Joseph Kingsbury, Geo. Kinney, Ebenezer Shaw, Avery Gore, Samuel Bartlett and Samuel Gore, viewers to examine, etc., and make report." September sessions, 1820, viewers report in favor of a road, beginning a little south of the line between Matthew Rogers and Peter Snyder, on the main road running through Sheshequin, thence east 90 rods, thence in a northeasterly direction past Green’s, Moores’s, Tapping’s and McKinney’s to Hadlock’s. December sessions report finally confirmed and road ordered opened to the width of 30 feet. The greater part of this road, lying in Sheshequin and Litchfield, is still in use.

Road from Col. John Spalding’s Grist Mill to Daniel Bush’s Mills—At a court of quarter sessions, May, 1820, and petition of John Rowe, Daniel Whaley, Richard Struble, Benjamin Wilson, Cornelius Myers, Ruliff Campbell, Frederick Stewart, Jacob Struble, Daniel Bush, John S. Rogers, Charles Chandler, Joseph Green, Benjamin Brink, Elijah Horton, William Snyder, Richard Horton, and Thomas Marshall, was read, setting forth "that a road is much wanted, beginning at or near Col. John Spalding’s grist mill, thence the nearest and best route to intersect the road up Satterlee’s Creek to Daniel Bush’s mills at or near the last mentioned mills, your petitioners concur that a public road laid in that direction would be very useful, and therefore pray the court to appoint viewers," etc.; whereupon the court appoint Samuel K. Gore, Ebenezer Shaw, Willliam Snyder, Joseph Kingsbury, Samuel Bartlett, and Avery Gore, September sessions, viewers report in favor of road, which began at the post road near Spalding’s grist mill, thence at Spalding’s creek in a northeasterly direction past Kingsbury’s mill to Bush’s mills in Litchfield. December sessions report finally confirmed and road ordered opened of the width of 30 feel. The greater part of this road is still in use.

Road From Post Road on Old Claverack Line to Joshua Horton’s—At a court of quarter sessions, September, 1820, the petition of Aaron Post, Jos. S. Elliott, Wm. Rippeth, Peter Post, Stephen Fergason, Elijah Horton, Joel Guild, Isaac Horton, Joshua Horton, Peter Barnard, Warren Gillett, Elisha Forbes, Geo., Gooding, Moses Woodburn, Willard Green, Isaac Green, Wm. Stanton, Wm. Tomson, Jonathan Tomson, Gilbert Horton, Joshua Thompson and Abel Newell, was read, setting forth "that petitioners labor under great inconvenience for want of a road to lead from the post road near the old Claverack line to intersect the road leading from Wysox to Sheshequin, near Joshua Horton’s and pray the court for the appointment of viewers," etc.; whereupon the court appoint Benj. Brink, George Kinney, Warren Gillett, Avery Gore and Franklin Blackman. December sessions, viewers report in favor of road beginning at the post road on the Claverack line, thence in a northeasterly direction to the road leading from Sheshequin to Myers’ mill at or near Joshua Horton’s; at same court report was finally confirmed and road ordered to be opened to the width of 30 feet. This road is practically the same as the one now leading from F. W. Horton’s to the Chapman place.

Road from Richard Horton’s to Intersect Road Leading to John Bull’s—At a court of quarter sessions, September, 1820, the petition of John Bull, Jesse Allen, John Allen, Jas. Elliott, Zadock Gillett, Joel Guild, Alexander Canedy, Elijah Horton, Geo. Gooding, Moses Woodburn, Wm. Horton, Samuel Landrus, Isaac J. Horton, Abel Newell, Hezekiah Newell, Stephen Shores, Geo. Vibbert and Amos Butler, presented the court, setting forth "that a road is much wanted beginning on the post road near Richard Horton’s in Wysox township (now Sheshequin from thence to intersect the road leading from John Bull’s to Ulster, near Hezekiah Newell’s improvement on said road, and pray the court for the appointment of viewers," etc.; whereupon the court appoint Josiah Tuttle, Franklin Blackman, Richard Horton, Zadock Gillett, John Allen and Stephen Shores. December sessions viewers report in favor of said road; at same court report was finally confirmed and road ordered opened to the width of 30 feet. This road is the general highway from the Towner place through the Post settlement and Morley Hill to North Rome. A considerable part of the original road is still in use.

