Bradford County PA
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Smithfield Township, Bradford County PA
Fannie Gerould Diary 1881 - Part One
Diary: Fannie Gerould
Township: Smithfield, Bradford County PA
Year: 1881 January to April
Submitted by Ruth Walton
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1878 Part One 1878 Part Two 1881 Part One 1881 Part Two

House belonged to Fannie's Uncle
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Subj:  Diaries of Fannie Hale Gerould, 1878 and 1881
Date:  5/18/2002 3:52:01 PM Eastern Daylight Time
From:    ruthwalton@earthlink.net (Ruth Walton)
To:    JoyceTice@aol.com (Joyce Tice)

Book One of Fannie¹s diaries covers the year of 1878. Fannie kept Book Two from January 1 to August 22, 1881.

In 1878 twenty-year-old Fannie Hale Gerould lives in the village of East Smithfield in Bradford County, Pennsylvania, with her mother, Almira
(Campbell) Gerould, two younger sisters, Addie and Minnie, and two younger

brothers, Ernest and Fred. Fannie¹s father, James Orville Gerould, died two years earlier in1876. Almira works as a seamstress, Fannie teaches school and Addie works as a housekeeper for various families in East Smithfield and Waverly. The boys are beginning to ³hire out² to some of the relatives and neighborhood farmers. They live in what can almost be called ³Gerould country,² for they are surrounded by Gerould (and Campbell) aunts, uncles, cousins, and allied families in the village, the township, and most of the county. For reasons Fannie never explains, her mother rents out their East Smithfield house mid-year and moves the family to Waverly, which lies on the Pennsylvania-New York border.

Fannie teaches school in three-month terms (with one-month vacations in between), boarding in the homes of her pupils during the week, usually a
different home each week, and going home to East Smithfield or Waverly on the weekends. Her school during 1878 is the Arnold School in Laurel Hill District No. 12, located a few miles north and east of East Smithfield. She is well read, attends the teachers¹ academy and studies hard to earn her teaching certificates. At one point in late 1878 she takes time off for a while to learn the dressmaking trade under the tutelage of Mrs. Harriet
Campbell, who owns a dressmakers shop in Waverly.

If Fannie Gerould kept diaries in 1879 and 1880, they have disappeared sometime over the years, for Book Two begins on January 1, 1881. Fannie and her family have moved back to East Smithfield sometime in the past two years. Fannie now teaches the school ³down in Keeler holler,² as she says, in Keeler School District No. 11. This school lies close to the New York state border and is just a few miles north of Fannie¹s 1878 school. In fact, she even boards with some of the same families she boarded with at her former school. Fannie¹s diary entries each day begin (as they did in 1878) with a faithful and detailed account of the weather that day. As in 1878, she is amazingly matter-of-fact, and uninformative, about the events of her school days, mostly saying that the day went by pleasantly and usually recording how many scholars she had that day.

Fannie still has a keen interest in the social events of the village and school district life. She remains very much involved in the events of
family, neighborhood and church life. Frank Flood, with whom she had "an understanding" gets no mention this year. Now Fannie is keeping steady company with Charley Brainard, twenty-two year old farmer in the Keeler Hollow neighborhood. She makes the last entry in her diary on August 22nd, a regrettable fact from the standpoint of the reader, but understandable in light of all she is doing to prepare for her wedding on October 16th, 1881. On that date, Fannie Hale Gerould and Charley Brainard are married in a double wedding with her sister, Addie, and Charley Curtis.

Fannie and Charley Brainard will be married more than forty-four years, and will have two daughters, Agnes and Grace, neither of whom, apparently, marries.


Book 2

The Empire State DIARY

1881

Published for the Trade

Written on the flyleaf: "Jan. 14. Donation from Arthur Tilden to Fannie Gerould"

Saturday, January 1

Quite cold weather though the sun shone part of the day but did not thaw any. Good wheeling yet though some sleighs to be seen for nearly the first this winter. I watched the New Year in last night so do not feel any too good or ambitious today. I helped Ma some to do her stant [start??] of sewing. We had oysters for dinner and guess I eat too many. Willer Gerould was married today, down to Mr. Encil’s, to Miss Emma Pickam. We all staid at home all day and evening and I retired early at night for a change feeling somewhat tired and sleepy.

Sunday, January 2

Pleasant weather and some cold but will do as it is not as bad as has been the past week. I arose not very early and prepared for church then went and heard Rev. Encil preach & staid to Sunday School and communion. Ma went to the funeral of Mr. Waldron’s child and Min. and I came home and found Minnie Squares here, a girl that is boarding with us, so we got the dinner.

Monday, January 3

Cloudy and not very cold looking this evening much like to storm. I arose about daylight and after breakfast prepared for school and waited a while finally went over and found the stage had gone and left me so had to get a ride to my school down in Keeler holler the best I could. I rode far as Mr. Wilcoxs with Jim and the rest of the way with H. Brigham. I did not get there until 10 o’clock. School passed of pleasantly after which I came up to Mr. Keelers where I intend boarding this week. I feel some tired tonight.

Tuesday, January 4

Cloudy all day and some chilly with occasionally a small snowstorm. I barely got around this morning to go to school at 9 o’clock by hurrying and preparing before breakfast. School passed of pleasantly with 5 scholars after which I came back to Mr. Keelers to stay overnight. In the evening I amused myself crocheying some and visiting the rest of the time. I read some in the Chautau. This evening and retired in good season feeling some tired and sleepy. It is beautiful moonlight evenings now. And looks like a storm.

Wednesday, January 5

It snowed quite a bit last night so much so that it was some deep this morning. Not very cold to what it has been. I did not arise until 8 A.M. and after breakfast Mr. Keeler went and took Gertie and I to school and came for us both Gertie at noon and me at night. School passed of pleasantly though lonesome for I had only 3 scholars in the forenoon and 2 in the afternoon. Mr. And Mrs. Shuart was visiting to Mr. Keelers and they staid during the evening hence I did not go to bed till nearly 10 o’clock. I did nothing during the evening except visit. Am some tired.

Thursday, January 6

Quite cold weather and cloudy most of the day. I arose about 8 o’clock this morning and after breakfast it having some more in the night, Gertie & I rode down to the school house with David Chamberlain who borrowed Mr. Keelers cutter. School passed of pleasantly with 4 scholars after which I came back to Mr. Keelers to stay over night. Quite bad walking in the snow and I felt some tired tonight. In the evening I undertook to crochey some but the light was so dim that I quit and visited more and played with the children some. I retired in good season.

Friday, January 7

It snowed some this morning and cleared of before noon and was pleasant though cold. I arose about 8 o’clock and eat breakfast at 1/2 past 8 then hurried to school and built the fire. School passed of pleasantly with 5 scholars today after which Joe Hubbard and Martha Marvin came for me to go over there and stay till Saturday night. They live on Deacon Plummers farm. And I went having a sleigh ride as they came in a sleigh. It was nearly dark when we got there. I had a good visit and some fun this evening.

Saturday, January 8

Clear and very cold & frosty. I did not arise to eat breakfast untill 1/2 past 8 A.M. and I slept with Martha Marvin last night. I visited hard as I could all day with Lib Joe and Mat enjoying myself very much. I crocheyed all the time however. I nearly froze some of the time and their stove smoked badly so we cried some. I rocked the baby to sleep this afternoon. I intended to go home this evening but Charleys horse kicked the cutter to pieces so I did not. He came over to Joe’s and spent the evening. We played dominoes and I beat 2 games out of 3. Nearly 12 when we retired.

