Bradford County PA
Chemung County NY
Tioga County PA
Tri-Counties Genealogy & History by Joyce M. Tice
Passenger Pigeon in Pennsylvania, J.C. French, 1919
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Passenger Pigeon by J. C. French - Table of Contents
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Submitted by & ReTyped for Tri-Counties by Marion Scherer,
a descendant of the author.
At left, the young, male and female of this extinct species
As Genealogists and Local Historians we need also to understand the role of the flora and fauna of our area on the lives of our ancestors. They did not live separately from their natural world, any more than we do. There are many references in these chapters to events in our Tioga and Bradford Counties. 
The Passenger Pigeon
In Pennsylvania
Its Remarkable History, Habits and Extinction, with
Interesting Side Lights on the Folk and
Forest Lore of the Alleghenian
Region of the old Keystone State


John C. French

Roulette, Potter County, Pa.,

With Chapters by
Samuel N. Rhoads, author of “Mammals of Pennsylvania
And New Jersey”, Dr. B.H. Warren, author of “The Birds of
Pennsylvania”, Henry W. Shoemaker, Litt. D., Charles H.
Eldon, James V. Bennett, John H. Chatham, and others.

The Wild Pigeons on Leaving us Repair to Some Undiscovered
Satellite Accompanying the Earth at a Near Distance.”
- Cotton Mather.

Altoona, Pennsylvania
Published by the Altoona Tribune Company
Copyright:  All Right Reserved

Table of Contents

PREFACE Dedication and Introductory Preface
CHAPTER I Retrospective Lore and Legend-Characteristics, Habitat and Description
CHAPTER II Customs, Flights and Nesting Grounds – Last Appearance, Of Noted Birds in the Central Hardwood Belt
CHAPTER III Development, Food and Decline 
Shooting and Netting the Birds
CHAPTER IV In Pennsylvania and Elsewhere 
A Tale of Reliable Observations by John Lyman, a Pioneer
CHAPTER V Observations in the Susquehanna Valley, Told by a Pioneer Octogenarian – Reveries and Reflections
CHAPTER VI Some Kentucky Observations, by Alexander Wilson
Vivid description of Sacred Pigeon Dance by the Indian Wolf Hunter Dan Gleason
CHAPTER VII Comments of an Eminent Observer 
John J. Audubon, in Kentucky 
The Green River Nestings
CHAPTER VIII The Romance of Numbers and Testimony of Living Men as to Reality of the Figures Considered Marvelous
CHAPTER IX The Rate of Reproduction and Decline
Passing of the Beech Forests
Indian Legend of Hopah, the Pigeon
CHAPTER X Nesting Cities and Extinction of This Bird
Comments of a Forester on Signs of an Approaching Nesting
CHAPTER XI Present Day Economics and Influence As Food Supply
Sketch of Indian and Pioneer Life
CHAPTER XII Some Information About their Characteristics, Classification and Peculiarities – Ornithology
CHAPTER XIII  Other American Varieties Also Noticed
Development from Egg Observed and Given a Careful Analysis
CHAPTER XIV Some Adaptable Foreign Varieties
Structure and Mode of Flight
Process of Netting the Adult Birds
CHAPTER XV Their Prehistoric Environment
Results and Examples of Conjecture, Investigation and Imagination
The Solution
CHAPTER XVI An Observer’s Recollection of the Passenger Pigeon, Once So Numerous, Now Extinct
From Potter County Journal, October 21, 1903 By Edwin Haskell
CHAPTER XVII Our Forest Followed the Passenger Pigeons
Rise, Activity and Decline of a Hemlock Lumber Town in Pennsylvania – Cross Forks
From Munsey’s Magazine (Abridged.)
CHAPTER XVIII More About The Passenger Pigeon (From the Pennsylvania Sportsman, Scranton, Pa.)
By R.P. Robinson Member of Wilkes-Barre Camp No. 103
CHAPTER XX The Bingham Estate
Story of the Original Owners of Large Tracts of Land in Potter and Adjoining Counties.
Written by Mahlon J. Colcord (From the Potter County Journal)
CHAPTER XXI Romances of An Old Forest Road Once Used by the Marquis de Lafayette
(The First Natural Gas Well) (By John C. French)
CHAPTER XXII The Indian Marathon March of Captain Titus (From Olean Evening Times, John C. French)
CHAPTER XXIII From Forest Lore and Observations
Conservation and Desolation (Written by John C. French)
CHAPTER XXIV A Hit From the Shoulder. The Other Side of the Question. Why Forests Were Destroyed (By an Old Forester)
CHAPTER XXV Biographical Outlines
CHAPTER XXVI Biographical Data of Otis J.P. Lyman, A Pioneer of Potter County, Pennsylvania
With Story of Taking Pigeons For New York Market  (By John C. French)
CHAPTER XXVII The Passenger Pigeon: Its Last Phase By Henry W. Shoemaker
CHAPTER XXVIII Last Survivor of Wild Pigeons Dead. Martha, Captive in Cincinnati Zoo, Survived Loss of Mate Just Four Years – Lived to be 29 Years Old. New York, September 13, 1914
CHAPTER XXIX What Exterminated the Passenger Pigeon?  The True Story, Related by One of the Most Famous Pigeon Trappers in America – C.W. Dickinson  (From the Altoona Tribune)
CHAPTER XXX Flight of Pigeons
Frank Kiess Owns Net in Which He Caught Hundreds of Birds
James V. Bennett, Pigeoneer
CHAPTER XXXI How the Passenger Pigeon Came to an Untimely End, By Dr. B.H. Warren
CHAPTER XXXII Pigeon Flocks in Wisconsin. Supposedly Extinct Wild Variety Hover Over Different Sections
CHAPTER XXXIII The Dove Not A Peace Bird
CHAPTER XXXIV Stray Passenger Pigeons Reported by a Rochester Observer Familiar With the Birds (From the New York Sun, January, 1919.)
CHAPTER XXXV Wild Pigeon Hunter a Kidnapper. Dying Confession Clears Mystery of Forty Years
Congratulations to site guest and contributor, Marion Scherer, who typed THE WHOLE THING. Thank you Marion from all of us. Marion is Great Grandaughter of the author. They are deccended from the French line of Middlebury Township in Tioga County PA. Dear Joyce, Fait accompli!! Or as they say in the south "TA DAH." 
Attached are the two final chapters in the Passenger Pigeon book. 
I hope that you and the site guests enjoy the book.
Regards, Marion
10 FEB 2005

Dear Joyce and Friends,

Thank you so much for typing the JC French collection for use on the web. A great contribution to active investigation of the Passenger Pigeon. Perhaps the Portsmouth, Ohio specimen mounted under glass will be an addition to your list of extant specimens. From my bird research log:

June 3, 1996, Portsmouth, OH Public Library, Local History Room. I have seen the mounted specimen here during my researches. The specimen is in a display case with a free standing placard (about 4x8 inches) that says, “The Last Passenger Pigeon seen in Scioto County Killed about 1882 on Offnere St. Hill by Arthur H. Bannon Presented by Henry T. Bannon.”

Tom Bain

First Added to the Site  on 23 JULY 2001
By Joyce M. Tice

You are the  visitor to the Passenger Pigeon Book 
in the Tri-County Online Library 
since the counter was installed on 23 JULY 2001

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.Published On Tri-Counties Site On 7/23/2001
By Joyce M. Tice