Road from Wm. Fergason’s to near Avery Gore’s—At a court of quarter sessions, December, 1821, the petition of Isaac W. Green, Aaron Post, Joel Guild, L H. Heath, I. S. Horton, John Post, Peter Post, Isaac Fergason, Samuel K. Gore and A. W. Knapp was presented, setting forth "that petitioners labor under great inconvenience for want of a road from the Wysox and Sheshequin road, at or near William Fergason’s, to lead to and intersect the Orwell and Sheshequin road between Silas Gore’s and Avery Gore’s, therefore pray the court for the appointment of viewers to view and lay out road, etc"’ whereupon the court appoint Avery Gore, Samuel Gore, Ebenezer Shaw, Caleb Shores, John Allen and Franklin Blackman. February sessions, 1822, viewers report in favor of road; and at May sessions report was finally confirmed and road ordered opened to the breadth of 20 feet. This road began at William Fergason’s, then swung around like an irregular bend of a horse-shoe, passing by the Shores place, Moses Woodburn’s, crossing the Hornbrook—Ghent road, terminating at the Orwell—Sheshequin road near Avery Gore’s. This road is still open to travel and has been changed but little.

Road from Wm. Horton’s to Intersect Watertown Road—At a court of quarter sessions, February, 1829, the petition of Elnathan Beebe, Edward Griffin, Philemon Perry, Hiram Perry, Henry Hiney, Anson Bidlack, Matthew Wright, Reuben Perry, John Detrick, R. J. Jenks, Joseph Roberts, Jabez Tompkins, Aaron French and Henry Hiney, Jr., presented, setting forth "that petitioners labor under great inconvenience for want of a public road leading westerly to the county seat and easterly to Griffin’s grist mill, therefore pray the court for the appointment of viewers to lay out a public road from Wm. Horton’s to Griffin’s mill to intersect the Watertown road west of saw-mill hill and east of the log bridge;" whereupon the court appoint Abraham Goodwin, Edmund Lockwood, Jared Holcomb, Reuben Griffin, John Bowman and William Smith. September sessions viewers report in favor of road, which report was confirmed finally at December sessions, and road ordered opened and cleared to the width of 30 feet. This road ran southeasterly to near C. Webb’s; thence by the Stephenson place to Baxter’s and Bailey’s; thence over the hill, terminating with the Watertown road at the top of saw mill hill near Stephen Bidlack’s. The greater part of this road is still in use.

FERRIES

As soon as roads had been built on both sides of the river, extending to the different neighborhoods, ferries were established at the most convenient points for the accommodation of the public and to bring the settlers in more direct communication with each other. There were three ferries between Sheshequin and the west side of the river. The lower ferry, Blackman’s which connected Lower Sheshequin with the North Towanda settlement, was put in operation in 1805 by Franklin Blackman. Blackman’s became a noted crossing-place and his ferry was kept in operation for more than three-quarters of a century. The next ferry up the river, Isaac Horton’s, was the means of communication between the Hornbrook settlement and Overton’s on the west side of the river. This ferry was established by Isaac Horton in or before the year 1813, and was operated half a century. Between "Old Sheshequin" (Ulster) and Judge Gore’s there was a natural fording place on the line of the old Indian war-path, over which teams could readily pass except in times of high water. This was very fortunate, as a large section of country was accommodated by this natural passage. Later as the bed of the river changed, a ferry was constructed, which, for many years, was operated by Norman Shaw. Upon the completion of the county bridge, 1889, over the river between Ulster and Sheshequin, this ferry was, of course, abandoned. A fourth ferry was in operation for a short time, communicating with the west side of the river, on the line between Joseph Kinney and Joseph Kingsbury.