Sunday, January 9

Cloudy this morning and quite cold as usual this winter. It snowed all this evening since about 5 P.M. I arose this morning about 6 o’clock as Joe and Lib have to do so in order to reach church on time. They pulled Martha and I out of bed for fun. I came home and stayed here all day. Martha staid with me during morning service and took care of Lib’s baby. Minnie Squares was here all day not going home last Friday night. I wrote in Mina Wilcox’s Autograph Album. Charley B. came just at dark and staid during the evening. I shall sleep with Mother tonight.

Monday, January 10

It snowed very hard this morning and untill nearly noon commencing in the night. Not very cold today. I arose about 6 A.M. and prepared for school before breakfast and after same Mr. Joralemon came for me and I started. He took me to the door of the school house. I had quite an extensive time building a fire it having snowed into the chimney and the stove smoked terribly. Only 4 scholars today on account of storm. Although school passed of pleasantly after which I went to Henry Gates where I intend boarding this week. I had a very pleasant visit during the evening.

Tuesday, January 11

It snowed a little this morning then cleared of and thawed a very little where the sun shone and the wind did not blow. Wind blew quite coldly. School passed of very pleasantly with 6 scholars. I built my own fire this morning as usual and arose and eat breakfast at 6 A.M. I had time to crochey a while before going to school. After school I came back to Mr. Henry Gates to stay over night. I had a very pleasant visit with them during the evening. Also read some in the Church History and crocheyed the rest of the time. I retired about 9 P.M.

Wednesday, January 12

Quite pleasant and cold part of the day and cloudy the rest of the time. I nearly froze trying to keep fire at the school room with gum wood. School passed of pleasantly after which I came back to Mr. Henry Gates and after tea He and Addie also myself went up to see Mr. Eddie Webb and wife having a very pleasant time and sleigh ride we returned about midnight. I feel some tire and sleepy so as soon as possible I piloted myself of to bed to rest. Mrs. Gates sit up until we came back so we had a good fire to warm by. Quite coldish this evening.

Thursday, January 13

Quite pleasant all day sun shining all day and thawing some. Just splendid sleighing yet. The air warm tonight and cunning [?] like a storm. I did not arise this morning untill daylight for a wonder and feel some sleepy yet. School passed of about as usual with 6 scholars. After which Charley B. came for me and we went home and took tea with Mrs. Gerould. Afterwards I prepared myself and then went to Rev. Tilden’s donation at the hotel. I did not feel very well so we did not stay very late. I went to Mr. and Mrs. Keelers and stayed over night. Reached there at 12.

Friday, January 14

It snowed quite briskly this morning and untill about 1 o’clock P.M. then grew cold and the wind piled up the snow some. I got quite cold coming home tonight. I did not arise this morning very early. Barely got to school in time. I had all of 6 scholars today. But school passed of pleasantly after which I went to Mr. Henry Gates and stayed a while finally getting a chance to ride home with Will Hamilton. I found Ma sick. Arthur was here a while. Mr. Harkness, aged 87 years, was buried here today. Ma and I are staying alone tonight or this evening rather.

Saturday, January 15

Cloudy all day and quite cold especially early this morning. It looks some like a storm tonight and splendid sleighing already. I slept upstairs alone last night and until 8 o’clock A.M. then arose and done a little of the Saturday’s work. Uncle Lantie Aunt Carrie Libbie Campbell and Arthur Tilden were here part of the day. After they were gone Arthur came back with horse & cutter and took Minnie & I a sleighriding over to Grandma to take supper with Carrie. We came back and went to church and heard Rev. Encil. There was two confessions tonight. Another one of Mr. Waldren’s children died.

Sunday, January 16

Cloudy most of the day sun shining a little just at noon. Good sleighing and quite cool growing warmer towards night. I arose about 9 A.M. and prepared for church before eating breakfast after which I went to church and heard Rev. Encil and stayed to S. S. & communion then came back home and got dinner for company. Mr. and Mrs. Griswold and Minnie Squares was here for dinner. Charley B. came here this P.M. and we went to church to hear Rev. Encil this evening. There was 4 went forward this evening and 2 this morning. I am tired and sleepy tonight.

Monday, January 17

Cloudy day and looked all morning some like a storm. I arose in good season and awoke the girls to prepare breakfast while I got ready to go to school. I slept with Ma last night. About 8 o’clock Mr. Joralemon came for me and I started for Keeler hollow. Mrs. Campbell rode down also. School passed of pleasantly with the addition of one new scholar, making the number present 7. After school I cam to Mr. Keelers where I intend boarding this week. Mr. and Mrs. Daniel Allen came there in the evening and shall remain over night.

Tuesday, January 18

Beautiful day, sun shone all day though did not thaw much the air being too cold. I arose in time to go to school and build a fire before quarter of nine. School passed of pleasantly after which I came back to Mr. Keelers and found Mrs. Keeler gone and Mrs. Scott got supper. I read "Cyrus" during the time. Also in the evening. Mrs. Keeler just returned at dark. I crocheyed some but spent most of my time reading. I retired early or about 9 P.M. feeling some "tired and sleepy too." Good sleighing.

Wednesday, January 19

Another beautiful day, sun shone all the time but not thawing any to speak of. I arose between 7 and 8 A.M. and had time to stay to family prayer and then went to school and built fire before 9 o’clock for a wonder. School passed of pleasantly after which I returned to Mr. Keelers. I found Mr. Joe Smiths people there and enjoyed the visit very much. This evening after they had gone I read a while in "Cyrus" and crocheyed some. I feel some nervous tonight and tired. I had quite a play spell with the children.

Thursday, January 20

Beautiful day sun shining all day and thawing very little where the wind did not blow. Good sleighing yet. I arose in good season for breakfast after which I hastened to school in order to build a fire before 9 o’clock. School passed of pleasantly with 7 scholars after which I returned to Mr. Keelers and found Mr. and Mrs. H. Keeler there. Quite an excitement to the Centre today a girl being kidnapped which parties wanted to get out of the way. I finished Cyrus tonight and retired in good season.

Friday, January 21

Stormy day, raining hailing and snowing alternately. Not very cold. I arose in good season & after breakfast I went to school through the rain getting wet some. Frank got the start of me and built a fire. School passed of with its usual program after which I returned to Mr. Keelers not getting a chance to go home. It is very hard walking there being a crust and snow on the top of that. I knit for Mrs. Keeler some this evening and crocheyed a little. I visited fast, had a good time.

Saturday, January 22

It snowed very hard all the morning and untill noon. Not very cold and cleared of before night. I did not arise untill about eight and after breakfast I took care of the children a spell then about 11 I came home in the stage. Mr. Webb was in same. I feel nearly sick. When I reached home I heard of Ernie’s confession. I done a few chores or what I could feeling as I did. Minnie Squares stayed out over Sunday. I did not go out this evening but stayed and read in Teachers Institute.

Sunday, January 23

Pleasant day – wind blew some cold from the north. Sun shone most of the time. I slept with Ma last night and this morning I did not arise very early. I did not feel any too well however I prepared for church and heard Bro. Encil, stayed to Sunday School and communion. Then came home and stayed there the rest of the time. Charley B. came here and stayed untill evening. My head ached fearfully this evening. Effie Blakeslee called and stayed a while. I feel some tired tonight.

Monday, January 24

Cloudy nearly all day and very cold as usual this winter. The snow is about 18 inches deep and good sleighing. I arose in good season and prepared for school before breakfast. I rode down there with Olie Joraleman he driving the stage. The fire was built when I got there, and most of the scholars there. School passed of pleasantly after which I went down to Mr. Dana Keelers where I intend boarding this week. I commenced reading Hypatia this evening. Crocheyed some and visited more. I retired about nine o’clock P.M. feeling some tired.

