Tri-Counties Genealogy & History by Joyce M. Tice
G.A.R. Post No. 48, Mansfield PA
Bradford County PA
Chemung County NY
Tioga County PA

G.A.R. Post No. 48 in 1910
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Samuel Early

Samuel Early was born in Orange county, NJ, enlisted Oct. 4, 1861 as a private in Co. H 10th NY Cavalry and was honorably discharged Dec. 22, 1864. His company known as the "Porter Guard" was recruited at Elmira, NY.


SAMUEL EARLEY was born in Orange County, New Jersey. He enlisted Oct. 4th 1861, as a Private in Co. H, 10th NY Cavalry and was honorably discharged Dec. 22, 1864. His regiment was recruited by Colonel John C. Lemmon and it was organized at Elmira, NY and mustered in at Syracuse, NY Sept. 27th 1861. A number of men enlisted for the “Morgan Cavalry” enlisted in it. It was originally called the “Porter Guard” and enlisted for three years. Henry M. Avery also acted as Colonel and the Lt. Colonels were William Irvine, Frederick L. Tremain, and Benjamin F. Sceva. Majors were John H. Kemper and Alvah D. Waters. The company officers were Captains, William Peck, Charles E. Pratt and Thomas Kennedy; 1st Lts. Were Francis G. Wynkoop, Charles E. Pratt, Abram J. Thompson; 2nd Lts. Ira W. Allen, George Vanderbilt, Charles E. Pratt, James S. Reynolds, Harlan P. Thompson, William E. Davis. The regiment participated in the following battles and engagements, Strawberry Plains, Weldon RR, Reams Station, Arthur’s Swamp, Yellow Tavern, Stoney Creek Station, Belcher’s Mills, Poplar Spring Church, Mt. Termain Church. Boydton Church Road, Prince George Court House, Stoney Creek, Hicks Ford Road, Three Creeks, Jarrets Station, Halifax Road, Rowanty Creek, Dinwiddie Court House, Five Forks, Petersburg, Paynes Cross Roads, Amelia Springs, Sailors Creek, Deatonsville Road, Farmville, Pamplin Station, Appomattox Court House. – GAR48 p.136

Isaac G. Estes

Isaac G. Estes born 29 January 1843 in Cayuga, NY. He enlisted Dec. 29, 1861 at Elmira, NY as a private in Co. H 50th NY Engineers. June 1862 he was in the hospital at Harrison’s Landing and at Philadelphia with typhoid fever being confined about three months. Feb. 1864, he received a furlough for thirty days from Rappahannock Station from whence he was honorably discharged from his first enlistment to reenlist as a veteran in his old command. His battle record includes Yorktown, Fair Oaks, McClellan’s retreat down the Peninsula, Va., Seven days fight before Richmond, Second Bull Run, Fredericksburg, 2nd and 3rd engagements, Bank’s Ford, Mine Run, Rappahannock Station, Wilderness Campaign and Siege of Petersburg. He was honorably discharged June 30, 1865 at Elmira, NY. They were in "Warren’s Raid" in which the Raiders started out with one day’s rations and were gone 13 days. They destroyed from 25 to 30 miles of railroad, being constantly wet from a five-day rain. Isaac G. Estes joined Gen. Mansfield Post No. 48, June 18, 1898.


ISAAC G. ESTES was born the 29th day of January 1843 in Cayuga County, NY. He enlisted Dec. 29th 1861 at Elmira, NY as a private in Co. H, 50th NY Engineers. June 1862 he was in hospitals at Harrison’s Landing and Philadelphia, PA with typhoid fever being confined about three months. Feb. 1864 he received a furlough for thirty day from Rappahannock Station, from whence he was honorably discharged from his first enlistment to reenlist as a veteran in old command. His battle record is, Yorktown, VA, Seven Days fight before Richmond, Second Bull Run, Fredericksburg, 2nd and 3rd engagements, Banks Ford, Mine Run, Rappahannock Station, Wilderness Campaign and Siege of Petersburg. He was honorably discharged June 30th 1865 at Elmira, NY.  At the engagements of City Point, Tree Creek and Hatcher’s Run, while building roads, entrenchments, etc, they were exposed to the fire of both armies. At Wind Mill Point on the James River they built a pontoon bridge nearly 1600 feet long in which they used 13 (should be 113) boats. They were in “Warrens Raid” in which the raiders started out with one day’s rations and were gone 13 days. They destroyed from 25 to 30 miles of railroad being constantly wet through, from a five-day rain. – ISAAC G. ESTES joined Gen. Mansfield Post No. 48 on June 18th 1898. Signed by – H. C. Bailey, Commander. – GAR48 p.69

H.M. Foote

H.M. Foote born in 1846 in Chemung Co., NY. Enlisted Jan. 1, 1864 in Co. A 187th Pa. Vol. Infantry as a private and was promoted to corporal. He was honorably discharged Aug. 5, 1865. His regt. joined the Army during its fight at Cold Harbor and served under Major Merrick. (See the bio about George W. Merrick)


H.M. FOOTE was born in 1846 in Chemung County New York. He enlisted Jan. 1st 1864 in Co. A, 187th PA Vol. Inf., as a private and was promoted to Corporal. He was honorably discharged August 5th 1865. His regiment joined the army during the progress of the battle of Cold Harbor and on June 18th 1864 it took part in the assault in the works at Petersburg. The regiment being led by Major Merrick of Wellsboro who was severely wounded. At the funeral obsequies of President Lincoln this regiment was assigned to the head of the procession, on its way from the Baltimore depot to Independence Hall, and was left as a guard of honor while the remains laid in state with the First City Hall Troop. It was detailed to escort the remains from Independence Hall to the New York Depot. This regiment after the battle of Cold Harbor was brigaded with the “Bucktails Brigade”. Joshua L. Chamberlain Colonel and after Petersburg it took part in the desperate fighting of Weldon RR and Hatcher’s Run, and completed its term of service at Philadelphia, as stated above. His Company “A” was recruited in Tioga County and had as its Captain George W. Merrick, later promoted to Major of the regiment; 1st Lt. Cecil A Deane and 2nd Lt. Robert Young. When it was reorganized in March 1864 Company “A” contained less than 20 of the original company which was mustered in for six months service. – GAR48 p.115

Henry Gaylord

Henry Gaylord was born on the 8th of November 1844 at Mansfield. PA and enlisted as a private in Company B, 101st Pa. Vol. Inf., at Mansfield when the Regiment was organized. He was first discharged on February 14, 1864 and then reenlisted in the same Company. He took part in Sherman’s March to the sea and was captured and sent to Libby Prison where he was kept three weeks. He was then transferred to Andersonville making a total of 7 months and nineteen days, which he was held. He was discharged June 25, 1865 at the end of the war. Before being captured with his entire Regiment at Plymouth, NC on April 20, 1864, he was in the Peninsula Campaign, the battles of Fair Oaks, Kingston, Goldsboro, Little Washington, and Plymouth. According to the Mansfield Advertiser of September 1891, Henry Gaylord was granted a Pension of eight ($8) dollars a month dating from September 8, 1891. During Sherman’s Campaign, in which Henry Gaylord took part, from Chattanooga to Atlanta, the U.S. Army of Tennessee in a period of five months constructed over 300 miles of rifle pits, fired 149,670 artillery rounds and 22,137,132 rounds of small arms ammunition


HENRY GAYLORD was born the 8th day of November 1844 in Mansfield, Tioga County, Pennsylvania. He enlisted Oct. 14th 1861 at Mansfield as a private in Co. B, 101st PA Vol. Inf. His Captain was Melvin L. Clark, afterward Colonel from Mansfield, PA. He was first discharged on Feb. 14th 1864 and then re-enlisted in the same company. He took part in Sherman’s march to the sea and was captured and sent to Libby prison where he was kept three weeks. He was then transferred to Andersonville making a total of 7 months and nineteen days. He was discharged June 25th 1865 at the end of the war. Before being captured with his entire regiment at Plymouth, NC, Apr. 20th 1864 he was in the Peninsula Campaign, the battles of Fair Oaks, Kingston, Goldsboro, Little Washington, and Plymouth. His Company “B” was raised in Tioga County and it had as its Captain besides Capt. Melvin L. Clark, Victor A. Elliott and Joseph S. Hoard later Major of the regiment. When the regiment was organized Oct. 1861 the regimental Colonel was Joseph H, Wilson of Beaver County, although Melvin L Clark of Mansfield, PA was commissioned Lt. Colonel of the regiment on May 18th 1865. – GAR48 p.87

William Gilbert

William Gilbert was born 1st of March 1845 in Barton, NY. He enlisted Oct. 4, 1864 at Williamsport, Pa., as a private in Co. M 7th Pa. Vol. Cavalry. He took active part in the battle of Selma, Ala. His regiment was the "Saber Regiment". He was honorably discharged Aug. 23, 1865 at Macon, Ga. He joined General Mansfield Post, No. 48 July 20, 1891.


WILLIAM GILBERT was born the 1st day of March 1845 in Barton, Cortland County, New York. He enlisted Oct. 4th 1864, at Williamsport PA as a private in Co. M, 7th PA Vol. Cavalry. He took active part in the battle of Selma, Ala. He was honorably discharged Aug. 23rd 1865 at Macon, GA. The Colonel of this regiment was George C. Wynkoop, an accomplished soldier who brought it to a high state of efficiency. It served in Tennessee and with the western Armies until the close of the war. It fought so much at close quarters with the saber that it was known as “The Saber Regiment” and at Shelbyville it charged and captured entrenchments built to resist infantry, this being the first time in the war that this was done. They killed and captured half of the Rebels under General Wheeler and drove many into Duck Creek. They took part in many sharp engagements in 1862 and were also in the battles of Perryville, Stone River, Shelbyville, Chickamauga, the Atlanta Campaign, Lovejoy Station, Rome and Plantersville. Part of this regiment was recruited in Tioga County and Companies “B”, “C”, “G” and “L” were largely from Tioga County. One of their outstanding exploits was the pursuit of Jefferson Davis from Richmond, VA to Irwinsville, PA on May 11th 1865 where he and his followers were captured in their desperate effort to flee the country. –WILLIAM GILBERT joined Gen. Mansfield Post No. 48 on July 20th 1891. SIGNED BY H. C. Bailey, Commander. – GAR48 p.67

First Mansfield Advertiser Editor a Civil War Veteran

O.D. Goodenough

The first Mansfield Advertiser was published January 21, 1873, a Tuesday. Mr. O.D. Goodenough was its editor. He came to Mansfield from Towanda, where he had worked on the "Towanda Item". Mr. Goodenough was well known as an "itemixer" columnist. The first issue of the Advertiser received very good comments from neighboring and distant papers. The Advertiser took over the "Valley Enterprize" which apparently had folded. Its editor had been Major V.A. Elliott, who went to Denver, Colo. Mr. Goodenough was a Civil War veteran as had been Major Elliott. J.S. Hoard, who had been the editor of the older Mansfield Express published in 1855, also took part in the Civil War.