POLITICAL MATTERS

From the earliest settlement, the citizens of Shesheuqin have taken an active interest in the great political questions and matters of local government. General Spalding, Judge Gore, Colonel Kingsbury, and Colonel Blackman were notable political leaders of their time, and exercised an influence which was felt far beyond the confines of the county. The Kinneys and some others of a later generation have been potent factors in the political area and left an impress which is still discernible. Back 120 years ago, after General Spalding had settled in Sheshequin, when the "fight was on" between "Yankees" and Pennamites," the following, as related by Mr. Miner, will illustrate the zeal of the former in protecting their rights: "At the fall election (1783) Captain Simon Spalding and twenty-three others repaired to Northumberland, some of them traveling a hundred miles, and none of them less than sixty, to reach the nearest place for balloting. After taking the oath of allegiance, their ballots were deposited in separate boxes, lest they should be deemed irregular; but this caused it to be known for whom they had voted. So nearly were the parties divided, that these twenty-four votes decided the election of a member of the Supreme Executive Council, two Representatives to the Assembly and the Sheriff."

As Part of Luzerne—For a number of years before the organization of Bradford County, the local government of the "Northern Townships" of Luzerne was in the hands of the supervisors of highways, overseers of the poor, constables and justices of the peace. These several offices were filled by appointments made by the court, except justices, who were appointed by the Governor. As shown by the records of Luzerne county, the following persons, residing in Sheshequin, then a part of the districts of Tioga, Ulster and Wysox, were appointed Supervisors: 1788—John Fuller; 1789—John Fuller and Nathaniel Shaw; 1790—Captain Simon Spalding; 1792—‘96—Josiah Marshall; 1797—Josiah Marshall and Jedediah Shaw; 1798—Joseph Kingsbury; 1800—Richard Fuller; 1801—Ebenezer Shaw; 1804—Joseph Kingsbury; 1808—Josiah Tuttle; 1810—Elijah Horton; 1812—Franklin Blackman. Constables: 1792—William Spalding; 1795—Josiah Marshall; 1796—Avery Gore; 1797—John Spalding and Josiah Marshall; 1798—Joseph Kingsbury; 1799—William Spalding; 1800—’01—Ebenezer Shaw; 1803—William W. Spalding; 1804—Samuel Gore. Overseers of Poor: 1789—Nathaniel Shaw; 1795—Benjamin Cole; 1797—Benjamin Cole; 1799—John Spalding; 1801—Peter Snyder; 1803—Joseph Kingsbury and Avery Gore. Fence Viewers: 1795-’96—Stephen Fuller; 1803—John Spalding Appraiser of Damages: 1795—Stephen Fuller. Justices of the Peace: 1791 ____ ____—commissioned for the district of Tioga for seven years: 1792—Joseph Kinney appointed as ____________Tioga district to serve _______. Judges: In 1787, upon the organization of Luzerne county____ ____ Obadiah Gore was made one of the six judges of the court and served till 1791. Representatives: In 1788-89 and ’90 Obadiah Gore was made one of the Representatives to the State Legislature; and General Spalding in 1791 and ’92.

