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Mansfield's Soldiers' Orphans' School

Soldiers' Orphans' School
Pennsylvania’s Soldiers’ Orphan Schools,

Giving A Brief Account of the Origin of the Late Civil War, the Rise and Progress of the Orphan System, and Legislative Enactments Relating Thereto; with Brief Sketches and Engravings of the Several Institutions, with Names of Pupils Subjoined.
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“God is pleased with no music below so much as the thanksgiving songs of relieved widows, of supported orphans.”  --Jeremy Taylor.
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by James Laughery Paul,

Chief Clerk of the Department of Soldiers’ Orphan Schools, Harrisburg, Penna.

Illustrated by Frederick Faas.

Third Edition.

Harrisburg: Lane S. Hart, 18, 20 & 22 South Third St.

1877.



Contents

Part I.

Chapter I.

The Conflict which Terminated in the War that made the Children Fatherless.

Pennsylvania's Thank-offering – Slavery in the Colonies – First Continental Congress, 1774 – Carpenters' Hall – Articles of Confederation – Address to the American People – Congress of 1776 – The First Compromise with Slavery – The Expunged Charge against the Repudiated King – Articles of Confederation of 1781 – Constitution Adopted, 1789 – Concessions to Slavery – Slavery Excluded from the North-west Territory – Louisiana Purchase, 1803 – Slave Market – Missouri Admitted, 1820 – A Compromise – Texas Packed – War of Conquest with Mexico – Wilmot Proviso – Gold Discovered in California, 1848 – Compromise, 1850 – Anti-Slavery Organizations – Repeal of the Missouri Compromise – Kansas-Nebraska Act – Civil War Kindled – Republican Party Organized – Buchanan's Presidency – Presidential Contest, 1860 – Abraham Lincoln Elected – Southern Confederacy – Lincoln Inaugurated – Fort Sumter – Civil War Begun – "Battle-Hymn" – Sacrifices of the War – Its Gains . . . . . . 17-28

Chapter II.

The "War Governor" and "Soldiers' Friend."

Andrew G. Curtin, Governor of Pennsylvania, During the Civil War – His Responsibility – His Devotion to the Union – His Care for the Soldiers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29-30

ix

Chapter III.

A Special Providence and the Pennsylvania Railroad Company.

Thanksgiving – Soldiers' Orphans Ask for Food – A Meeting in the Academy of Music, Philadelphia – Governor Curtin Pleads for the Orphans of Soldiers – Patriotic Meeting in Pittsburgh in July, 1862 – The Pennsylvania Railroad Company Proffers $50,000 . . . . . . . . . . 31-34

Chapter IV.

The Rejected Stone.

The First Official Document – The First Attempt to Frame a Law to Establish Schools – Dr. Wickersham's Bill – Special Message of the Governor – The Debate – Wells' Substitute – The Original Bill and Substitute Fall – Act of 1864 – The Ingratitude of Legislators . . 35-43

Chapter V.

The System Organized.

Dr. Burrowes appointed Superintendent – His Fitness – Plan under Act of 1864 – Office Opened, and Books and Blank Forms Originated – Blank Form of Application for Admission – Homes for the Younger Children – Difficulties in Finding Institutions for the Older Children – Pioneer Institutions – Committees of Superintendence appointed – The Mothers' Prejudices – Religion – Superintendent's First Report – The Foundation Laid . . . 44-53

Chapter VI.

The System Imperilled.

Message of the Governor – Encouraging Words – Negley's Bill – Purposes to Abolish the Schools, and give the Orphans into the Care of the Officers of the Common Schools - $30 a year – Proposed Amendments – Bill Passes the House – Bill goes to the Senate – Remarks of Senators Worthington, Wallace, and Clymer – It Passes the Senate with Important Amendments – Committee of Conference – Act of 1865 - $75,000 Appropriated – Demand for more Schools – Results . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54-60

Chapter VII.

The System Saved by the Orphans.