Turesday, January 25

Cloudy this morning and some cold. It cleared of for a while toward noon. I arose about 1/2 past 6 A.M. and eat breakfast then I read Hypatia a while before I went to school then went and built my fire. School passed of pleasantly after which I went down to Mr. Dana Keelers to stay over night. I read most of the time in Hypatia and crocheyed very little. The snow is quite deep and packed down so we walk and ride on nearly the top of same. I feel some tired so retired about nine P.M.

Wednesday, January 26

A beautiful morning though very cold and frosty. I arose before daylight and after breakfast I read Hypatia a while, then went to school and built my fire nearly freezing before it was done. School passed of pleasantly after which I returned to Mr. Dana Keelers to stay over night. I crocheyed some and read Hypatia all I could get a chance to. I rocked Johnny to sleep and visited some at the same time. The sun shone when I came home tonight and I came near being run over by a teem. An Irishman driving same. I retired in good season.

Thursday, January 27

Cloudy and very cold. It cleared of and the sun shone a while. I did not arise untill daylight and after breakfast prepared for school and went and built my fire so as to have the schoolroom warm. I nearly froze building same. School passed of very pleasantly after which I returned to Mr. Dana Keelers tonight and in a few moments after Etta Keeler and child came & remained to tea. After they went away we or I made molasses candy and had a good time also good luck. I retired at 9 P.M. feeling some tired and sleepy.

Friday, January 28

Cloudy and snowing some this morning but cleared of before night. Very cold and blustering all day and tonight the wind blew fearfully. I did not arise untill daylight after breakfast prepared and went to build my fire about 1/2 past 8. And I got very cold before same was done. School passed of very pleasantly and about 20 minutes before 4 P.M. Arthur Tilden came for me and I went home. Minnie Squares was there and this evening we made molasses candy and had a good time in general. We retired about 10 o’clock P.M.

Saturday, January 29

Cloudy about daylight and cleared of about 11 A.M. and was quite pleasant though not to thaw any. Ephrain Gerould died this morning. Minnie S. went away in the Wellsburg stage. So I arose at 6 A.M. to have an early breakfast. About 9 A.M. Arthur and I started for Waverly reaching Cousin Claries between 11 and 12, and stayed there to dinner. Addie came up and we went down town and back then prepared to come back home. We brought Cousin Clarie back with us and reached here about 7 P.M. Got our supper and then visited some and retired about 9 or after I think.

Sunday, January 30

Cloudy day and quite blustering this morning but grew milder towards night. I did not arise very early this morning and feeling tired for my ride yesterday I stayed at home all day untill evening. Cousin Clara and all of us did the sameand visited instead of reading as I should have done. Cousin Beebe called also Arthur Tilden. Just at night Charley Brainard came and I went to church with him and heard Bro. Encil preach. I sit up and visited with Cousin Clara a while. I shall sleep with Minnie again tonight.

Monday, January 31

Cloudy this morning and looking much like more snow but did not get any today. Considerably cold especially this morning. Ephraim Gerould was buried today and Miss Susie Child died this morning. I arose at daylight and prepared to return to my weeks work. I had hardly got ready when Joralemon came and I hurried some. Two other passengers. The scholars got there and had a fire when I got there. School passed of pleasantly after which I went to Mr. S. Burnside’s where I intend to board this week. Charley Brainard came and spent the evening.

Tuesday, February 1

The sun shone most of the day over the left for it snowed all day long and evening also quite cold for storm. I arose about 8 o’clock and started for school immediately after eating my breakfast in the storm. School passed of pleasantly for a stormy day after which I waded through the snow down to Mr. Burnside and found it hard walking and felt some tired. I read some in Hypatia and spent the rest of my evening playing French Eucher with Dominoes in company with the girls and their Uncle. I retired early feeling tired some. Rachel sleeps with me.

Wednesday, February 2

It tried hard to snow again this morning but finally concluded to clear of and be cold enough to freeze the hair of from a dog. The sun shone most of the day. School passed of as usual after which I returned to Mr. Burnsides and found Miss Mate Swart Miss Minnie Burnside there who remained to tea and stayed the evening. We improved our time well playing dominoes and French Eucher. Charley Burnside and George Chamberlain came and spent the evening joining with us in play. Quite late when I retired and some sleepy too. Rachel will sleep with me.

Thursday, February 3

Pleasant day. Sun shining most all day and cold though as usual this winter. I arose about the usual time and after breakfast prepared of to school which passed of pleasantly after which I returned to Mr. Burnside’s to stay over night. I nearly froze going down there. Mr. Joralemon brought me some papers to distribute to the scholars. I wrote in their autograph albums this evening for pleasure if I don’t care what I say. I shall retire in good season as I feel some tired. I read Hypatia a good deal.

Friday, February 4

Cloudy and looked some like a storm this morning, but finally cleared of and was very cold especially toward evening. I arose about daylight and after breakfast started for school which passed of pleasantly. There were 7 scholars there today. Charley Brainard came and took me home after school and we went up and came down the North road for pleasure and nearly froze by the means. Charley stayed to tea. Minnie went home with Minnie Squares to stay over Sunday. Ma and I had a good visit this evening and I read Hypatia some.

Saturday, February 5

Pleasant day though quite cold wind blowing quite strongly especially towards evening. It thawed a little about noon. We did not arise very early this morning but I improved my time well during the day – done some ironing and finished reading "Hypatia." Prof. Crawford called to sell me a writing chart. In the evening Aunt Etta called and stayed quite a spell. Ma and I have been alone most of the day. Ernest and Freddie being away to play. The snow is about 18 inches deep and good sleighing. I am some tired & sleepy.

Sunday, February 6

Pleasant day sun shining all the time and thawing more than has in a long time. The eaves run untill sundown then was frosty and a good rain this evening. I arose and after breakfast prepared for church. I went and heard Rev. Wells who filled Mr. Encil’s appointment. I stayed through all the services. Frank Squares came and brought the girls back and stayed to dinner. In the evening Charley and I went to the Methodist Church and heard Rev. Tilden deliver the monthly Temperance lecture.

Monday, February 7

Pleasant morning but it seemed smoky or cloudy before noon. It did not thaw any although it seemed comparatively warm for this winter. I arose about daylight and prepared to go to school. I rode down there with Mr. Joralemon and found a good fire when I reached there. School passed of pleasantly after which I went to Mr. Will Keelers where I intend boarding this week. I commenced reading Alexander this evening. Chicken pie for supper. I feel some tired.

Tuesday, February 8

Cloudy and mild weather. The south wind blew and rained some just at night. Snow settled quite rapidly and in the evening thawing still. I arose about daylight and after breakfast I crocheyed some before time to go to school. Then went and built my fire. School passed of pleasantly after which I came back to Mr. Will Keelers finding Mr. & Mrs. Frank Loomis and children there. I read some in Alexander then crocheyed most of the evening when I did not visit and hold Clarie. I retired about 1/2 past 8 feeling some tired.

Wednesday, February 9

Cloudy and warm some of the time raining. It thawed all day making very bad walking. Nearly like wading the creek in the evening. I arose about the usual time and after breakfast prepared for school. School passed of with its usual program after which I returned to Mr. Will Keelers to stay over night. After supper I prepared to go down to the party down to Tom Pierce’s with Charley and Etta and Will went also. It was just awful going. I had a present of a ring 1/2 past 1 when I returned.

Thursday, February 10

Cloudy morning and still thawing. It cleared of before night and has been terrible traveling. The snow nearly all turned into water. I did not arise very early this morning and after breakfast Mr. Keeler went and took me up to school the roads being so bad I could not walk there. I had only 2 scholars besides Clarie Keeler who went and stayed all day with me. Mr. Keeler came for us at night again. I busied myself crocheying this evening and retired early feeling sleepy well as tired.