Elections: Sheshequin was originally embraced in Tioga election district ___ ___ ___present townships. After the ____ _____ ____the first election (October ___ __ _for the Tioga district was held at the house of Wright Loomis in Athens township who lived on the west ___ ___ The judges for that election___ ________Ebenezer Shaw and Charles F. Welles. Many of the citizens of the east side of the river were required to go a distance of ten or twelve miles through the wilderness over-land roads, and yet there ____ ___ ____ on election day. The Ulster ____ ____ __ ____ now Ulster, Sheshequin Litchfield and that part of Athens, east of the river was formed 1819 and the house of Samuel Bartlett fixed as the place of holding elections. In 1822 the name was changed from Ulster to Sheshequin district, elections being held in 1823 at the house of Thomas Marshall. Sheshequin township became a separate election district in 1824 with the house of Ebenezer Shaw as the place of holding elections. At the first general election (October, 1820), after the organization of the township, the votes of the following citizens were recorded; John Spalding, James Bidlack, Moses Woodburn, William Snyder, George Kinney, Avery Gore, Samuel Gore, Guy Kinney, Warren Gillett, Henry Cleveland, Jabez Fish, John Needham, Silas Gore, Timothy Hiney, Freeman Gillett, Peter Williams, Christopher Avery, Earl Mastin, William Presher, Henry Hiney, Abraham Gore, Mathew Wright, Samuel Hoyt, Benjamin Brink, Joseph Kingsbury, Daniel Brink, Joseph Kinney, William Forbes, Mathew Rogers, Elijah Horton, Ulysses Spalding, Samuel Marshall, John Brink, William Rippeth, Ebenezer Shaw, James Shores, John S. Rogers, Stephen Horton, Isaac Low, Daniel Moore, Isaac Horton, Peter Barnard, Zadoc Gillett, John Smith, Joshua Horton, Amasa Withu, Elijah Algers, John Snyder, Samuel Bartlett, Samuel K. Gore, Obadiah Gore, Benjamin Brink, Peter Snyder, Warren Brown, Henry Boyce, Benjamin P. Snyder, Thomas Marshall, Avery Brown and David Horton—total 50. The first town election was held March 16, 1821, at the house of Ebenezer Shaw, the board consisting of Joseph Kingsbury and James Shores, judges and Charles Comstock and George Kinney, clerks. At said election Samuel K. Gore and Benjamin Brink were chosen supervisors, Warren Brown and Joshua Horton, overseers of the poor, and Thomas Marshall, constable. The place of holding elections was changed in 1832 from Shaw’s to the house of Daniel Brink at Hornbrook. With the exception of an occasional election, held at the house of Nathaniel Moody, or Harry Shaw. Brink’s was the general election place till 1849, when the "Sheshequin house" was selected by a vote of the citizens. Since 1850 all elections have been held in Upper Sheshequin.

County Officers—Sheshequin has furnished the following county officers: Joseph Kinney, commissioner, elected 1812; Samuel Bartlett, auditor, elected 1819; George Kinney, representative, elected 1837; Daniel Brink, commissioner elected 1842; E. Percival Shaw, treasurer, elected 1857; O. H. P. Kinney, representative, elected 1858 and ’59; G. Wayne Kinney, representative, elected 1865 and ’66; George W. Blackman, prothonotary, elected 1878 and ’81; Lafayette J. Culver, representative, elected 1888; Horace Horton, commissioner, elected 1893.

Justices of the Peace—The following were the justices commissioned to 1850; Samuel Gore, March 26, 1812, for Ulster; Renselaer J. Jenks, March 1, 1830, for Athens, Sheshequin, Ulster and part of Ridgebury; George Kinney. April 6, 1835, for Athens, Litchfield, Ridgebury, Sheshequin and Ulster; Noel Rouse, June 16, 1836, for Athens, Litchfield and Ulster; Jabez Fish, November 24, 1837, for Athens, Litchfield, Ridgebury Sheshequin and Ulster; James Brink, December 10, 1839, for Athens, Litchfield, Ridgebury, Sheshequin and Ulster; George Kinney and James Brink, elected for five years and commissioned March 7, 1840; Franklin Blackman and Edmund Hill, elected for five years and commissioned March 4, 1845.

Constables—The following were the constables to 1850: Thomas Marshall, 1821-’22; John Brink, 1823, ’24, ’25; Archibald Forbes, 1826; John Brink 1827; John Brink and Hiram Drake, 1828; Harry Shaw, 1829; Archibald Forbes. 1830; Obadiah Gore and Archibald Forbes. 1831; Archibald Forbes, 1832; Arnold

(Paragraph unable to read—double printed)

VOTE FOR PRESIDENT

The following vote for President will show the strength of the different political parties in the town since 1824:

1824—Andrew Jackson (Democrat)

18??—Andrew Jackson (Democrat)

1832—Andrew Jackson (Democrat

Henry Clay (Republican)

1838—Martin ? (Democrat) (unable to read—double printed)

18??—Wm H. H???or (Whig)

1841—James

Henry Clay

1848—Lewis ? ………………………………………………21

????—Martin

????-- Franklin ? (Democrat)

Winfield ?

John

1860—St?? ??