O.D. Goodenough enlisted as a musician in the Regimental Band of the 6th Pennsylvania reserves. This regiment was composed of men who had responded to the call of President Lincoln, issued immediately after the fall of Fort Sumter. They participated in the following battles: Drainesville, Malvern Hill, Gaines Mills, Second Bull Run, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Gettysburg, Wilderness, Spottsylvania and Bethesda Church. In this last engagement, although but 150 strong it captured 102 and buried 72 rebels in its front. It was mustered out of service June 14, 1864, after three years service in the camp and on the march in which it shared the privations and hardships as were the glory of the Army of the Potomac. When the General Mansfield Post, No. 48 of Mansfield, Tioga County, Pa., was organized with eighteen members on August 18, 1875, the subject of this sketch was elected as its first commander. This post is the oldest in Tioga County and had a large membership at one time nearly two hundred veterans being enrolled.


O.D. GOODENOUGH was born in Towanda, Bradford County, Pennsylvania. He enlisted as a Musician in the Reg’t. Band of the 6th PA Reserves and was honorably discharged July 31st 1862. This regiment was composed of men who had responded to the call of President Lincoln issued immediately after the fall of Fort Sumter. It participated in the following battles, Dranesville, Malvern Hill, Gaines Mills, Second Bull Run, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Gettysburg, Wilderness, Spotsylvania and Bethesda Church. In the last engagement although but 150 strong it captured 102 and buried 72 Rebels in it front. It was mustered out of service June 14th 1864. Its Colonel was W. Wallace Ricketts of Columbia County. After three years service in the camp and in the march, in which it shared the privations and hardships as were as the glory of the Army of the Potomac. This regiment on June 1st 1864 started where it was mustered out of service on June 14th. When General Mansfield Post No. 48 of Mansfield, Tioga County, PA, was organized with eighteen members on Aug. 18th 1875, the subject of this sketch was elected as its first commander. This Post is the oldest in Tioga County and had a large membership at one time – nearly two hundred veterans being enrolled. – GAR48 p.85

J.A. Hadley

J.A. Hadley born at Millport, NY enlisted in Co. E 107th NY Vol. Inf., and was honorably discharged from Co. F 14th V. R. Inf., Nov. 14, 1865. His date of enlistment was June 17, 1862. This Regiment was recruited and organized at Elmira, NY and entered service Aug. 13, 1862 for a term of 3 years. The regiment participated in the following battles: Antietam, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Atlanta Campaign, Kenesaw Mountain, General Sherman’s Savannah’s Campaign and the Campaign of the Carolinas.


JUDSON A. HADLEY was born in Millport, New York. He enlisted as a private in Co. E, 107th NY Vol. Inf. And was finally honorably discharged from Co. F, 14th V. R. C. on Nov. 14th 1865. Date of enlistment June 17th 1862 (age 18 on Civil War Records). This regiment was recruited by its Colonel Robert B. Van Valkenburgh and was organized at Elmira, NY, Aug. 13th 1862. The term of service being three years. Alexander S. Divan and Nirom M. Crane also served as Colonels. The Lt. Colonels were Gabriel L. Smith, Newton T. Colby, William S. Fox, Lathrop Baldwin, Allen N. Sill. The officers of Company “E” were Captains, William L. Morgan and Martin V. B. Bachman; 1st Lts., Samuel B. Taylor; 2nd Lts., Harlow Atwood, Caleb H. Beck (?) and Frank M. Cronkrite. The regiment participated in the following battles, Antietam, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Atlanta Campaign, Kennesaw Mountain, General Sherman’s Savannah Campaign, and the Campaign of the Carolinas. During its service its total lost – 11 officers and 217 enlisted men. It was mustered out of the service on June 5th 1865 near Washington, DC. – GAR48 p.94

Haight Brothers in Closing Scenes of War

Orlando T. Haight and Allen M. Haight

Orando T. Haight was born the 14th day of July, A.D. 1841 in Burlington, County of Bradford, State of Pennsylvania. He enlisted September 6, 1864 as a private in Co. B 207th Pa. Vol., and was honorably discharged May 31, 1865. This Regiment was raised by Major Robert C. Cox under commission of Governor Curtin. Major Cox was afterwards made Colonel of the Regiment and finally commissioned Brig. General. It participated in the closing scenes of the war including Hatchers Run, Fort Steadman, the assault on and capture of Petersburg and the surrender of Lee at Appomatox. In March 1865 the regiment presented Col. Robert C. Cox with a horse and complete outfit valued at $550 in token of its esteem. It took a prominent part in the recapture of Fort Steadman, and with it the capture of a good part of General Gordon’s Division, which had surprised the Fort during the night. The division with the greatest gallantry stormed these formidable works at the fall of Petersburg after most severe fighting. This regiment had a larger number of soldiers from Tioga County in its ranks than any single organization in the service and was part of a division composed entirely of Pennsylvania soldiers. His Company "B" was made up principally of men from Tioga County and its (Captain). First Lieutenant was J. H. Schanbacher. The Regimental officers were Col. Robert C. Cox; Lt. Col. William W.S. Snoddy and Major A. Elliott. O.T. Haight was one of the first Ten Commanders of General Mansfield Post No. 48 GAR. Orlando Taylor Haight was the father of Mrs. Charles Baldwin. For many years he rode at the head of the Decoration Day Parade in Mansfield. His horse would dance to the music of the bands.


ORLANDO T. HAIGHT was born the 14th day of July in 1841 in Burlington, Bradford County, Pennsylvania. He enlisted Sept 6th 1864 as a private in Co. B, 207th PA Vol. And was honorably discharged May 31st 1865. This regiment was raised by Major Robert C. Cox, under commission of Governor Curtin. Major Cox was afterwards made Colonel of the regiment and finally commissioned Brig. General. It participated in the closing scenes of the war including Hatcher’s Run, Fort Stedman, the assault on the capture of Petersburg and the surrender of Lee at Appomattox. In March 1865 the regiment presented Col. Robert C. Cox with a horse and complete outfit valued at $550.00 in token of its esteem. It took a prominent part in the re-capture of Fort Stedman, and with it the capture of a good part of General Gordon’s Division, which had surprised the Fort during the night. The division with the greatest gallantry stormed these formidable works at the fall of Petersburg after most severe fighting. This regiment had a larger number of soldiers from Tioga County in its ranks than any single organization in the service and was part of a division composed entirely of Pennsylvania soldiers. His Company “B” was made up principally of men from Tioga County and its 1st Lt. Was J. H. Schanbacher. The regimental officers were Robert C. Cox, Colonel; William W. S. Snoddy, Lt. Colonel; and Victor A. Elliott, Major. – GAR48 p.195

Allen M. Haight was a brother to Orlando and lived at Mainesburg. He died several years before Orlando. Allen M. Haight was born in Bradford County, Pa. He enlisted September 14, 1861 as a musician in Co. E 52nd Pennsylvania Volunteers and was honorably discharged, November 7, 1864. Upon the 8th of November 1861 the Regiment left Camp Curtin and proceeded to Washington, DC and on January 2, 1862 went into winter quarters. On the 28th of March they were ordered to take the field and proceeded to Alexandria and from there to Lee’s Mills and then took part in the siege of Yorktown. They then resumed their march toward Richmond and participated in the battle of Fair Oaks on the 30th of May and the division was mentioned in the reports for gallantry. They were in the battles at the Chickahominy, at Mechanicsville and Gaines Mills. They engaged in the expeditions against Wilmington, NC and Port Royal, NC and Charleston, also Morris Island and Fort Wagner and Sumter. In December a large part of the regiment re-enlisted and were given a veteran furlough. Upon their return to regiment was recruited up to 1000 men and were sent to Bermuda Hundred and were soon engaged in the reduction of Fort Jackson, but through lack of support the assaulting parties were all taken prisoners. The Regiment remained in Morris Island during the summer and autumn of 1864 and on the 18th of February 1865 they captured Fort Sumter and then took Charleston. Later as Sherman’s men marched through S. Carolina the 52nd joined them but their march terminated with Johnson’s surrender. They were mustered out at Harrisburg, Pa., July 12, 1865. A. M. Haight was a member of the General Mansfield Post No. 48 GAR.

Allen M. and Orlando T. (Haight) were children of George R. and Elizabeth Haight. Another brother Myron B. was injured in the war. He was the grandfather of Mrs. Janice Kennedy of Troy, Pa., formerly of Mansfield. There are 11 children in the George R. Haight family. There were also 11 in the Orlando Haight family.


ALLEN M. HAIGHT was born in Bradford County, Pennsylvania. He enlisted Sept. 14th 1861 as a Musician in Co. E, 52nd PA Vol. And was honorably discharged Nov. 7th 1864. Upon the 8th of November 1861 the regiment left Camp Curtin and proceeded to Washington, DC and on Jan 2nd 1862 went into winter quarters. On the 28th of March they were ordered to take the field and proceeded to Alexandria and from there to Lee’s Mills and then took part in the Siege of Yorktown. They then resumed their march toward Richmond and participated in the battle of Fair Oaks on the 30th of May and the division were mentioned in the reports for gallantry. They were in the battles at the Chickahominy, at Mechanicsville, Gaines Mills. They engaged in the expeditions against Wilmington, NC and Port Royal, NC and Charleston, also Morris Island and Fort Wagner and Sumter. In December a large part of the regiment re-enlisted and were given a veterans furlough upon their return the regiment was recruited up to 1000 men and were sent to Bermuda Hundred and were soon engaged in the reduction of Fort Johnson, but there lack of support the assaulting parties were all taken prisoners. The regiment remained on Morris Island during the summer and autumn of 1864 and on the 18th of Feb. 1865 they captured Fort Sumter and then took Charleston. Later as Sherman’s men marched thru S. Carolina this 52nd joined them but their march terminated with Johnson’s surrender. They were mustered out at Harrisburg, PA July 12th 1865. – GAR48 p.148

Adam Hart

Adam Hart born in 1823 at Lawrenceville enlisted at Harrisburg, PA, Oct. 16, 1862 as a private in Co. A, 171st Regt., Pa. Volunteer Infantry. His regiment being part of the Keystone Brigade was sent to N. Carolina and while there he was engaged in the battle of Hills Point and in various skirmishes. He was also employed in guard duty at different places. He was discharged at Harrisburg Aug. 8, 1863 by reason of expiration of term of enlistment. He was a member of Gen. Mansfield Post No. 48. . He was part of a recruiting program in Tioga County of men drafted for nine months service. The Captain of Hart’s Company was William B. Hall of Mansfield. Robert C. Cox was the regiment’s major, also from Mansfield. The Brigade of which Hart belonged was engaged mainly in N. Carolina.