Friday, February 11

Pleasant day the sun shining all day and seemed considerably like spring. The snow departing rapidly. It froze some last night. Mr. Keeler went and took me to school which passed of pleasantly with three scholars. About 1/2 past 3 in the afternoon Arthur & Addie came and so I closed school and came on home with them. We found Mrs. Demaris Weed and by here and Ma was making a dress for her. We had lively times after the Minnie’s came from school. Of course Arthur Tilden was here in the evening. I read some in Cyrus and Alexander.

Saturday, February 12

It rained untill about three o’clock P.M. then cleared of. Not very cold today and still thawing some untill evening it snowed a little about 9. I stayed at home all day ironing a little and choring around some. Addie was here and also Minnie Squires and we had high times on the old plantation, fooling etc. Arthur was here most of the time as a natural consequence Addie being here. I have a fearfully sore nose. Melissa’s lawsuit has been going on in Towanda the past week. A number bridges have been taken away with this freshet.

Sunday, February 13

Blustering and quite cold day. It snowed very little last night enough to blow today. I arose about 8 A.M. and did not attend church on account of my nose being so sore. Neither in the evening. Minnie Squires and I stayed home and in the evening Charley B. was here to stay with me. Rev. Wells of Leroy preached both morning and evening. Effie Blakeslee and Nellie Neuman called also Arthur Tilden was here. I shall sleep with Addie & Mother tonight. Nearly eleven when we retired; visiting some.

Monday, February 14

Very pleasant and quite cold this morning but grew warmer and thawed a little before night. The sun shone all day and set clear tonight. I did not arise untill daylight this morning and Joralemon came for me before I finished my breakfast. The stage was full this morning. I built my fire when I reached there. School passed of quite well after which I went home with Rachel Burnside where I intend boarding this week. In the evening we young folks went down to Mr. E. Wanners[?] and 12 o’clock when we returned. A beautiful evening.

Tuesday, February 15

Pleasant morning but cloudy before night. It seemed chilly although it thawed some. I arose 10 minutes before 8 & had to hurry some to reach school in time. The fire had been built when we got there and the scholars all present. School passed of pleasantly after which I returned to Mr. Burnsides. I washed out some handkerchiefs tonight. The stove to the S. house smoked terribly today especially this forenoon. I walked down to Mr. B’s part way on the crust. I read in the Chautauquan what time I had. Retired at 9 o’clock feeling tired.

Wednesday, February 16

Pleasant and quite warm this morning but before noon commenced growing cold and by evening very cold the wind blew so strongly. One or two snow squalls during the afternoon. I went and built my fire to the school house and the stove smoking so when Frank came we had David Chamberlain come and help take down the pipe and clean it out. It was 10 o’clock when we got around to commence school. School passed of pleasantly after which I came back to Mr. Burnsides to stay over night. They had gone to Athens and brought Mrs. Minier home with them who will sleep with me.

Thursday, February 17

Pleasant though chilly in the morning and moderating towards night, thawing considerable in the afternoon. I arose this morning not feeling any too well but made out to pilot myself to school and stayed untill 4 o’clock. The scholars were all there today. I have a stiff neck for a change. Miss Mate Swart and Miss Minnie Burnside visited school this P.M. and after same we went and got some pitch. In the evening we went down to Milan to meeting and heard the minister from Ulster preach. I retired about 10 o’clock.

Friday, February 18

It snowed all the forenoon and cleared of about noon quite cold the wind blowing very hard and chilly. I feel some better of my stiff neck than yesterday but caught cold last night which all settled all on my lungs for a change. School passed of pleasantly – all the scholars were there. After which Charley came and took me home and stayed to tea and part of the evening. Uncle Johnny Campbell was to our house to tea and in the evening Uncle Allen came down and stayed quite a spell also gave Ma a note of $21.19 her share of the estate. Retired early.,

Saturday, February 19

Stormy early this morning but stopped and part of the day was quite pleasant. The weather mild. I slept with Minnie last night. My cold is about so-so and I feel nearly sick. Grandma came this morning before we were up and stayed nearly all day and will remain over night. There was school down to the school house today. Demaris Weed came before noon and stayed untill nearly 10 o’clock this evening. Arthur was here most of the day as usual also here to breakfast. I shall sleep alone tonight.

Sunday, February 20

Pleasant part of the day and windy the rest. Quite warmish especially towards night. I arose about 1/2 past eight this morning feeling some better than yesterday. I prepared and went to church with Minnie but my head aching so I didn’t stay to communion. Arthur came and spent the afternoon also Charley Brainard. Gertie Gerould & Nellie Tompkinson called. I heard Rev. Encil preach today and this evening I stayed at home my head aching so hard. Ma does not feel so keen today neither. Charley Webb made us a present of a ham this morning.

Monday, February 21

It snowed quite lively this morning and untill nearly eleven. The weather moderate strong wind from the south I guess. I slept with Addie and Ma last night and arose this morning about 7 o’clock and prepared for school. I went down in the stage. School passed of very pleasantly after which I came to Mr. Seth Gates where I intend boarding this week. I crocheyed most of my time after tea which was served soon after I got there. I visited some considerable and enjoyed same very much.

Tuesday, February 22

A beautiful morning: but some cloudy towards noon. The weather moderate and thawing some during the day. Quite frosty this morning. I eat breakfast at eight and afterwards started for school – built my fire and school passed of very pleasantly – all of the scholars were there. After school I came back to Mr. Seth Gates and in the evening we went over to Joe Hubbards and stayed till nearly eleven. It was nearly one when we returned. I think a woodsber took place at our house today for that was the calcullation. I have a heavy cold yet.

Wednesday, February 23

It snowed quite lively this morning but stopped about 9 o’clock A.M. and cleared of. The weather grew coldere this afternoon and this evening very cold again. I arose about 1/2 past 7 A.M. and after breakfast prepared of to school which passed of pleasantly. Afterwards I came back to Mr. Seth Gates to stay over night. I read in the Chautauquan until teatime and after tea I read aloud from same to Mr. & Mrs. Gates. I retired about 1/2 past 9 P.M. feeling some tired as usual at night. I had a good visit tonight.

Thursday, February 24

Pleasant sun shining all day: but was very cold all the same. The wind blew coldly and did not thaw any during the day. Mr. Gates built a fire in the room for me to get up by. I did not rise very early consequently was some late to school. School passed of pleasantly after which I returned to Mr. G. to stay over night. Rev. Tilden preached to my school house this evening but I not feeling well did not go but stayed with Mrs. Gates and looked at steroscopic views somewhere about 24 of them. I retired about 10 o’clock P.M. feeling tired.

Friday, February 25

Pleasant day sun shining most of the time. It snowed quite a bit last night so that it was quite deep this morning though light and drabbly. I arose about 8 o’clock and had to hurry some in order to get to school on time. School passed of pleasantly after which Charley came and took me home and stayed to tea and a while in the evening. Minnie Squires was to our house and shall stay over Sunday. I sit up and visited with Addie & Ma untill after 10. I have got to sleep alone.

Saturday, February 26

Pleasant day, or most of the day. And warmer than yesterday. I arose about 8 o’clock this morning and done several Saturday’s chores during the day, a little ironing etc. Eddie Cowell came over after Addie and she went over and helped them today. Grandma came over this P.M. and will remain over night. When Addie came back we went down town of some errands. It thawed some today in the roads. I tore rags a while this evening. I am very tired tonight and shall sleep with Addie.

Sunday, February 27

Beautiful day sun shining all day and thawed considerable. I heard a robin also today. It commenced raining just at night and rained very hard all the evening. Grandma slept with me last night and this morning. Minnie Squires and I prepared and went up to the Methodist lovefest and stayed and heard the presiding elder, Mr. Wilbur, preach then we went down to our S. S. and communion. This afternoon Addie and I went over to see Uncle William who is very sick. We heard Harry Doan was dead. Charley B. was here when we returned.