Discouragements – Governor's Message – McAfee's Bill – Warm Discussion – Passes the House – Destruction of the System Threatened – Visit of the Children to the Capitol – Dr. Burrowes Explains – Songs and Recitations – Speech of Governor Curtin – Children and Teachers in Executive Chamber – Children in Court-House – Hospitality of the Citizens – McAfee's Bill Falls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61-76

Chapter VIII.

Additional Officers Appointed.

Amos Row, Examiner – Wm. L. Bear, Inspector . . . . . . . . . . . 77, 78

Chapter IX.

The Officers and Principals in Council.

Industrial Feature Discussed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79

Chapter X.

A Trip to Philadelphia – The Orphans and the Battle Flags.

Schools Participating – Society of the Cincinnati – Flags for Pennsylvania Regiments – Fourth of July, 1866 – Formal Return of the Flags – Enthusiasm – General Meade's Address – Governor Curtin's Reply – The Enviable Lot of the Fatherless . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80-89

Chapter XI.

Instructions Issued to the Principals.

School-room Duties to have Precedence – Every Pupil to have an Equal Chance – Early Rising Condemned – Rest, Play, Exercise – Corporal Punishment – Distribution of Time – Time; Rise; Eat; School; Worship – Rules for the School-room – Duties of the Principal Teacher – To Instruct; To Send out Classes; Receive Reports from Class Examiner, etc. – Pupils not allowed Text-books out of School Hours – Few Studies – Topical Study – General Reading – Dictionaries, Cyclopedias, etc. – Duties of Class Examiner – Number of Pupils, Teachers, and Class-rooms – Programme – Work Details – Comfort – Labor – Employees – Rules for Order, Neatness, and Work – Wednesday Inspection – Food – Clothing – Inspection of New Pupils, and Care of Sick – Religious Instruction and Worship – Sunday Observances – Home Correspondence –

Visits of Mothers – Vacations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90-107

Chapter XII.

The Results at the Close of the Year 1866.

More Schools Established – Results Tabulated . . . . . . . . . . 108, 109

Chapter XIII.

The Rejected Stone Becomes the Head of the Corner.

The System Recognized by Statutory Law – Law of 1867 – In Sympathy with Established Plan – Dr. Burrowes' Success – His Tenure of Office Expires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110-114

Chapter XIV.

The Trust in New Hands.

John White Geary – Extracts from his Annual Messages – Appointments – George Fisher McFarland – Columbus Cornforth – Mrs. E. W. Hutter – John Dickie Shryock – James L. Paul – Edmund R. Sutton . . . . . . . . 115-121

Chapter XV.

The System Settled, and Its Difficulties.

Deficit – Rates Reduced – Schools Crowded – System not Perfected – Colored Soldier's Orphans – A Circular – More Schools Established – Forms for Reports – Weekly; Monthly; Annual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122-130

Chapter XVI.

Education and Training.

Graded Course of Study – Annual Examinations – Industrial Instruction – Religious Training . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131-134

Chapter XVII.

Loans and Taxation.

Act of 1868 and Supplement – Schools Receiving Loans – Exempt from Taxation – The Act – Supplement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135-137

Chapter XVIII.

The Trust Confided to the Superintendent of Public Instruction.

Superintendent Wickersham Calls a Meeting of Principals – Inspection Report – Diploma – Course of Study Modified – Change in the Manner of Supplying Clothing – Rates per Annum per Pupil allowed by the State – Cost of Clothing – Manner of Keeping Accounts – Wood-cuts of Orphans – Dress Described . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138-146

Chapter XIX.

John Frederick Hartranft.

He Commands in more than a Score of Battles – Complimented by the Government – The Soldiers' Orphans at his First Inaugural – The Institutions Participating – His Words of Encouragement to them – Extracts from his State Papers – His Second Inaugural . . . . . . . . . . . 147-149

Chapter XX.

Grand Army of the Republic.