ADAM HART was born the 30th day of July 1823 in Lawrenceville, Tioga County, Pennsylvania. He enlisted at Harrisburg, PA, Oct. 16th 1862 as a private in Co. A, 171st Regt. PA Vol. Inf. His regiment being a part of the Keystone Brigade, was sent to NC and while there he was engaged in battle at Hills Point and in various skirmishes. They were also employed in guard duty at different places. He was discharged at Harrisburg, PA, Aug. 8th 1863 by reason of expiration of term of enlistment. Company “A” was recruited in Tioga County and had as its Captain Anson A. Amsbry. The Lt. Colonel of the regiment was Theophilus Humphrey of Bradford County and Robert C. Cox of Tioga County was its Major. This regiment was composed of men drafted in Oct. 1862 for nine months service and was organized at Camp Curtin in November. Its service was principally in North Carolina. Its Colonel was Everard Bierer of Fayette County. In Dec. 1862 the regiment marched with Gen. Spinola’s brigade from Suffolk, VA to New Berne NC. They marched to the Chowan River in three days and from there were taken on board transports. After the first days march they camped on a plantation consisting of 1500 acres, 100 acres of this having standing corn. The next morning not a rod of fence rail or a stalk of corn was left, the corn being food for the horses and mules and the corn stalks were used for fires along with the fence rails. – GAR48 p.12

Jacob Hartman

Jacob Hartman was born in Williamsport and enlisted on Nov. 26, 1861 as a private in Co. L 7th Cavalry. He was discharged Dec. 6, 1864. The 7th "Saber Regiment" was assigned to the Western Army and distinguished itself in service.


JACOB HARTMAN was born in Williamsport Pennsylvania. He enlisted Nov. 26th 1861 as a private in Co. L, 7th Cavalry and was honorably discharged Dec. 6th 1864. This regiment was assigned to service in Tennessee participating in a number of sharp engagements during 1862 and was also in the battles of Perryville, Stone River, Shelbyville, Chickamauga, the Atlanta Campaign, Lovejoy Station, Rome and Plantersville. It fought so much at close quarters that it was known as “The Saber Regiment. It captured Shelbyville in a saber charge over fortifications built to resist infantry. This was the first time during the war that defended entrenchments were captured by mounted cavalry. Its Colonel was that accomplished soldier George C. Wynkoop, who brought it to a high state of discipline and efficiency. His Company had as its Captain Otis G. Gerould as Lt. of Tioga County and a large part of the Company were recruited in Tioga County. One of his regiment’s outstanding exploits of the war was the pursuit and capture of President Jefferson Davis of the Confederacy at Irwinsville GA on May 11th 1865 after he had made a desperate dash for escape from the country, after this desertion of Richmond before the evacuation on April 2nd 1865. – GAR48 p. 134

Alvin H. Ingalls – Wounded and taken Prisoner at Petersburg

Alvin Harrison Ingalls (better known as A.H. Ingalls) was born Sept. 11, 1840 in Williamson, NY. His parents moved to Covington when he was a boy. He enlisted Aug. 24, 1861 from Troy, Pa., as a private in Co. F 11th Pa. Vol. Cal. In February 1862 he was detailed as hospital nurse at Fortress Munroe, Va., remaining about five months. In April and May 1862 he was in hospital at Fortress Munroe with fever and in June 1862 he was in Stone General Hospital, Washington, DC about one month with malaria. In spring of 1864 he was detailed as orderly on Staff of Col. S.P. Spier. He took part in the battles of Blackwater, Deserted House, So. Anna Bridge (where his Co. captured Gen. W.H.F. Lee), Hanover Junction, Jackson, Bolton Bridge, Woods Cross Roads, Barnamsville and several skirmishes with rebel guerrillas while searching for escaped prisoners from Libby. In June 9, 1864 during a charge on works near Petersburg, Va., he had his horse killed under him and he received gunshot wounds in right hip, shattering the bone, also wounds in knee and neck. He was captured the same day and held at Petersburg one month, at Libby prison nearly three months, in hospital at Richmond six weeks, when he was released on parole, arriving at Annapolis, Md. Aug. 24, 1864. While a prisoner at Libby he hewed out of wood with his jackknife, a spoon and dish, which he used when given his rations. He was promoted to 1st Corporal soon after enlistment, which office he held during his term of service. He was honorably discharged Oct. 8, 1864 at Philadelphia, Pa. He joined Gen. Mansfield Post No. 48 GAR Oct. 16, 1882. He also had three brothers who fought in the Civil War and all returned home alive. His brother, Joshua, was also a member of Post No. 48 and an old Advertiser account will be published at a later date. Other brothers mentioned in the above were Elihue and Electrus.


ALVIN H. INGALLS was born the 11th day of September 1840 in Williamson, (Wayne County), New York. He enlisted Aug. 24th 1861 from Wellsboro, PA as a private in Co. F, 11th PA Vol. Cavalry. In February 1862 he was detailed as hospital nurse at Fortress Monroe, VA, remaining about five months. In the spring of 1864 he was detailed as orderly on staff of Col. S. P. Spier. In April and May 1862 he was in hospital at Fortress Monroe, VA with fever, and in June 1862 he was in Stone general hospital, Washington, DC, about one month, with malaria. On June 9th 1864 during a charge on works near Petersburg, he had a horse killed under him, and received gunshot wounds in right hip, shattering the bone, also wounds in knee and neck. He was captured the same day and held at Petersburg one month, Libby Prison five days, in hospital at Richmond six weeks, when he was released on parole, arriving at Annapolis, MD, Aug. 24th 1864. He took part in the battles of Blackwater, Deserted House, South Anna Bridge (where his Co. captured Gen. W.H.F. Lee), Hanover Junction, Jackson, Bottom Bridge, Wood Cross Roads, Barnamsville and several skirmishes with Rebel guerrilla while searching for escaped prisoners from Libby. He was promoted to 1st. Corporal soon after his enlistment, which office he held during his term of service. He was honorably discharged Oct. 8th 1864 at Philadelphia, PA. ALVIN H. INGALLS joined Gen. Mansfield Post No. 48 on Oct. 16th 1882. SIGNED BY H.C. Bailey, Commander. – GAR48 p.63

George W.Johnson

G.W. Johnson was born November 1845 in Blossburg. He enlisted at Williamsport, Sept. 3, 1864 as a private in Co. K 207th Pa. Vol. Inf. He participated in the engagements at Fort Stedman, March 25, 1865, Petersburg, April 2, 1865, Fort Mahone and several skirmishes. He was honorably discharged May 31, 1865 at Alexandria, Va. His Regimental Commander was Col. R.C. Cox of Tioga Co., and Co. K was raised in the County. He joined General Mansfield Post No. 48 April 19th 1886.


GEORGE W. JOHNSON was born the 13th day of November 1845 in Blossburg, Tioga County, Pennsylvania. He enlisted at Williamsport, PA, Sept. 3rd 1864 as a private in Co. K, 207th PA Vol. Inf. He participated in the engagements at Fort Stedman, Mar. 25th 1865; Petersburg, Apr. 2nd 1865; Fort Malone and several skirmishes. He was honorably discharge May 3rd 1865 at Alexandria, VA. His Colonel was Robert C. Cox of Liberty, PA, was made Prig. General Apr. 9th 1865. In Mar. 1865 the regiment when in front of Petersburg, presented General Cox with a horse and complete outfit valued at $550.00 in token of their appreciation of his soldiery qualities and the warm place he had in their affections. Colonel Cox then Major was commissioned to raise this regiment and Company “K” was recruited in Tioga County. This regiment had a larger number of soldiers from Tioga County than any other single organization in the service and was part of a division composed entirely of Pennsylvania soldiers. It especially distinguished itself at the recapture of Ft. Stedman where at the fall of Petersburg it stormed these formidable works with the greatest gallantry. It captured a good part of the division commanded by General Gordon. At the capture of Fort Sedgwick the regiments losses were, thirty-seven killed, one hundred and forty-five wound and eight missing, ten officers wounded. GEORGE W. JOHNSON joined Gen. Mansfield Post No. 48 on April 19th 1886. SIGNED BY H.C. Bailey, Commander. – GAR48 p.62

E.T. Keen

E.T. Keen born in Sussex County, NJ. He enlisted March 16, 1864 as a private in Co. J 141st Pa. Vol. Inf. He received a gunshot wound in the left shoulder at Petersburg, VA July 30, 1864. He was discharged from the 2nd Pa. Heavy Artillery Feb. 5, 1866. His regiment was stationed as Washington, DC for its defense at the time of the battle of Bull Run and remained there until the finish of the campaign in Maryland.


EDWIN T. KEEN was born in Sussex County, New Jersey. He enlisted March 16th 1864 as a private in Co. I, 141st PA Vol. Inf.  He received a gunshot wound in the left shoulder at Petersburg, VA, July 30th 1864. He was finally discharged from the 2nd PA Heavy Artillery, Feb. 5th 1866. His regiment was stationed in Washington, DC for its defense at the time of the battle of Bull Run and remained there until the finish of the campaign in Maryland. It took part in the battles of Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Kelly’s Ford, Locust Grove, Mine Run, North Anna, Cold Harbor, Petersburg, Weldon RR and Sailor’s Creek. It was finally mustered out of service May 28th 1865. It rendered fine service at Gettysburg having a greater loss in killed and wounded in proportion to numbers engaged than any other regiment. At the morning of the day the regimental roll call showed 198 men ready for action. At the end of the day only 62 men were left, a loss of nearly 70 percent of the command. It also took part in the following battles, Kelly’s Ford, Locust Grove, Mine Run, Todd’s Tavern, North Anna, Cold Harbor, but at Gettysburg it gained its highest reputation holding Round Top for two hours in this exposed position sustained a terrible artillery fire, and then resisted a infantry charge. – GAR48 p.88

Charles E. Kelsey

Charles E. Kelsey, born in 1838 in Charleston Two. enlisted August 25, 1864. He enlisted at Covington, Tioga County, Pa., as a private in Co. K 207th Regiment, Pa. Vol. Infantry. He was engaged in battle at Fort Steadman, Bermuda Front, Hatcher’s Run. He was also in Warren’s Raid and in battles about Petersburg and Richmond. He was discharged at Camp Curtin, Harrisburg, Pa., on May 21, 1865 on account of the close of the war. His company was recruited mostly in Delmar and Charleston Townships and has as its Captain John J. Reese. Major Robert C. Cox later Col., and Brig. General was commissioned by Gov. Curtin to raise the regiment. Victor A. Elliot was major. This regiment had a larger number of soldiers from Tioga Co., in its ranks than any single organization in service and was part of a division composed entirely of Pennsylvania soldiers. He joined Gen. Mansfield Post No. 48 GAR February 15, 1886.