Monday, February 28

It rained most all last night hence the snow had nearly all changed to water and mud. The weather was quite moderate today. It rained this forenoon some and cloudy most all the day. I arose about 7 o’clock and prepared for school and before I had finished my breakfast Joralemon came for me. So I had to rush hence forgot my watch key and had to teach all day without my timepiece. School passed of pleasantly after which I went home with Gertie Keeler to stay all night. I crocheyed untill bedtime or 9 o’clock. Mr. Crawford’s exhibition takes place tonight at the Baptist church in Smithfield.

Tuesday, March 1

It snowed a little last night barely enough to cover the ground. Some chilly today. But not very cold. Bad travelling. I rode down to the schoolhouse with Mr. Keeler on a hay rigging. School passed of pleasantly after which I went home with Frank Brainard to stay over night. I found rough walking and some blustering snow squalls just before I started. Minnie Burnside tried to persuade me to stay with her but I did not. Will Keeler called to Mr. Brainards soon after I reached there some tight. I crocheyed some on that tidy making two wheels before I retired.

Wednesday, March 2

Pleasant morning and quite warm but before night turned colder and cloudy also. I arose at daylight and went downstairs to comb my hair it being so cold. After breakfast prepared of to school Frank and I. We got a ride part way with a Mr. Loomis. School passed of pleasantly after which started back to Mr. Brainards and met Charley coming for us so had a ride the rest of the way. A little peddler was there and stayed over night. We had considerable fun with him in the evening. Rev. King preaches to the schoolhouse this evening but it is so cold and the wind blows so I did not go. I retired at 9 o’clock.

Thursday, March 3

Nice morning sun shining and seemed quite warm but before night the wind blew very hard and coldly also got cloudy and looked like a storm. I arose at daylight and after breakfast visited a while with the peddler before schooltime. Frank and I had a nice walk to the school house the weather so nice. School passed of pleasantly after which Charley came for me and I went back to Mr. Brainards. I crocheyed some before supper afterwards played I guess. A party up to the Burnsides this evening we had an invitation but thought we would not go.

Friday, March 4

It snowed hard untill after noon and after then slacked up to rain a little. Not very cold but dreary enough. I arose about daylight and when it came schooltime it stormed so I postponed teaching until tomorrow and stayed all day to Mr. Brainards all day it stormed. I had a good visit as well as some fun. We had chicken for dinner and hoecake and milk & hoecake for supper. I eat most all the time, apples etc. I finished the wheels for my tidy today and read some in the Chautauquan this P.M. I retired quite early or at 9 o’clock as usual. I signed for a paper today.

Saturday, March 5

Cloudy most of the day sun shining very little about noon. Not very cold but chilly. Snow about 1 1/2 ft. deep and water under same which makes slashy travelling. I arose about the usual time and prepared for school to make up the time I lost yesterday which is the last day for this term. I waded up there getting considerably damp. A few visitors. After school I returned to Mr. Brainards and stayed to tea then C. brought me home. I found Arthur Uncle Wood & Aunt Ophelia here who stayed untill 10 o’clock. I don’t feel any too good tonight for my sore nose.

Sunday, March 6

Cloudy most of the day but a little while the sun shone. It seems quite mild until toward night when the wind blew coldly. I did not arise very early and don’t feel any too well neither so did not go to church but stayed at home and done the work so the rest could go. Charley came about noon and stayed untill evening. Arthur was here also. I have a very stiff neck today well as a sore nose. This evening Charley and I went over to the temperance lecture to the Disciple house delivered by Rev. Phelps. It was splendid and house full. I retired at 11 o’clock.

Monday, March 7

Pleasant and clear sun shone all day thawing very fast and by night it was slashy. I arose about 1/2 past 7 o’clock and found my nose had increased in size. Ma sent for the doctor and he came towards noon. Ma went down to Mr. Carys to sew. Addie and I kept house but did not wash. I made out my report and then we went down to Mr. Childs after my school order. We called to the post office Aunt Evelines and down to Uncle Williams then home again and prepared supper. Ma came about dark. Aunt Phoebe also Mr. Mir Tracy. Minnie and Ernie went to literary meeting. Addie and I worked at the carpet rags.

Tuesday, March 8

Foggy morning and froze considerably hard last night. Pleasant day when it cleared of and thawed quite rapidly. We did not arise very early this morning but done the washing all the same Addie and I. Ma went down to Mr. Carys to sew. Aunt Anna came and made us a visit. We sent for Ma, she staid untill nearly dark. I and Addie cut and sewed rags this evening to pass away the time. It looks tonight like a storm, thawing still. Snow has departed fast today. Addie and I retired in good season.

Wednesday, March 9

Cloudy, and part of the day stormy though not very cold. Snow still departing fast, and very slashy. We arose in good season and after breakfast Addie and I swept the chamber besides doing the rest of the chores. A deaf and dumb girl was here all the forenoon, Ma and I working on her dress fast as we could. Mr. Nichols called and cashed my school order today. I bought a note of Ma or cashed one. Addie and I went to Baptist prayer-meeting this evening. I shall retire early tonight and I am tired.

Thursday, March 10

Rainy part of the day and cloudy all the time. It grew colder and at night freezing some. We arose about 7 A.M. and had miserable luck getting breakfast the fire not burning at all good. I done most of my chores in the meantime and after breakfast I helped Mother finish of that black cashmere, getting done about 2 P.M. Then we done the ironing and several other chores. Ruthie Gerould came home with Minnie to stay over night. Oysters for supper. Addie and I went down town to pay my debts. I feel very tired this evening and shall retire early.

Friday, March 11

Pleasant though wind been quite chilly making it seem cold. I arose about the usual time and after breakfast I done up the morning work Ma and Addie going up town on business. Ma bought Minnie a dress which I commenced immediately and in some hurry to finish same. We had some sport during the day. I staid at home all day and in the evening Addie Minnie & I went out coasting having gay times. Mrs. Grave called here just at night. I am some lame after coasting.

Saturday, March 12

Cloudy and part of the time squally. In the evening it snowed quite a considerable and rained and hailed. I arose in quite good season and this forenoon done my necessary Saturday’s work. And in the afternoon Addie Minnie and I went up to Aunt Malvina’s to her comforters and with the rest we tied 3 comforters between 2 and 5 P.M. In the evening Eddie Cowell Frank Encil and Gerald Bullock was there and we had gay times as well as some fun. We returned home at 9 o’clock feeling some tired, and nervous. Eddie & Frank came down with us.

Sunday, March 13

Pleasant warm and thawing fast enough so that it was slashy before churchtime. Toward night it cloudied up and rained some during the evening. I arose not very early and after breakfast prepared for church. Addie Minnie & I went together for the first time in a long time. We started for our church but finding there was to be no preaching we turned our course towards the Baptist Church and heard Rev. Tilden preach the funeral sermon of Elliot Wilcoxs child. Afterwards went down to S. S. and communion. When we got home found Charley here who spent the evening. I did not attend church this evening.

Monday, March 14

Stormy this morning snowing for a change but stopped before noon. My face was swollen this morning to the extent I became some alarmed and started for the doctors but heard over to Aunties he was gone so staid over there a while then started home stopping to Marietts quite a while. I came home and helped finish the washing which Addie and Ma had commenced. We finished about 1/2 past 1 P.M. About 5 o’clock Charley came and in the evening us all went to hear Miss Lillian Chase read in the disciple church. After 11 before we got around to go to bed.