Abraham Lincoln (Republican)

1864—Geo. ? (Democrat)

Ulysses Grant

1872—Horace Grisley (Liberal)

Ulysses Grant

1876—Samuel Tilden (Democrat)………………………… 94

--Rutherford B. Hayes (Republican)………………. 274

1880—Winfield S. Hancock (Democrat)…………………… 102

James A. Garfield (Republican)………………………244

1884—Grover Cleveland (Democrat)………………………… 79

James G. Blaine (Republican)…………………………255

1888—Grover Cleveland (Democrat)………………………… 85

Benj. Harrison (Republican)…………………………...266

1892—Grover Cleveland (Democrat)…………………………..88

Benj. Harrison (Republican)………………………… 218

1896—Wm. J. Bryan (Democrat)……………………………….65

Wm. McKinley (Republican)…………………………..240

1900—Wm J. Bryan (Democrat)………………………………..63

Wm. McKinley (Republican)…………………………..226

VOTE FOR GOVERNOR

The following has been the vote given candidates for Governor:

1823—J. Andrew Shulze (Democrat)…………………………….55

Andrew Gregg (Federal)………………………………….60

1826—J. Andrew Shulze (Democrat)……………… No opposition

1829—George Wolf (Democrat)…………………………………46

Joseph Ritner (Anti-Masonic)…………………………… 15

1832—George Wolf (Democrat)…………………………………57

Joseph Ritner (Anti-Masonic)…………………………… 58

1835—Henry A. Muhlenberg (Democrat)……………………….

George Wolf (Independent Democrat)…………………..

Joseph Ritner (Anti-Masonic)………………

1838—David R. Porter (Democrat)…………………………….. 55

Joseph Ritner (Whig and Anti-Masonic)………………. 100

1841—David R. Porter (Democrat)…………………………….. 64

John Banks (Whig)……………………………………... 105

1844—Francis R. Shunk (Democrat)………………………… 112

Joseph Markle (Whig)………………………………… 139

1847—Francis R. Shunk (Democrat) Resigned………………. 100

James Irvin (Whig)……………………………………. .130

1849—Morris Longstreth (Democrat)………………………... 119

Wm. F. Johnston (Whig)………………………………. 153

1851—Wm. Bigler (Democrat)………………………………. 107

Wm. F. Johnston (Whig)……………………………… 171

1854—Wm. Bigler (Democrat)………………………………... 52

James Pollock (Whig and Know-Nothing)…………… 225

1857—Wm. F. Packer (Democrat)…………………………….. 51

David Wilmot (Republican)…………………………. 235

1860—Henry D. Foster (Democrat)………………………….. 46

Andrew G. Curtin (Republican)………………………. 267

1863—Geo. W. Woodward (Democrat)……………………… .80

Andrew G. Curtin (Republican)………………………. .232

1866—Heister Clymer (Democrat)……………………………. 79

Jno. W. Geary (Republican)………………………… 260

1869—Asa Packer (Democrat)………………………………… .92

Jno. W. Geary (Republican)………………………… 227

1872—Chas. R. Buckalew (Democrat)………………………… 82

Jno F. Hartranft (Republican)…………………………. 239

1875—Cyrus L. Pershing (Democrat)………………………… 105

Jno. F. Hartcranft (Republican)………………………… 236

1878—Andrew H. Dill (Democrat)……………………………. .57

Henry M. Hoyt (Republican)…………………………… 186

Samuel R. Mason (Greenback)………………………….. 60

1882—Robert E. Pattison (Democrat)………………………… .90

Jas. A. Beaver (Republican)…………………………… 161

John Stewart (Independent)…………………………… 16

1886—Chauncey F. Black (Democrat)………………………… 72

Jas. A. Beaver (Republican)…………………………… 218

1890—Robert E. Pattison (Democrat)……………………… 112

Geo. W. Delamater (Republican)……………………… 222

1894—Wm. M. Singerly (Democrat)………………………….. 29

Daniel H. Hastings (Republican)……………………… .156

1898—Geo. A. Jenks (Democrat)……………………………… .44

Wm. A. Stone (Republican)…………………………… .134

1902—Robert E. Pattison (Democrat)………………………… 53

Samuel W. Pennypacker (Republican)…………………. 137