CHARLES E. KELSEY was born the 4th day of June 1838 in Charleston Twp., Tioga County, Pennsylvania. August 25th 1864 he enlisted at Covington, Tioga County, PA, as a private in Co. K, 207th Regiment PA Volunteer Infantry. He was engaged in battles at Fort Stedman, Bermuda Front, Hatcher’s Run. He was also in Warren’s Raid and in battles about Petersburg and Richmond. He was discharged at Camp Curtin, Harrisburg, PA, May 21st 1865, on account of the close of the War. His Company was recruited mostly in Delmar and Charleston townships and had as its Captain John J. Reese; Major Robert C. Cox, later Colonel and Brig. General was commissioned by Governor Curtin to raise the regiment. The Lt. Colonel was W. S. Snoddy and Major was Victor A. Elliott. The regiment had a larger number of soldiers from Tioga County in its ranks than any single organization in service and was part of a division composed entirely of Pennsylvania soldiers. In March 1865 in front of Petersburg it presented its Colonel, Robert C. Cox of Liberty PA with a horse and complete outfit valued at $550 in token of its esteem. It covered itself with glory at the recapture of Ft. Stedman where it captured a large part of the division of General Gordon’s, storming the fortifications at the fall of Petersburg with the greatest gallantry. CHARLES E. KELSEY joined Gen. Mansfield Post No. 48 on Feb. 15th 1886. SIGNED BY C.M. Rumsey, Adjutant & H.C. Bailey, Commander. – GAR48 p.30

Lewis Kohler

Lewis Kohler born 27th of February 1842 in Tioga, Pa. He enlisted as a private at Dartt Settlement in Co. K 207th Pa. Vol. Inf., and was later made Corporal. April 2, 1865 in front of Petersburg, Va., he was wounded in the left hand by a gunshot and was in the hospital at City Point, Va., about two weeks. He took active part in the following engagements, viz: Bermuda Hundred, Hatchers Run, Charge of Fort Stedman and final assault on the line in front of Petersburg, Va. He was honorably discharged from service May 31, 1865, at Alexandria, Va. His Company raised by Major Cox was for the most part from Charleston and Delmar Townships. It won great renown at Fort Stedman where it took part in the capture of the Fort with great gallantry and assisted in the capture of a good part of General Gordon’s Division. Lewis Kohler joined General Mansfield Post No. 48, March 8, 1887.


LEWIS KOHLER was born the 27th day of February 1842 in Tioga, Tioga County, Pennsylvania. He enlisted as a private at Dartt Settlement, PA in Co. K, 207th PA Vol. Inf., and was later made Corporal. April 2nd 1865 in front of Petersburg, VA he was wounded in the left hand by a gunshot, and was in hospital at City Point, GA about two weeks. He took active part in the following engagements, viz. Bermuda Hundred, Hatcher’s Run, Charge of Fort Stedman and final assault on the lines in front of Petersburg, VA. He was honorably discharged from service May 31st 1865 at Alexandria, VA. His Company was raised in Tioga County for the most part in Charleston and Delmar Townships and had as its Captain John J. Reese. Major Robert C. Cox later Colonel and Brig. General, of Liberty, PA, was commissioned by Governor Curtin to raise the regiment. The Lt. Colonel was William S. Snoddy and its Major Victor A. Elliott of Mansfield, PA. This regiment had a larger number of men from Tioga County than any other single organization in service and was part of a division composed entirely of Pennsylvania soldiers. It won great renown at Ft. Stedman where it captured the fort and a good part of General Gordon’s division, after storming the formidable work with the greatest gallantry. LEWIS KOHLER joined Gen. Mansfield Post No. 48 on March 8th 1887. SIGNED BY H. C. Bailey, Commander. – GAR48 p.60

H.H. O’Dell (Correct Name is Odell)

H.H. O’Dell was born Oct. 31, 1933 at Spencer, NY. He enlisted as a private in Co. A 171st Pa. Militia and was honorably discharged Aug. 8, 1863. Date of enlistment was Oct. 15, 1862. His regiment was a nine-month regiment and saw service principally in N. Carolina. This regiment was draftees and organized at Camp Curtin, Pa. His Regiment was first in action at "Deserted House" near Blackwater, Va., and also in engagements at Hills Point and Blounts Creek, Va. On Dec. 28, 1862, they were ordered from Suffolk, Va., to Newburn, NC. They marched to the Chowan River in three days and from there took transports to Newburn. The first day out they forded a stream 1/8 of a mile wide and breast high and camped on a plantation of 1000 acres, 100 acres was in standing corn. The next morning not a stalk of corn remained, being used as food for horses and mules and for campfires.


HORACE H. ODELL was born the 31st day of Oct. 1833 in Spencer, New York. He enlisted as a private in Co. A, 171st PA Militia and was honorably discharged August 8th 1863. Date of enlistment, Oct. 16th 1862. His regiment was a nine months regiment and saw service principally in North Carolina. Robert C. Cox of Liberty PA was its major. He was afterwards promoted to Colonel and Brev. Brig. General. This regiment was a drafted militia and was organized at Camp Curtin in Nov. 1862. It was organized at Camp Curtin in November 1862 and had as its Colonel, Everard Bierer of Fayette County; Theophilus Humphrey of Bradford County was Lt. Colonel. His Company “A” was recruited in Tioga County and its Captain was Anson A. Amsbry; Lts. Lucian O. Beach and Samuel W. Love, Charles Biter, and William L. Keagle. His regiment went first into action at “Deserted House” near Blackwater, VA, and was also in the engagements at Hills Point and Blounts Creek. On Dec. 28th 1862 they were ordered from Suffolk, VA to New Berne, NC. They marched to the Chowan River in three days and from there took transports to New Berne. The first day out they forded a stream 1/8 of a mile wide and breast high and camped on a plantation of 1000 acres, 100 acres were in standing corn. The next morning not a stalk of corn remained, being used as food for horses and mules and for campfires. – GAR48 p.104

William R. Packard

William R. Packard born on the 4th day of August 1841 in Schuyler County, NY. He enlisted Feb. 24, 1864 as a private in Co. E 13th NY Heavy Artillery, afterward consolidated with 6th NY Heavy Artillery and called Co. K. July 20, 1864 he was taken to a hospital at Fort Ringgold, Va., where he was treated a short time for rheumatism and diarrhea. Oct. 1864, he was detailed at Scott Creek, Va., on special duty and was again detailed at same place during presidential election in Nov. 1864, again in the spring of 1865, and again at Norfolk, Va., July 4, 1865. He took part in the battle of Plymouth, NC. He was honorably discharged Aug. 24, 1865 at Fort Keainey, near Washington, DC. Other battles and engagements that the regiment took part in were: operations before Petersburg and Richmond, Va., Assault on Petersburg, Swift Creek, Day Point, Fort Fisher, Fall of Petersburg. The Regiment lost in their service 4 officers and 148 enlisted men and were enlisted for a term of three years as a body. William R. Packard joined Gen. Mansfield Post, No. 48, March 6, 1876.


WILLIAM R. PACKARD was born the 4th day of August 1841 in Schuyler County, New York. He enlisted Feb. 24th 1864 as a private in Co. E, 13th NY Heavy Artillery, afterwards consolidated with 6th NY Heavy Artillery and called Co. K. July 20th 1864 he was taken to hospital at Fort Ringgold, VA, where he was treated a short time for rheumatism and diarrhea. Oct. 1864 he was detailed at Scott Creek, VA on special duty; was again detailed at same place during presidential election in Nov. 1864; again in the spring of 1865 and again at Norfolk, VA, July 4th 1865. He took part in the battle of Plymouth, NC. He was honorably discharged Aug. 24th 1865 at Fort Kearney, near Washington, DC. Other battles and engagements that the regiment took part in were:- Operations before Petersburg and Richmond, VA; assault on Petersburg, Swift Creek, Days Point, Fort Fisher, Face of Petersburg. The officers of his company were Captains, Alexander J. Beach, William R. Cummings; 1st Lts. Charles G. Bacon, Edward W. Smith, Charles G. Polhemus; 2nd Lts., Chauncey Cook, John F. Warden, Edward P. Arthur. The Colonel of the regiment was William A. Howard and Lt. Colonel James J. Walsh. The regiment lost in their service 4 officers and 148 enlisted men, and were enlisted for a term of three years as a body. WILLIAM R. PACKARD joined Gen. Mansfield Post No. 48 on March 6th 1876. SIGNED BY H. C. Bailey, Commander. – GAR48 p. 56

James S. Palmer

James S. Palmer, born in 1815 at Brooklyn, Pa. He enlisted at Danube, NY Oct. 4, 1862 as a private in Co. E 152nd NY Vol. Inf. Soon after entering the service he was prostrated by the hardships and disease incident to camp life and was confined in a hospital at Suffolk, Va., and later at Hampton Hospital. He did not, however, recover his health sufficiently to enable him to perform a soldier’s duty in the ranks, and he was therefore detailed for duties about the camp. While in Hampton Hospital he was appointed Ward Master. But being too feeble to perform the duties of the office he was discharged for disability at Hampton, Va., on Aug. 23, 1863. He served 10 months. Comrade Palmer joined the Gen. Mansfield GAR No. 48 on Dec. 20, 1875.