Tuesday, March 15

Quite warm but cloudy most of the day. A beautiful evening. Wind blew from the south. I lay abed this morning untill nearly eight then arose and after breakfast went at the carpet rags, black ones, and cut all day and evening. Ernie & Fred went down to Uncle Woods today. Mr. Scott called here. Kate and Gertie Gerould spent part of the afternoon here. Maggie Webb came and had a dress fitted. Aunt Phoebie called while we were eating supper a few moments. If I know myself I am some tired tonight and nervous so shall retire in good season.

Wednesday, March 16

Passable weather I guess and if I remember correctly was cloudy most of the day. We arose about the usual time and after I got the morning work done I went to cutting black rags again Ma picking up some more. I hurried all day and finished cutting and sewed some. In the evening Addie and I went to the Baptist prayer meeting and had a good one too. We sewed rags some after returning from same. It was a nice evening moon shining quite bright when meeting was out. We retired in good season or about nine.

Thursday, March 17

Cloudy all day and it commenced raining about three o’clock and continued so doing all the evening. Addie and I sewed rags all day and evening, black ones in the daytime and white in the evening. We did not go to church because it rained. Minnie and Ernie went down and there was none on account of the weather. A blind man gave a concert or was to give one but did not on account of the weather and played in the stores. We sewed untill nearly nine o’clock then retired.

Friday, March 18

Cloudy and lowery weather and raining this afternoon. It was not very cold but some chilly. We arose about the usual time and after breakfast done up the work what was not done before. Rev. Tilden called. Addie and I sewed black rags this forenoon and in the afternoon went up to Wellsburg after Arthur Tilden. We found the road some muddy down on the creek and bad in the dug-road. We reached home about 8 o’clock and eat our supper and retired in good season feeling very tired. I called down to Matie Tracy’s after some books.

Saturday, March 19

Cloudy all day and rainy this afternoon also wind blew some chilly. It also rained during the evening. I am not at all well today my face swollen some and so I got read of some of the Saturday work. This P.M. I managed to sew black rags under difficulties. Arthur was here during the forenoon. Also in the evening. Their was a lawsuit up to Nichols today and one convict taken down to jail. I sewed white rags this evening feeling some better than I did this morning. I shall retire in good season tonight as usual.

Sunday, March 20

Cloudy early this morning but clearing of just at night however it did not storm. And very muddy in places. I arose about eight o’clock and done my chamber work before breakfast and after that prepared for church. Minnie and I went down to the disciple church and heard Bro. Finch preach. We stayed to S. S. and communion then came home. Charley and Arthur was here and spent the P.M. and evening. I did not go to church in the evening but stayed home and Charley also. I do not feel any too good today. Nearly 11 when I retired.

Monday, March 21

Cloudy most all day and good March weather wind blowing hard from the south. And some chilly. We arose before seven this morning and this forenoon done the washing all of us doing our part. A boiled dinner. Gerald Bullock called a few minutes this morn. I sewed black rags when I had time and that was most of the afternoon and evening. It snowed a very little during the day. In the evening I helped the boys and Minnie to play French Eucher when I was not sewing rags. I am some tired as usual.

Tuesday, March 22

Cloudy windy March weather. Mud drying some. Wind in the south. We arose in good season and done the chamberwork before breakfast afterwards the work done finished sewing the black rags and cut our calico dresses up. Addie done part of the ironing this forenoon. Just at night Charley came and stayed here to supper expecting to go to a lecture in the evening but same was postponed so we sent and procured some sugar and warmed same over. We spent the evening playing games and having a good time in general. Charley went away at 11 o’clock. I am tired.

Wednesday, March 23

Pleasant early this morning but cloudy most of the day. Wind blew very strongly from the south. I arose at 7 A.M. and after breakfast commenced working at the rags. Ma tried to help me but Alma Higgins came to have a dress fitted. So she had to quit. Mrs. Marvin called for some patterns. Mrs. Fivie called just at night a small while. Ernie returned from Grandma tonight. A party up to Mr. Blakeslee’s for the boys going West tonight. We sewed nearly three pounds of rags today and evening. And I am fearfully tired and shall retire early for a change.

Thursday, March 24

Pleasant a little while this morning but cloudied up again before night the[n] was clear this evening. It was quite cold or chilly today. I arose about half past seven this morning and after breakfast we all three went at the carpet rags and cut all day mostly calico rags. Aunt Phoebee called a while just at night. In the evening Addie Minnie Ernie and I went down to prayer meeting. Flora Ward led same and we had a good one although their were no brothers there to take lead. It was 9 o’clock when we returned and retired immediately feeling tired as usual.

Friday, March 25

Pleasant with the exception the wind blew strongly from the south and chilly. The sun shone all day. I arose about 8 o’clock A.M. and after breakfast went at the rags again. I cut until four and then sewed a pound before I retired. Gertie Gerould called at noon a while then went to school with Minnie. Arthur came home tonight for good: and of course came down here and spent the evening. Minnie helped me sew rags a while this evening. Ma went over to Uncle Williams this evening. I am very tired tonight as usual.

Saturday, March 26

Cloudy and part of the time squally though hardly enough snow to speak of. The wind blew strongly from the south west. I staid at home all day and evening. This forenoon I done several small chores and the rest of my time I sewed rags. Arthur was here this forenoon and this afternoon Addie & he went over to Lanter’s. Grandma and Lanter called here a while this afternoon. Minnie & I sewed rags and Ma helped us a little. We got the plants out of the cellar this afternoon and throwed most of them away. Retired about 1/2 past 9.

Sunday, March 27

Cloudy and the wind blew very cold and strongly. I arose about nine o’clock and done my chamber-work before breakfast. After that prepared for church then Minnie and I went together. And heard Bro. Encil preach. Staid to S. S. and communion. I suffered considerable from the cold today. Charley and Arthur were here to dinner and staid until nearly eleven in the eve. Charley & I went down and heard Bro. Encil again this evening. A goodly number of the Baptist brethren went to our church today being they could not heat their church, the basement being full of water.

Monday, March 28

Pleasant day the sun shining all the time: but this wind blew strongly and cold, so much so it froze in the shade. I did not arise very early this morning not until breakfast was ready. We done the washing this forenoon and sewed rags when the opportunity afforded it which was most of the afternoon. Eddie Cowells called this morning and in the evening he Gerald Bullock and Arthur Tilden spent here. Eddie Minnie & I tried to study but to no avail. It was about 1/2 past 9 when we retired feeling very tired and sleepy too. I hung out the clothes today.

Tuesday, March 29

Cloudy all day and looking like a storm. But cleared of just at night. The wind blew though not so strongly as long back. I sewed rags most of my time fast as I could put in. Addie done the ironing this forenoon. Ma was sick all the forenoon. I helped the boys pile wood a while before breakfast. Mrs. D. Phelps called this P.M. This evening some of Minnie’s friends and cousins came and spent the evening and they had gay times also warm sugar. It was 12 o’clock when they went away. Prof. I. S. Crawford called just at night.

Wednesday, March 30

Cloudy and this afternoon it snowed quite a considerable, also stormy evening. Part of the time it hailed and rained. I lay abed this morning until nearly 10 o’clock. E. Z. Wood had called before I was up and taken Fred home with him. Ernest is sick today. I sewed rags very steady and this evening we finished the calico rags. Arthur came about noon and staid all the afternoon also in the evening. He went and took Addie & Minnie over to Lanter’s and left Minnie their. There is considerable snow on the ground tonight again. It is 10 o’clock and I find myself tired again as usual and shall bivouac at once.