Their Sympathy and Services to the Orphans – Normal School Training Secured through them – Other Advantages Secured – Kindness and Timely Aid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150-153

Chapter XXI.

Inside View.

Scholastic Training and Systematic Labor – Extract from Inspector Cornforth's Report of 1864 – Harmonious Working of the Industrial Departments and the School-room – Programme – Home Comforts and Privileges – Good Health of the Children – Culture and Education – Elevating Influences of the Schools upon Society – Conclusion . . . . . . . 154-160

Part II.

Schools, Homes, and Asylums.
 
 
PAGES
Bird's-eye View of Pennsylvania's Soldiers' Orphan Schools.
163-167
Northern Home for Friendless Children, and Soldiers' and Sailors' Orphan Institute
169-188
Paradise School
189-195
McAlisterville School
196-213
Quakertown School
214-219
Mount Joy School
220-238
Emmaus Orphan House
239-241
Dayton School
242-255
Orangeville School
256-264
Harford School
265-277
North Sewickley School
278-282
Cassville School
283-299
Soldiers' Orphan Home
300-303
Phillipsburgh School
304-319
Jacksonville School
320-325
Uniontown School
326-338
St. Paul's Roman Catholic Orphan Asylum
339-340
Protestant Orphan Asylum of Pittsburgh and Allegheny
341-348
Church Home Association
349,350
White Hall School
351-365
The Orphans' Home, Germantown
366-369
Andersonburg School
370-375
Pittsburgh and Allegheny Home for the Friendless
376-379
Lincoln Institution
380-389
Educational Home
390-395
Titusville School
396-408
Chester Springs School
409-424
The Home for Friendless Children, for the Borough of Wilkesbarre and the County of Luzerne
425-430
Church Home for Children (Episcopal), Angora, Philadelphia
431-437
St. James' Orphan Asylum
438
Bridgewater School
439-446
Bethany Orphans' Home (Womelsdorf)
447-450
Tressler Orphans' Home
451-458
Home for Friendless Children for the City and County of Lancaster
459-465
Mercer School
466-479
Mansfield School
480-492
Industrial School
493,494
Butler Orphan Home
495-499
St. John's Orphan Asylum
500-502
Catholic Home
503,504
St. Vincent's College
505-510
Orphans' Home
511
"Children's Home," of York
512-515
St. Vincent's Orphan Asylum
516,517
Orphan's Farm School
518
Nazareth Hall
518
Pennsylvania Training-school for Feeble-minded Children
518,519
Out-door Relief
520

Illustrations.
 
State Capitol, Harrisburg Frontispiece.
James L. Paul Facing Page 17
Andrew G. Curtin " " 29
Thomas H. Burrowes " " 44
John W. Geary " " 115
George F. McFarland " " 116
Columbus Cornforth " " 117
Mrs. Elizabeth E. Hutter " " 118
James P. Wickersham " " 138
John F. Hartranft " " 147
Northern Home for Friendless Children " " 169
MacGregor J. Mitcheson " " 171
E. W. Hutter " " 172
Soldiers' Orphan Institute " " 173
John W. Claghorn " " 175
McAlisterville School " " 196
Mount Joy School " " 220
Dayton School " " 242
Harford School " " 265
Cassville School " " 283
Phillipsburgh School (Front View) " " 304
Phillipsburgh School (South Side) " " 305
Uniontown School " " 326
Protestant Orphan Asylum of Pittsburgh and Allegheny " " 341
White Hall School " " 351
Andersonburg School " " 370
Lincoln Institution " " 380
Gen. George G. Meade " " 382
Educational Home " " 390
Chester Springs School " " 409
Church Home for Children (Episcopal), Angora, Philadelphia " " 431
Bridgewater School " " 439
Tressler Orphans' Home " " 451
Mercer School " " 466
Mansfield School " " 480
St. Paul's Orphan Home, Butler " " 495
St. Vincent's Abbey and College " " 505
Children's Home, York " " 512