JAMES S. PALMER was born the 24th day of January 1815 in Brooklyn, Susquehanna County, Pennsylvania. He enlisted at Danube, NY Oct. 4th 1862 as a private in Co. E, 152nd NY Vol. Inf. Soon after entering the service he was prostrated by the hardships and disease incident to camp life and was confined in hospital at Suffolk, VA, and later at Hampton Hospital. He did not, however, recover his health sufficiently to enable him to perform a soldier’s duty in the ranks, and he was, therefore, detailed for duties about the camp. While in Hampton Hospital he was appointed Ward Master, but being too feeble to perform the duties of the office, he was discharged for disability at Hampton, VA, August 23rd 1863. Col. Leonard Boyer received authority to recruit the regiment on Aug. 23rd 1862 and it was mustered in for three years. Oct. 14th & 15th 1862 it took part in the following battles, Siege of Suffolk, Wilderness, Spotsylvania Court House, North Anna, Cold Harbor, Petersburg, Weldon RR, Reams Station, Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher’s Run, and Appomattox. During its service the regiment lost in action 4 officers and 48 enlisted men, from all causes 5 officers and 161 enlisted men. They were mustered out of the service July 13th 1865 near Washington, DC. The officers of Company “E” were Captains, S.L. Coe, W.W. Husler, W.A. Musson and James McGowan; 1st Lts., W.W. Husler, W.A. Musson and James McGowan; 2nd Lts. Delaney Stafford, Horatio Nichols, Lewis C. Curtis. The Colonels of the regiment were Leonard Boyer and Alonzo Ferguson. JAMES S. PALMER joined Gen. Mansfield Post No. 48 on Dec. 20th 1875. SIGNED BY  C.M. Rumsey, Adjutant; H.C. Bailey, Commander. – GAR48 p.22

John Paulman

John Paulman was born at Wellsville, NY, and he enlisted Nov. 1861 as a private in Co. G 6th NY Vol. Inf., and was discharged July 15, 1865 on account of close of War. During the service this regiment lost 18 officers and 283 enlisted men.


JOHN PAULMAN was born in Wellsville, New York. He enlisted Nov. 1861 as a private in Co. G, 64th NY Vol. Inf., and was discharged July 15th 1865 on account of close of War. His regiment with Thomas J. Parker as Colonel was organized at Elmira, NY Nov. 13th 1861 and was mustered into the service for three years on Dec. 1861. Daniel G. Bingham also served as Colonel and Enos C. Brooks, Leman W. Bradley, and William Glenny were Lt. Colonels. The Major was Theodore Tyrer. The officers of his Company were Captains, Joshua S. Pittenger, James J. Messervey, and Albert F. Peterson; 1st Lts, Lewis H. Fassett, William G. Babcock, Pulaski V. Alton, Theodore Tyrer and William L. Ross; 2nd Lts. Were George Rowler, Pulaski V. Alton and George Underwood. They participated in the following battles, Siege of Yorktown, VA, Fair Oaks, Seven Days Battle, Malvern Hill, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Bristoe Station, Wilderness, Spotsylvania, North Anna, Cold Harbor, Petersburg, Weldon RR, Ream’s Station. Hatcher’s Run, Appomattox Campaign. During its service the regiment lost 18 officers and two hundred and eighty-three enlisted men. It was honorably discharged and mustered out under Colonel William Glenny, July 14th 1865 near Washington, DC. – GAR48 p.118

William E. Peck

William E. Peck was born May 1, 1843 in Middlebury, Pa. He enlisted Feb. 22, 1864 at Wellsboro, Pa., in Co. G 45th Pa. Vol. Infantry as a private, and was promoted to Corporal July 20, 1864 in front of Petersburg, Va., where he received a gunshot wound in the left ear. In the fall of 1864 he was confined in the hospital at City Point, Va., Washington, DC, and Philadelphia, Pa., two months. He was furloughed in Nov. from the latter place for 30 days. In the winter of 1865 in front of Petersburg, Va., he was detailed on guard at 1st Brigade Headquarters about 3 months. He fought at the Wilderness, Spottsylvania, C. H., North Anna River, Cold Harbor, Siege of Petersburg Mine Explosion and Weldon RR He was honorably discharged July 17, 1865 at Alexandria, Va. His Company was recruited in Tioga County and had as its Captain, Nelson Whitney and Russ G. Richards. The regiment saw service in widely separated parts of the country and was noted for its fine discipline and the splendid bravery of its men. After Lee’s surrender it took part in the guard review of Washington, DC on May 22-23, 1865


WILLIAM E. PECK was born the 1st day of May 1843 in Middleberry, Tioga County, Pennsylvania. He enlisted Feb. 22nd 1864 at Wellsboro, PA in Co. G, 45th PA Vol. Infantry, as a private, and was promoted to Corporal, July 20th 1864 in front of Petersburg, VA where he received a gunshot wound in the left ear. In the fall of 1864 he was confined in the hospitals at City Point VA, Washington DC, and Philadelphia, PA, two months. He was furloughed in Nov. from the latter place for thirty days. In the winter of 1865 in front of Petersburg, VA he was detailed on guard duty, at 1st Brigade Headquarters, about three months. He fought at the Wilderness, Spotsylvania Court House, North Anna River, Cold Harbor, Siege of Petersburg, Mine Explosion and Weldon RR. His Company was recruited in Tioga County and had as its Captains, Nelson Whitney and Reese G. Richards. Its regimental Colonel was Thomas Welch of Lancaster County. The regiment saw service in widely separated parts of the country and was noted for its fine discipline and the splendid bravery of the men. After Lee’s surrender it took part in the grand review at Washington DC May 22nd & 23rd 1865.  WILLIAM E. PECK joined Gen. Mansfield Post No. 48 on Oct. 18th 1886. SIGNED BY  H.C. Bailey, Commander. – GAR48 p.55.

Orrin C. Perry

Orrin C. Perry, born in Newark, NJ enlisted April 27, 1861 as a private in Co. H, 4th N.J. Vol. Reg., and was honorably discharged May 21, 1865. He was a member of General Mansfield Post, No. 48, GAR.



AARON C. PERRY was born in Newark, New Jersey. He enlisted April 27th 1861 as a private in Co. H, 4th NJ Vol. Reserves and was honorably discharged May 21st 1865. – GAR48 p.113

C.N. Shepard

C.N. Shepard was born in Newark, NJ. He enlisted Feb. 1864 as a private in Co. C 11th Pa. Cav., and was discharged May 20, 1865 on account of disability, resulting from a gunshot wound in the left ankle, received at Petersburg, Va. His Regiment entered the war as "Harlan’s Light Cavalry".



Three Shaw Boys served with Tioga County Vols.

Francis M. Shaw
FRANCIS MARION SHAW was born the 5th day of January 1831 in Richmond Township, Tioga County, Pennsylvania. He entered the service Oct. 14th 1861 as a Sergt. in Co. B, 101st PA Vol. Inf. At the expiration of his term he re-enlisted in his old command. He was taken prisoner with his Company at the four days battle of Plymouth, NC on Apr. 20th 1864 by Gen. Hoke’s Division of the army of Northern Virginia, and was confined at Andersonville, GA, Florence and Charleston, SC. He was in Andersonville about ten months and in the others about a month. He was taken from Florence SC to Wilmington, NC and from there paroled. He took part in the following engagements, Siege of Yorktown, VA, Williamsburg, Fair Oaks, Harrison Landing and other engagements on the Peninsula, Blackwater, Kingston, Goldsboro and Plymouth, NC. He was honorably discharged, June 26th 1865 at Harrisburg, PA. His Company “B” was recruited in Tioga County and had as its Captains, Joseph S. Hoard, later Major of the regiment, Victor A. Elliott and Melvin L. Clark, later Lt. Colonel commissioned May 18th 1865. The regimental Colonel when the regiment was organized at Camp Curtin in October 1861, was Joseph H. Wilson, of Beaver County. – GAR48 p.80

Harry B. Shaw (Should be Horry B. Shaw)
HORRY B. SHAW was born the 7th day of July 1838 in Richmond Township, Tioga County, Pennsylvania. He enlisted Oct. 14th 1861 at Harrisburg, PA in Co. B, 101st Vol. Infantry, as a private. May 1862 he was sick at Portsmouth, VA for two months with chronic diarrhea and typhoid fever and was detailed on hospital boat two weeks caring for the sick and wounded. He took active part with his regiment in the battles of Yorktown, Fair Oaks, Blackwater and New Berne. He was honorably discharged Mar. 27th 1863 at New Berne NC. He re-enlisted June 29th 1863 in Co. E, 35th PA Vol. Militia in the Gettysburg emergency call as Sergt. and served until Aug. 9th 1863. His Company was raised in Tioga County and had as its Captains, Joseph S. Hoard, Victor A. Elliott and Melvin L. Clark, afterwards commissioned Lt. Colonel on May 18th 1865. Joseph S. Hoard was later promoted to Major. On Apr. 20th 1864 at Plymouth the entire regiment were captured except for men away on leave and detached duty and they were sent to Andersonville and other prisons. They were not exchanged until March 1865 at Wilmington, NC. Besides the battles mentioned above his company took part in Williamsburg, Seven Pines, White Oak Swamp, Malvern Hill in Virginia and Kingston, Whitehall, Goldsboro, Little Washington and Plymouth, NC, where they were all captured by General Hoke’s Division of the Army of Northern VA at the close of a four day battle.  HORRY B. SHAW joined Gen. Mansfield Post No. 48 on June 16th 1888 and held offices of Commander, Senior Vice & Junior Vice Commander, Chaplain, Officer of the Day & Officer of the Guard. SIGNED BY H.C. Bailey, Commander. – GAR48 p.52

Orin Shaw
ORIN SHAW was born the 19th day of January 1842 in Mansfield, Tioga County, Pennsylvania. He enlisted as a private in Co. B, 101st PA Vol. Infantry, Feb. 22nd 1864. He joined his regiment at New Berne NC. In the fall of 1864 he was confined in the small pox hospital at Roanoke Island and after his recovery he cared for other sick with the same disease. He was first in battle at Foster’s Mills, NC in Feb. 1865. He was discharged June 25th 1865 at New Berne, NC. His company Captains were Joseph S. Hoard, Victor A. Elliott and Melvin L. Clark, afterward promoted to Lt. Colonel. Joseph H. Wilson of Beaver County was its Colonel. It participated in the Peninsula Campaign, also Fair Oaks, Kingston, Goldsboro, Little Washington and Plymouth, NC where the entire regiment was captured except men away on furlough and detached duty. They were sent to Andersonville and other prisons and were finally exchanged at Wilmington, NC in March 1865. Company “B” of this regiment was recruited in Tioga County and Captain Melvin L. Clark was commissioned Lt. Colonel on May 18th 1865 and Joseph S. Hoard was later its Major. Both of these men were from Mansfield, Tioga Co. PA, as was Victor A. Elliott, Captain of Co. “B”. ORIN SHAW joined Gen. Mansfield Post No. 48 on Aug. 20th 1888. SIGNED BY  C.M. Rumsey, Adjutant & H.C. Bailey, Commander. – GAR48 p.24

Francis Marion Shaw and Harry B. Shaw enlisted October 14, 1861 at Harrisburg with the Tioga County Company which had as its Captain Joseph S. Hoard and Lt. Victor A. Elliott and Melvin L. Clark all from Mansfield. Most of the men enlisting in 1861 went with Company B 101st Volunteer Infantry. On February 22, 1864 Orin Shaw enlisted as a private in Co. B. 101st Regiment and joined the Regiment at New Bern, NC. Orin Shaw took smallpox in the fall of 1864 and was confined in the smallpox hospital at Roanoke Island and after his recovery he cared for others sick with the same disease. He was first in Battle at Foster’s Mills, NC in Feb. 1865. He was discharged on June 25, 1865 at New Bern, NC. The entire 101st Regiment was captured at Plymouth, NC, except those men who were away on furlough or detached duty. In Orin’s war record no mention of this battle is made and being a new recruit at the time must have missed the battle, being first in action in February 1865, following his discharge from the hospital. He was a member of Gen. Mansfield Post 48 GAR, joining Aug. 20, 1888.