Thursday, March 31

It snowed most of the time and considerably wet. Quite warm most of the day. I arose about 1/2 past 7 and after breakfast done up the work then went at the carpet rags in good earnest. Addie went for the doctor for Ernest and he came then Arthur came after Addie and she went up there and staid all day. Mrs. Mariette Phelps called a few moments. I run on few errands down to the store and up to Aunt Malvina then sewed rags during the afternoon and evening. I caught more cold today for a change.

Friday, April 1

It snowed most all day and the ground was nearly covered – not very cold but the wind blew some. Lantie came and brought Minnie home. Also Carrie and Libbie over to visit and came for them at night. I sewed rags most of my time and the rest made rag baby clothes etc. We had a good visit and some fun as usual. Arthur came down in the evening and we had a lively discussion on "German-Jew." I sewed rags also in the evening and am most fearfully tired, if not sleepy. I retired about nine o’clock as usual.

Saturday, April 2

Cold blustering day the wind blew very strong. Cloudy most of the day. It thawed but little where the wind did not blow. Addie went up to Mr. Tildens today and stayed untill long in the P.M. I done my Saturdays work then sewed on the rags. Cousin Clara came at noon in the stage and stayed the rest of the day and will remain over night. Miss Gertie Encil called on me this afternoon. I sewed rags this P.M. and all the spare time. We sit up and visited quite late and I am very tired and sleepy.

Sunday, April 3

Pleasant day though chilly. The sun shone most of the day but not to thaw very much. I arose about 1/2 past 8 and after breakfast prepared for church. Charley came just before we got started so I went with him to the Disciple church and heard Bro. Encil. Also stayed to Sunday School. Charley came home with me and stayed until evening. Cousin Clara was here today and will stay all night. Charley and I went to the Temperance meeting at the Baptist church – lecture by Rev. King. Nearly eleven when we got around to retire. Am tired.

Monday, April 4

Pleasant morning, but cloudied up about noon and still cold or frozen. Nice evening though chilly. Cousin Clarie was here all day. Addie went up to Tildens to work. Minnie Ma and I done the washing but did not finish untill nearly 4 P.M. Eddie Cowell called this morning a few minutes. In the evening we went to Literary meeting where Perry Tracy and Albert Tracy conducted a debate also other literary exercises. Frank Encill called after meeting for his autograph. Minnie slept with me last night. Cousin Clarie shall remain with us over night.

Tuesday, April 5

Very cold day and blowing so coldly and the sun not shining at all. It did not thaw hardly today. Minnie slept with me and we arose about seven. After we had the work done I went to sewing rags and finished about a pound. Cousin Clarie was here all day and Ma sewed for her. Addie went up to Rev. Tildens again today. Cousin Ruth Wood and Fausta Jones called here tonight. Arthur and Addie came about dark. Cousin Clara bought some sugar and warmed it over this evening. I am tired.

Wednesday, April 6

Cloudy and the wind still blew coldly also one or two snow squalls during the day. The sun shone out once or twice. I done the ironing this forenoon, Addie went up to Mr. Tildens again today. Cousin Clara was here all the time. Ma was sick so we sent for the doctor. Lettie Tilden and Addie called a few moments in the afternoon. We made a bed for Ma in the sitting room. I baked bread today and after my day’s work was finished I retired with Cousin Clara Minnie taking care of Ma the first half of the night and I the rest.

Thursday, April 7

Cold, blustering also cold day. Clara is here this morning but Lantie came for her at noon and she went home with him. Ma is still sick on the lounge. Minnie sit up until 1/2 past 1 and I the remainder of last night. Mrs. Moody called this forenoon. Also the doctor came. Lettie and Addie came down at night a few moments and staid until Grandma came who will stay and take care of Ma tonight. I am fearfully tired as usual. My chromos came today and I borrowed $1.00 of Cousin Clara to pay for same.

Friday, April 8

Nice day and warmer than has been long back. The sun shone most all the time. Grandma called me at 1/2 past 3 and I took care of Ma the rest of the night and about 7 prepared breakfast and after fixed the bedroom and we moved Ma in there. She was not so well today and towards night we sent for Addie. Lantie came for Grandma and she went home. Aunt Phoebe called this afternoon. Also Aunt Etta. Grandma Minnie and I nearly made a pair of over-hals for Freddie this afternoon. Mrs. Moody is going to take care of Ma tonight.

Saturday, April 9

Beautiful day and seems considerable like April weather. The ground seems nearly settled. I arose about 7 o’clock and after breakfast I proceeded to help do the Saturday’s work. Ma feels a little better this morning. Aunt Malvina called down also Aunt Etta and in the P.M. Mrs. D. Phelps. – in the evening Uncle Allen and Aunt Susan also Aunt Malvina came again and will remain to take care of Ma tonight. Addie went to Athens this afternoon. We retired about 10 o’clock feeling very tired and sleepy too, leaving Aunt Malvina to take care of Ma.

Sunday, April 10

A beautiful day sun shining all the time and no wind. The ground seems settled and the roads in good situation. I arose about 1/2 past 7 and prepared breakfast afterward I done the chamber work then prepared for church. Addie staid at home and took care of Ma so Minnie and I went. We went down to our church but as their was no preaching we came up to the Baptist and heard Rev. Tilden. Then down to Sunday School. Charley came home with me and stayed. Aunt Florilla called this afternoon. I shall have to take care of Ma tonight.

Monday, April 11

Beautiful day most of the time with the exception of the wind blowing strongly from the northwest. Cloudy part of the day. I sit up with Ma last night until 3 A.M. and Charley staid with me until nearly 2 A.M. I arose this morning at 8 o’clock and after breakfast done up most of the morning chores and took care of Ma. Addie and Minnie done the washing and I put out the clothes. In the P.M. I lay down and slept until 5 P.M. After supper I went over to see how UncleWilliam was and stayed and eat some warm sugar.

Tuesday, April 12

The ground was covered with snow it having snowed some during the night. Cloudy and some chilly during the day although it thawed a little. I slept untill noon being sick most of the night and suffered more or less during the day. Ma sit up quite a spell today for the first. I studied history some today and lay on the lounge most of my time. Eddie Cowell was here most of the afternoon. Addie called over to see how Uncle William was prospering. I shall retire in good season tonight. Cousin Beebe called today.

Wednesday, April 13

Rainy most all day and snowing the rest. Slashy in the road. Not very cold. I stayed at home all day and did not feel any too good-natured, or well. Eddie Cowell was here most of the day and we studied quite hard for examination. Addie and Ernest went to the Baptist prayer meeting. Minnie and I stayed at home and studied. I lay down just before night and rested some. I feel some tired yet and shall retire early, or at 9 P.M. Minnie will sleep with me.

Thursday, April 14

Pleasant day and muddy or slashy. The wind blew strongly from the north. I arose this morning at 1/2 past 6 and prepared for examination which I attended today and finally got a certificate. Miss Etta Doty called at noon a while, and Eddie Cowell spent most of the evening here. Addie Minnie & Ernest went to prayer meeting and I staid at home with Ma, who is better today & so as to have her clothes on for the first. I am most fearfully tired mentally and bodily.

Friday, April 15

Pleasant day with the exception the south wind blew and dried some of the mud of. I arose about 9 o’clock this morning and after breakfast help do the housework then Addie Minnie and I went to the funeral of Mrs. Flora Manley. She died Wednesday morning. Mariette and Aunt Phoebie called a few moments this afternoon. Also Charley came up and was here to tea. And in the evening we went up to the Methodist church and heard Rev. King lecture on "Andersonville Prison." Grandma staid with Mother while we were gone.

Saturday, April 16

[Note:Fannie has printed, just under the date, "Mistake. So skip it." And has crossed out the page. Both the printing and the cross-out lines are done with a darker ink than she usually uses for her diary entries. Since her writing is clearly legible, I have included it as it was originally written.]