Harry B. Shaw leaving with the 101st Regiment also missed being captured in 1863. He took sick at Portsmouth, Va., for two months with chronic diarrhea and typhoid fever and was detailed on a hospital boat two weeks caring for the sick and wounded. He took active part with his regiment in the battle of Yorktown, Fair Oaks, Blackwater and New Bern. He was honorably discharged March 27, 1863 at New Bern, NC. On the 29th of June 1863 he reenlisted in Company E 35th Pa. Volunteer Militia in the Gettysburg emergency call as Sergt. And served until Aug. 9, 1863. He joined the Gen. Mansfield Post No. 48 GAR on June 16, 1888 and held the offices of Senior and Junior Vice commander, Commander, Chaplain, Officer of the Day and Officer of the Guard.

Francis Marion Shaw entered the service as a Sergt. With the Mansfield Company and reenlisted at the close of his term in the same company. He was taken prisoner with the 101st Volunteers at the four-day battle of Plymouth, NC on April 20, 1864 by General Hakes Division of the Army of Northern Virginia, and was confined at Andersonville, Ga., for about 10 months. He was moved to Florence and Charleston, SC about a month each and then taken to Wilmington, NC where he was paroled. He took part in the following engagements: Seige of Yorktown, Va., Williamsburg, Fair Oaks, Harrison’s Landing and other engagements on the Peninsula, Blackwater, Kinston, Goldboro and Plymouth, NC. He was honorably discharged June 26, 1865 at Harrisburg, PA. He was a member of Gen. Mansfield Post No. 48 GAR.

Shaw Veterans

At the time of the Civil War Rodney Shaw and wife, Mary Ann Seeley lived in the house that John Marvin bought at 473 North Main St. It was originally built in 1828. They had five sons and five daughters. The sons were Francis M., James H., Horry B., Orin and Thomas C. the daughters were Ann Melinda Bly, Harriet M. Dorsett, Eliza Jane Bates, Mary and Ella. At Rodney Shaw’s death, his property on Pickel Hill and North Main Street was divided among his children. Orin and Ella had the old homestead; Horry, the home now occupied by Leda and Lester Shaw; Francis, the home now owned and occupied by Ben Husted; a piece of land between to Harriet Dorsett.

All five of the Shaw sons went to the Civil War. Francis suffered untold hardships in Andersonville Prison. Thomas died of typhoid fever in the service. All served the duration of the war.



John P. Shipman

Mr. Shipman was born in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada July 29, 1845 where he spent his youth until he was fourteen years of age, when he and his parents, three brother and two sisters moved to Farmington, Tioga County, Penna. He was the son of the Rev. Jacob and Lydia Shipman. He was educated in the rural schools of Farmington and continued to work on the farms until at the age of 18 he went to Groton, NY and enlisted in the army September 1864. He was placed in company B, 9th Regiment, New York Volunteers, Heavy Artillery. The commanding Officers were Colonel Ricketts, and Mr. Shipman’s Captain was a man named Fish. He was all through Sherman’s celebrated campaign, and was present at Lee’s surrender to General Grant at Appomatox Court House in April 1865. Mr. Shipman was in four battles: Cedar Creek, Fishers Hill, New Market and Petersburg. He also did much picket duty while he was in the South and was honorably discharged in September 1865. On March 18, 1874 Mr. Shipman married Miss Delphene Merritt, daughter of William and Eliza Haslett Merritt of Nelson, Pa. Two children were born to them, one dying in infancy and the other Carrie Shipman Knapp deceased. At the time of the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln, Mr. Shipman was home on furlough so that he missed that most exciting time in Washington, but he often saw the President during his stay in the Capitol.

April 9th Mr. & Mrs. Shipman entertained the Local Civil War Veterans at their home on Elmira Street, Mansfield, where they had lived since 1913, in honor of the 60thAnniversary of Lee’s Surrender. The house was decorated with the National Colors in keeping with the occasion. Mr. Shipman was the uncle of Mrs. L.B. Shaw of 56 Sherwood St., Mansfield, PA.

JOHN P. SHIPMAN was born the 29th day of July 1845 in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. He enlisted Sept. 1864 in the Co. B, 9th NY Vol. Heavy Artillery. He was all through Sherman’s celebrated campaign and was present at Lee’s surrender to General Grant at Appomattox Court House, VA April 1865. Mr. Shipman was in four battles, Cedar Creek, Fisher’s Hill, New Market and Petersburg. He also did picket duty while he was in the south and was honorably discharged in Sept. 1865. At the time of the assassination of Lincoln he was home on furlough. His family moved to Farmington, PA when he was 14 years old. He continued to work at farming until he was 18 and went to Groton, NY where he enlisted. On April 9th 1925 Mr. & Mrs. Shipman entertained the local Civil War Veterans at their home on Elmira Street, Mansfield where they had lived since 1913, in honor of the 60th Anniversary of Gen. Lee’s surrender. The house was decorated with the National Colors in keeping with the occasion. SUBMITTED BY his niece Mrs. L. B. Shaw, Mansfield, PA, Nov. 29th 1961. – GAR48 p.246

F.M. Spencer

F.M. Spencer was born in Richmond Township, and enlisted Aug. 24, 1861 as a private in Co. F, 11th Pa. Vol. Cav. He was honorably discharged Aug 19, 1865. He served in the Army of the Potomac during the war and participated in numerous engagements and skirmishes doing a large amount of scouting duty. Co. F’s first engagement was at "Deserted House", and it also took part in the following battles: Suffolk and Franklin, Va., Carrsville, South Anna, Blackwater, Petersburg, Fair Oaks, Reams Station, James River, Richmond, New Market Heights, Five Forks, Hanover Court House and Red Oak Church. When the regiment’s term of enlistment expired in the fall of 1863 more than 400 men re-enlisted thus preserving the organization.

FRANCIS M. SPENCER was born in 1840 in Richmond Township, Tioga County, Pennsylvania. He enlisted Aug. 24th 1861 as a private in Co. F, 11th PA Vol. Cavalry. He was honorably discharged Aug. 19th 1865. He served in the Army of the Potomac during the war, and participated in numerous engagements and skirmishes doing a large amount of scouting duty. Josiah Harlan was Colonel of this regiment and it was originally known as “Harlan’s Light Cavalry” being raised as an independent regiment by Colonel Harlan under special authority from the Secretary of War. His Company “F” was raised in Bradford and Tioga Counties and had as its Captain, B.B. Mitchell of Bradford County and 1st Sergt. Victor A. Elliott of Tioga County who later was promoted to Captain of Company “B” 101st PA Vol. His Company’s first engagement was at “Deserted House” and it also took part in the following battles – Suffolk & Franklin, VA, Cassville and Beaver Dam, VA, Carrsville, South Anna, Blackwater, Petersburg, Fair Oaks, Reams Station, James River, Richmond, New Market Heights, Five Forks, Hanover Court House, and Red Oak Church. When the regiment’s term of enlistment expired in the fall of 1863 more than 400 men re-enlisted thus preserving the organization. In one fight at Ream’s Station it lost more than 100 men in killed and wounded. – GAR48 p.91

William A. Stone

William A. Stone was born 18th day of April 1846 in Delmar Twp. He enlisted Feb. 1864 as a private in Co. A. 187th Pa. Vol. Inf. And was promoter to Lieut. He was honorably discharged Aug. 30, 1865. He enlisted at the age of 17 years. He served with men from the Wellsboro area of Tioga Co., and was in its most severe battle at Fort Hill, Petersburg, Va., June 18, 1864. He graduated from Mansfield State Normal School in 1868. He was elected Governor of Pennsylvania and served several terms in Congress. A historical marker near Wellsboro marks the site of his home. A half brother, Eugene H. Stone was possibly the last survivor of the famous Penna. Bucktail Regiment of the Civil War. At 94 he was still active in current affairs at Wellsboro.

WILLIAM A. STONE was born the 8th day of April 1846 in Delmar Township, Tioga County, Pennsylvania. He enlisted Feb. 1864 as a private in Co. A, 187th PA Vol. Inf., and was promoted to Lt. He was honorably discharged Aug. 30th 1865. He enlisted at the age of 17 years. He was elected Governor of Pennsylvania in (no year given). His regiment reached the army during the progress of the battle of Cold Harbor. It took part in the assault upon the works at Petersburg on June 18th 1864, the regiment being led by Major Merrick. It was in the desperate assault on Fort Hill, at Petersburg, VA, where Major Merrick of Wellsboro, PA was severely wounded losing a leg. The regiment lost 220 killed and wounded. At the funeral obsequies of President Lincoln in Philadelphia this regiment was assigned to the head o the procession from the Baltimore depot to Independence Hall, and was left as a guard of honor while the remains lay in state with the first City Troop.  It was detailed to escort the remains from Independence Hall to the New York depot as they were borne away. He entered the army as a private and was soon made a Sergeant and then Lieut. The regiment was brigaded after the battle of Cold Harbor with the “Bucktail Brigade”, Colonel Joshua L. Chamberlain commanding. After Cold Harbor it served in the desperate fighting of Weldon RR and Hatcher’s Run, and completed its term of service at Philadelphia as above. – GAR48 p.110

Richard Stout - Reenlists as Veteran after Illness

Richard C. Stout born in 1828 in Rutland Township enlisted on the 28th of September 1861 at Troy, Pa., and becoming a member of Co. C of the Pa. Cavalry went with his regiment to Tennessee. The exposure and hardships to which he was subjected, affected his health so seriously that after remaining a long time in a hospital in Nashville, Tenn., he was discharged from the service on a surgeon’s certificate of physical disability. He returned to his home and after nearly a year and a half he had so recovered his health that he again entered the service, this time a member of the 11th Pa. Veteran Infantry. He was engaged at Spottsylvania Court House, Battle of the Wilderness, Hatchers Run and other battles and skirmishes, being wounded several times. He was for a long time in a hospital at Washington, DC. He was discharged at Washington, DE on Sept. 1, 1865 by general orders on account of the close of the war. In an account of the 7th Pa. Cavalry by Capt. Joseph Vale, he said that the 7th moved from Harrisburg as soon as it was formed to Chambersburg to a camp. However, before any vigorous training could take place they were ordered to Jeffersonville, Indiana where they set up camp in early spring. With the freezing and thawing both men and horses became sick and lame from the knee deep mud and while in this state were ordered to Nashville where they were able to set up their really first training and truly profitable camp life. Many of the men were in the hospital or too sick for duty for several weeks. But after this baptism of the rigors of the outdoors, became seasoned veterans, to cut their way from Nashville to Atlanta as the "Saber Regiment".

RICHARD C. STOUT was born the 11th day of February 1828 in Rutland Township, Tioga County, Pennsylvania. On the 28th of Sept. 1861 he enlisted at Troy, PA, becoming a member of Co. C, 7th PA Cavalry, went with his Regiment to Tennessee. The exposure and hardships to which he was subject, affected his health so seriously that after remaining a long time in a hospital at Nashville, Tennessee, he was discharged from the service on a Surgeon’s certificate of physical disability. He returned to his home and after nearly a year and a half, he had so far recovered his health, that he again entered the service, this time a member of the 11th PA Veteran Infantry. He was engaged at Spotsylvania Court House, Battle of the Wilderness, Hatcher’s Run and other battles and skirmishes, being wounded several times. He was for a long time in hospital at Washington, DE. He was discharged at Washington, DC Sept 1st 1865, by general order, on account of close of the war. His regiment was commanded by that splendid soldier Colonel George C. Wynkoop who brought it to a high state of discipline and efficiency. It fought so much at close quarters with the saber, that it was known as “The Saber Regiment”. At Shelbyville it captured in a saber charge entrenchments built to resist infantry and this was the first time during the war that defended entrenchments were captured by mounted cavalry. His Company “C” was recruited in Bradford and Tioga Counties. RICHARD C. STOUT joined Gen. Mansfield Post No. 48 on Apr. 19th 1886. SIGNED BY C.M. Rumsey, Adjutant & H.C. Bailey, Commanded. – GAR48 p.38

T. B. Sturdivant

T.B. Sturdivant was born in Tompkins County, New York. He enlisted as a private in Co., D, 16th Pa. Cavalry Aug. 22, 1862 and was discharged on account of physical disability May 29, 1863. Among the battles the 16th Cavalry took part in were Chancellorsville and Brandy Station, Va. The greatest cavalry battle in the history of the Western Hemisphere was fought at Brandy Station, VA on June 9, 1863. Nearly 20,000 cavalrymen were engaged for more than 12 hours. At the height of the battle along Fleetwood Hill, charges and counter charges were made continuously for almost three hours.

THOMAS B. STURDIVANT was born in Tompkins County, New York. He enlisted as a private in Co. D, 16th PA Cavalry, Aug. 22nd 1862 and was discharged on account of physical disability, May 29th 1863. His regiment was organized with John I. Gregg Colonel and Company “D” had as its Captain, James C. Robinson. It fought at the battles of Chancellorsville, Brandy Station, Gettysburg and Sailor’s Creek, Culpeper, Hanover Court House, Malvern Hill, Ream’s Station, Hatcher’s Run, Five Forks and they also did considerable scouting, garrison and guard duty. In its first important battle at Kelley’s Ford it achieved a victory on the right flank. It participated in all the great Cavalry movements connected with the Campaign of the “Army of the Potomac” including Sheridan’s Raid on Richmond, and was in at the death at Dinwiddie Court House, Amelia Springs and Sailor’s Creek. In the final group of battles many of the regiment were wounded. At Farmville Lt. Col. James C. Robinson received his third wound. After a tour of duty at Lynchburg, previous to the surrender at Appomattox the “16th” was mustered out Aug. 7th 1865 at Richmond, VA. The regimental Colonel, John Irvin Gregg was a Veteran of the Mexican War from which he came out a Captain of infantry. For his services in the Civil War he was made Brev. Major General. – GAR48 p.124
 

R.W. Sumner in Great Mud March of 1862

Randall Wyatt Sumner enlisted in Company L 7th Penna. Cavalry as a private at Harrisburg, PA on November 29, 1861. He took part in engagements in Murfreesboro, Tenn., Stone River and Sparksville; also skirmishes in middle Tennessee. He war sketch indicates that he got the fever soon after the mud march and then rheumatism. The mud march occurred when Gen. Burnside attempted to take his army across the Potomac above Fredricksburg and turn Lee’s left. An unusual storm made an advance impossible, the army actually stalled, the movement became known as the mud march. He was discharged later at Huntsville, Ala. and reenlisted Nov. 27, 1863 and was transferred to the 20th Cavalry Brigade in 1864. He was discharged at the close of hostilities on Aug. 23, 1865. The 7th Cavalry was known as "The Saber Regiment" because it fought, at close quarters with the saber so much. Randall Sumner joined General Mansfield Post No. 48, June 18, 1888. His GAR chair is in the possession of his granddaughter, Mrs. Clarence Hakes; Lambs Creek, Mansfield, Pa., RD. R.W. Sumner was born in Richmond Township, Sept. 1, 1841.

R. W. Sumner

Randall Wyatt Sumner born in 1841 in Richmond Township, Tioga County, Pa., enlisted in Co. C 7th Pa. Cavalry as a private at Harrisburg, Pa. Nov. 20, 1861. He was discharged the first time at Huntsville, Ala., as private for re-enlistment Nov. 27, 1863, and after that was transferred to the 20th Cavalry in 1864. His second discharge was Aug. 23, 1865. He was in the following engagements: Murfreesboro, Tenn., Stone River and Sparksville, also in skirmishes in middle Tennessee. He joined Gen. Mansfield Post No. 48 GAR in June 1888.

RANDALL WYATT SUMNER was born the 1st day of September 1841 in Richmond Township, Tioga County, Pennsylvania. He enlisted in Co. L, 7th PA Cavalry, as private at Harrisburg, PA on Nov. 20th 1861. He was discharged the first time at Huntsville, Ala., as private, for re-enlistment, Nov. 27th 1863 and after that was transferred to the 20th Cavalry Brigade in 1864. His second discharge was August 23rd 1865 by reason of the close of the war. He was in the following engagements, Murfreesboro, Tenn., Stone River and Sparksville, also in skirmishes in middle Tennessee. He took the fever soon after the mud march and then rheumatism, for which he was discharged. This regiment, 7th Cavalry, was commanded by that accomplished soldier, Colonel George N. Wynkoop, who brought it to a high state of discipline and efficiency. It fought so much at close quarters with the saber that it was known as “The Saber Regiment” and at Shelbyville in a saber charge captured entrenched fortifications built to resist infantry. They captured and killed over twice their number defending the works under General Wheeler and driving half of the remainder into Duck River. This was the first time during the war that defended entrenchments were captures by mounted cavalry. It served in Tennessee and with the western armies until the end of the war. RANDELL WYATT SUMNER joined Gen. Mansfield Post No. 48 on June 18th 1888. SIGNED NY C.M. Rumsey, Adjutant & H.C. Bailey, Commander. – GAR48 p.36

Stephen Warters – Born in England fights for Union

Stephen Warters, born in 1830 in England, enlisted in 1862 as a private in Co. C of 171st Pa. Volunteer Infantry. He was in the terrible march from Suffolk, Va., to New Bern, NC. The remaining time of his service consisted of scouting, skirmishing, guard and garrison duty. He was discharged August 8, 1863 at Harrisburg, Pa. William B. Hall of Mansfield was his Captain and his Major was Robert C. Cox, also from Tioga County. The Regiment was made up of draftees of 1862 for nine months service. Most of their time was in the battles of N. Carolina. They marched for three days from Suffolk, Va. To the Chowan River where they took transports to New Bern, North Carolina. Stephen Warters joined Gen. Mansfield Post No. 48, April 25, 1896.

STEPHEN WARTERS was born the 9th day of August 1830 in England. He enlisted (Nov.) 1862 as a private in Co. C, 171st PA Volunteer Infantry. He was in the terrible march from Suffolk, VA to New Berne NC. The remaining time of his service consisted of scouting, skirmishing, guard and garrison duty. He was discharged August 8th 1863 at Harrisburg, PA. His company had as its Captain William B. Hall of Mansfield, PA; the regimental Colonel was Everard Bierer of Fayette County; the Lt. Colonel was Theophilus Humphrey of Bradford County and its Major Robert C. Cox of Tioga County who later was raised to the rank of Colonel and Brig. General. This regiment was composed of men drafted in October 1862 for nine months service. Its service was principally in North Carolina. His company’s first engagement was at “Deserted House” near Blackwater, VA and also skirmished at Hills Point and Blount’s Creek. In 1862 (Dec.) they went with Gen. Spinola’s brigade from Suffolk, VA to New Berne, NC. They marched to the Chowan River in three days and took transports from there to New Berne. The first night out after a hard days’ march they camped in a plantation of 1500 acres, after fording a stream 1/8 of a mile wide and breast deep. The plantation had 100 acres of standing corn, which served as food for the horses and mules and the stalks for fires. The next morning there was not a rod of fence rails or a stalk of corn remaining. STEPHEN WARTERS joined Gen. Mansfield Post No. 48 on Apr. 25th 1896. SIGNED BY H. C. Bailey, Commander. – GAR48 p.51

J.H. Washburn

J.H. Washburn born in Tompkins County, NY. Enlisted Aug. 8, 1864 as a private in 143rd NY Vol. Infantry and was honorably discharged Aug. 8, 1865. The regiment took part in the siege of Suffolk, Providence Church Road, Chattanooga, Missionary Ridge, Kenesaw Mt., Peach Tree Creek, Atlanta, Sherman’s Savannah Campaign, March to the Sea, and others.