Pleasant part of the time and cloudy the rest. Warm all day and quiet until noon then the wind blew a little. The ground seemed settled and the grass just begin to start. I arose about 7 and helped the girls do the washing, hung all the clothes out. Also made me a white apron before night. I do not feel any too good yet so I lay down a while this afternoon also in the evening. Arthur came down this evening and stayed a while. Gertie Encil run in a few moments tonight. She commenced her school today.

Sunday, April 17

Pleasant and quite warm out of doors. Although we did have a small shower about noon. The wind blew quite strongly during the day. I did not feel good today so staid at home all day and evening. Charley came down before meeting time also afterward and stayed untill nearly eleven. Santie and Carrie also called a few moments this forenoon and Freddie came home for a little while. Ma is so she sits up most of the time and I grunt some. I wore a calico dress all day.

Monday, April 18

Pleasant part of the day and cloudy the rest. Warm as any weather we have had yet. The wind blew a little this afternoon and the ground seems settled also grass started some. I arose about 7 and after breakfast helped the girls about the washing by hanging up the clothes etc. I also made me a white apron and finished it also put it on. Arthur came down this evening and stayed a while. I feel some tired if not cross tonight. And shall retire in good season. Gertie Encil run in a few moments tonight after school.

Tuesday, April 19

Beautiful day. Sun shining all the time. Some cloudy this evening. Quite warm so Ma and I went out in yard and I swept it some. Addie and Minnie went down to Uncle Woods so I had most of the house work to do. Freddie came down horseback this morning before we were up. I lay abed this afternoon most of the time. Gerald B. was here also Eddie Cowell called down just at night. I haven’t done much besides housework today. And brushed up my black dresses and fixed lace in one of them. Stayed at home all day and eve.

Wednesday, April 20

Pleasant day though some chilly this morning. I arose about 7 o’clock feeling not any too good. Ma went over to Uncle Williams today. Addie and Minnie done the ironing this forenoon and I copied of receipts. Gerald Bullock called a few moments this forenoon. Addie and I went down town this afternoon to Mr. Childs Mrs. Grovers & Uncle Williams. When we reached home found Mrs. Phelps here. Cousin Clara came back tonight. Charley came after me and I went home with him to do some sewing for Mrs. B. I had quite a good visit this evening.

Thursday, April 21

Pleasant and quite warm. Everything out of doors grew so rapidly and begins to look green. I arose at 1/2 past 5 and after breakfast commenced the sewing on a dress for Minnie Brainard.Mrs. Brainard sewed on the machine and I basted. I had quite a time with the pattern this forenoon and this afternoon made the sewing ache I tell you. Mrs. Jessie Sumner died this morning at 2 o’clock, I sewed untill dark and retired early for to rest being that I feel so very tired and sleepy too.

Friday, April 22

Pleasant day and quite warm so that we had the doors open all day nearly. Everything out of doors grows rapidly. I arose at 1/2 past 5 this morning and after breakfast Mrs. Brainard and I went to sewing hard as we could put in. We finished a dress for Minnie and commenced another. I sewed until nearly dark then Minnie and I went over to the shop to investigate. I feel very tired tonight and shall retire before 9 P.M. The funeral of Mrs. J. Sumner took place this afternoon at 1 o’clock.

Saturday, April 23

Pleasant today and quite warm so much so we had the doors open most all day. I arose at 1/2 past 5 and after "hash" Mrs. Brainard and I went at the sewing in good earnest. Miss Phelp called a few moments also Mrs. B.’s sister came and spent the day hindering us some, although we did make out to finish Minnie’s second calico dress about 8 o’clock this evening. Mr. Israel Jones was buried today. I am very very weary tonight but did not retire untill nearly 10 o’clock P.M.

Sunday, April 24

Beautiful day and quite warm especially where the sun shone. I was at Mr. Brainards all day they not wanting their horse drove to the Centre. I arose at 7 o’clock and eat my breakfast then visited with Mrs. B some in politics. Afterward went out and looked around the door yard then Charley Minnie and I went on top of the hill after vines and when we got back I had some headache if not more. We had "six guse eggs" for dinner. I retired at night about 9 o’clock P.M. feeling some tired as usual.

Monday, April 25

Pleasant most of the time and quite warmish. One or two April showers during the day. We had the door open most of the time. I arose at 1/2 past 5 and after breakfast Mrs. Brainard and I went at the sewing with new vim. We cut out and made 2 sunbonnets and 1 shirt. I worked 39 buttonholes in same after dinner. And you may guess, I feel some tired tonight again. I worked some this evening to finish the shirt. Mrs. Phelps came after some shrubbery and hindered about the supper causing it to be quite late. After 9 o’clock when I retired.

Tuesday, April 26

Part of the day cloudy and April showers occasionally. Quite warm especially when the sun shone. We had the doors open most of the time all day. I arose at 1/2 past 5 and after breakfast we again returned to sewing in good earnest. We cut and made 3 shirts and also nearly 2 aprons and shall finish in the morning. I intended to return home tonight but got disappointed and shall remain over night. I visited some this evening and retired at 9 o’clock or thereabouts, feeling very tired.

Wednesday, April 27

Cloudy most of the day and this morning looked very much like rain. It was quite warm when the sun shone. I arose at 1/2 past 5 and eat my breakfast then finished 2 aprons for MinnieBrainard. Then Charley came and brought me home also Mrs. Brainard gave me lots of shrubbery and when I reached home Minnie and I made posie garden. After dinner I went down and signed my contract for a school. Also called to see Uncle William and had some sugar. Cousin Clara came back tonight to stay.

Thursday, April 28

It rained early this morning but cleared of before 9 o’clock A.M. I arose a little after 7 and prepared breakfast afterwards got ready and Uncle Wood came after Cousin Clara, Ma and I. Then we went down their and had a splendid visit. They brought us back at night. Cousin Clara was here and stayed last night. We found Minnie & Ernie gone to prayer meeting. I am fearfully lame tonight and have been all day. I shall retire early for I am very tired and sleepy too. Minnie will sleep with me.

Friday, April 29

It rained some last night but pleasant today except the wind blew quite coldly. I arose at 1/2 past 7 this morning and this forenoon I done some ironing and a few other chores. Cousin Clara is here yet. She and Ma went a calling this afternoon. I took a nap this afternoon and found Addie here when I awoke. She and I went over to see Uncle William and found Beatha had returned from the West. Addie came back and stayed to tea. I feel some tired tonight as usual, and shall retire early.

Saturday, April 30

Pleasant day though not as warm as has been long back. The wind blew quite chilly most of the day. I arose at 1/2 past 6 and after breakfast I done the sweeping mopping etc. this forenoon. This afternoon I took a nap and read some. Ma and Cousin Clara went down to Aunt Phoebe’s to spend the P.M. Minnie and I went down town just at night to do some trading. Addie came home tonight to stay all night. Freddie came home today to stay.
 

1878 Part One 1878 Part Two 1881 Part One 1881 Part Two
Printed Copies of These Diaries can be purchased form Ruth as long as they last.

Thank you for offering to post word on the website about additional copies of "Fannie's Diaries." This is a 156-page soft-back book. It includes, in addition to the transcription of Fannie Hale Gerould's diaries of 1878 and part of 1881, many footnotes identifying the persons she mentions, two maps of the area, sources of information, appendices containing Register Reports of Fannie Gerould's Gerould and Campbell lines and her husband's Brainard line, and an every name index. I have six copies available for sale, for $15.00 each. I may be contacted by e-mail, <ruthwalton@earthlink.net>, or by postal mail at 2027 Manorview Circle NW, Salem, OR 97304.

Bradford County PA
Chemung County NY
Tioga County PA
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By Joyce M. Tice
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