J. H. WASHBURN was born in Tompkins County, New York. He enlisted August 8th 1864 as a private in 143rd NY Vol. Infantry and was honorably discharged August 8th 1865. His regiment was recruited in Sullivan County, NY by John C. Holley and was organized at Monticello with David P. Dewitt as Colonel, and then mustered into the service for three years on Oct. 8th 1862. Horace Boughton also served as Colonel and Joseph B. Taft and Hezekiah Watkins as Lt. Colonel, John Higgins was Major. It took part in the following battles and engagements, Siege of Suffolk, Providence Church Road, Button’s Bridge, Wauhatchie, Chattanooga and Rossville Campaign, Missionary Ridge, Resaca, Dallas, Ackworth, Kennesaw Mountain, Golgotha, Noe’s Creek, Culp's Farm, Peach Tree Creek, Atlanta, Gen. Sherman’s Savannah Campaign and “March to the Sea”, Robertsville, Lawtonville, Averasboro, Bentonville, Goldsboro, Aikens Creek, Bennett House. It lost during its service 6 officers and 215 enlisted men and the regiment was honorably discharged and mustered out July 20th 1865 near Washington, DC under its Colonel, Horace Boughton. – GAR48 p.100

D.C. Waters

D.C. Waters, born the 26th day of April 1842 at Truxton, NY. He enlisted Aug. 1, 1862 as a private in Co. H 12th NY Vol., and on Dec 9 of the same year was transferred to Mt. Pleasant Hospital, Washington, DC, where he filled the position of Hospital Steward until Aug. 1, 1862 when he joined Co. E 157th NY Vol. The following December he again transferred to Mt. Pleasant Hospital where he filled the position of acting assistant surgeon until discharged on Aug. 28, 1865. The 12th Regt. was recruited at Elmira, NY and participated in the following engagements: Bull Run, Hanover Court House, Antietam, Gaines Mills, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Wilderness, Gettysburg, and Spottsylvania.

DAVID C. WATERS was born the 26th day of April 1842 in Truxton, Cortland County, New York. He enlisted Aug. 1st 1862 as a private in Co. E, 157th NY Vol. Infantry and was honorably discharged July 18th 1865. He was enlisted in Co. “H” 12th NY Volunteers and on Dec. 9th of the same year was transferred to Mt Pleasant Hospital, Washington, DC, where he filled the positions of Hospital Steward until Aug. 1st 1862 when he joined Co. “E”, 157th NY Volunteers. The following December he was again transferred to Mr. Pleasant Hospital, where he filled the position of acting assistant surgeon until discharged on Aug. 28th 1865. (He first enlisted on May 9th 1861 in Co. “E”, 157th NY Vol., was recruited in Fall of 1862 and sent to Ft. Delaware where it was combined with recruits from the 156th Regiment) The 12th Regiment was organized at Elmira NY under Col. Ezra L. Waliath; Lt. Col. James L. Graham, Robert M. Richardson, Augustus I. Root, Majors, John Louis, Henry A. Barnum, Henry W. Ryder. Officers of Co. “H” were Captains, George W. Cole, George Truesdale, Peter Strauss, 1st Lts., Thomas Gaffney, John P. Stanton; 2nd Lts., Albert M. Wiborn, Charles S. Coon, George F. Baiten. They participated in the following battles, Bull Run, Hanover Court House, Gaines Mills, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Wilderness Spotsylvania. The 157th Regiment was organized under Col. Philip E. Brown, Jr. Sept. 19th 1862. They participated in the following battles, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Fort Sumter, Charleston Harbor and other engagements. They lost 9 officers and 194 enlisted men in service and were honorably discharged and mustered out July 10th 1865. – GAR48 p.95

Danforth H. Watkins

Danforth H. Watkins, born the 15th of October 1846 in Sullivan Township, enlisted at Elmira, NY on the 5th of September 1864 as a private in Co. K 15th NY Engineers. He served until the fall of the same year, when he was taken to City Point Hospital, Va., with camp fever and a severe cold, where he remained three weeks. His services consisted of such as pertains to an engineer corps, building fortifications, laying pontoons, etc. He was discharged June 29, 1865 at Elmira, NY owing to the close of the war. The reorganization of his regiment took place in Nov. 1864 and was completed by the addition of seven new comp0anies of which his Co. "K" was one and it was mustered in for one year. It took part in the Petersburg campaign in the Carolinas engagement at Wise Forks, NC, Bennett House, Va., the fall of Petersburg and was at Appomatox. The regiment, during its service, lost 3 officers and 129 enlisted men. The Colonels were: John M. Murphy, Clinton G. Colgate, and Wesley Brainerd. Company Captains were James Flood, Hanry Lapradle, Servell Sargeant, Michael J. Hogan, and Theodore W. Ryding. Danforth H. Watkins joined Gen. Mansfield Post No. 48 on Nov. 18, 1889.

DANFORTH H. WATKINS was born the 15th day of October 1846 in Sullivan Township, Tioga County, Pennsylvania. He enlisted at Elmira, NY, Sept. 5th 1864 as a private in Co. K, 15th NY Engineers. He served until the fall of the same year, when he was taken to City Point Hospital, VA with camp fever and a severe cold, where he remained three weeks. His services consisted of such as pertains to an engineer corps, building fortifications, laying pontoons, etc. He was discharged June 29th 1865 at Elmira, NY owing to the close of the war. The reorganization of his regiment took place in Nov. 1864 and was completed by the addition of seven new companies of which his Company “K” was one, and it was mustered in for one year. It took part in the Petersburg Campaign, was at Fort Fisher, the Campaign in the Carolinas, engagements as Wise Forks, NC, Bennett House, VA, the fall of Petersburg and was at Appomattox. The regiment during its service lost 3 officers and one hundred twenty-nine enlisted men. The Colonels were, John M. Murphy, Clinton G. Colgate, Wesley Brainard; of the company the Captains were James Dodd, Henry Lapradle; Service Sergeant, Michael J. Hogan, Theodore W. Ryding; 1st Lts. Were Augustus P. Greene, George Murphy, James Laird; 2nd Lts. John H. Davis, Samuel Bowder.  DANFORTH H. WATKINS joined Gen. Mansfield Post No. 48 on Nov. 18th 1889. SIGNED BY H. C. Bailey, Commander. – GAR48 p.50

Solomon L. Wood

Solomon L. Wood born in 1838 in Sullivan Township enlisted Oct. 16, 1862 as a private in Co. C. 171st Pa. Volunteer Infantry. In April 1863 he was detailed at Little Washington, NC as an attendant and wardmaster in the general hospital. His services consisted of scouting, skirmishing, guard and garrison duty. He was honorably discharged Aug. 8, 1863 at Harrisburg after nine months of service. He was part of a recruiting program in Tioga County of men drafted for nine months service. The Captain of Wood’s Company was William B. Hall of Mansfield. Robert C. Cox was the regiment’s major, also from Mansfield. The Brigade of which Wood belonged was engaged mainly in N. Carolina. S.L. Wood joined Gen. Mansfield Post No. 48, GAR in 1885. He served as its chaplain for 10 years.

SOLOMON L. WOOD was born the 16th day of May 1838 in Sullivan Township, Tioga County, Pennsylvania. He enlisted at Wellsboro, PA, Oct. 16th 1862 as a private in Co. C, 171st PA Volunteer Infantry. In April 1863 he was detailed at Little Washington, NC as an attendant and ward master in general hospital. His services consisted of scouting, skirmishing, guard and garrison duty. He was honorably discharged Aug. 8th 1863 at Harrisburg, PA. His company had as its Captain, William B. Hall of Mansfield, PA, and it was part of a regiment composed of men drafted in October 1862 for nine months service. Its Colonel was Everard Bierer of Fayette County, Theophilus Humphrey of Bradford County its Lt. Colonel, and Robert C. Cox of Tioga County its Major. Its service was principally in North Carolina. His company’s first engagement was at “Deserted House” near Blackwater VA and they were in skirmishes at Hill Point and Blounts Creek. The first day out on the march to New Berne NC from Suffolk VA they forded a river 1/8 of a mile wide and breast high and then encamped for the night on a plantation comprising 1500 acres, 100 acres consisting of standing corn. That night the corn served as food for the horses and mules and the stalks were used on the fires along with the fence rails. In the morning not a rod of fence or a stalk of corn was left standing on the plantation, it was swept clean. SOLOMON L. WOOD joined Gen. Mansfield Post No. 48 on Feb. 27th 1885 and held the offices of Chaplain. SIGNED BY H.C. Bailey, Adjutant & W.H. Colony, Commander. – GAR48 p.49

William Woodhouse

William Woodhouse was born in Chemung Co., NY. He enlisted May 16, 1861 as a private in Co. F. 23rd NY and was honorably discharged May 16, 1863. This regiment was known as the Southern Tier Regiment or Southern Tier Rifles.

WILLIAM WOODHOUSE was born in Chemung County, New York. He enlisted May 16th 1861 (Civil War records states age at 25 years) as a private in Co. F, 23rd NY Infantry and was honorably discharged May 16th 1863. This regiment under Col. Henry C. Hoffman was organized at Elmira NY and there mustered into the service for two years on July 2nd 1861. The Major was William M. Gregg and the Lt. Colonel was Nirom M. Crane. The officers of Company “F” were Captain, William W. Dingeldy; 1st. Lts. Melville C. Wilkinson and Samuel N. Benedict; 2nd Lt. Was James W. Bowker. They  participated in the following battles and engagements, Near Falls Church, Ball’s Cross Roads, Munson’s Hill, Bowling Green Road, Orange Court House, Gen. Pope’s Campaign in Virginia, Rappahannock River, Sulphur Springs, Gainesville, Bull Run, Fairfax Court House, South Mountain, Antietam, Fredericksburg. During its service the regiment lost 2 officers and 70 enlisted men, a total of 72. They were honorably discharged and mustered out at Elmira, NY under Colonel Hoffman on May 22nd 1863. The three-year men in the regiment, a few in Company “B” were transferred to the 80th NY Volunteers May 29th 1863. The regiment was known as the Southern Tier Regiment or Southern Tier Rifles. – GAR49 p.129

A Note on Stones River

At the Battle of Stones River, Tennessee, in January 1863, The Federal infantry in three days exhausted over 2,000,000 rounds of ammunition, and the artillery fired 20,307 rounds. The total weights of the projectiles was in excess of 375,000 pounds.